गणराज्य मुखपृष्ठ  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

India-Flag.jpg
  • bharat ki rajy snrachana bharat ke snghiy prashasanik dhanche ki ek up-rashtriy prashasanik ikaee hai. bharat ke rajyon ki apani chuni huee sarakaren hoti hain, jinaka chunav us rajy ke matadataon dvara prati panch varsh ki avadhi par kiya jata hai.
  • pratyek rajy ki apani vidhanasabha bhi hoti hai, jo rajy star par bharat ki snsad ke saman hi hai, jahan se rajy sarakar, rajy men shasan chalati hai.
  • agast, 2017 ki sthiti tak bharat men 29 rajy aur 7 kendrashasit pradesh hain.
  • bharatakosh par lekhon ki snkhya pratidin badhati rahati hai jo ap dekh rahe vah "prarambh matr" hi hai...
mukhy akarshan- bharat, bharat ka itihas, bharat ek jhalak, uttar pradesh, gujarat

chayanit lekh

Banyan-Tree.jpg

baragad (angrezi:Banyan Tree) bharat ka rashh‍triy vriksh hai. ise 'bar', 'bat' ya 'vat' bhi kahate hain. baragad 'moresi' ya 'shahatoot' kul ka ped hai. isaka vaigyanik nam 'faikas venagailensis (Ficus bengalensis) aur angrezi nam 'baniyan tri' hai. hindoo log is vriksh ko poojaniy manate hain. isake darshan sparsh tatha seva karane se pap door hota hai tatha du:kh aur vyadhi nasht hoti hai. at: is vriksh ke ropan aur grishm kal men isaki jad men pani dene se puny snchay hota hai, aisa mana jata hai. uttar se dakshin tak samast bharat men vat vriksh utpann hote dekha jata hai. isaki shakhaon se baroh nikalakar zamin par pahunchakar stnbh ka roop le leti hain. isase ped ka vistar bahut zald badh jata hai. .... aur padhen

bharat- ek jhalak

ankade ek jhalak

kshetraphal 32,87,263 varg kimi.[1]
-bhoomadhy rekha se doori [2] 876 kimi
-poorv se pashchim lnbaee 2,933 kimi
-uttar se dakshin lnbaee 3,214 kimi
-pradeshik jal sima ki chaudaee samudr tat se 12 samudri mil tak.
-ekantik arthik kshetr snlagn kshetr se age 200 samudri mil tak.

sima 7 desh aur 2 mahasagar[3]
-samudri sima[4] 7516.5 kimi
-prakritik bhag (1) uttar ka parvatiy pradesh (2) uttar ka vishal maidan (3) dakshin ka prayadvipiy pathar (4) samudr tatiy maidan tatha (5) thar marusthal
-sthaliy sima[5] 15,200 kimi

rajy 29
-snghashasit kshetr[6] 7
-zilon ki snkhya 640[7]
-upazilon ki snkhya 5,470
-sabase bada zila laddakh (jammoo-kashmir, kshetraphal 82,665 varg kimi.).
-sabase chhota zila thaubal (manipur, kshetraphal- 507 varg kimi.).
-dvipon ki kul snkhya 247 [8]
-tatarekha se lage rajy gujarat, maharashtr, gova, karnatak, keral, tamilanadu, andhr pradesh, udisa aur pashchim bngal.
-kendrashasit pradesh (tatarekha) daman v div, dadara evn nagar haveli, lakshadvip, pandicheri tatha andaman evn nikobar dvip samooh.
-kark rekha [9] gujarat, rajasthan, madhyapradesh, chhattisagadh, jharakhnd, pashchim bngal, tripura tatha mizoram.
-pramukh nagar mumbee, nee dilli, kolakata, chennee, bengalor, haidarabad, tiruanantapuram, sikandarabad, kanapur, ahamadabad, jayapur, jodhapur, amritasar, chanh‍digadh, shrinagar, jammoo, shimala, disapur, itanagar, kochin, agara adi.
-rajadhani nee dilli.
-parvatiy paryatan almoda, nainital, lainsadaun, gadhamukteshvar, masoori, kasauli, shimala, kulloo ghati, dalahauzi, shrinagar, gulabarg, sonamarg, amaranath, pahalagam, darjiling, kalinpong, ranchi, shilang, kunjur, ootakamnd (ooti), mahabaleshvar, pnchamadhi, maunt aboo.
-pratham shreni ke nagaron ki snkhya 300
-dvitiy shreni ke nagaron ki snkhya 345
-tritiy shreni ke nagaron ki snkhya 947
-chaturth shreni ke nagaron ki snkhya 1,167
-pncham shreni ke nagaron ki snkhya 740
-shashtham shreni ke nagaron ki snkhya 197
-kul nagaron ki snkhya 5,161
-sarvadhik nagaron vala rajy uttar pradesh (704 nagar)
-sabase kam nagar vala rajy meghalay (7 nagar)
-sarvadhik nagariy janasnkhya vala rajy uttar pradesh (3,45,39,582), mizoram (45.10%)
-sabase kam nagariy janasnkhya vala rajy sikkim (59,870), himachal pradesh (8.69%)
-snghashasit kshetr sarvadhik janasnkhya[10] dilli 89.93%
-sngh shasit kshetr kam janasnkhya [11] dadara tatha nagar haveli (8.47%)
-snghashasit kshetr (sabase bada)[12] andaman evn nikobar dvipasamooh (8,293 varg kimi.)
-sabase chhota sngh shasit kshetr lakshadvip (32 varg kimi.)
-shaharon ki snkhya 5,161
-ganvon ki snkhya 6,38,588
-abad ganvon ki snkhya 5,93,732
-gair-abad ganvon ki snkhya 44,856
-samudrik matsyayan ka pramukh kshetr pashchimi tat (75% tatha poorvi tat (25%) [13]
-sabase bada rajy (kshetraphal) rajasthan (3,42,239 varg kimi.)
-sabase chhota rajy gova (3,702 varg kimi.)

bhoogol
-pramukh parvat himalay, karakoram, shivalik, aravali, pashchimi ghat, poorvi ghat, vindhyachal, satapuda, annamalaee, nilagiri, palani, nallamala, maikal, ilayachi.
-pramukh nadiyan sindhu, satalaj, brahmaputr, gnga, yamuna, godavari, damodar, narmada, tapti, krishna, kaveri, mahanadi, ghaghara, gomati, ramagnga, chambal adi.
-parvat shikhar gadavin astin ya maunt ke 2 (8,611 mi.), knchanajngha (8,598 mi.), nnga parvat (8,126 mi.), nndadevi (7,717 mi.), kamet (7,756 mi.), makaloo (8,078 mi.), annapoorna (8,078 mi.), manasaloo (8,156 mi.), badrinath, kedaranath, trishool, mana, gngotri, gurushikhar, mahendragiri, anaeemudi adi.
-jhil dal, vular, naini, satatal, nagin, sanbhar, didavana, chilka, husain sagar, vembanad adi.
-jalavayu manasooni
-vanakshetr 750 lakh hekteyar [14]
-pramukh mittiyan jalodh, kali, lal, pili, laiterait, marusthaliy, parvatiy, namakin evn pit tatha daladali.
-sinchaee [15] naharen (40.0%) kuen (37.8%), talab (14.5%) tatha any (7.7%).
-krishi ke prakar tar kheti [16], ardr kheti [17], jhoom krishi [18] tatha parvatiy krishi [19].
-khadyann fasalen chaval, gehoon, jvar, bajara, ragi, jau adi.
-naqadi fasalen ganna, chay, kafi, rabad, nariyal, phal evn sabjiyan, dalen, tambakoo, kapas tatha tilahani fasalen.
-khanij snsadhan lauh ayask, koyala, mainganij, abhrak, baauksait, choonapatthar, yooreniyam, sona, chandi, hira, khanij tel adi.

janasnkhya 1,21,01,93,422 (2011)
-purush janasnkhya 62.37 karod
-mahila janasnkhya 58.64 karod
-anusoochit jati [20] 16,66,35,700 (kul janasnkhya ka 16.2%)
-anusoochit janajati [21] 8,43,26,240 (kul janasnkhya ka 8.2%)
-pramukh janajatiyan gaddi, gujjar, tharoo, bhotiya, mipuri, riyana, lepcha, mina, bhil, garasiya, koli, mahadevi, konkana, snthal, munda, uranv, baiga, koya, gond adi.
-vishv men sthan (janasnkhya) doosara
-vishv janasnkhya ka pratishat 16.87%
-janasnkhya ghanatv 393 vyakti prati varg kimi
-janasnkhya vriddhi dar (dashak) ausat varshik ghatanki vriddhi dar varsh 2001-2011 ke dauran 1.64 pratishat hai.
-ausat vriddhi dar [22] 1.95%
-linganupat ♀/♂ 940 : 1000
-raj bhasha hindi [23]
-prati vyakti ay 1,00,205 rupaye (2013)

arthavyavastha
-niryat ki vastuen injiniyari upakaran, masale, tambakoo, chamade ka saman, chay, lauh ayask adi.
-ayat ki vastuen rasayan, mashinari, upakaran, urvarak, khanij tel adi.
-vyapar sahayogi snyukt rajy amerika, briten, naye rashtron ke rashtrakul (si.aee.es.) ke desh, japan, itali, jarmani, poorvi yooropiy desh.
-rashtriyakrit bainkon ki snkhya 27
-telashodhanashalaon ki snkhya 13
-kul udyamon ki snkhya 4,212 karod (krishi men snlagn udyamon ke atirikt)
-udyam (gramin kshetr) 2,581 karod (krishi men snlagn udyamon ke atirikt)
-udyam (shahari kshetr) 1,631 karod (38.7%).
-krishi kary ka pratishat [24] 15%
-gair-krishi kary ka pratishat [25] 85%
-udyam (10 ya adhik kamagar) 5.83 lakh [26]
-sarvadhik udyam (panch rajy) tamilanadu-4446999 (10.56%), maharashtr- 4374764 (10.39%), pashchim bngal- 4285688 (10.17%), andhr pradesh- 4023411 (9.55%), uttar pradesh- 4015926 (9.53%).
-sarvadhik udyam (kendr shasit) dilli-753795(1.79%), chndigadh- 65906 (0.16%), pandicheri-49915 (0.12%).
-pramukh udyog lauh-ispat, jalayan nirman, motar vahan, saikil, sootivastr, ooni vastr, reshami vastr, vayuyan, urvarak, davaen evn aushadhiyan, relave injan, rel ke dibbe, joot, kagaz, chini, siment, matsyayan, chamada udyog, shisha, bhari evn halke rasayanik udyog tatha rabad udyog.
-bade bandaragahon ki snkhya 12 bade evn 139 chhote bndaragah.
-pramukh bandaragah mumbee, nhava sheva, kalakatta, haldiya, gova, kochin, kandala, chennee, nyoo mngalor, tootikorin, vishakhapatanam, majhaganv, aleppi, bhatakal, bhavanagar, kalikat, kakinada, kudaloor, dhanushakodi, paradvip, gopalapur.
-pashchimi tat pramukh bndaragah kandala, munbee, marmugaon, nyoo mngalaur, kochin aur javaharalal neharoo
-poorvi tat ke pramukh bndaragah tootikorin, chennee, vishakhapattanam, paradip aur kolakata- haldiya.
-purana bndaragah (poorvi tat) chennee
-sabase gahara bndaragah vishakhapattanam
-karyashil vyaktiyon ki snkhya 31.5 karod, mukhy shramik- 28.5 karod, simant shramik- 3,0 karod
-taje jal ki machhaliyan saau-phish, laivaphish, phaidarabaink, enkavi, eel, bata, reva, tor, chitala, katala, mingal, milkaphish, karp, parlashat adi.

parivahan
-jal parivahan kolakata (kendriy antardeshiy jal parivahan nigam ka mukhyalay)
-sadak marg ki kul lambaee 33,19,664 kimi.
-rashtriy rajamargon ki snkhya snkhyanusar 109 jabaki kul 143 (lagabhag 19 nirmanadhin).
-rashtriy rajamargon ki kul lambaee 66,590 kimi.
-sabase lamba rashtriy rajamarg rajamarg snkhya 7 (lnbaee- 2369 kimi varanasi se kanyakumari)
-rashtriy rajamarg (svarn chaturbhuj) 5,846 kimi (yojana ke antargat shamil rashtriy rajamargon ki kul lambaee)
-rashtriy rajamarg (uttar-dakshin kaauridaaur) 7,300 kimi (yojana antargat shamil rashtriy rajamargon ki kul lambaee)
-relamarg 63,465 kimi.
-relave parimandalon ki snkhya 16
-sabase bada relave parimandal uttar relave (11,023 kimi., mukhyalay- nee dilli)
-relave steshanon ki snkhya lagabhag 7,133 (31 march, 2006 tak)
-rel yatriyon ki snkhya 50,927 lakh pratidin (2002-03)
-rel injanon ki snkhya</ref> 8,025 (march, 2006).
-rel savari dibbon ki snkhya 42,570 (2001)
-rel mal dibbon ki snkhya 2,22,147 (2001)
-yatri relagadiyon ki snkhya 44,090
-any savari rel gadiyan 5,990
-antarrashtriy havaee addon ki snkhya panch [27]
-mukt akashiy havaee adda gaya (bihar)
-prastavit antarrashtriy havaee adde bngalaur, haidarabad, ahamadabad, gova, amritasar, guvahati evn kochin.

any
-jiv-jantu (anumanit) 75,000 jinamen ubhayachar- 2,500, sarisrip- 450, pakshi- 2,000 tatha stanapayi- 850
-rashtriy udyan 70
-vany prani vihar 412
-prani udyan 35
-rashtriy pratik rashtradhvaj- tirnga
-rajachinh sinhashirsh (saranath)
-rashtr gan jan gan man [28]
-rashtriy git vande mataramh [29]
-rashtriy pashu bagh (painthar taigris).
-rashtriy pakshi mayoor (pavo kristeshas).
-svatantrata divas 15 agast
-ganatantr divas 26 janavari

bharat ganarajy shreni vriksh

bharat ganarajy
Republic of India
India-Flag.jpg Emblem-of-India.png
bharat ka dhvaj bharat ka kulachihn
rashtravaky: "satyamev jayate" (snskrit) saty hi vijayi hota hai[30]
rashtragan: jan gan man
bharat ki sthiti
rajadhani nee dilli
28° 34′ N 77° 12′ E
sabase bade nagar dilli, mumbee, kolakata aur chennee
rajabhasha(en) hindi sngh ki rajabhasha hai,
angrezi "sahayak rajabhasha" hai.
any bhashaen bangla, gujarati, kannad, malayalam, marathi aur any
sarakar prakar ganarajy
ramanath kovind
venkaiya nayadoo
sumitra mahajan
narendr modi
dipak mishra
vidhayika
-upari sadan
-nichala sadan
bharatiy snsad
rajy sabha
lok sabha
svatntrata
tithi
ganarajy
snyukt rajashahi se
15 agast, 1947
26 janavari, 1950
kshetraphal
 - kul
 
 - jaliy (%)
 
32,87,263 kimi² (satavan)
12,22,559 mil² 
9.56
janasnkhya
 - 2011
 - 2001 janaganana
 - janasnkhya ghanatv
 
1,21,01,93,422[31] (dvitiy)
1,02,70,15,248
382[31]/kimi² (27 van)
954[32]/ mil² 
sakal ghareloo utpad (pipipi)
 - kul
 - prativyakti
2012 anuman
$4,824 arab[33] 
$3,944[33] 
sakal ghareloo utpad (sanketik)
 - kul
 - prativyakti
2012 anuman
$1,779 arab[33] 
$1,454[33] 
manav vikas snketank (echadiaee) 0.547 (134 vin) – madhyam
mudra bharatiy rupaya Rupee-symbol.gif (aienar (INR))
samay mandal
 - grishm ritu (delait seving taim)
aiesati (IST) (UTC+5:30)
anusaran nahin kiya jata (UTC+5:30)
intaranet tieladi .in
vahan chalate hain baen
doorabhash kod ++91
any mahatvapoorn janakari
simaon men sthit desh uttar pashchim men afaganistan aur pakistan, uttar men bhootan aur nepal; poorab men myanmar, bangladesh. shrilnka bharat se samudr ke snkirn nahar dvara alag kiya jata hai jo palk stret aur mannar ki khadi dvara nirmit hai.
samudr tat 7,516.6 kilomitar jisamen mukhy bhoomi, lakshadvip aur andaman aur nikobar dvipasamooh shamil hain.
jalavayu sardi (disambar-faravari); garmi (march-joon); dakshin pashchim manasoon ka mausam (joon-sitambar); manasoon pashch mausam (aktoobar-navambar)
bhoo-bhag mukhy bhoomi men char kshetr hain- gret maunten jon, gnga aur sindhu ka maidan, registan kshetr aur dakshini peninsula.
prakritik snsadhan koyala, lauh ayask, maiganij ayask, maika, baauksait, petroliyam, taitaniyam ayask, kromait, prakritik gais, maiganesait, choona patthar, arabal lend, dolomait, maoolin, jipsam, apadait, phosaphorait, stitail, phlorait adi.
prakritik apada manasooni badh, phlesh badh, bhookamp, sookha, zamin khisakana.
janasnkhya vriddhi dar ausat varshik ghatanki vriddhi dar varsh 2001-2011 ke dauran 1.64 pratishat hai.
ling anupat 1000:940 (2011)
dharm varsh 2001 ki janaganana ke anusar 1,028 miliyan desh ki kul janasnkhya men se 80.5 pratishat ke sath hinduon ki adhikanshata hai doosare sthan par 13.4 pratishat ki janasnkhya vale muslim isake bad eesaee, sikh, bauddh, jain aur any ate hain.
saksharata 74.04% (2011) purush- 82.14% mahilaen- 65.46%
sambhavit jivan dar 65.8 varsh (purush); 68.1 varsh (mahila)[34]
jatiy anupat sabhi panch mukhy prakar ki jatiyan- aaustreliyad, mongolaauyad, yooropaauyad, kokosin aur nigroid.
karyapalika shakha bharat ka rashtrapati desh ka pradhan hota hai, jabaki pradhanamntri sarakar ka pramukh hota hai aur mntriparishadh ki sahayata se shasan chalata hai jo mntrimndal mntralay ka gathan karate hain.
nyayapalika shakha bharat ka sarvochch nyayalay bharatiy kanoon vyavastha ka shirsh nikay hai isake bad any uchch nyayalay aur adhinasth nyayalay ate hain.
any janakari bharat ka rashtriy dhvaj ayatakar tirnga hai jisamen kesariya oopar hai, bich men safed, aur barabar bhag men niche gahara hara hai. safed patti ke kendr men gahara nila chakr hai jo saranath men ashok chakr ko darshata hai.
bahari kadiyan bharat ki adhikarik vebasait
adyatan‎

bharat manachitr

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. (vishv ka 2.2% vishv men 7van sthan)
  2. ekadam dakshini bhag ki bhoomadhy rekha se doori
  3. uttar men himalay parvatamala se lage hue chin, nepal tatha bhootan, poorv men parvatiy shrrinkhala se alag hua myanmar tatha poorv men hi bangladesh, pashchim men pakistan evn afaganistan tatha dakshin men hind mahasagar, bngal ki khadi evn arab sagar.
  4. dvipon sahit samudri sima ki kul lnbaee
  5. sthaliy sima ki lnbaee
  6. snghashasit kshetron ki snkhya
  7. 2011 ki janaganana ke anusar
  8. bngal ki khadi men dvipon ki snkhya- 204, arab sagar men dvipon ki snkhya- 43.
  9. ve rajy jinase hokar kark rekha gujarati hai
  10. sarvadhik nagariy janasnkhya vala sngh shasit kshetr
  11. sabase kam nagariy janasnkhya vala sngh shasit kshetr
  12. kshetraphal ki drishti se sabase bada snghashasit kshetr
  13. pramukh sagariy machhaliyan- bataraphish, svet bet, saradain, pran, maikarel, jyoophish, ribanaphish, kaitaphish, sarnga, dara, tyoona, mulets, siyaraphish, shark, pamaphret, shrimp adi. vishv matsyayan ka- 2.7%.
  14. kul kshetraphal ka 22.7%
  15. sinchaee ke sadhan
  16. 200 semi. varshik varsha vale kshetron men bina sinchaee ke
  17. 100 se 200 semi. varsha valeai jalodh env kali mitti ke kshetron men
  18. uttar-poorvi bharat, pashchimi ghat adi kshetron men
  19. vishesh roop se himalay ke dhalon par
  20. anusoochit jatiyon ki snkhya
  21. anusoochit janajatiyon ki snkhya
  22. ausat varshik ghatiy vriddhi dar
  23. anuchchhed 344 (1), 351, athavin anusoochi ke anusar 22 bhashaain hai jinake nam is prakar hai:- asamiya , bangla , gujarati , hindi , kannad , kashmiri , konkani , malayalam , manipuri , marathi , nepali , udiya , pnjabi , snskrit , sindhi , tamil , urdoo , telugu , bodo , dogari , maithili , snthali
  24. krishi se snbndhit kary men snlagn udyamon ka pratishat
  25. gair-krishi snbndhi karyon men snlagn udyamon ka pratishat
  26. kul udyamon ka 1.4%
  27. javahar lal neharoo antarrashtriy havaee adda (santakruj, mumbee), subhash chandr bos havaee adda (damadam- kolakata), indira gandhi antarrashtriy havaee adda (palam, dilli), minambakam havaee adda (chennee) tatha tiruvanantapuram.
  28. rachayita-gurudev ravindr nath taigor
  29. rachayita- bnkimachandr chatarji
  30. satyamev jayate nanritn satyen pntha vitato devayanah.
    yenakramantyrishayo hyaptakama yatr satsatyasy paramn nidhanamh॥

    mundakopanishadh tritiy mundak shlok 6
  31. 31.0 31.1 India : Census 2011
  32. Population Density per Square Mile of Countries
  33. 33.0 33.1 33.2 33.3 Report for Selected Countries and Subjects (angrezi) (e.es.pi) International Monetory Fund. abhigaman tithi: 15 mee, 2012.
  34. sitambar 2006-2011 ki sthiti ke anusar

snbndhit lekh


varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah