कायथा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kayatha namak purasthal ujjain se lagabhag 25 kilomitar doori par poorv disha men chambal nadi ki sahayak nadi kali sindh ke dahine tat par kali mitti ke maidan men sthit hai. kayatha purasthal ki khoj ka shrey vi.es. vakanakar ko jata hai, jinhonne is kayatha purasthal ko sanh 1964 ee. men khoj nikala tha.

itihas

kayatha ka samikaran 'brihajjatak' namak grnth men ullikhit prasiddh jyotishachary varahamihir ke janmasthan 'kapitthak' se kiya jata hai. ajakal kayatha ke tile ke adhikatar bhag par basti basi huee hai, is karan bahut kam sthan utkhanan ke lie upalabdh ho pate hai. tile ke uttari kayatha snskriti ke log akar chhote kshetr men base the. bad men ahad (ahad) snskriti ke logon ne apekshakrit bade bhoo-bhag par apani basti basayi. kayatha ke tile par tamrapashan yug se lekar guhakal tak ke star mile hain.

utkhanan

kayatha par 1965-1967 ee. men utkhanan karavaya gaya. parinam svaroop ek sarvatha agyat tamrapashanik snskriti ke vishay men janakari mili. utkhanan men prapt samagri ke adhar par ise panch staron men vibhajit kiya ja sakata hai- pratham, kayatha snskriti (2000-1800 ee.poo.); dvitiy, ahad snskriti (1700-1500 ee.poo.);tritiy, malava snskriti( 1500-1200 ee.poo.) chaturth, prarambhik aitihasik kal (600-200 ee.poo.) tatha pncham, shung-kushan-gupt kal (200 ee.poo. se 600 ee. tak). in panch pura snskritiyon men se pratham tin tamr-pashanik snskritiyan hain. pratham kayatha snskriti poorv gyat kisi any tamr-pashan snskriti se purani evn ekadam bhinn hai. kayatha snskriti men tin mridbhand paramparaen milati hain. pahali halke gulabi rng ki hai, jis par baingani rng men chitrakari milati hai. mukhy patr hain- handi, katore, tasale evn matake. anek patron ki pendi men valay akar ka adhar hai. doosari parampara pandurng ki hai. bartanon par lal rng ki chitr-sajja hai. majhaule akar ke lote isake mukhy patr hain. tisari bina alnkaran ke lal rng ki mridbhand parampara hai. isake mukhy patr arekhit hain. aur katore tatha thaliyan mukhy patr hain. inake atirikt hastanirmit lal-bhoore rng ke mitti ke bartan bhi mile hain, jin par oopar se chipakaye alnkaran bhi hain. inamen nand, tasale, bade katore adi ullekhaniy hain.

snskriti

kayatha snskriti ke log apane makan ghas-phoos evn bans ke banate the. kayatha snskriti ke log tanbe ke aujar evn upakaran banane ke gyane se parichit the. yahan se tanbe ki choodiyan, kulhadiyan evn tanbe ki chheni mili hai. kulhadiyan sanche men dhalakar banayi gayi hain. isake sath hi pashan ke laghu upakaranon ke praman bhi mile hain. yahan se kee tarah ke manakon ke har bhi mile hain. kayatha se ahad snskriti ke star se hastanirmit ruksh mridbhand aur lal rng ke mridh- patr tatha vrishabh mrinmoortiyan prachur matra men mili hain. is star ke makan knkad-patthar evn pili mitti ko kootakar banaye gaye the. malava snskriti ke star men lal evn gulabi rng ki patr-parampara vishisht hai. is kal men laghu pashan upakaranon men blaid prachur matra men mile hain. gol ghade, katore evn thaliyan mukhy patr-prakar hain. bad ke aitihasik kal men prachin patr-parampara ka sthan navin patr-parampara le leti hai. tanbe evn pashan upakaranon ka star men abhav hain. lauh upakaran milate hain. is star se ahat sikke bhi mile hain. antim star shung-kushan-gupt-kal se anek prakar ke mrid- patr milate hain. kayatha se prapt samagri atyadhik puratattvik mahattv ki hai. yahan se prapt bhinn prakar ki samagri ke adhar par vibhinn tamr-pashanik snskritiyon ka svatntr udbhav ka mat bahut sambhav lagata hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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