मनमोहन सिंह  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

manamohan sinh
Manmohan-Singh.jpg
poora nam daau. manamohan sinh
janm 26 sitnbar, 1932
janm bhoomi pnjab, pakistan
abhibhavak shri gurumukh sinh aur shrimati amrit kaur
pati/patni gurasharan kaur
sntan tin betiyan
nagarikata bharatiy
parti bharatiy rashtriy kangres
pad bharat ke 13ven pradhanamntri
kary kal 22 mee, 2004 se 26 mee, 2014
shiksha bi.e. (aaunars), em.e. (ikaaunaaumiks), pi. ech. di., di.phil.
vidyalay pnjab vishvavidyalay, kaimbrij vishvavidyalay, naphild kaaulej (aauksaford yoonivarsiti)
bhasha hindi, angrezi
puraskar-upadhi 'padm vibhooshan', javaharalal neharoo puraskar, kaimbrij vishvavidyalay ka aidam smith puraskar
rachanaen indiyaz eksaport trends end prospekts phaaur selph sastend groth
adyatan‎

manamohan sinh (angrezi: Manmohan Singh, janm: 26 sitnbar, 1932) bharat ke 13ven pradhanamntri the. manamohan sinh pradhanamntri ki kursi par baithane vale pahale sikh hain. manamohan sinh ki apane kushal aur eemanadar chhavi ke karan sabhi rajanitik dalon men achchhi sakh hai. jab kangres aur usake sahayogiyon ko 2004 ke chunav ke bad bahumat mila to manamohan sinh ko kangres adhyaksh soniya gandhi ki ichchha se pradhanamntri chuna gaya tha.

jivan parichay

bharat ke pradhanamntri manamohan sinh ka janm pakistan men 26 sitnbar sanh 1932 ee. ko 'gah' namak ganv men hua tha. gah ab pakistan ke pnjab soobe men sthit hai. unaki mata ka nam amrit kaur aur pita ka nam gurumukh sinh tha. desh ke vibhajan ke bad sinh ka parivar bharat chala aya. manamohan sinh ek kushal rajaneta ke sath-sath ek achchhe vidvan, arthashastri aur vicharak bhi hain. manamohan sinh ki patni ka nam gurasharan kaur hai. manamohan sinh ki tin betiyan hain. manamohan sinh men chatur evn buddhimani ke gun hain. manamohan sinh ne apani buddhimani se kee uchch pad ki garima ko banae rakha.[1] manamohan sinh lokasabha chunav 2009 men mili jit ke bad javaharalal neharoo ke bad bharat ke pahale aise pradhanamntri ban gane jinako saphalatapoorvak panch varshon ka karyakal poora karane ke bad lagatar pradhanamntri banane ka doosari bar avasar mila. 21 joon 1991 se 16 mee 1996 tak manamohan sinh ne narasinh rav ke pradhanamntritv kal men vitt mntri ke roop men bhi kary kiya. manamohan sinh ne vitt mntri ke roop men bharat men arthik sudharon ki shuruat ki. 1982 ke bad sudi arab ki yatra karane vale manamohan sinh pahale pradhanamntri bane.

shiksha

manamohan sinh ne sanh 1952 ee. men pnjab vishvavidyalay, chndigadh se bi.e. (aaunars) kiya aur avval rahe the. sanh 1954 men manamohan sinh ne isi yoonivarsiti se em. e. ikaaunaaumiks se kiya aur phir avval rahe. manamohan sinh isake bad kaimbrij vishvavidyalay gaye. jahan se unhonne pi. ech. di. ki. manamohan sinh ko sanh 1955 aur 1957 men kainbrij ke sent jaauns kaaulej men utkrisht pradarshan ke lie 'raits puraskar' se sammanit kiya gaya. manamohan sinh ne 'naphild kaaulej' (aauksaford yoonivarsiti) se di. phil. pas kiya. unaki pustak 'indiyaz eksaport trends end prospekts phaaur selph sastend groth' bharat ke antarmukhi vyapar niti ki pahali aur satik alochana mani jati hai.

vyavasayik jivan

daau. manamohan sinh aur soniya gandhi

manamohan sinh ko pnjab vishvavidyalay, chndigadh ne arthashastr vibhag men vyakhyata niyukt kiya. phir 14 sitambar, 1958 men inaka vivah gurasharan kaur ke sath sampann hua. inaki tin putriyan hain. pnjab vishvavidyalay men inaka saphal adhyapan jari raha aur yah profesar ke pad par pahunch ge. adhyapan kaushal ke karan inaka samman kafi tha. inhonne do varsh tak 'dilli skool aauf ikonaaumiks' men bhi adhyapan kary kiya. vah dilli vishvavidyalay men 1976 men manad pradhyapak bhi bane. is samay tak daauktar manamohan sinh ek arthashastri ke roop men kafi prasiddh ho chuke the. videsh men bhi inaka samman tha. vah arthashastr par vyakhyan dene ke lie videshon men bhi bulae ge. inaki pratibha ko indira gandhi ne sammanit kiya aur inhen 'rijarv baink aauf indiya' ka gavarnar banaya gaya. yah pad sambhalane ke lie vyakti ko antarrashtriy bainking ki janakari hone ke atirikt mudra vinimay ka bhi gyan avashyak hota hai. unhonne janavari 1985 tak uparokt pad par rahakar prashasanik nipunata ka parichay diya.

rajanitik jivan

1985 men rajiv gandhi ke shasan kal men manamohan sinh ko 'yojana ayog' ka upadhyaksh niyukt kiya gaya. is pad par unhonne nirantar panch varshon tak kary kiya, jabaki 1990 men yah pradhanamntri ke arthik salahakar banae ge. gair rajanitigy vyakti hote hue bhi daau. manamohan sinh ko rajanitigy pasand karate the. kangres ne yah mahasoos kar liya tha ki manamohan sinh behad pratibhashali hain, at: unaki pratibha ka labh desh ko prapt karana chahie. yahi karan hai ki jab pi. vi. narasimha rav pradhanamntri bane to unhonne daau. manamohan sinh ko 1991 men apane mntrimndal men sammilit karate hue vitt mntralay ka svatntr prabhar saunp diya. is samay daau. manamohan sinh n to lokasabha ke sadasy the aur n hi rajyasabha ke. lekin snvaidhanik vyavastha ke anusar sarakar ke mntri ko snsad ka sadasy hona avashyak hota hai. isalie unhen 1991 men asam se rajyasabha ke lie chuna gaya. jabaki yah moolat: pnjab ke nivasi hain. lekin yah paripati isake pahale bhi prachalan men thi. rajyasabha ke kee sadasy un rajyon se nahin hain, jahan unaka mool nivas hai.

daau. manamohan sinh

pi. vi. narasimha rav ne ek hire ko pahachana tha, jisaka nam manamohan sinh tha. manamohan sinh ne bhi unhen nirash nahin kiya. unhonne arthik udarikaran ko upachar ke roop men prastut kiya aur bharatiy arthavyavastha ko vishv bazar ke sath jod diya. daau. manamohan sinh ne ayat aur niryat ko bhi saral banaya. laisens evn paramit guzare zamane ki chiz ho gee. niji poonji ko utsahit karake rugn evn ghate men chalane vale sarvajanik upakramon hetu alag se nitiyan vikasit kin. pndit javahar lal neharoo ne sarakari samajavad ka jo svapn dekha tha, use daau. manamohan sinh ne niji udyogon dvara sakar kiya. nee arthavyavastha jab ghutanon par chal rahi thi, tab pi. vi. narasimha rav ko katu alochana ka shikar hona pada. vipaksh unhen ne arthik prayog se savadhan kar raha tha. lekin shri rav ne manamohan sinh par poora yaqin rakha. matr do varsh bad hi alochakon ke munh bnd ho ge aur unaki ankhen phail geen. udarikaran ke behatarin parinam bharatiy arthavyavastha men nazar ane lage the. yahi karan hai ki varsh 2002 men manamohan sinh ko 'sarvashreshth sansad' ki upadhi bhi pradan ki gee. is prakar ek gair rajanitigy vyakti jo arthashastr ka profesar tha, ka bharatiy rajaniti men pravesh hua taki desh ki bigadi arthavyavastha ko patari par laya ja sake.

pradhanamntri pad par

manamohan sinh 72 varsh ki umr men pradhanamntri banae ge. inhonne svapn men bhi yah kalpana nahin ki thi ki ve desh ke pradhanamntri ban sakate hain. vastut: akhil bharatiy kangres adhyaksh soniya gandhi ne vipaksh ka virodh dekhate hue svayn pradhanamntri banane se inkar karake manamohan sinh ko bharatiy pradhanamntri ke roop men anumodit kiya tha. daau. manamohan sinh ne 22 mee, 2004 se pradhanamntri ka karyakal arambh kiya, jo aprail 2009 men saphalata ke sath poorn hua. isake pashchath lokasabha ke chunav hue aur kangres pun: vijayi huee. is karan manamohan sinh dobara pradhanamntri pad par asin hue. yadyapi pradhanamntri manamohan sinh apane svasthy ka kafi dhyan rakhate hain tathapi do bar inaki baeepas sarjari huee hai. doosari bar faravari 2009 men visheshgy shaly chikitsakon ki tim ne ems men inaki sarjari ki hai. ab yah svasth hain aur march 2009 se pradhanamntri karyalay ke karyon ko poori oorja ke sath dekh rahe hain. vah 1 march, 2009 ko rootin chaikap ke lie 'ems' ge aur unhen poorn roop se svasth paya gaya. pradhanamntri ke roop men daau. manamohan sinh baithakon, goshthiyon aur sammelanon men hissa lete rahe.

daau. manamohan sinh

pradhanamntri daau. manamohan sinh ne vittamntri ke roop men pi. chidambaram ko arthavyavastha ka dayitv saunpa tha, jise unhonne kushalata ke sath nibhaya. lekin 2009 ki vishvavyapi arthik mndi ka prabhav bharat men bhi dekhane ko mila. parantu bharat ki bainking vyavastha ka adhar mazaboot hone ke karan use utana nuqasan nahin uthana pada, jitana amerika aur any deshon ko uthana pada hai. vishv star ki mndi ki mar ne vahan ke kee bainkon tatha udyogon ko bilkul barbad kar diya. 26 navambar, 2008 ko desh ki arthik rajadhani mumbee par pakistan dvara prayojit atnkiyon ne hamala kiya. dil dahala dene vale us hamale ne desh ko hilakar rakh diya tha. tab manamohan sinh ne kendriy grih mntri shivaraj patil ko hatakar pi. chidambaram ko grih mntralay ki zimmedari saunpi aur pranab mukharji ko naya vitt mntri bana diya. is prakar manamohan sinh samayik aur dooradarshitapoorn faisale apane karyakal ke dauran lete rahe hain.

any pad

manamohan sinh pahale pnjab vishvavidyalay aur bad men 'dilli skool aauf ikaaunaaumiks' men prophesar ke pad par the. 1971 men manamohan sinh bharat sarakar ki 'kaaumars ministri' men arthik salahakar ke taur par shamil hue the. 1972 men manamohan sinh vitt mntralay men chiph ikaaunaaumik adavaizar ban ge. any jin padon par vah rahe, ve hain– vitt mntralay men sachiv, yojana ayog ke upadhyaksh, bharatiy rizarv baink ke gavarnar, pradhanamntri ke salahakar aur vishvavidyalay anudan ayog ke adhyaksh. manamohan sinh 1991 se rajyasabha ke sadasy hain.[2]

upalabdhiyan evn yogadan

daau. manamohan sinh apani patni ke gurasharan kaur ke sath (sabhar- autaluk)

daau. manamohan sinh ne desh ke chahunmukhi vikas ke lie anekanek kshetron ko sparsh kiya hai. unhonne desh ke havaee addon men vanchhit sudhar lane ke lie unhen niji hathon men saunpane ka faisala kiya. isake lie ek paradarshi niti ke antargat un kampaniyon ko uttaradayitv saunpa gaya jo khuli boli lagakar use nibhane men prastut huee. yadyapi isaka vyapak virodh bhi kiya gaya, lekin manamohan sinh ne virodhon ko darakinar karate hue dilli evn mumbee ke havaee addon ke vikas ki yojana niji hathon men saunp di. isake alava pradhanamntri manamohan sinh ne nirantar ghate men chal rahe sarvajanik upakramon ki snkhya ko bhi simit karane ka kary kiya. desh ki arthavyavastha par bojh bane sarvajanik upakramon ka arthik upachar karane se ab ve munafe ki or agrasar hain. soochana takanik aur doorasnchar ke kshetr men bhi daau. manamohan sinh ki dooragami nitiyon ke parinam kafi sarthak rahe hain. yadyapi 2008 ki arthik mndi ka asar avashy hua hai, parantu is kshetr men videshi nivesh duguna ho gaya hai. is prakar soochana takanik evn doorasnchar ke kshetr men bharat ki sthiti vikasit deshon ke samakaksh ho chuki hai.

krishi sudhar

bharat ek krishi pradhan desh hai. manamohan sinh ne bharatiy udyogon ke sath krishi ki dasha ko bhi unnat karane ka prayas kiya. desh ki sinchaee vyavastha men apekshit sudhar ki zaroorat hai, is karan manovanchhit unnati nahin huee, lekin kisanon ke lie fasalon ka samarthit mooly badhaya gaya, taki unaka jivan star sudhar sake. yadyapi maharashtr men kisanon ke dvara ki gee atmahatyaen desh ki krishi vyavastha ko chaupat batati hain.

ganvon men rozagar

faravari 2006 men ganvon men rozagar yojana ka shriganesh haidarabad se kiya gaya. ganvon men rozagar ki bhishan samasya hai. is karan 'gramin rozagar garnti karyakram' ke antargat desh ke pratyek gramin berozagar ko ek varsh men 100 din ka rozagar pradan karane ka karyakram banaya gaya hai. lekin rajy sarakaron ki yah zimmedari hai ki kendr dvara pradan kie ja rahe dhan ka nivesh is yojana men kushalata ke sath karake karyakram ko saphal banaen. is prakar samajik sarokar ki yojanaon ko prashasanik star par lagoo kiya ja sakata hai. yahan is bat ka dhyan rakha jana chahie ki is yojana se adhikadhik graminon ko fayada ho. is yojana ne ab tak behad saphalata ke sath nirdharit lakshy prapt kiya hai. vipaksh ne ise lokalubhavani yojana bataee jo chunav ko dhyan men rakhakar taiyar ki gee thi.
sarvoday ashram men bhraman karatin manamohan sinh ki putri shrimati daman sinh (baen se pratham)

paryatan udyog men sudhar

isi prakar videshi paryatan udyog men bhi bhari sudhar hua hai. videshi paryatak bharat ki or bhari tadad men akrisht ho rahe hain. bharat ke lie vija prapt karane vale logon ki lambi qataren hain, yadyapi 26 navambar, 2008 ke hamale ke bad inamen thodi kami avashy aee hai. isi tarah bharat ki arthavyavastha ko rozagaronmukhi banaya gaya hai. pradhanamntri manamohan sinh ke karyakal men lakhon vyaktiyon ko rozagar prapt hua hai. yadyapi deshavyapi berozagari ko dekhate hue is disha men kafi prayas karane ki avashyakata hai tathapi niji kshetron ko utsahit karane ke parinam behatar rahe hain. pahale vyakti sarakari sevaon ke lie qatar men tha, lekin ab bainkon dvara rozagaraparak rin pradan kie ja rahe hain. isase vyakti men apana rozagar sthapit karane ki ichchha shakti ka pradurbhav hua hai. sakal rashtriy ay evn prati vyakti ay ke vartaman ankade bhi isi sthiti ko pradarshit karate hain. samajik sarokar ke kalyanakari karyon ki disha men manamohan sarakar ne pragatishil qadam uthae hain. dalit evn adivasi chhatron ko shiksha ki or prerit karane ke lie vibhinn chhatravrittiyan pradan ki jane lagi hain. in par 20 karod rupaye varshik vyay ka pravadhan kiya gaya hai.

videsh niti men sudhar

manamohan sarakar ne apani videsh niti men vyapak sudhar karate hue sabhi pashchimi deshon ke sath madhur sambandh sthapit kie hain. udaravadi arthik niti ke karan pashchimi deshon ne bhi bharat ke sath sambandhon men sudhar ki avashyakata ko mahasoos kiya hai. sabase achchhi bat inaki videsh niti ki rahi hai. amerika aur roos se saman star par mitrata ho gee hai. eeran evn bharat ke madhy petroliyam paip lain bichhane ki disha men bhi kary kiya ja raha hai. pakistan ke sath rel tatha bas seva shuroo ho chuki hai.

paramanu samajhauta

gurasharan kaur (baen se pratham), poorv pradhanamntri manamohan sinh (baen se doosare), amerika ke poorv rashtrapati jaaurj bush (madhy), poorv bharatiy rashtrapati abdul kalam (daen se doosare) aur laaura bush (daen se pratham)

2 march, 2006 ko bharat ne paramanu shakti ke sambandh men amerika ke sath rashtrapati jaaurj bush ke dilli agaman par samajhauta kiya. rajanitigyon ko is bat ki ashnka thi ki paramanu samajhauta shayad nahin ho pae. vipaksh is samajhaute ke sakht khilaf tha. lekin manamohan sinh ko maloom tha ki oorja snsadhan ke kshetr men yah samajhauta kiya jana bharat ke hit men hoga. ameriki rashtrapati jaaurj bush ne isaka masauda tay hone ke bad kaha ki donon deshon ki sarakaron ka is samajhaute ke lie taiyar hona kafi kathin kary tha. lekin yah samajhauta bharat aur amerika donon ke lie kafi avashyak tha. patrakar sammelan ko sambodhit karate hue ameriki neta jaaurj bush ne pradhanamntri daau. manamohan sinh ki kafi prashnsa ki. isase yah spasht ho jata hai ki bharat ke prati ameriki ke rukh men kafi badalav aya. isake pahale paramanu samajhauta hone men yah gatirodh tha ki amerika bharatiy paramanu snyntron par nigarani karane ka kary antarrashtriy paramanu oorja ejensi ke supurd karana chahata tha, jabaki bharatavasi is shart ke lie taiyar nahin the. lekin donon deshon ne madhy marg vikasit karate hue samajhauta kiya. is madhyamargi samajhaute ke anusar bharat ke 22 paramanu snyntron men se 14 paramanu snyntr nigarani men honge aur 8 sainy paramanu snyntr usase mukt rahenge. bharat ka svadeshi paramanu riyektar plant bhi antarrashtriy nigarani ejensi se mukt rakha gaya hai. is prakar bharat vaidhanik roop se paramanu sampann deshon ki soochi men a gaya hai. pakistan ne bhi is prakar ke samajhaute ki peshaqash amerika se ki thi, lekin amerika ne inkar kar diya. zahir hai ki amerika bharat ko ek shantipriy desh manata hai.
is samajhaute ke praroop ko 'vhait haus' aur bharatiy snsad ki svikriti milana avashyak tha. is dauran manamohan sinh ne apana man bana liya tha ki snsad men praroop ko svikriti ke lie pesh kiya jaega. lekin yoo. pi. e. men sammilit vamadalon ne yah ghoshana kar di ki yadi aisa prayatn kiya gaya to ve sarakar se samarthan vapas le lenge. manamohan sinh ke samane yah badi samasya thi. yadi paramanu samajhauta kiya jata to sarakar gir sakati thi. is dauran vhait haus ki sinet ne samajhaute ko hari jhandi pradan kar di. lekin manamohan sarakar ke samane visham sthiti thi. vamadalon ko samajhane ke lie vyapak prayas kie ge lekin ve apane irade se tas se mas nahin hue. tab manamohan sinh ne ghoshana ki ki samajhaute ke praroop ko snsad men svikriti ke lie avashy pesh kiya jaega aur unhen yah paravah nahin ki is koshish men unaki sarakar gir jaegi. lekin vamadalon ne isake bad bhi sakaratmak snket nahin die. manamohan sinh chahate the ki samajhaute ko snsad ki svikriti prapt ho jae, taki bharat paramanu oorja ke madhyam se vikas ke path par agrasar ho sake. aisi sthiti men pradhanamntri manamohan sinh ne mulayam sinh yadav se bat ki aur unaki samajavadi parti apana samarthan dene ko taiyar ho gee. tab vamadalon ne samarthan vapas le liya, lekin samajavadi parti ki sahayata se snsad men paramanu prastav parit ho gaya. is prakar apani dridh ichchha shakti ke bal par manamohan sinh ne ek aitihasik saphalata arjit kar li. is sambandh men bharat ne yooreniyam prapti ke lie roos aur frans sarakar se bhi bat ki. ab bharat ko yooreniyam ki koee kami nahin aegi.

mahattvapoorn padav

varsh vivaran
1957 se 1965 chndigadh sthit pnjab vishvavidyalay men adhyapak
1969-1971 dilli skool aauf ikonaaumiks men antarrashtriy vyapar ke profesar
1976 dilli ke javaharalal neharoo vishvavidyalay men manad profesar
1982 se 1985 bharatiy rizarv baink ke gavarnar
1985 se 1987 yojana ayog ke upadhyaksh
1990 se 1991 bharatiy pradhanamntri ke arthik salahakar
1991 narasinharav ke netritv vali kangres sarakar men vittamntri
1991 asam se rajyasabha ke sadasy
1995 doosari bar rajyasabha sadasy
1996 dilli skool aauf ikonaaumiks men manad profesar
1999 dakshin dilli se lokasabha ka chunav lada lekin har gaye
2001 tisari bar rajy sabha sadasy aur sadan men vipaksh ke neta
2004 bharat ke pradhanamntri
2014 bharat ke pradhanamntri pad par do karyakal (10 varsh) poorn karane ke bad istipha.

isake atirikt unhonne antarrashtriy mudra kosh aur eshiyaee vikas baink ke liye bhi kafi mahattvapoorn kam kiya hai.

puraskar

da. manamohan sinh ko bharat ke sarvajanik jivan men bahut se puraskaron aur sammanon se navaza gaya hai. inamen pramukh puraskar hain-

  • 1987 men manamohan sinh ko 'padm vibhooshan' se sammanit
  • 1995 men indiyan sains kangres ka 'javaharalal neharoo puraskar',
  • 1993 aur 1994 ka 'eshiya mani avard phaaur phainains ministar aauf d iyar'
  • 1994 ka yooro mani 'avard phaaur d phainens ministar aauf d iyar'
  • 1956 men kaimbrij vishvavidyalay ka 'aidam smith puraskar'



bharat ke pradhanamntri
Arrow-left.png poorvadhikari
atal bihari vajapeyi
manamohan sinh uttaradhikari
narendr modi
Arrow-right.png


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. manamohan sinh: pun: pad pana mushkil (hindi) (ech.ti.em) vebaduniya. abhigaman tithi: 22 sitnbar, 2010.
  2. manamohan sinh (hindi) navabharat taims. abhigaman tithi: 22 sitnbar, 2010.

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