त्रिपुरा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

India-flag.gif
tripura
Tripura-Map.jpg
rajadhani agaratala
rajabhasha(en) bangla bhasha, kak barak bhasha
sthapana 21 janavari, 1972
janasnkhya 27,57,205[1]
· ghanatv 263[1] /varg kimi
kshetraphal 10,492 varg kimi[1]
bhaugolik nirdeshank 23.84°N 91.28°E
· grishm 36.2 °C
· sharad 7 °C
zile 4[1]
ling anupat 1000:945[1] ♂/♀
saksharata 73.2%
rajyapal tathagat raauy[2]
mukhyamntri biplab kumar deb[1]
rajakiy vriksh agar
bahari kadiyan adhikarik vebasait
adyatan‎
Tripura-Seal-new.png

tripura bharat ka ek rajy hai. tripura dakshin eshiya ke poorvottar bhag men sthit hai. tripura uttar, pashchim v dakshin men bangladesh, poorv men mizoram aur poorvottar men asam rajy se ghira hai. tripura ka kshetraphal sirf 10,486 varg kimi hai aur yah gova tatha sikkim ke bad bharat ka tisara sabase chhota rajy hai. desh ke baqi hisse se alag-thalag rahane, pahadi bhoobhag v janajatiy abadi ke aran tripura men bhi bharat ke poorvottar kshetron ki samasyaen maujood hain. tripura ki rajadhani agaratala hai.

itihas

tripura ka itihas bahut purana aur lnba hai. isaki apani anokhi janajatiy snsh‍kriti aur dilachash‍p lokagathaen hai. bngali aur tripuri bhasha (kok borok) yahan mukhy roop se boli jati hain. aisa mana jata hai ki raja tripur, jo yayati vnsh ka 39 van raja tha, unake nam par hi is rajy ka nam tripura pada . ek mat ke anusar sthaniy devi tripur sundari ke nam par isaka nam tripura pada. yah hindoo dharm ki 51 shakti pithon men se ek hai. is rajy ke itihas ko ‘rajamala’ gathaon aur musalaman itihasakaron ke varnanon se jana ja sakata hai. mahabharat aur puranon men bhi tripura ka ulh‍lekh milata hai.
agaratala pailes, tripura
'rajamala' ke anusar tripura ke shasakon ko ‘pha’ upanam se pukara jata tha jisaka arth ‘pita’ hota hai. 14vin shatabh‍di men bngal ke shasakon dvara tripura naresh ki madad kie jane ka bhi ulh‍lekh milata hai. tripura ki sthapana 14vin shatabdi men 'maniky' namak indo-mngoliyan adivasi mukhiya ne ki thi, jisane hindoo dharm apanaya tha. tripura ke shasakon ko mugalon ke bar-bar akraman ka bhi samana karana pada jisamen akramanakariyon ko kam hi saphalata milati thi. kee ladaiyon men tripura ke shasakon ne bngal ke sulh‍tanon ko haraya. 19vin shatabh‍di men 'maharaja virachndr kishor manikh‍y bahadur' ke shasanakal men tripura men ne yug ka sootrapat hua. unh‍honne apane prashasanik dhanche ko british bharat ke namoone par banaya aur kee sudhar lagoo kie. unake uttaradhikaron ne 15 akh‍toobar, 1949 tak tripura par shasan kiya. isake bad tripura bharat sngh men shamil ho gaya. prarambh men yah bhag - si ke antargat ane vala rajh‍y tha aur 1956 men rajh‍yon ke punargathan ke bad yah kendrashasit pradesh bana. 1972 men isane poorn rajh‍y ka darja praph‍t kiya. tripura bangladesh tatha myanmar ki nadi ghatiyon ke bich sthit hai. isake tin taraph bangh‍ladesh hai aur keval uttar-poorv men yah asam aur mizoram se juda hua hai. agaratala tripura prant ki rajadhani hai.

