असीरगढ़  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

asiragadh qila

asiragadh qila burahanapur se lagabhag 20 kimi. ki doori par uttar disha men satapuda pahadiyon ke shikhar par samudr satah se 750 fut ki oonchaee par sthit hai. yah qila aj bhi apane vaibhavashali atit ki gunagatha ka gan mukt knth se kar raha hai. isaki tatkalin aparajeyata svayn siddh hoti hai. isaki ganana vishv vikhyat un gine chune qilon men hoti hai, jo durbhed aur ajey, mane jate the.

itihas

itihasakaron ne isaka 'bab-e-dakkhan' (dakshin dvar) aur 'kalod-e-dakkhan' (dakshin ki kunji) ke nam se ullekh kiya hai, kyonki is qile par vijay prapt karane ke pashchath dakshin ka dvar khul jata tha, aur vijeta ka sampoorn khanadesh kshetr par adhipaty sthapit ho jata tha. is qile ki sthapana kab aur kisane ki yah vishvas se nahin kaha ja sakata. itihasakar spasht evn sahi ray rakhane men vivash rahe hain. kuchh itihasakar is qile ka mahabharat ke vir yoddha guru dronachary ke putr ashvatthama ki amaratv ki gatha se snbndhit karate hue unaki pooja sthali batate hain. burahanapur ke 'gupteshvar  mahadev mndir' ke samip se ek sundar surng hai, jo asiragadh tak lnbi hai. aisa kaha jata hai ki, parvon ke din ashvatthama tapti nadi men snan karane ate hain, aur bad men 'gupteshvar' ki pooja kar apane sthan par laut jate hain.[1]

qile ka namakaran

kuchh itihasakar ise ramayan kal ka batate hain. prasiddh itihasakar 'mohammad kasim' ke kathananusar isaka 'asha ahir' namak ek vyakti ne nirman karaya tha. asha ahir ke pas hazaron ki snkhya men pashu the. unaki suraksha hetu aise hi surakshit sthan ki avashyakata thi. kahate hain, vah is sthan par athavin shatabdi men aya tha. is samay yahan hazarat noman chishti nam ke ek tejasvi soofi snt nivas karate the. asha ahir unake pas adarapoorvak upasthit hua aur nivedan kiya ki usake v parivar ki suraksha ke lie bhagavan se prarthana karen, taki vah qile par apane parivar sahit rah sake. is tarah vah hazarat noman ki agya evn ashirvad pakar, is sthan par eet mitti, choona aur pattharon ki divar banakar rahane laga. is tarah asha ahir ke nam se yah qila asiragadh nam se prasiddh ho gaya.

  • asiragadh kuchh samay ke lie chauhan vnsh ke rajaon ke adhipaty men bhi raha tha, jisaka ullekh rajapootana ke itihasakaron ne sndarbh men kiya hain.
asiragadh qila

nasir khan farooqi ka adhikar

kuchh samay bad asiragadh qile ki prasiddhi door-door tak phel gee. firozashah tugalaq ke ek sipahi malik khan ke putr nasir khan farooqi ko asiragadh ki prasiddhi ne prabhavit kiya. vah burahanapur aya. usane asha ahir se bhent kar nivedan kiya ki "mere bhaee aur balakana ke zamidar mujhe perashan karate rahate hain, evn meri jan ke dushman bane hue hain. isalie ap meri sahayata karen aur mere parivar ke logon ko is surakshit sthan par rahane ki anumati den, to kripa hogi" asha ahir udar vyakti tha, usane nasir khan ki bat par vishvas karake use qile men rahane ki agya de di. nasir khan ne pahale to kuchh doliyon men mahilaon aur bachchon ko bhijavaya aur kuchh men hathiyaron se susajjit sipahi yoddhaon ko bheja. asha ahir aur usake putr svagat ke lie aye. jaise hi doliyon ne qile men pravesh kiya, doliyon men se nikalakar ekadam asha ahir aur usake putron par hamala kiya gaya aur unhen maut ke ghat utar diya gaya. is prakar dekhate hi dekhate nasir khan farooqi ka is qile par adhikar ho gaya. adilashah farooqi ke dehant ke bad asiragadh ka qila bahadurashah ke adhikar men a gaya tha. vah door drishti vala badashah nahin tha. usane apani aur qile ki suraksha ke lie koee vyavastha nahin ki thi.[1]

