आंवला  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

anvala
Indian gooseberry.jpg
jagat padap (Plantae)
sngh maingoliyophaita (Magnoliophyta)
gan mailpigiels (Malpighiales)
kul phailainthesi (Phyllanthaceae)
jati phailainthes (Phyllanthus)
prajati embika (emblica)
dvipad nam phailainthes embika (Phyllanthus emblica)
any janakari apane anek gunon ke karan ayurved men anvala ko amrit phal kaha gaya hai. anvale ka istemal aryuvedik davaiyon men zyada kiya jata hai. ayurved ke vidvanon evn grnthon men vanaushadhiyon men harad aur anvale ko sarvashreshth mana hai.

anvala ek phal dene vala vriksh hai. yah lagabhag 20 se 25 phut lnba jhariy paudha hota hai. yah eshiya ke alava yoorop aur afrika men bhi paya jata hai. himalayi kshetr aur prayadvipiy bharat men anvala ke paudhe bahutayat milate hain. isake phool ghnte ki tarah hote hain. isake phal samanyaroop se chhote hote hain, lekin prasnskrit paudhe men thode bade phal lagate hain. isake phal hare, chikane aur gudedar hote hain. anvale ko manushy ke lie prakriti ka varadan kaha jata hai. anvala ya indiyan goosaberi ek deshaj phal hai, jo bharatiy upamahadvip men paya jata hai. isaki utpatti aur vikas mukhy roop se bharat men mani jati hai. anvale ka ped bharat ke pray: sabhi pranton men paida hota hai. tulasi ki tarah anvale ka ped bhi dharmik drishtikon se pavitr mana jata hai. striyan isaki pooja bhi karati hain. kartik ke mahine men anvale ka sevan bahut shubh aur gunakari mana jata hai. isake ped ki chhaya tak men entivayaras gun hain aur adbhut jivan shakti hai. kartik ke mahine men is ped ke ye donon gun charam par hote hain.

vanaspatik parichay

anvale ka ped 6 se 8 mitar ooncha jhariy paudha hota hai tatha isaka tana tedha-medha aur 150 se 300 semi tak mota hota hai. anvale ke ped ki chhal patali aur parat chhodati huee hoti hai. anvale ke patte imali ke patton ki tarah chhoti aur nukili aur lagabhag adha inch lnbe hote hain. jisase niboo ke pattiyan si khushaboo ati hai. is ped men faravari se mee ke dauran phool lagate hain jo age chal kar aktoobar se aprail tak phal banate hain. isake pushp hare-pile rng ke bahut chhote guchchhon men lagate hain tatha ghnte ki tarah hote hain. isake phal samany roop se chhote hote hain, lekin prasnskrit paudhe men thode bade phal lagate hain. phal golakar lagabhag 2.5 se 5 semi vyas ke chikane, goodedar hare, pile rng ke hote hain. pake phalon ka rng lalimayukt hota hai. kharabooze ki bhanti phal par 6 rekhaen 6 khndon ka pratik hoti hain. phal ki guthali men 6 kosh (shatkoshiy bij) hote hain, chhote anvalon men gooda kam, reshedar aur guthali badi hoti hai, aushadhiy prayog ke lie chhote anvale hi adhik upayukt hote hain. svad men inake phal kasay hote hain. anvale ka svad bhale hi kasaila hota hai parntu isake gunon ke karan ise "dhatri phal" bhi kaha jata hai, dhatri ka arth hota hai palan poshan karane vala arthath "man". ise amar phal aur adiphal bhi kahate hain.