bhoogol

madhy evn uttari tripura ek pahadi kshetr hai, jise poorv se pashchim ki or char pramukh ghatiyan, dharmanagar, kailashahar, kamalapur aur khovaee, katati hain. ye ghatiyan uttar ki or bahane vali nadiyon (joori, manu v dev, dhalaee aur khovaee) dvara nirmit hain. pashchim v dakshin ki nichali ghatiyan khuli v daladali hain, halanki dakshin men bhoobhag bahut adhik kata hua aur ghane jngalon se dhaka hai. uttar se dakshin ki or unmukh shreniyan ghatiyon ko alag karati hain. dharmanagar ghati ke poorv men jamaraee tlng ki oonchaee 600 aur 900 mitar ke bich hai. pashchim ki or kramash: sakhan tlng, lngataraee aur artharamura parvatashreniyon ki oonchaee ghatate kram men hai. sudoor pashchim men sthit pahadi devatamura ki oonchaee sirf 244 mitar hai.

devatamura parvatashreni ke pashchim men agaratala maidan hai, jo gnga-brahmaputr nimnabhoomi ka vistar hai tatha isaki oonchaee 61 mitar se kam hai. is kshetr ko kee nadiyan apavahit karati hain, jinamen sabase badi nadi gumati ka udgam poorvi pahadiyon radhakishorapur ke nikat ek khade kinaron vali ghati men sthit hai.

lagabhag adha rajy jngalon se dhaka hai; halanki kheti ke lie inaki vyapak kataee huee hai, inamen ab bhi mahattvapoorn vriksh pae jate hain, jinamen mazaboot lakadi hai. yahan (shoriya robasta) shamil hai, jo sagaun ke bad sabase adhik qimati lakadi hai. yahan ke praniyon men bagh, tendua, hathi, siyar, jagnli kutte, jagnli suar, gayal sand jagnli bhains tatha gaur shamil hain.

jalavayu

tripura ki jalavayu kam garm tatha ardr hoti hai. tripura rajy ki jalavayu adarsh barish ke lie anukool hain. joon se sitnbar tak rahane vale maaunasoon ke mausam men 2,000 mimi se adhik varsha hoti hai. nichale ilaqon men grishm ritu men adhikatam ausat tapaman 35° se. hota hai, halanki pahadon men mausam thnda hota hai.

arthavyavastha

krishi

  • tripura ki arthavyavastha prathamik roop se krishi par adharit hai.
  • mukhy fasal chaval hai[3] aur poore rajy men isaki kheti hoti hai.
  • naqadi fasalon me joot[4], kapas chay, ganna, mesta aur phal shamil hain.
  • tripura rajy ki krishi men pashupalan ki sahayak bhoomika hai.
  • vanopaj adharit udyog imarati lakadi eendhan aur lakadi ke koyale ka utpadan karate hai.
  • 1994 men chay ka utpadan 35,55,593 kilogram tha.

udyog

yahan mukhyatah chhote paimane par nirman kary hota hai, jisamen bunaee, badheegiri, tokari v mitti ke bartan banane jaise kee kutir udyog shamil hain. chhote paimane ke udyogon ke vikas ko badhane men rajy sarakar sakriy hai. bans v bent hastashilp men kaksh vibhajak, farnichar bhittipattika, tebal mait aur farsh par bichhane vali chataiyan shamil hain, jinhen sthaniy star par banaya jata hai. audyogik ikaiyan, chay, chini dibbabnd phal krishi auzar eent aur joote-chappal banati hain. apekshakrit bade upakramon men kataee mil, joot mil, ispat mil, plaeevud faikti aur aushadhi snyntr shamil hain. agaratala anbasa khovaee, dharmanagar, kailashahar, udayapur aur bagapha men sthit dizal chalit tap snyntron se bijali milati hai. isake alava gumati panabijali pariyojana (1976 men poori huee) se bhi bijali milati hai. isaki kul sthapit kshamata 6,935 megavat hai. rajy men hal hi men prakritik gais ke vyapak snsadhanon ki khoj huee hai.

sinchaee

tripura rajh‍y mukhh‍yat: pahadi ilaka hai. tripura rajy men tripura pahadiyan bhi sthit hai. isaka bhaugolik kshetr 10,49,169 hekh‍teyar hai. anuman hai ki 2,80,000 hekh‍teyar bhoomi krishi yogh‍y hai. 31 march, 2008 tak 93,359 hekh‍teyar bhoomi kshetr men lipht sinchaee, gahare nalakoop, disha parivartan, madhh‍yam sinchaee vh‍yavash‍tha, shailo tyoobavail adi ke jarie sunishchit sinchaee ke prabndhan kie ge hain. yah rajh‍y ki sinchaee yogh‍y bhoomi ka 79.97 pratishat aur krishi yogh‍y bhoomi ka lagabhag 33.34 pratishat hai. lok nirman vibhag (jal snsadhan) dvara 1411 daivarzan sh‍kim, 166 gahare nalakoop sh‍kimen poori ki ja chuki hain. 3 madhh‍yam sinchaee yojanaon (gumati, khovee aur manu) ke jarie kaman eriya ke kuchh bhag ko sinchaee ka pani upalabh‍dh karaya ja raha hai. nahar pranali ka kary 2009-10 tak poora ho jane ki ummid hai.

bijali

is samay rajh‍y ki bijali ki mang lagabhag 162 megavaaut hai. rajh‍y men apani pariyojanaon se lagabhag 80 megavaaut bijali paida ki ja rahi hai. lagabhag 40 megavaaut bijali poorvoth‍tar kshetr men sthit kendriy kshetr ke vidyut uth‍padan kendron se rajh‍y ke lie abntit hish‍se se praph‍t ki jati hai. yah akalan kiya gaya hai ki varsh 2012 ke dauran sarvochh‍ch mang lagabhag 396 megavaaut ko bhi poora kar diya jaega jo 'rajiv gandhi vidyutikaran yojana' tatha 'rajh‍y ke audyogikikaran' ke parinamash‍varoop uth‍panh‍n hogi.

tripura ki nee vidyut pariyojanaen

  1. baramura 1 x 21 megavaaut jiti pariyojana, en.ee.si. ke antargat pashchim tripura en.ee.si., karyakari ejensi: ti.es.ee.si.el..
  2. palatana, udayapur, o.ti.pi.si. vidyut pariyojana (740 megavaaut), dakshin tripura. tripura ka hissa 200 megavaaut hai. 2011-12 men shuroo hone ki snbhavana hai.
  3. monarachak ji.ti. pariyojana (104 megavaaut) : karyakari ejensi : nipako, 2010- men shuroo ho jane ki snbhavana hai.

parivahan

pahadi sthalakriti ke karan yahan snchar men kathinaee ati hai. tin or se (839 kilomitar) bangladesh se ghire hone ke karan tripura shesh bharat se lagabhag kata hua hai. agaratala-karimagnj (asam) sadak (3,666 kilomitar) ekamatr bhoo-marg hai aur dharmanagar se asam ke kalakali ghat tak mitar gez relave lain (45 kilomitar) hai. yahan ki adhikansh nadiyon men naven chalati hain, lekin inaka upayog sthaniy parivahan ke lie hi hota hai.

agaratala men ek jhil, tripura
sadak marg

tripura men vibhinh‍n prakar ki sadakon ki kul lnbaee 1,997 ki.mi. hai, jisamen se mukhh‍y zila sadaken 90 ki.mi., anh‍y zila sadaken 1,218 ki.mi. aur prantiy rajamarg 689 ki.mi hain.

rel marg
  • agaratala-sabaroom snpark rel lain vish‍tar ke kary ko kendr sarakar ne mnjoori de di hai.
  • agaratala aur sabaroom ke bich ek nee badi lain ke lie injiniyaring aur yatayat ke sarvekshan ko mnjoori de di gee hai.
havaee marg
  • tripura rajy ka mukhh‍y havaee adda agaratala men hai.
  • agaratala kolakata (pashchim bngal) aur asam ke vibhinn nagaron se vayu marg dvara juda hai. rajy ke bhitar bhi vayusena upalabdh hai.
  • nagarik uddayan mntralay se anurodh kiya gaya hai ki vah indiyan eyaralains aur is kshetr men kam kar rahi anh‍y niji uddayan knpaniyon se kahen ki ve agaratala aur silachar ke bich barash‍ta kailashahar v kamalapur udan seva shuroo karen. mntralay ne rajh‍y sarakar se kaha hai ki vah poorvottar parishad ke sath ek ashay-patr hash‍takshar kar le aur kailashahar v kamalapur havaee addon ke vikas par ane vale vh‍yay ko vahan karen. rajh‍y sarakar ne is prash‍tav par sahamat hone men apani asamarthata jataee hain.

shiksha

21 janavari 1972 men tripura ke snpoorn rajy banane ke bad se shiksha ke kshetr men rajy ne tej gati se vikas kiya hai. akar men chhota lekin behad khoobasoorat rajy tripura, kshetr aur kshetr ke bahar ke vidyarthinyon ke lie shiksha ki bahut achchhi suvidha upalabdh kara raha hai. pradesh men shasakiy vidyalayon ke sath-sath niji vidyalay bhi snchalit kie ja rahe hain. dharmik shiksha pradan karane vale bahut se dharmik snsthan bhi is chhote se bharatiy rajy men apani sevaen de rahe hain.

vidyalay

tripura ke vidyalay ya to tripura madhyamik shiksha bord (tibiesee) ya kendriy madhyamik shiksha bord (sibiesee) se snbaddh hain. kuchh vidyalay kaunsil faaur d indiyan skool sartiphiket ekjamineshans (siaeeesasiee) se bhi snbaddh hain. pradesh men lagabhag 4,287 vidyalay hain, jinamen se 2,378 jooniyar besik, 1,139 ke lagabhag siniyar besik, 459 uchch aur 311 uchchatar madhyamik vidyalay rajy sarakar aur edisi pradhikaran dvara chalae ja rahe hain. sabhi shreniyon ke 34,985 se adhik shikshak rajy sarakar dvara snchalit is shiksha snjal ko chalayaman rakhane men lage hain.

shiksha vibhag

tripura ka shiksha vibhag apane poore dam-kham ke sath rajy ki shiksha vyavastha ko uchch gunavattayukt tatha pragatishil banane men laga hai. rajy ki n keval saksharata balki shiksha gunavatta bhi badhane ki disha men ek mehanati prayas kiya ja raha hai. do pramukh karyakram (1) sarvashiksha abhiyan aur (2) madhyahn bhojan, rajy men saphalatapoorvak shikshan aur gair-shikshan karmachariyon ke madhyam se chal rahe hain. madhyamik shiksha tak pahunch ke sarvabhaumikaran ke lie ek aur naya karyakram rashtriy 'madhyamik shiksha abhiyan' apane prarnbh kie jane ki avastha men pahunch chuka hai. yah 2010-11 se prarnbh kiya jana hai aur shiksha vibhag is disha men sabhi prarnbhik qadam utha raha hai. vidyalay shiksha vibhag shiksha bich men chhodane valon ki snkhya shoony tak lane aur sarvashiksha abhiyan ke dvara pradesh ki prarnbhik shiksha men bhagidari shat pratishat tak lane par zor de rahi hai.

vishvavidyalay

pradesh men tripura vishvavidyalay namak ek kendriy vishvavidyalay hai, isase jude 15 shasakiy digri mahavidyalay, ek rashtriy praudyogiki snsthan (enaeeti), do paauliteknik snsthanon jinamen se ek khasataur par mahilaon ke lie hai, ke alava tripura praudyogiki snsthan (tiaeeti) namak rajy ka praudyogiki snsthan bhi hai. dakshini tripura zile hetu ek paauliteknik ki sthapana ko svikriti mil chuki hai, jabaki uttari tripura aur dhalaee zile men do paauliteknik snsthanon ki sthapana nikat bhavishy men hone ki ummid hai.

mahavidyalay

rajy men do chikitsa mahavidyalay aur ek veteranari, phishari aur krishi mahavidyalay hai. bharatiy vidya bhavan dvara snchalit ek niji vigyan mahavidyalay bhi hai. ikphaee namak ek niji vishvavidyalay bhi apani sevaen pradan kar raha hai. vibhinn anubhagon men uchch shiksha ki akanksha rakhane vale vidyarthiyon ki badh rahi snkhya ki zarooraton ko poora karane ke lie chhah ne shasakiy digri mahavidyalayon ki sthapana ki jaegi.

sanskritik jivan

mahila, tripura

janajatiy riti-rivaj, lokakathaen v lokagit tripura ki snskriti ke mahattvapoorn tattv hain. do pramukh varshik utsav gadiya (apral) aur kas (joon ya julaee) hain, jinamen pashuon ki bali chadhaee jati hai. har samuday ka apana nrity hai, jaise riyang ka hojagiri, tripuri ka gadiya, jhoom, malamita, masak sumani aur lebang boomani, chakama ka bijoo, lusaee ka ker aur velkam, malasum ka haee-hak, garo ka vngala, mog ka sngaraika chimithang, padisha aur abhngama, katee aur jamatiya ka gadiya, bngali samuday ka gnjan, dhamail, sari aur rabindr sngit, manipuri samuday ka basnt rash aur pungachalam, pramukh sngit vady khnb, bansuri, lebang, sarinda, dotara aur khengarong hain. sachin dev barman aur rahul dev barman jaise prasiddh sngitakar isi rajy ki den hain. rajy se 15 bangla v do angrezi dainik samachar patr prakashit hote hain.

th‍yohar

nimnalikhit tyohar manaye jate hai-

  • tirthamukh aur unakoti men makar snkranti
  • holi
  • unokoti, brahakund (mohanapur) men ashokashh‍tami
  • rash
  • bngali navavarsh
  • gariya, dhamel, bijoo aur hojagiri uth‍sav
  • nauka daud aur manasa mngal uth‍sav
  • ker aur khachi uth‍sav
  • durgapooja
  • divali
  • jnpuee pahadiyon men krisamas
  • buddh poornima
  • raaubindar-najarool-sukanta uth‍sav
  • gali naty uth‍sav
  • chongaprem uth‍sav
  • khnpuee uth‍sav
  • vah uth‍sav
  • sansh‍kritik uth‍sav (lok uth‍sav)
  • murasing uth‍sav
  • snghati uth‍sav
  • baisakhi uth‍sav (sabaroom) adi har varsh manae jate hain.

paryatan samaroh

  1. arenj end toorijh‍m phestival vangamun
  2. unoketi toorijh‍m phestival
  3. niramahal toorijh‍m phestival
  4. pilak turijh‍m phestival
  5. sansh‍kritik/dharmik uth‍sav

paryatan

tripura har drishti se paryatan ke lie upayukt rajy hai. tripura men anek sthal hain. yahan dekhane tatha ghoomane-phirane ke lie kee sthan evn sthal hain. rajy snskriti ki drishti se bhi snpann hai. yah rajy poorvottar rajyon ke mukabale paryatan ki adhik snbhavanaon se poorn hai. yahan poorvottar ke rajyon ke alava bangladesh jane vale paryatak bhi akarshit hote hain. hotal udyog ke vikas ke sath hi yahan paryatan ki snbhavanaen bhi badhi hain. mee 1995 men deshi v videshi paryatakon ke lie pratibndhit kshetr anumati-patr ki samapti ke bad 1996 men yahan lagabhag do lakh paryatak ae. rajy men aur adhik paryatakon ko akarshit karane ki kshamata hai. kolakata v guvahati se rajadhani agaratala tak vayumarg dvara pahuncha ja sakata hai. khoval, kamalapur aur kailashahar tin chhote havaee adde hain.

vikas ki snbhavanaen
agaratala ka ek drishy, tripura

paryatakon ke akarshan ke sath hi rajy men isake vikas ki bhari snbhavanaen hain. 10,491.69 varg kilomitar ke kshetr ke sath yah desh ke sabase chhote rajyo me se ek hai. lekin apane prachin itihas, saundary, parvatiy ilakon ki sundarata, hariyali, snskriti, rahan sahan evn parivesh tatha achchhe mausam ki vajah se ise paryatan men khasa labh ho sakata hai. paryatakon ki suvidha ke lie rajy ko do paryatak ikaeeyon men banta gaya hai. pahala hai pashchim-dakshin tripura tatha doosara hai pashchimottar kshetr, jo dhalaee zile tak hai. poore rajy men paryatan ki apar snbhavana hai, khasakar eeko-paryatan, dharmik paryatan, heritej paryatan, parvatiy paryatan tatha gramin paryatan.

parivahan

yah rajy guvahati se relamarg dvara bhi juda hai. nazadiki relashirsh kumaraghat men hai. yah agaratala se juda hai, jo yahan se lagabhag 140 kilomitar door hai. shilang hokar guzarate rashtriy rajamarg-44 se guvahati se agaratala tak 24 ghnte men bas dvara pahuncha ja sakata hai. is marg par niji evn sarvajanik aramadayak basen upalabdh hain. isake alava, asam men silchar tak vayu ya sadak marg dvara pahunchane ke bad sadak marg dvara agaratala pahuncha ja sakata hai. videshi paryatak akhaura sima niyntran chauki se hote hue bangladesh se bhi agaratala pahunch sakate hain. dhaka se agaratala tak ki sadak yatra lagabhag tin ghnte ki hai.

mahal

yahan ke paryatan sthalon men agaratala sthit ujjaynt mahal, kunjaban mahal/ rabindr kanan aur malncha nivas shamil hain. agaratala se 55 kilomitar door niramahal/rudrasagar jhil v 178 kilomitar ki doori par unakoti shail shilp hai, jo kailashahar se ath kilomitar door hai. agaratala men ashokashtami mela har sal apral mahine men lagata hai.

abhayarany

agaratala se 75 kilomitar door gumati (gomati nadi) ke kinare udayapur aur amarapur ke bich sthit devatamura shail pratimaen/ chablamura ek any paryatak sthal hai. gumati nadi ke daen kinare par udayapur men bhuvaneshvari mndir hai, jahan rabindranath taigor ne bisarjan aur rajarshi ki rachana ki thi. agaratala se 25 kilomitar ki doori par sepahijala vanyajiv abhayarany hai, isamen lagabhag 150 prajatiyon ke pakshi aur chashme ke jaise nishan vale vikhyat bndar pae jate hain.

trishna vanyajiv abhayarany agaratala se lagabhag 100 kilomitar door dakshin tripura zile men sthit hai. agaratala se 27 kilomitar ki doori par kamalasagar jhil aur lagabhag 200 kilomitar door mizoram ki sima ke pas jamapuee parvat hai, jisaki oonchaee samudr tal se lagabhag 914 mitar hai. tripura ki sabase oonchi choti betalongachhip yahin sthit hai.

sarakari avas

paryatan ki drishti se sabhi mahattvapoorn sthanon par sarakari avas upalabdh hai. sath hi niji hotal aur atithigrih bhi hain, lekin ye adhikanshatah agaratala men sthit hain. rajy ke paryatan vibhag ne kee paryatan paripathon ki pahachan ki hai, jinamen se adhikansh kolakata (bhootapoorv kalakatta) aur rajy ki rajadhani se shuroo hote hain. 1987 men paryatan ko yahan udyog ghoshit kiya gaya aur rajy sarakar paryatan ko badhava dene ke lie kee prakar ke protsahan deti hai.

paryatan sthal

ujjaynt mahal ka vihngam drishy
  • agaratala
  • kamal sagar
  • sephajala
  • niramahal
  • udayapur
  • pilak
  • mahamuni
  • vesh‍t - naaurth tripura
  • dumboor jhil
  • unokoti
  • jamapuee hil

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Tripura at a Glance - Statistics (angrezi) (ech.ti.em.el) tripura ki adhikarik vebasait. abhigaman tithi: 13 mee, 2012.
  2. rajyapal (hindi) bharat ki adhikarik vebasait. abhigaman tithi: 30 janavari, 2016.
  3. krishi utpadan ka 46.16 pratishat
  4. jisaka istemal bori, tat aur sutali banane men hota hai

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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