akabar ki kootanitik chal

samrat akabar asiragadh ki prasiddhi sunakar is kile par apana adhipaty sthapit karane ke lie vyakul ho raha tha. usane dakshin ki or palayan kiya. jaise hi bahadurashah farooqi ko is bat ki soochana mili, usane apani suraksha ke lie qile men aisi shaktishali vyavastha ki, ki das varshon tak qila ghira rahane par bhi bahar se kisi vastu ki avashyakata nahin padi. samrat akabar ne asiragadh par akraman karana prarnbh kar diya tha, evn qile ke sare raste bnd kar diye the. vah qile par rat-din topon se golabari karane laga tha. is prakar yuddh ka kram nirntar chalata raha, parntu akabar ko har bar asaphalata ka hi munh dekhana pada tha. usane apane paramarshadataon se vichar-vimarsh kiya, tab yah nishchit hua ki bahadurashah se batachit ki jae. sndeshavahak dvara sndesh bheja gaya. sath hi yah vishvas bhi dilaya gaya ki bahadurashah par kisi bhi prakar ki anch nahin aegi. bahadurashah ne samrat akabar ki bat par vishvas kiya. vah usase bhent karane ke lie qile ke bahar aya. bahadurashah farooqi ne abhivadan kiya aur tatpashchath bat prarnbh huee. batachit chal hi rahi thi ki ek sipahi ne pichhe se bahadurashah par hamala kar diya aur use jakhmi kar bndi bana liya. usane akabar se kaha "yah tumane mere sath vishvasaghat kiya" hai. is par akabar ne kaha ki "rajaniti men sab kuchh jayaj hai." phir akabar ne rajanitik danv-pench aur chhal-kapat se qile ke qiledaron aur sipahiyon ka sona, chandi, hire, motiyon se moonh bhar diya. in lobhiyon ne qile ka dvar khol diya. akabar ki fauj qile men ghus gee. bahadurashah ki sena akabar ki sena ke samane n tik saki. is tarah dekhate hi dekhate 17 janavari sanh 1601 ee. ko asiragadh ke qile par akabar ko vijay prapt ho gee aur qile par mugal shasan ka dhvaj phaharane laga.[1]

farishta ka kathan

akabar ki sena ne bahadurashah ke putron ko bndi bana liya. akabar ne bahadurashah farooqi ko gvaliyar ke qile men aur usake putron ko any qilon men rakhane ke lie bhijava diya. jis prakar farooqi badashah ne is qile ko rajanitik chalon se, dhoortata se prapt kiya tha, thik usi prakar yah qila bhi unake hathon se jata raha tha. is prakar asiragadh aur burahanapur par mugalon ka adhipaty sthapit hone ke pashchath farooqi vnsh ka patan ho gaya. prasiddh itihasakar farishta likhata hai ki, "akabar jaise samrat badashah ko bhi asiragadh qile ko hasil karane ke lie 'sone ki chabi' ka upayog karana pada tha". akabar ke shasanakal ke pashchath yah qila sanh 1760 ee. se sanh 1819 ee. tak marathon ke adhikar men raha. marathon ke patan ke pashchath yah qila angrezon ke adhipaty men a gaya. sanh 1904 ee. se yahan angrezi sena nivas karati thi. asiragadh ka qila tin vibhagon men vibhajit hai. oopar ka bhag asiragadh, madhy bhag kamaragadh aur nichala bhag malayagadh kahalata hai.

bhoogoliy snrachana

asiragadh qila

is qile tak pahunchane ke liye do raste banaye gaye hain. ek rasta poorv disha men, jo ek saral sidhidar rasta hai, aur doosara rasta uttar disha men hai, jo atynt kathin evn kashtadayak hai. yah marg vahanon ke lie hai. vahan ki suraksha ke lie raste ke donon or divar bana di gee hai. yah marg ek badi khaee ke pas samapt ho jata hai. jahan ek bada phatak nazar ata hai, jo 'madar daravaze' ke nam se prasiddh hai. niche se qile ki oonchaee dekhakar himmat baith jati hai ki, itani oonchaee par chadhana kathin hoga, parantu qile ko dekhane ki ichchha, sharir ko sphoort karati hai evn ek nee shakti aur utsah bhar deti hain. jaise- jaise ham oopar ki or chadhate jate hain, as-pas ka prakritik saundary hriday ko akarshit karata hai. in sundar drishyon men qile par chadhane vala vyakti itana magn ho jata hai, ki use is bat ka ahasas tak nahin hota hai, ki vah kitani oonchaee par pahunch gaya hai. qile ki bhool-bhulaiya bhara rasta dekhakar manushy ashcharyachakit ho jata hain. qile ke is vichitr rng ko dekhate hue jab age jaen, to qile ka pahala dvar nazar ata hai. is daravaze se kuchh door poorv disha men lambi-lambi ghas men chhupe hue gnga-yamuna nam ke pani ke alag-alag do srot dikhaee dete hain, jinaka pani atynt svachchh aur mitha hain yahan pani kahan se ata hai, kisi ko nahin maloom. pani men bani sidhiyan spasht nazar ati hain, aur age tak rasta bhi nazar ata hai. age badhane par bhay ka ahasas hota hai. aisa lagata hai ki yahan koee gupt marg qile ke kisi n kisi bhag tak avashy jata hoga.[1]

bhitari jatil snrachana

is daravaze ke samane ek kali chattan hai, jis par akabar, daniyal, aurngazeb aur shahajahan ke char shilalekh farasi bhasha men sthapit hain. in shilalekhon par qile ke qiledaron par vijay prapt karane valon aur soobedaron ke nam ke sath any varnan ankit hai. shahajahan ke shilalekh se gyat hota hai ki, unake karyakal men yahan kuchh eemaraton ka nirman karavaya gaya tha. is chath‌tan ke pas jo daravaza hai, use rajagopaladas ne, jo qile ka soobedar tha, banavaya tha. yahan se khade hokar dekhen to, as-pas ke sundar drishy hriday ko akarshit karate hain. qile ki divaron par aur daravazon par thode-thode antar se chhoti topen sthapit ki gee thin. qile ke upari bhag par pravesh karate hi samane ki or vishal maidan hai, jis par ghas ugi huee dikhaee deti hai. kisi samay yahan kheti ki jati thi, parntu ab yah vishal maidan yoon hi viran pada hai. age badhane par asiragadh ki masjid ki do minaren saf dikhaee deti hain. yahi asiragadh ki 'jama masjid' hai. yah masjid poornatah kale patthar se nirmit hai. yah bhavy masjid farooqi shasan kal ki nirman kala ka utkrisht namoona hai evn yadagar hai. yah masjid burahanapur ki jama masjid se 5 varsh poorv nirmit karavaee gee thi. is masjid ki lnbaee 935 phut aur chaudaee 40 phut hai. isaki chhat 50 stnbhon par adharit hai. isaki 13 meharaben aur 4 dalan hain. isake meharabadar daravaze bhi patthar ke hain. yahan lagabhag 1200 adami ek sath asani se namaz padh sakate hain. masjid ke samane vishal sehan hai, jisake tin or chhat vihin patthar ke baramade banaye gaye hain. masjid ke madhyabhag ki meharab ke oopari bhag par arabi bhasha ka ek shilalekh hai, jisamen farooqi vnsh ke sulatanon ka vnsh evn masjid ka nirman varsh 992 hijari ankit hai.

mugal topi, asiragadh qila

ashvatthama se sambandh

uttari kone ki meharab men burahanapur ki jama masijad ke shilalekh ki tarah snskrit ka shilalekh hai. isase masjid ka nirman varsh adi gyat hota hai. samane ke stnbh par samrat akabar ne ek shilalekh farasi bhasha men ankit karavaya tha, jisamen asiragadh par vijay ka varnan hai. is shilalekh ko us samay ke prasiddh lekhakar 'mohammad masoom' ne patthar par tarasha tha. masjid ke madhy bhag men ek vargakar patthar ka chabootara hai, isake oopar lohe ka bada pech laga hua hai. bataya jata hai ki is lohe ke daravaze ke niche ek gupt rasta hai, jo qile ke bahar jata hai. yah rasta itana chauda hai ki, ghudasavar saralatapoorvak isamen se guzar sakata hai. isake bare men yah bhi bataya jata hai ki, yah bhoomigat gupt rasta burahanapur tak jata tha. angrejon ne is raste ke bare me khoj ki, parntu asaphal rahe. masjid ke dalan se lage hue ek jaise do minaren hain, jo lagabhag 80 phut oonche hain. in minaron ke oopari bhag tak pahunchane ke lie sidhiyon ka ghumavadar rasta bana hai. masjid ke pravesh dvar ke baee taraf ek kuna hai, jisaka pani, mitha, thnda evn svachchh hai. usamen ek lohe ki jnjir lagi hai. niche utarane par abhas hota hai ki, yahan vishal tal ghar hai. masjid se nikalakar qile ke poorvi uttari bhag men samane ki or ek prachin mndir hai. yah mndir mahabharat kalin ashvatthama ka pooja sthal bataya jata hai. mndir ke bahar nndi virajaman hain, aur unake samane shivaling v moortiyan hai. is mndir men bhi ek gupt rasta bataya jata hai, jo qile ke bahar pahale daravaze se kuchh door gnga-yamuna men akar samapt ho jata hai. snbhav hai ki shatru ke qile men pravesh kar jane par evn us par dhokhe se pichhe ki taraph se akraman karane hetu yah gupt marg banaya gaya ho. nirntar prakritik ghatanaon ke ghatit hote rahane ke uparant bhi yah mndir ab tak vidyaman hai.[1]

sthapaty evn prasiddhi

vastav men yah qila manushy dvara kiye gaye karyon ka ashcharyachakit kar dene vala adh‌bhut karanama hai, jo apana udaharan ap hi hai. asiragadh ke niche lagabhag ek hazar ki abadi vala gram hai, jo asiragadh ke nam se prasiddh hai. solahavin shatabdi me yahan badanagar abad tha, aur yah keval angoor ki kasht ke lie mashahoor tha, jisake angoor 1870 ee. tak door door tak bikane jate the. parntu aj in angooron ki kasht dekhane ko ankhen tarasati hain. usaki jagah mahua ki kasht ne le li hai. gram asiragadh men bhi farooqi kal ki chhoti-si masjid hai. masjid ke andar ki dakshini divar par ek shilalekh laga hai, jis par ayaten ankit hain. poorv men masjid khndit ho chuki thi. shahar evn gram ke logon ne chnda ekatrit karake is ko punah banaya hai. yahan ki sadak ke pashchim men thode phasale par shiv ka bhavy prachin mndir hai, jo kale patthar dvara nirmit hai. mndir aj bhi achchhi sthiti men vidyaman hai. yah shiv mndir ati prachin hai tatha dakshin bharatiy sthapaty kala ka utkrisht namoona hai. kanishk ke bhi is or ane ke ullekh itihas men milate hai. is mndir ke ahate men ek talab hai. is mndir ke thode phasale par uttar disha men vishram grih hai, jahan sarakari afasaron ke alava mntrigan adi akar thaharate hain. vishramagrih se lagabhag 50 qadam chalane par samane ki pahadi par ek bhavy maqabara dikhaee deta hai. yah maqabara hazarat shah noman ka hai. yah farooqi shasan kal ke mahanh soofi snt the. maqabare tak pahunchane ke lie sundar sidhidar marg banaya gaya hai. yahan se kuchh doori par motimahal ki imarat hai. vah bhi mugal kalin bataee jati hai. asiragadh qila puratattv vibhag ke adhinasth hai. jis karan marammat adi ka kary hota rahata hai. nigarani evn saph-saphaee ke lie chaparasi niyukt kiye gaye hain.[1]

asiragadh qila
panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 asiragadh (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 16 joon, 2011.

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