द्रोणाचार्य  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

dronachary
Dronacharya

maharshi bharadvaj ka viry kisi droni (ygykalash athava parvat ki gufa) men skhalit hone se jis putr ka janm hua, use dron kaha gaya. aisa ullekh bhi milata hai ki bharadvaj ne gnga men snan karati ghritachi ko dekha, asakt hone ke karan jo viry skhalan hua, use unhonne dron (ygykalash) men rakh diya. usase utpann balak dron kahalaya. dronachary bharadvaj muni ke putr the. ye snsar ke shreshth dhanurdhar the. dron apane pita bharadvaj muni ke ashram men hi rahate huye charon vedon tatha astr-shastron ke gyan men parngat ho gaye the. dron ka janm uttaranchal ki rajadhani deharadoon men bataya jata hai, jise ham deharadron (mitti ka sakora) bhi kahate the. dron ke sath prashath namak raja ke putr drupad bhi shiksha prapt kar rahe the tatha donon men pragadh maitri ho gee. bharadvaj muni ke ashram men drupad bhi dron ke sath hi vidyadhyayan karate the. bharadvaj muni ke sharirant hone ke bad dron vahin rahakar tapasya karane lage. ved-vedagon men parngat tatha tapasya ke dhani dron ka yash thode hi samay men charon or phail gaya.

vivah

dronachary ka vivah kripachary ki bahin kripi se ho gaya aur unaka ashvatthama namak putr paida ho gaya. atyant shochaniy arthik sthiti hone ke karan jab ashvatthama ne apani man se doodh pine ko manga to kripi ne apane putr ko pani men ata gholakar doodh batakar pine ko de diya. dronachary ko is bat ka pata chalane par apar kasht hua, unhen drupad ka adha rajy dene ka vachan yad aya kintu drupad ne dronachary ko apani rajyasabha men apamanit kiya.

astr-shastron ka gyan

dronachary kaurav aur pandavo ke guru the. kauravo aur pandavo ne dronachary ke ashram men hi astron aur shastron ki shiksha payi thi. arjun dronachary ke priy shishy the. ve arjun ko vishv ka sarvashreshth dhanurdhar banana chahate the. dronachary ke priy shishy arjun ne apane guru dronachary ke apaman ka badala drupad se liya.

us samay shastrastr-vidyaon men shreshth shri parashuram ji mahendr parvat par tap karate the. dron ko maloom pada ki parashuram apana samast rajy, dhan-vaibhav dan kar rahe hain, at: vah dhan ki kamana se parashuram ke pas gaya. parashuram tab tak apane sharir tatha astron ke atirikt sabhi kuchh dan rak chuke the, at: unhonne apane samast astr-shastr dron ko de diye tatha unake prayog tatha upasnhar ki vidhi bhi pradan kar di. dronachary ne shri parashuram ji se sampoorn astr-shastron ka gyan prapt kiya. astr-shastr ki vidya men parngat hokar dronachary apane mitr drupad se milane gaye. drupad us samay panchal naresh the. achary dron ne drupad se kaha- 'rajanh! main apaka balasakha dron hoon. main apase milane ke liye aya hoon.' drupad us samay aishvary ke mad men choor the. unhonne dron se kaha-
'tum moodh ho, purani ladakapan ki baton ko ab tak dho rahe ho, sach to yah hai ki daridr manushy dhanavanh ka, moorkh vidvanh ka tatha kayar shooravir ka mitr ho hi nahin sakata.'
drupad ki baton se apamanit hokar dronachary vahan se uthakar hastinapur ki or chal diye.

dharnuvidya ki shiksha

ek din kaurav-pandav kumar paraspar gulli-danda khel rahe the. akasmath unaki gulli kuen men gir gayi. achary dron ko udhar se jate hue dekhakar rajakumaron ne unase gulli nikalane ki prarthana ki. tab ek shyamavarn ke brahman ne gulli ko abhimntrit sink se bandh dala. ek sink ko doosari se bendhate hue unhonne sink ka sira kuen ke oopar tak pahuncha diya, jise khinchakar gulli bahar nikal ayi. usi prakar angoothi ko kuen men phenkakar tir se bahar nikal liya. unake vishay men sunakar bhishm vahan pahunche aur unhen pahachanakar unase kauravon tatha pandavon ka guru banane ka agrah kiya. dronachary manoyog se un sabako shastr-vidya sikhane lage, kintu apane putr par unaka vishesh dhyan rahata tha. ve any sab shishyon ko kamndalu dete tatha ashvatthama ko chode munh ka ghada. is prakar ashvatthama any sabaki apeksha bahut jaldi pani bharakar le ate, at: any shishyon ke ane se poorv ve ashvatthama ko astr-shastr snchalan sikha dete. arjun ne yah bat bhanp li. vah varunastr se turnt hi kunmadalu bharakar prastut kar deta. at: vah ashvatthama se pichhe nahin raha.

dronachary ko dakshina men angootha dete ekalavy

gurudakshina

ek bar bhojan karate samay hava se dipak bujh gaya, parntu abhyasavash hath bar-bar munh tak hi pahunchata tha. is tathy ki or dhyan dekar arjun ne ratri men bhi dhanurvidya ka abhyas prarnbh kar diya. vah dron ka atynt priy shishy tha. dron ne ekalavy ko shishy banana svikar nahin kiya tha kyonki ve arjun ko dhanurvidya men advitiy banaye rakhana chahate the. dronachary ne gurudakshina ke roop men shishyon se raja drupad ko bndi bana lane ke lie kaha. aisa hone par usaka adha rajy use lautate hue dron ne kaha- tum kahate the ki raja hi raja ka mitr ho sakata hai, at: aj se tumhara adha rajy mere pas rahega aur donon raja hone ke karan mitr bhi rahenge. drupad atynt lajjit sthiti men apane rajy ki or lauta. dron ne arjun se gurudakshina-svaroop yah pratigya li ki yadi dron bhi usake virodh men khade honge to vah yuddh karega.

  • nishad balak ekalavy jo ki adbhut dharnudhar ban gaya tha. vah dronachary ko apana isht guru manata tha aur unaki moorti banakar usake samane abhyas kar dharnuvidya men parngat ho gaya tha arjun ke samakaksh koee na ho jae is karan dronachary ne ekalavy se guru dakshina ke roop men dahine hath ka angootha mang liya. ekalavy ne hnsate hnsate angootha de diya.
  • dronachary ne karn ki pratibha ko pahachan liya tha aur use bhi sootaputr bata shiksha dene se manakar diya tha.

chakravyooh rachana

dronachary yadyapi kauravon ki or se yuddh kar rahe the tathapi unaka moh pandavon ke prati tha, aisa duryodhan bar-bar anubhav karata tha. dron ke sarvatopriy shishyon men se ek arjun tha. unhonne samay-samay par anek prakar ke vyoohon ki rachana ki. unake banaye vyooh ko todane men hi abhimanyu mara gaya. mahabharat yuddh men bhishm pitamah ke bad mukhy senapati ka pad dronachary ke pas raha tha. arjun ne kruddh hokar jayadrath ko marane ki thani, kyonki usane pandavon ko vyooh men pravesh nahin karane diya tha aur anek rathiyon ne akele abhimanyu ko gherakar mara tha jo ki yuddh-niyamon ke viruddh than arjun ko gyat hua to usane agale din sayn tak jayadrath ko marane athava atmadah kar lene ki shapath lin at: dron ne jayadrath ki suraksha ke lie chakrashakat vyooh ka nirman kiya tathapi arjun tatha shrikrishn ne agale din sndhya se poorv jayadrath ko mar dala. shrikrishn ne maya se andhakar phaila diya. kauravagan ratri ka agaman samajhakar nishchit ho gaye aur jayadrath ko tab tak surakshit dekh arjun ke atmadah ki kalpana karane lage, tabhi arjun ne jayadrath ko mar dala. shokatur pandavon ne ratri men bhi yuddh ka karyakram nahin sameta tatha samoohik roop se dron par akraman kar diya.

adharm par adharit

pndrahaven din se poorv ki ratri men dron se yuddh karate hue drupad ke tin pautr, drupad tatha virat adi mare gaye. dron duryodhan ke vakbanon se kruddh ho uthe the, at: unhonne anekon panchal sainikon ko nasht kar dala. jo bhi rathi samane ata, dron usi ko nasht kar dalate. unhen kshatriyon ka is prakar vinash karate dekh angira, vasishth, kashyap adi anek rishi unhen brahmalok le chalane ke lie vahan pahunche. unhonne dron se yuddh chhod dene ka anurodh kiya, sath hi yah bhi kaha ki unaka yuddh adharm par adharit hai. brahmastr ko prayog karane ki vidhi dronachary ne apane putr ashvatthama ko bhi sikha rakhi thi jisaka prayog usane mahabharat ke bad padnvon ke vnsh ka samool nash karane hetu arjun ki putravadhoo uttara ke garbh ko nasht karane ke lie kiya tha. krishn ne uttara ke garbh men jakar abhimanyu ke putr parikshit ki raksha ki thi kyonki sampoorn kuruvnsh ke antim raja parikshat hi the. doosari or shrikrishn ne pandavon ko kah-sunakar taiyar kar liya ki ve dronatak ashvatthama ke mar jane ka sndesh pahuncha den. bhale hi yah asaty hai. isake atirikt yuddhadharm se unhen virakt karane ka koee any upay yanahin jan padata. kalantar men bhim ne malav naresh indravarma ka ashvatthama namak hathi mar dala.

dronachary ki mrityu

bhim ne dron ko 'ashvatthama mar dala gaya hai'- yah samachar diya. dron apane bete ke bal se parichit the, at: unhonne dharmavatar yudhishthir se is samachar ki pushti karane ke lie kaha. yudhishthir ne zor se kaha- ashvatthama mara gaya[1] aur sath hi dhire se yah bhi kah diya 'hathi ka vadh hua hai.' uttaransh dron ne nahin suna tatha putrashok se sntapt ho unaki chetana lupt hone lagi. ve anamane se dhrishtadyumn se yuddh kar rahe the, tab bhim ne pun: jakar kaha- tum apane ek putr ki jivika ke lie brahman hokar bhi yah hatyakand kar rahe ho, vah putr to ab raha bhi nahin. dron artanad kar uthe tatha kauravon ko pukarakar kahane lage ki ab yuddh ka karyabhar ve log svayn hi snbhale. suavasar dekhakar dhrishtadyumn talavar lekar unake rath ki or lapaka. dron ne astr tyagakar 'Om' ka uchcharan kiya tatha unake jyotirmay pran brahmalok ki or badhate hue akash men adrishy ho gaye. is avastha men unake mastak ke bal pakadakar dhrishtadyumn ne sabake mana karate hue bhi char sau varshiy dron ke sir ko dhad se kat giraya. arjun kahata hi rah gaya ki achary ko maro mat, jivit hi le jao. vastav men raja drupad ne ek mahanh ygy men devaradhan karake dronachary ka vinash karane ke lie dhrishtadyumn namak rajakumar ko prajvalit agni se prapt kiya tha. dron ko mrit dekh kauravon ke adhikansh senapati sasainy yuddhakshetr se bhagate hue dikhalayi padane lage.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndnrbh

  1. "ashvatthama hatohatah naro va kunjaro va"

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah