लीची  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

lichi

lichi bharat men paya jane vala ek phal hai. lichi ka vaigyanik nam lichi chainensis hai. lichi saipindesi parivar ka ek mahattvapoorn sadasy hai jisaki utpatti chin men huee, isake phal apane akarshak rng svad aur gunavatta ke karan vishvavikhyat hai. bharat evn chin donon milakar vishv lichi utpadan ko 91 pratishat ka utpadan karate hain parantu yah sthaniy roop men becha jata hai. bharat men lichi phal ke bich kshetraphal men 7van aur utpadan men 9van sthan rakhati hai parantu mooly ke sambandh men chhatha sthan rakhati hai. lichi ka phal svadisht, sugandhit, mitha, rasila evn motiya safed rng ke goode se yukt hota hai jo vitamit 'si' ka achchha srot hai. lichi chhote akar ka aur patale lekin chhote, mote aur naram kanton se bhare chhilake vala phal hai. lichi ka chhilaka pahale lal rng ka hota hai aur achchhi tarah pak jane par thode gahare rng ka ho jata hai. andar khoob mulayam paradarshi se safed rng ka moti ki tarah chamakadar gooda hota hai jo svadisht aur svasthyavardhak hota hai. is goode ke andar gahare bhoore rng ka ek bada bij hota hai jo khane ke kam nahin ata. isaka svad thoda gulab aur angoor se milata julata par anokha zaroor hai.

lichi ka vikas

lichi ek sadabahar, uposhn katibandhiy phal hai jisaka mool nivas sthan dakshini chin ko mana jata hai. bharat men is paudhe ka agaman myanmar se hote hue uttari poorvi rajyon jaise tripura men hua.

lichi

lichi ke poshak tatv

any phalon ki tarah lichi bhi paushtik tatvon ka bhndar hai. lichi ke phal poshak tatvon se bharapoor evn sphoortidayak hote hain. isake phal men sharkara (10-22%), protin (0.7%), vasa (0.3%) evn anek vitamin jaise si, e, bi1 evamh bi2 prachur matra men paye jate hain.[1]

rashtriy paridrishy

vishv men bharat, chin ke bad doosara utpadak desh hai aur yahan ke utpadan ka sabase bada hissa bihar rajy men utpadit hota hai isake alava pashchim bngal, uttarakhnd, jharakhnd, uttar pradesh, pnjab, asam aur tripura adi rajyon men bhi lichi ugaee jati hai bharat men lichi utpadan kshetr mukhyat: uttari aur uttarapoorvi bhag tak hi simit hai jo ki himalay ki talahati se lekar tripura tak nihit hai gnga ke samatal maidani bhagon men isaki kheti ki sandrata adhik hai hamare desh men lichi ka utpadan samast phalon ke utpadan ka sirf ek pratishat hi hai aur ankadon ke anusar kul 60,000 haiktar kshetr se 4,33,200 tan utpadan hota hai vartaman men utpadakata 7.4 tan/haiktar hai lichi utpadan men bharat ka sabase agrani rajy bihar hai jahan desh ki lichi ka lagabhag 45 pratishat kshetraphal hai. vartaman ankadon ke anoosar yahn ki ausat utpadakata 7.00 maitrik tan haiktar hai jabaki pashchim bngal 9.3 tatha jharakhnd 12.00 hai. utpadan ki vartaman utpadakata ko badhakar lichi ke vastavik kshamatanuroop 20-25 tan haiktar tak upaj snbhavat: prapt ki ja sakati hai.[2]

lichi

lichi ka vriksh

isaka vriksh apani gahari hari pattiyon evn chamakile lal phal ke sath sundar bhoo-drishy banata hai. lichi ke vriksh men bahut dhire-dhire vridvi hoti hai aur poore qad tak pahuchane men kafi samay lagata hai. isaka oopari bhag prakritik roop se golaee men phailata hai. lichi ke vriksh varsh men do bar vishesh roop se vanaspatik vridvi karate hain. pahali vridvi faravari se arambh hokar aprail tak chalati hai tatha doosari julaee se aktoobar tak. sabase adhik shakhayen julaee men utpann hoti hai.

lichi ki fasal

paripakv shakhaon ke sire par pushp guchchh ata hai. phool chhote-chhote aur dalahin hote hain. nar aur ubhayalingi phool ek hi guchchhe men lagate hain. nar phool mausam men pahale khilate hain, ubhayalingi phool jinamen mada bhag sakriy rahata hai unake bad praphullit hote hain. ant men ve ubhayalingi phool khilate hain, jinamen nar bhag sakriy rahata hai. lichi ke phal, jo ki ek bijiy nat kahalate hain, prayah guchchhon men vikasit hote hain. lichi ke phal pakane par lagabhag 2.5 se.mi. chaude, 3.25 se.mi. lambe aur hridayakar hote hain. chhilake ke oopar kante si gulikayen hoti hain jo pakane par chapati evn rng gulabi ho jata hai. chhilaka patala hota hai aur guthali (bij) moti hoti hain guthali ke charon or lipata bijachol (gooda) hi khadyopayogi bhag hota hai. bij gahare bhoore rng ka hota hai evn usaki lambaee 1-22 se.mi. aur chodaee 0.6-1.2 se.mi. tak ho sakati hai.



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

vithika

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. lichi (hindi) uttara krishi prabha. abhigaman tithi: 22 agast, 2010.
  2. lichi: anusndhan aur vikas ki mithas (hindi) nee dishaen. abhigaman tithi: 22 agast, 2010.

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