rasayanik parichay

anvala garmiyon aur sardiyon donon mausam men paya jata hai. anvala ek aisa phal hai jisamen aml, kshar, lavan, tikt, madhu aur kashay gun ek sath hote hain. yah tridosh se bachata hai. anvala sharir men shatrason ki poorti kar rog pratirodhak shakti pradan karata hai. charak snhitanusar anvale ke 100 gram ras men 921 miligram aur 100 gram goode (phal ka choora‌) men 720 miligram vitamin si aur any sharir ke lie avashyak khanij tatv pae jate hain. akar men bada, bedag aur halaki-si lali lie hue ho, vah anvala sabase uttam hota hai. ek anvala ek ande se adhik bal deta hai. ek anvale men vitamin- si ki matra 4 mausami aur 8 tamatar ya 4 kele ke barabar milata hai. phalon ke alava, pattiyan, chhal aur yahan tak ki bij ka upayog bhi vividh uddeshh‍y se kiya jata hai. isake taje phal men protin, karbohaidret, resha (phaibar), vasa, vitamin-si, vitamin di, vitamin bi-1, thayomin, ribophlovin, niyasin, eskarbik esid, nikotenik esid, tainins, glookoj, phlevin, gelik esid, ilaijik esid aur kailshiyam, phasphoras, ayaran, kairotin ke alava 80 pratishat pani paya jata hai. in sabake alava isamen gaiphik esid bhi paya jata hai jisamen poliphinol hota hain. isake bijon men alik esid linolik esid aur linolenik esid pae jate hain.

anvale men upasthit tatvon ka vivaran
tatv matra
protin 0.5 %
vasa 0.1 %
resha 3.4 %
khanij dravy 0.7 %
karbohaidret 14.1 %
pani 81.2 %
vitamin-"C” lagabhag 1/2 gram
kailshiyam 0.05 %
phasphoras 0.02 %
loha lagabhag 1 gram ka 4 bhag/100 gra

aushadhiy upayog

anvala ek kasaila svad vala atyant gunakari poshak, shital, vitamin si se bharapoor vriddhavastha ko rokane men samarth dhatri phal hai. anvala ke phalon ki deshi davaon men ath‍yadhik mahath‍ta hai. yah tita, shital, tapahar, mootravardhak aur mriduvirechak hota hai. anvala yuvakon ko yauvan aur badon ko yuva jaisi shakti pradan karata hai. ek taaunik ke roop men anvala sharir aur svasthy ke lie amrit ke saman hai. dimagi parishram karane vale vyaktiyon ko varsh bhar niyamit roop se kisi bhi vidhi se anvale ka sevan karane se dimag men taravat aur shakti milati hai. kasaila anvala khane ke bad pani pine par mitha lagata hai.

vitamin si ka sarvashreshth srot

adhunik chikitsa vigyan anvala ko vitamin si ka bhndar manata hai. bar-bar hone vali bimariyon se bachav karane vala anvala ke phalon men vitamin "si" ka sabase bada bhandar hai. anvale ka ek khas gun yah hai ki isaka vitamin "si" aur any poshak tatv pakane, sukhane, talane, purana hone ya achar banane par bhi nasht nahin hote. anvala hara, taja ho ya prakritik roop se sukhaya hua purana ho, isake gun nasht nahin hote. isaki amlata isake gunon ki raksha karati hai. anvala taja v sukha donon roop men milata hai, ho sake to taja anvala istemal kare varana dhul rahit shushk sthan par chhaya men sukha kar prayog kare. jisase vitamin si kam se kam nasht hota hai. anvalon ki surakshit avadhi ek sal mani gayi hai. usake bad isake gunon men kami ane lagati hai. anvala ka sevan svasthy ki drishti se kafi labhaprad mana gaya hai. yah sharir men vitamin si ki kami ko poora karata hai aur is tarah vitamin si ki kami se hone vale rogon se yah bachav karane men saksham hai.

kaausmetik ke roop men upayog

bharat men anvala ka upayog ek kaausmetik ke roop men bhi kiya jata hai. balon ke lie yah ek helth taaunik hai. keshon ke svasthy ke lie anvale ke tel ka prayog labhaprad mana gaya hai. isake niyamit upayog se bal kale hote hain aur unaki chamak bhi badhati hai. isake sevan se tvacha sambandhi rog men labh milata hai, tvacha svasth aur javan bani rahati hai. anvala apake snayu tntr ko mazabooti deta hai. saundary ke sath sath apaki smaran shakti ko bhi badhata hai. ap jnk phood ka sevan karane valon men se hain to apako anvala zaroor khana chahie, rat ko sone se pahale anvala khaen isase pet men hanikarak tatv ikattha nahin ho paenge v pet saf rahega. anvala hanikarak taksin ko sharir se bahar nikalane men sahayak hota hai v rakt ko saf karata hai. garmiyon ke mausam men subah khali pet men ek anvale ka murabba kha kar pani pine se sharir andar se shital rahata hai.

ayurved men upayog

ayurved men anvale ko bahut mahatta pradan ki gee hai, jisase ise rasayan mana jata hai. chyavanaprash ayurved ka prasiddh rasayan hai, jo taaunik ke roop men am adami bhi prayog karata hai. isamen anvale ki adhikata ke karan hi vitamin 'si' bharapoor hota hai. yah sharir men arogy shakti badhata hai. tvacha, netr rog aur kesh (balon) ke lie vitamin si bahut upayogi hai. snkraman se bachane, masoodhon ko svasth rakhane, ghav bharane aur rakt banane men bhi vitamin si mahattvapoorn bhoomika ada karata hai. isake alava anvala ka upayog triphala banane men kiya jata hai jo kabj ya pet men gais ki samasya ko door karane ke lie upayukt dava hai. triphala svasthy ko behatar banane ke sath hi sharir men rog pratirodhi kshamata ko bhi badhata hai. is phal men ayaran v kailshiyam bhi paryapt matra men pae jate hain. ayaran rakt ko badhata hai. anvala ayurved aur yoonani paithi ki prasiddh davaiyon, chyavan prash, brahm rasayan, dhatri rasayan, anoshadaroo, triphala rasayan, amalaki rasayan, triphala choorn, dhayarisht, triphalarisht, triphala ghrit adi ke sath murabbe, sharbat, kesh tel adi nirman men prayukt hota hai. raktavardhak navayas lauh, dhatri lauh, yogaraj rasayan, triphala mndoor bhi anvale se banae jate hain. ye sabhi anvale ke pramukh shaktivardhak v rog-nivarak utpad hain. manav sharir men sirph shvet kushth (lyookodarma) men anvala upayog men nahin liya jata. isake alava sir se pair tak ka koee aisa rog nahin jahan anvala dava ya khurak ke roop men upayogi n rahata ho.

amrit phal

vitamin si se bharapoor anvala ka prayog kee roopon men kiya jata hai. sh‍vash‍thh‍yavarddhak hone ke karan hi prachin kal se hi bharatiy grihini ki rasoee men anvala, chatani, sabji, achar, murabbe, jaim ke roop men sada se virajaman hai. badhati umr ke prabhavon ko dhima karane ka adbhut gun ise "rasayan" banata hai. isake nirntar prayog se bal tootana, roosi, saphed hona rook jate hain. netr jyoti surakshit rahati hai. dant mazaboot bane rahate hain tatha netr, hath panv ke taluon, mootramarg, amashay, anton tatha malamarg ki jalan samapt ho jati hai. isake prayog se imyuniti pavar (atmaraksha pranali) surakshit rahati hai. ajakal anvala, palak aur gajar ka mishrit ras joos bechane valon v pine valon ka sarvapriy svasthyavardhak pey hai. anvale ka murabba agar choone ke pani men ubal kar banaya gaya hai to sirph susvadu hi ho sakata hai, gunakari nahin. isalie koshish karani chahie ki hara anvala hi zyada prayog kiya jae. ye char mahine bazar men upalabdh rahata hai. agar ham char mahine isaka sevan kar len to shesh ath mahine tak to rog rahit hokar jivanayapan kar hi sakate hain. apane anek gunon ke karan ayurved men anvala ko amrit phal kaha gaya hai. anvale ka istemal aryuvedik davaiyon men zyada kiya jata hai. ayurved ke vidvanon evn grnthon men vanaushadhiyon men harad aur anvale ko sarvashreshth mana hai. isamen harad roganashak tatha anvala sarvottam svasthy rakshak mane ge hain. anvale men khattapan evn kasailapan pradhan roop se hai par isamen mithas, kaduvapan aur kharapan bhi gaun roop se vidyaman hai. ayurved grnthon ke anusar anvala kabjakarak, mootral, rakt shodhak, pachak, ruchivardhak tatha atisar, prameh, dah, piliya, aml pitt, rakt vikar, rakt strav, bavasir, kabj, ajirn, badahajami, shvas, khansi, viry kshinata, rakt pradar nashak tatha ayuvardhak hai. yah phal pitanashk hone ke karan pit-pradhan rogon ki pradhan aushadhi hai. yah phal madhurata aur shitalata ke karan pit ko shant karata hai. anvala tinon doshon (vat pit kaph) ko sntulit karata hai. yah pachak, aruchi nashak vaman men labhakari hai. yah nadi tntr v indriyon ko takat dene vala paushtik rasayan hai. yah raktavahiniyon ke vikaron ko nasht karane men saksham hai.

gun-dosh

shahad aur badam ka tel anvale ke doshon ko door karata hai tatha isake gunon men sahayak hota hai. anvala pliha (tilli) ke lie hanikarak hota hai lekin shahad ke sath sevan karane se yah dushprabhav khatm ho jata hai. jo log shit prakriti ke hai ya jin logon ko sardi adhik lagati hai ya jinaka hajama kamazor hai, unhe kachche anvale ka sevan nahin karana chahie. * anvale ka ras 10 se 20 mililitar. choorn 5 se 10 gram. anvale ke ras ko kanch evn plastik ke bartan men rakh sakate hain. hara taja anvala nahin milane par sookhe anvale ka choorn banakar subah aur sham doodh ya taja pani ke sath lena chahie.

  • dil ko sehatamnd rakhane ke lie roj anvala khane ki adat dalen. isase apake dil ki mansapeshiyan mazaboot hongi, jisase dil sharir ko zyada v saf khoon saplaee kar paega. hamare sharir men kaaulestral kafi mahatv rakhata hai. manushy ka yakrit kolestral ka mukhy srot mana jata hai. sharir men upayog n hone vala kolestral khoon ki nalikaon men jam jata hai jisase hart ataik hone ka khatara rahata hain. anvale men maujood vitamin 'si' is kaaulestral ko khoon ki nalikaon se ghulane men madad karata hai jisase sharir ka blad preshar kam hota hai.
  • sharir men painakriyaj ka blad glookoj star kntrol n kar pana madhumeh hone ka snket deta hain. aj hamare desh men madhumeh ke mariz badh rahe hain. agar ap bhi is bimari se grast hain jo anvala apake lie achook dava hai. anvala, jamun aur karele ki barabar matra milakar ek-do chammach har din len to yah kafi fayada pahunchata hai. yah apake madhumeh ko kaboo men rakhane men madad karega. anvale men kromiyam kafi matra men hota hai, jo dayabitij ke marijon ke lie fayademnd hai. darasal, kromiyam insulin banane vale sels ko aiktivet karata hai aur is haaurmon ka kam sharir men blad shugar ko kntrol karana hota hai.
  • zyada mitha, khatta, tikha aur tailiy khana khane se esiditi ho jati hai. zaroorat se zyada kaauphi, chay aur sigaret se bhi esiditi ya gais hone ka khatara hota hai. isase gussa, du:kh aur nirasha ho jati hai. jab pet men bahut zyada jalan ho to bas anvala le lijie. agar zaroorat se zyada esiditi ho to ek gram anvala paudar men thodi si chini milakar pani ya doodh ke sath le len to isase kafi aram milata hai. ek risarch se pata chala hai ki khana khane se pahale anvale ka paudar, shahad aur makkhan milakar khane se bhookh achchhi lagati hai. agar apaka pet kharab hai, to anvala khaen. darasal, leksetiv kvaaulitij ki vajah se yah dayariya jaisi pareshaniyon ko door karane men bahut fayademnd hai. balon ka jhadana, bejan v rookhe hone ya umr ke sath saphed hona in sabamen anvala behad fayademnd sabit hota hain. balon ke jitane bhi utpad bazar men milate hain un sabamen anvale ka mukhyataya se istemal kiya jata hai. agar ap apani ankhon ki roshani badhana chahate hain, to anvale ke joos men shahad milakar pien. yah motiyabind ki pareshani men bhi fayademnd rahata hai. isamen maujood enti-inmphlametari ejent tatv artharaitis ke dard aur soojan ko kam karane men madad karate hain. isaka ras bren taaunik ke roop men kam karata hai jo yadadasht badhata hai aur oorja pradan karata hai.

anvala se rogon ke upachar

atisar

kachcha anvala pis kar rogi ki nabhi ke charon or katori jaisi banakar is nabhi men adarak ka ras bhar den.

hichaki

anvala, kaith ka gooda, chhoti pipar ka choorn, shahad se chataen to hichakiyan mit jaengi.

ajirn

taja anvala, adarak, hara dhaniya milakar chatani banaven. isamen namak, kala namak, hing, jira, kali mirch mila chataven. dakaren aengi, bhookh khulegi, hajama badhega.

striyon ka bahumootr (somarog)

anvale ka ras, paka hua kele ka gooda, shahad v mishri charon milakar chataen.

mootr kasht

anvale ka 25 gram taja ras, chhoti ilayachi ke bijon ka choorn burak kar pilaen. mootr ane lagega.

bavasir

bavasir hone par anvale pis kar pithi ko mitti ke bartan men lep kar den. isamen gay ke doodh ki taja chhachh bhar rogi ko pilaen.

munh ke chhale aur ghav

anvale ke patton ke kadhe se din men 2 se 3 bar kulle karaen.

kabj

kabj men anvala rat ko ek chammach pisa hua pani ya doodh ke sath lene se subah shauch saf ata hai, kabz nahin rahati. isase ante aur pet halaki aur saf rahata hai.

shvet pradar

anvale ki guthali phod kar nikale bijon ka choorn pani se pis kar shahad v mishri mila pilaen.

netron ke rog

anvala chhilaka daradara koot kar pani men bhigokar rakhen. ise kapade se saph chhan kar din men tin bar 2-2 boond ankhon men tapakaen.

bal jhadana

anvala ras aur nariyal tel barabar matra men milakar balon ki jadon men malish karen.

nak se khoon ana

nak se khoon ane par nak men anvale ke ras ki do boond dalen tatha anvale ko pis kar sir par lep karen.

ultiyon ki shikayat

isamen anvala (5 gram) ke sath chhoti pipal (adha gram) ko shahad ke sath lene se rahat milati hai.

motapa

pratidin anvale ka ras aur shahad pachas-pachas gram subah tatha rat sote samay lene se pet ka motapa door ho jata hai. sookhi khansi men bhi anvala ras aur shahad fayademnd hai.

anidra

yadi rat men sone se pahale isake ras ka sevan kiya jae to bahut achchhi nind ati hai. anidra ke shikar logon ko rat men sone se pahale adha-ek chammach anvale ka ras pina labhakari hota hai.

lyookoriya

anvale ke bijon ka pavadar bana lijiye. ek chammach pavadar men adha chammach shahad aur thodi si mishri mila kar savere khali pet khaen 15 dinon tak.

budhapa door karane ke lie

100 gram anvale ka pavadar aur 100 gram kale til ka pavadar milaye. ab isamen 50 gram shahad aur 100 gram desi ghi milaen. ek chammach pratidin subah sirph ek mahine tak khana hai.

jvar door karane ke lie

do chammach hare anvale ka ras aur do hi chammach adarak ka ras mishri milakar din men do bar khana hai.

mootr tyag men dard ke lie

150 gram anvale ka ras lijiye, bina kuchh milaye pi jaen, bas do dinon tak.

khansi

sookhe anvale ke ek chammach pavadar men thoda ghi mila kar pest bana lijiye, din men do bar chatiye. sookhi khansi hone par anvale ke ras men shahad milakar din men do-tin bar lene se kafi aram milata hai.

madhumeh

madhumeh men anvala aur haldi ka pavadar barabar matra men lijiye, achchhi tarah mila lijie. jitani bar bhi bhojan karen usake bad ek chammach pavadar pani se nigal lijiye, sugar kabhi pareshan nahin karegi.

  • hakalahat door karane ke lie

100 gram gay ke doodh men ek chammach sookhe anvale ka pavadar mila kar lagatar 15 din piyen, avaz barabar se nikalegi aur knth surila bhi hoga.

chhati men jalan ke lie

sookhe anvale ka ek chammach pavadar shahad mila kar subah chatiye. ya ek chammach pavadar men do chammach chini aur do hi chammach ghi milakar chatiye.

piliya

ek gilas ganne ke ras men tin bade chammach hare anvale ka ras aur tin hi chammach shahad mila kar din men do bar pilae. 10 din tak pilana behatar rahega jabaki rog to tin din men hi khatm ho jaega.

  • haee bladapraishar, esiditi, drishti dosh, mausami bukhar, sir dard, pitt shool, vayu vikar, anidra, ulti ana, bar-bar peshab jana, prostet grnthi ke vikar, hakalana, tutalana, peshab men jalan, hvadayashool (pitt dosh) adi rogon men pachas-pachas gram anvala ras aur shahad milakar rojana sote samay lene se rog vikar door hokar sharir svasth ban jata hai.
  • bavasir [masse], svapn dosh, smaran shakti ka kamazor hona, auraton men shvet pradar, somarog [boond-boond peshab ana mootr par niyntran nahin rahana] adi rogon men bhi poorv men batae anusar shahad aur anvala ras ka sevan hitakari hai.

anvala ka sevan: samany aur ayurvedik tariqa

ap 1 kilogram hara anvala lijiye sath hi 200 gram hari mirch. donon ko dho lijiye. anvale ko kat kar guthaliyan bahar nikal dijiye, ab donon ko graeendar men daradara pis lijiye (bina pani dale). ab isamen 100 gram sendha namak mila dijiye. ise parivar ka pratyek sadasy chatapati chatani ki tarah maje se khayega. isi ko ap dhoop men sukha kar poore varsh ke lie surakshit bhi rakh sakate hain. jab ichchha ho dal ya sabji men oopar se dal kar kha sakate hain. hari mirch (kachchi) himoglovin badhati hai aur anvale ke sath usaka mishran sone men suhaga ho jata hai. isaka prayog sharir men sphoorti ko to 24 ghnte men hi badha deta hai.

roj ke bhojan se hamare sharir ko kitani vitamin si ki zaroorat hoti hai-
  • 1 varsh se kam umr : 30-35 migra.
  • 1-14 varsh ki umr ke bachche : 40-50 migra.
  • kishoravastha 15-18 varsh : 65-75 migra.
  • purush 18 varsh se oopar : 90 migra.
  • stri 18 varsh se oopar : 75 migra.

anvala ki kheti karane ka tariqa

eshiya aur yoorop men bade paimane par anvala ki kheti hoti hai. isaki kheti bharat men samanh‍y hai tatha visheshataur par uttar pradesh ke pratapagadh, rayabareli, varanasi, jaunapur, sulh‍tanapur, kanapur, agara tatha mathura men isaki kheti bade paimane par ki jati hai. isaki saghan ropaee agara, mathura, itava, phatehapur tatha bundelakhnd ke samashitoshh‍n ilake sahit uttar pradesh ke kshariyata prabhavit kshetron men ki jati hai. anvala ki kheti maharashtr, gujarat, rajasthan, andhr pradesh, karnatak aur tamilanadu ke samashitoshh‍n kshetron men bhi teji se phailati ja rahi hai. hariyana ke aravali tatha pnjab ki kandi kshetr ke alava himachal pradesh men bhi isaki kheti zor pakadati ja rahi hai. anvala ke phal aushadhiy gunon se yukt hote hain, isalie isaki vyavasayik kheti kisanon ke lie fayademnd hota hai. yoon to anvala ke paudhe ka lagabhag har bhag upayogi hai lekin mukhy roop se isake phalon ki vajah se hi anvala ki pahachan aushadhiy paudhe ke roop men ki jati hai. anvala ke phalon ko kachcha athava pakane ke bad apane upayog ke lie kam men laya ja sakata hai. sakhh‍t prakriti ko dekhate hue yah vividh bnjar bhoomi, ath‍yadhik uth‍padak/ikaee kshetr (15-20 tan/hekh‍teyar) ke liye upayukh‍t hai. ath‍yadhik poshak tath‍von tatha chikith‍siy mahath‍ta ke karan anvala mahath‍vapoorn phal ban gaya hai.

jalavayu

bharat ki jalavayu anvale ki kheti ke lihaz se sabase upayukt mani jati hai. isake bavajood briten, phrans, itali, skaautalaind, naaurve adi deshon men isaki kheti saphalatapoorvak ki jati hai. isake phalon ko vikasit hone ke lie soory ka prakash avashyak mana jata hai. halanki anvale ko kisi bhi mitti men ugaya ja sakata hai, lekin kali jalodh mitti ko isake lie upayukt mana jata hai. yah paudha sabhi tarah ki jalavayu ke lie upayukt hai. ek or jahan yah 45 digri se bhi adhik tapaman sahan kar sakata hai vahin doosari or adhik-se-adhik shit aur kuhare ka bhi is par koee khas prabhav nahin padata. yahi karan hai ki yah namak yukt mitti se lekar poshak tatvon se bharapoor upajaoo bhoomi athava apekshakrit sookhi jalavayu aur mitti men bhi behatar tariqe se vikas karane men saksham hai.

kheti

anvale ka paudha sidhe mitti men ropa jata hai. isake alava anvala ke bijon se bhi ne paudhe utpann kie ja sakate hain. anvale ko bij ke ugane ki apeksha kalam lagana zyada achchha mana jata hai. kalam paudha jald hi mitti men jad jama leta hai aur isamen jald phal lag jate hain. kaspost khad ka istemal kar bhari matra men phal pae ja sakate hain. anvale ke phal vibhinn akar ke hote hain. chhote phal bade phal ki apeksha zyada tikhe hote hain.

kitanashak ka prayog

anvala ke paudhe aur phal komal prakriti ke hote hain, isalie isamen kide jaldi lag jate hain. anvale ki vyavasayik kheti ke dauran yah dhyan rakhana hota hai ki paudhe aur phal ko snkraman se roka jae. shuruati dinon men inamen lage kidon aur usake larve ko hath se hataya ja sakata hai. potashiyam salphaid kitanuon aur phaphundiyon ki rokatham ke lie upayogi mana jata hai.

vibhinn bhashaon men anvala ka nam

vibhinn bhashaon men anvala ka nam
bhasha nam
hindi anvala, amala, anvara.
angrezi emablik mairobelan, indiyan gosaberi.
snskrit amalaki, dhatri, shiva.
marathi anvali, anvalakanti, anvala.
gujarati anvala, amala.
bngali amalaki, amala, angala.
telugu asarikay, ushirikee.
kannad nillakay, nelli.
dravidi nellikkayh, amrit phal, vayastha.
arabi amalanh.
laitin emablika aauphisinelis.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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