अश्वमेध यज्ञ  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

vaidik ygyon men ashvamedh ygy ka mahattvapoorn sthan hai. yah mahakratuon men se ek hai.


ashvamedh mukhyat: rajanitik ygy tha aur ise vahi samrat kar sakata tha, jisaka adhipaty any sabhi naresh manate the. apastamb: men likha hai:[8] sarvabhaum raja ashvamedh kare asarvabhaum kadapi nahin. yah ygy usaki vistrit vijayon, sampoorn abhilashaon ki poorti evn shakti tatha samrajy ki vriddhi ka dyotak hota tha.

ygy ka prarambh

  • digvijay-yatra ke pashchath saphaly mandit hone par is ygy ka anushthan hota tha. aitarey brahman[9] is ygy ke karane vale maharajon ki soochi prastut karata hai, jinhonne apane rajyarohan ke pashchath prithvi ko jita evn is ygy ko kiya. is prakar yah ygy samrat ka pramukh kartavy samajha jane laga. janata isamen bhag lene lagi evn isaka paksh dharmik ki apeksha adhik samajik hota gaya. vakchatury, shastrarth adi ke pradarshan ka isamen samavesh hua. is prakar is ygy ne doosare shrot ygyon se bhinn roop grahan kar liya.
  • ygy ka prarambh basant athava grishm ritu men hota tha tatha isake poorv prarambhik anushthanon men pray: ek varsh ka samay lagata tha. sarvapratham ek ayukt ashv chuna jata tha. ygy stambh men bandhane ke pratikatmak kary se mukt kar ise snan karaya jata tha tatha ek varsh tak abandh daudane tatha boodhe ghodon ke sath khelane diya jata tha. isake pashchath isaki digvijay yatra prarambh hoti thi. isake sir par jay-patr bandhakar chhoda jata tha. ek sau rajakumar, ek sau raj sabhasad, ek sau uchchadhikariyon ke putr tatha ek sau chhote adhikariyon ke putr isaki raksha ke liye sashastr pichhe-pichhe prasthan karate the isake svatantr vicharan men koee badha upasthit nahin hone dete the. is ashv ke churane ya ise rokane vale naresh se yuddh hota tha. yadi yah ashv kho jata to doosare ashv se yah kriya arambh se pun: ki jati thi.

digvijay-yatra

  • jab yah ashv digvijay-yatra par jata tha to sthaniy log isake punaragaman ki pratiksha karate the. madhyakal men anekon prakar ke utsav manaye jate the. savitadev ko nity upahar diya jata tha. raja ke sammukh purohit utsav ke madhy mantragan karata tha. is mantragan ka chakr pratyek gyarahaven din duharaya jata tha. isamen gan, vnshi-vadan tatha ved ke vishesh adhyayon ka path hota tha. is avasar par rajakavi raja ki prashnsa men rachit giton ko sunata tha.
  • mantragan natak ke roop men vividh prakar ke patron, vriddh, navayuvak, snperon, dakoo, machhuva, akhetak evn rishiyon ke madhyam se prastut hota tha. jab varsh samapt hota aur ashv vapas a jata, tab raja ki diksha ke sath ygy prarambh hota tha.
  • vastavik ygy tin din chalata tha, jisamen any pashu ygy hote the evn somaras bhi nichoda jata tha. doosare din ygy ka ashv svarnabharan se susajjit kar, tin any ashvon ke sath ek rath men bandha jata tha aur use charon or ghumakar phir raniyon dvara abhishikt evn susajjit kiya jata tha, jab ki hota (yajaman, havan karane vala) evn pramukh purohit brahmodm karate the.
  • pun: ashv ek bakare ke sath ygy stambh men bandh diya jata tha. doosare pashu jo saikadon ki snkhya men hote the, bali ke liye stambhon men bandhe jate the. kapadon se dhakakar inaka shvas phulaya jata tha. pun: mukhy rani ashv ke sath vastra-varan ke bhitar pratikatmak roop se letati thi. purohitadi brahman mahilaon ke sath pramodpoorvak prashnottar karate the.[10] jyon-hi mukhy rani uth khadi hoti, tyon-hi chaturipoorvak ygy-ashv kat diya jata tha.
  • abodhagamy krityon ke pashchat, jisamen sabhi purohit evn ygy karane vale sammilit hote the, ashv ke vibhinn bhagon ko bhoonakar prajapati ko ahuti di jati thi. tisare din ygykarta ko vishuddhi-snan karaya jata, jisake bad vah ygy karane vale purohiton tatha brahmanon ko dan deta tha.
  • dakshina jite hue deshon se prapt dhan ka ek bhag hoti thi. kahin-kahin dasiyon sahit raniyon ko bhi upahar samagri ke roop men diye jane ka ullekh paya jata hai.
  • ashvamedh brahm-hatya adi papakshay, svarg prapti evn moksh prapti ke liye bhi kiya jata tha. gupt samrajy ke patan ke bad ashvamedh pray: band hi ho gaya. isake paravarti ullekh pray: paramparagat hain. inamen bhi is ygy ke bahut se shrot ang snmpann nahin hote the.


tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. shatapath brahman 13.1-5
  2. taittiriy brahman 3.8-1
  3. katyayaniy shrotasootr 20
  4. apastamb 20
  5. ashvalayan 10.6
  6. shnkhayan 16
  7. mahabharat 10.71.14
  8. raja sarvabhaum: ashvamedhen yajeth. napyasarvabhaum:
  9. aitarey brahman 8.20
  10. vajasaneyi-snhita,23,22
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tika tippani aur sndarbh

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