नाशपाती  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Icon-edit.gif is lekh ka punarikshan evn sampadan hona avashyak hai. ap isamen sahayata kar sakate hain. "sujhav"
nashapati

nashapati ek lokipray phal hai. nashapati seb se juda ek up-amliy phal hai. bharatavarsh men paida hone vale thndhe jalavayu ke phalon men nashapati ka mahatv seb se adhik hai. yah har sal phal deti hai. isaki kuchh kismen maidani jalavayu men bhi paida ki jati hai aur uttam phalan deti hain. nashapati ke phal khane men kurakure, rasadar aur svadisht hote hain. ye seb ki apeksha sasti bikati hain. bharat men nashapati yoorop aur eeran se aee aur dhire-dhire isaki kasht badhati gee. anuman kiya jata hai ki ab hamare desh men lagabhag 4,000 ekad men isaki kheti hone lagi hai. pnjab ko kuloo ghati tatha kashmir men yooropiy kismen paida ki jati hain aur inake phalon ki ganana snsar ke uttam phalon men hoti hai.

mitti tatha jalavayu

nashapati ke lie mitti ka chunav isake praknd par nirbhar karata hai. kvins tatha jngali nashapati, do prakar ke prakndaprasaran ke kam ate hain. pahale ke lie chikani domat tatha doosare ke lie baluee domat mitti sarvottam samajhi jati hai. yooropiy mismon ke lie samashitoshn jalavayu achchhi hoti hai. sadharan sahishnu kismen maidani jalavayu men bhi paida ki ja sakati hai. uttar pradesh ki merath kamishnari tatha taraee ke zilon men nashapati ki kheti saphalatapoorvak hone lagi hai.

visaran

isaka visaran samudbhavan dvara tatha kalam bandhakar, donon prakar se hota hai. adhikanshat: chhalla chashma chadhana aur dhal chashma chadhana hi visaran men prayukt hote hain. aprail ka pratham saptah samudbhavan ke lie uttam samay samajha jat hai. jihva chashma chadhane ka prayog march ke ant men saphalatapoorvak kiya jata hai. bade pedon ke lie jngali nashapati (mahal) tatha chhote paudhon ke lie kvins praknd kam men lae jate hain.

paudhe lagana

sardi ke mausam men jab nashapati ke paudhe sushuptavastha men rahate hai, vriksharopan karana chahie. mahal par prasarit paudhe 20-25 phut tatha kvins par prasarit paudhe 12-15 phut ki doori par gaddhe khodakar lagana chahie.

khad, sinchaee tatha antarasasy

poorn phalanaprapt pedon ko disnbar ke mahine men prati ped lagabhag do man sade gobar ki khad, tin paund aimoniyam salphet tatha ek paund suparaphaausphet prati varsh dena chahie. khad ki yah matra pedon ki badh tatha phalan men vriddhi karati hai. march men jab phal matar ke dane se kuchh bade ho jaen, tab pedon ko haphtevar pani dena chahie aur joon ke madhy tak isi prakar sinchaee karate rahana chahie. har pani ke do ya tin din bad halki gudaee, niraee karake thalon ko saf suthara rakhana chahie.

thalon ko chhodakar udyan ki shesh bhoomi men matar, chana, lobiya jaisi phalidar phasalon ka antarasasy karate rahana chahie. isase keval atirikt amadani hi nahin hogi, balki bhoomi ki urvarashakti bhi bani rahegi.

kismen

phalon ke anusar nashapati ki samast kismen nimnalikhit bhagon men vibhajit ki ja sakati hain :

  1. chaina ya sadharan nashapati
  2. yooropiy nashapati
  3. yooropiy aur chaina nashapati ke snkar.

chaina nashapati uttar pradesh ke pashchimi zilon men paida hoti hai. isake phal any ke mukabale men kathor hote hain aur murabba banane athava dibbabndi ke kary men lae jate hain.

yooropiy kismon men laiksatans suparv, viliyams tatha kaaunphrasen uttam kismen hai. inake phal komal, rasadar aur mithe hote hain. inaki krishi kumaoon tatha chakarata men saphalatapoorvak ki ja sakati hai. snkar kismon ko nakh bhi kahate hain. yooropiy kismon ki apeksha ye adhik sahishnu hoti hain. inamen lekant, smith tatha kiphar bahut hi prachalit kismen hain.

kant chhant

ped lagane ke doosare varsh se hi halki kat chhant karake paudhe ko katore ka dhancha dena chahie. bahar ki taraph phailanevali shakhon ko kat chhantakar, ped ka phailav oopar ki or karana chahie. dhancha pratisthapit ho jan ke bad phalavali tahaniyon ki halki kataee karate rahana chahie. sabhi prakar ki kat chhant ka uchit samay disnbar ya janavari hai. kat chhant ke bina ped jhad jaise ban jate hain aur phalan ki kam ho jata hai.

phalan

vasnt ke shuroo hote hi pedon par hari kopalen tatha phool ane shuroo ho jate hain. inake phal joon ke ant men pakane lagate hain. chaina nashapati ki upaj sabase adhik hoti hain. poorn vriddhiprapt ped se lagabhag char man tak phal utare jate hain. nakh ki upaj dhaee se tin man tak hoti hai. anubhavi logon ka kahana hai ki udyan men do ya tin kismon ko sath sath lagane se phasal badh jati hai.

vipanan

nashapati ke phal ko ped par poora nahin pakane dena chahie, kyonki yah ras se bhar jata hai aur utarane men thodi si bhi khurach lagane se sadane lagata hai. jyonhi phal ki satah pili hone lage tatha usapar ke hare hare, chhote chhote, gol nishan bhoore hone lagen, phalon ka savadhani se utarane lagana chahie. inako bakson men char ya panch din tak surakshit rakh dene s, oopari satah pili pili ho jati hai aur gooda rasadar aur mitha ho jata hai. 4.5roo sen. tap par isake phal 20-25 din tak rakhe ja sakate hain.

upayog

chaina nashapati ke phal adhikatar murabba banane tatha dibbabndi ke kary men lae jate hain. yooropiy aur snkar kismon ke phal taje hi khane ke kam men ate hain.

kide tatha rog

nashapati ke phalon men kabhi kabhi ek prakar ka kida paya jata hai. jaise hi ye kide phalon men chhed karana shuroo karen, kidevale phalon ko todakar nasht kar dena chahie taki inaka prakop aur n badhe. nashapati ke rogon men tana phaphola, tana kainsar tatha dagdh vivarnata mukhy hain. inase bachane ke lie rogarodhi padarthon ka upayog karana chahie.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah