अंडमान एवं निकोबार द्वीपसमूह  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

India-flag.gif
andaman evn nikobar dvipasamooh
Andaman-Nicobar-Map.jpg
rajadhani port bleyar
rajabhasha(en) hindi bhasha, nikobari bhasha, tamil bhasha, bangla bhasha, malayalam bhasha, telugu bhasha
janasnkhya 3,56,152[1]
· ghanatv 43 /varg kimi
kshetraphal 8,073 varg kimi
bhaugolik nirdeshank 11.68° uttar, 92.77° poorv
jalavayu ushnakatibndhiy
varsha 3180 mimi
zile 2
mukhy aitihasik sthal selh‍yoolar jel
mukhy paryatan sthal raaus dvip, haivalaauk dvip, red skin dvip, nil dvip
ling anupat 1000:846 ♂/♀
saksharata 65.15%
· stri 76.09%
· purush 71.07%
uparajyapal jagadish mukhi[2]
rajakiy pashu dugong (Dugong or Sea Cow)
rajakiy pakshi andamani kabootar (Andaman Wood Pigeon)
rajakiy vriksh andaman padauk (Andaman Padauk)
bahari kadiyan adhikarik vebasait
adyatan‎
Blank-1.gif

andaman evn nikobar dvipasamooh bharat ka ek kendr shasit pradesh hai. yah bngal ki khadi ke dakshin men hind mahasagar men sthit hai. andaman evn nikobar lagabhag 300 chhote bade dvipon ka samooh hai, jisamen kuchh hi dvipon par abadi hai. yahan ki rajadhani port bleyar hai. andaman aur nikobar dvip samoohon ka sngh rajh‍y kshetr 6° aur 14° uttari akshansh aur 92° tatha 94° poorvi deshansh ke bich sthit hai. ye dvip 10° uttari akshansh par sthit hain jise andaman dvip samooh kahate hain jabaki 10° uttari akshansh par sthit dakshini dvip ko nikobar dvip samooh kahate hain. in dvipasamoohon ka mausam nam, ushh‍n katibndhiy tatiy mausam hai. in dvipon men dakshini pashchimi aur uttari poorvi manasoon se varsha hoti hai. yahan mee mah se disnbar mah ke bich adhikatam varsha hoti hai.

andaman ka ek drishy

namakaran

andaman malayalam bhasha ke handuman shabd se aya hai jo hinduon ke bhagavan hanuman shabd ka parivartit roop hai. nikobar shabd bhi isi bhasha se liya gaya hai jisaka arth hota hai- nagn logon ki bhoomi. bngal ki khadi men basa nirmal aur shant andaman paryatakon ke man ko asim annd ki anubhooti karata hai. yah bharat ka ek lokapriy dvip samooh hai.

andaman men moonga bhitti, sundar sagar tat, yadon se jude khndahar aur vibhinn durlabh vanaspatiyan hain. ek se ek badhakar, yahan par kul 572 dvip hain. andaman dvip ka 86 pratishat kshetraphal van snpada se dhaka hua hai. samudri jiv aur jaiv vanaspatiyon, itihas aur jal sambandhi khelon men ruchi rakhane vale paryatakon ko yah dvip bahut pasnd ata hai.

is dvip samooh par 17 vin sadi men marathon dvara adhikar kiya gaya tha. marathon ke bad is par british shasakon ne rajy kiya. doosare vishvayuddh men is par japan ne adhikar kar liya. usake bad kuchh samay ke liye yah dvip neta ji subhashachndr bos ki azad hind fauj ki adhinata men bhi raha. janaral lokanathan yahan ke gavarnar the. 1947 men british shasan se azadi ke bad yah dvip samooh bharat ka kendr shasit pradesh bana.

british shasan is sthan ka prayog svatntrata sngram andolan men apani daman ki niti ke antargat krantikariyon ko bharat se door jel men rakhane ke liye karata tha. isi karan se yah andolanakariyon ke madhy 'kalapani' ke nam se jana jata tha. isake liye port bleyar men ek alag jel selh‍yoolar jel ka nirman kiya gaya jo british kal men bharat ke liye saiberiya ki tarah mana jata tha.

andaman dvipasamooh
  • 26 disnbar 2004 ko sunami laharon se is dvip par kahar a gaya tha jisamen anumanat: 6000 se adhik log mare gaye the.

pun: namakaran

30disambar, 2018 ko andaman ke ros, nil tatha hevalaauk dvip ka nam kramashah netaji subhash chandr bos dvip, shahid dvip tatha svaraj dvip kiya gaya. is nam parivartan ki ghoshana pradhanamntri narendr modi dvara 30 disambar ko andaman ki yatra ke dauran ki gayi. 30 disambar ko netaji ki andaman yatra ke 75 varsh poore hue.

andaman dvip ke sath netaji ka sambandh

netaji sarvashri annd mohan sahay, kaipten ravat edisi tatha karnal di es rajoo ke sath 29 disambar,1943 ko port bleyar gaye the. netaji ne indiyan neshanal armi janaral edi loganathan ko in dvipon ka gavarnar niyukt kiya tha. dvitiy vishv yuddh ke dauran japan ne in dvipon ko apane niyntran men le liya tha. netaji ne 30 disambar, 1943 ko port bleyar men jhnda phaharaya tha. netaji manate the ki port bleyar british shasan se svatntr hone vala pahala kshetr tha. netaji ne andaman v nikobar dvip ka nam shahid aur svaraj dvip rakhane ka sujhav diya tha.

  • andaman v nikobar dvip ke tin zile hain:
  1. uttar evn madhy andaman zila
  2. dakshin andaman zila
  3. nikobar zila

in dvipon ke vanon men rahane vale mool adivasi janajatiyan shikar aur machhali pakadane ka kam karate hain. inaki char negrito janajatiyan hain:

  1. gret andamani
  2. onj
  3. jarava
  4. sentineles, jo dvip samoohon ke andaman dvipasamooh men payi jati hai aur do mngoli janajatiyan-
  5. nikobari
  6. shaaumh‍penh‍s , jo dvip samooh ke nikobar dvip samooh men paee jati hai.

krishi

is dvip samooh pradesh men kul 51,694.35 hekh‍teyar bhoomi men kheti ki jati hai. jisamen se 8,068.71 hekh‍teyar bhoomi sunami/bhooknp se tabah ho gee hai. isamen se 2,177.70 hekh‍teyar men dhan v anh‍y fasalen tatha 5,891.01 hekh‍teyar men paudhon ki fasal nashh‍t ho gee. 4206.64 hekh‍teyar kheti ki bhoomi sh‍thayi roop se pani men doob gee hai.

dhan yahan ka pramukh khadyanh‍n aur fasal hai jo mukhh‍yat: andaman dvip samooh men ugaya jata hai. nikobar dvip samooh ki mukhh‍y nakadi fasal nariyal aur supari hai. rabi ki fasal men dalen, tilahan aur sabjiyan ugaee jati hain jisake bad dhan ki fasal boee jati hai. yahan ke kisan pahadi zamin par vibhinn prakar ke phal- am, sepota, sntara, kela, papita, ananh‍nas aur kndamool ugate hain. yahan bahufasal vh‍yavash‍tha ke adhin masale, jaise - mirch, laung, jayaphal tatha dalachini adi ugae jate hain. in dvipon men rabad, red ayal, tad tatha kajoo adi bhi kahin kahin ugae jate hain.

van snpada

is dvip samooh pradesh ke kul bhaugolik kshetr ka 7,171 varg kilomitar bhag vanon se dhaka hua hai. in dvipon par lagabhag sabhi prakar ke van jaise ushh‍nakatibndhiy ardr sadabahar van, ushh‍nakatibndhiy arddh sadabahar van, ardr parnapati, giri shikhar par hone vale tatha tatavarti aur daladali van pae jate hain. andaman nikobar men vibhinh‍n prakar ki lakadiyan paee jati hain. sabase bahumoolh‍y lakadiyan padok tatha garajan ki hoti hain. ye andaman men payi jati hain, nikobar men nahin milatin.

vanh‍y jivan

in dvipon men 96 vanh‍y jiv abhayaranh‍y, nau rashh‍triy park tatha ek jaiv snrakshit kshetr (bayo rijarv kendr) hai.

sh‍tanapayi - ab tak adhisoochit kul 55 sh‍thaliy evn 7 samudri sh‍tanapayi prajatiyon men se 32 kshetr vishesh men paee jati hain.

pakshi - in dvipon men pakshiyon ki 246 prajatiyan evn upaprajatiyan milati hain jinamen se 99 prajatiyan evn upaprajatiyan kshetr vishesh men paee jati hain.

sarisrip - is rajh‍y men sarisripon ki 76 prajatiyan paee jati hain jisamen se 24 kshetr vishesh tak simit hain.

samudri jiv - in dvipon ke samudr men machhaliyon ki 1200 se adhik prajatiyan, ikaino darm ki 350, ghongha (molash‍k) samooh ki 1000 tatha anh‍y sookshh‍m prajatiyan paee jati hain. kasherooki praniyon men mukhh‍yat: dyoogaaug, daaulphin, vh‍hel, khare pani ke ghadiyal, samudri kachhue tatha samudri sarp ith‍yadi milate hain.

moonga evn praval - abhi tak 61 vargon ke pravalon ki 179 prajatiyan gyat hain. poorvi tat par mukhh‍yat: jhabh‍bedar (phrijing) tatha pashchimi tat par avarodhi (bairiyar) praval pae jate hain.

udyog

is kendr shasit pradesh men 31 march, 2007 tak 1833 laghu gramin evn hash‍tashilh‍p ikaiyan pnjikrit thin. jhinga machhali prasnsh‍karan ke kshetr men do ikaiyan niryatonh‍mukh hain. isake atirikh‍t sipi evn lakadi par adharit hash‍tashilh‍p ikaiyan hain.

laghu udyog

laghu ikaiyan pent aur varnish, chhoti ata pisane ki chakkiyan, shital pey aur sharab, sh‍til pharnichar evn anh‍y upakaran, redimed kapade, lohe ke daravaze, gril ith‍yadi ke uth‍padan ka kary karati hain. laghu udyog ikaiyan sipi shilh‍p, bekari uth‍pad, chaval nikalane tatha pharnichar banane ka kary bhi karati hain. 'andaman evn nikobar dvip samooh samanvit vikas nigam' paryatan, math‍sh‍y udyog tatha audyogik rin ke kshetron men kary karata hai.

andaman ka ek drishy

parivahan vyavastha

  • andaman aur nikobar prashasan ka motar parivahan vibhag dvip samoohon ke uttari tatha dakshini samooh ke 13 sh‍teshanon se snchalit hota hai. andaman aur nikobar dvip samooh ke gramin kshetron men mukhh‍yat: parivahan bas dvara hota hai aur yahan kul 205 basen chalaee jati hain. 'e ti ar ekh‍sapres seva' ke lie kamh‍ph‍yootari krit tikat dene ki pranali 15 agast, 2007 se karyanvit ki gee hai, yahan se agrim tikat bhi praph‍t kiya ja sakata hai.
  • varsh 2007-2008 ke dauran kul 135.88 lakh logon ne rajh‍y parivahan seva ki bason dvara yatra ki aur vibhag ko 1075.22 lakh ru. ka rajash‍v praph‍t hua. at: vibhag sarvajanik parivahan seva pradan karane men uttarottar pragati kar raha hai balki isase rajasv men bhi vriddhi ho rahi hai.
  • mukhh‍y bhoomi (bharat) se yah dvip havaee aur samudri yatra dvara achh‍chhi tarah juda hai. kolakata aur chennee se port bleyar ke bich indiyan eyaralains, dekh‍kan aur jet lait ki niyamit udanen hain. chenh‍nee, kolakata aur vishakhapattanam se yahan ke lie niyamit yatri nauka seva ki vyavastha hai.
  • indiyan eyaralains ke viman saptah men tin bar port bleyar se chenh‍nee, kolakata, dilli aur bhuvaneshvar ate jate hain. har mngalavar, brihaspativar aur shanivar ko aee e si ke viman kolakata se port bleyar ke lie udan bharate hain.
  • kolakata, chenh‍nee aur vishakhapattanam se pani ke jahaz port bleyar jate hain. jane men do-tin din ka samay lagata hai. port bleyar se jahaz chhootane ka koee nishchit samay nahin hai.

paryatan sh‍thal

ferar tat, andaman

andaman aur nikobar dvip samooh ek paryavaran anukool surakshit paryatak sh‍thal ke roop men prasiddh hai. paryatak yahan selh‍yoolar jel, raaus dvip tatha haivalaauk dvip jaise vishishh‍t sh‍thanon ko dekhana pasnd karate hain. andaman ke ushh‍nakatibndhiy sadabahar ghane van, sundar retile samudr tat, sarpakar maingrov yukh‍t krik, durlabh samudri vanash‍patiyon, jiv-jntuon ki prajatiyan tatha moonge yahan paryatakon ko vishesh roop se akarshit karate hain. samudr tat par bane risarts, jal krida kendr, pani ke sahasik khel, treking, aeelaind kainping, prakriti ke madhy nivas (nechar trel) sh‍kooba daiving jaise sahasik paryatan yahan upalabdh hain.

in dvipon ki yatra karane vale paryatakon ke rookane ki aramadayak vh‍yavash‍tha ke lie paryatan vibhag ki or se dvipon ke vibhinh‍n bhagon men vishram grihon ki vyavastha hai. yahan ke pramukh paryatak sh‍thalon men netrith‍v sngrahalay, samudri sngrahalay, jalakrida parisar, gandhi park uttari khadi (narth be), vaipar dvip, raaus aeelaind, chi‍diya tapoo (bard vaching), redaskin aeelaind, korbinh‍s kov bich tatha nil aeelaind, haivalaauk aeelaind, sinkh‍be, laghu andaman, digalipur (raaus evn smith) ith‍yadi hain.

bharat ka ekamatr sakriy jvalamukhi kshetr 'bairan dvip' hai. yah dvip lagabhag 3 kimi. men phaila hai. yah andaman nikobar dvip samooh ki rajadhani port bleyar se lagabhag 500 kilomitar uttar poorv men 'bngal ki khadi' men sthit hai| yahan jvalamukhi men visphot qarib 180 sal shant rahane ke bad hue the. ye visphot 1991, 1994-95 aur 2005 men hue. is visphot ke dauran isamen se 2006 tak lagatar lava nikalata raha. ise van vibhag ki agya lene ke bad hi dekha ja sakata hai.


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vithika

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 2001 ki janaganana ke anusar
  2. lephtinent gavarnar tatha prashasak (hindi) bharat ki adhikarik vebasait. abhigaman tithi: 15 march, 2017.

bahari kadiyan

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