पांड़्य देश  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

  • prachin samay men pandy desh sudoor pashchim ka ek rajy tha. kritmala aur tamraparni pandy desh ki mukhy nadiyan thi. mahabharat[1] men pandy desh ke raja ka sahadev dvara parast hone ka varnan hai‌‌‌‌ -

'pulindashch rene jitva yayau dkshinat: pur:,
yuyudhe pandy rajen divasn nakulanuj:.'[2]

  • taaulami [3] ne pandudesh ko 'pandoooyi' likha hai aur isako pnjab se sambaddh bataya hai. sambhav hai sudoor dakshin ke 'pandy desh' aur uttar ke 'pandudesh' ka kuchh sambndh raha ho. prachin sahity se gyat hota hai ki shoorasen ya mathura, jo pandavon ke priy sakha shrikrishn ki janmabhoomi hone ke nate taaulami dvara ullikhit 'pandudesh' ho sakata hai, se dakshin bharat ka kuchh sambndh avashy tha jaisaki megasthaniz ke vritant se bhi soochit hota hai. jis prakar shoorasen desh ki rajadhani mathura thi, usi prakar 'pandy desh' ki rajadhani bhi 'madhura' ya vartaman 'madura' ya 'madurai' thi. sambhavat: uttar ke 'pandu' log hi kalantar men dakshin bharat men jakar bas gaye honge.
  • katyayan ne pandy shabd ki utpatti pandu se batayi hai. ashok ke 13ven shilabhilekhon men 'pandy' ko chol aur satiyaputt ke sath maury samrajy ke pratynt deshon men mana gaya hai.
  • kalidas ne raghuvnsh[4] men indumati svaynvar ke prasng men pandyaraj tatha usake desh ka manohari varnan kiya hai jisaka ek ansh yah hai-

'pandyoS yamnsarpitalnbahar: klriptanmaragoharichndanen, abhati balataparktasanu: sanirjharodh‌gar dh‌vadiraj:.
tanboolavalli pariddhpoogasvelalatalingintachndanasu, tamalapatrastaranasurntun prasid shashvanh‌ malayasthalishu.'[5]

in padyon men pady desh ke chndan, tanbool, ela (ilayachi) tatha tamal vrikshon tatha lataon ka varnan hai aur malay parvat ki sthiti is desh bataee gayi hai. raghuvnsh[6] men pandyaraj ko 'indivar syamatanu' kaha jo sudoor dakshin ke bharatiyon ka svabhavik sharirik rng hai.

  • shri rayachaudhari ke anusar prachin pandy desh men vartaman madura, ramanad aur tinnevali zile aur keral ka dakshini bhag sammilit tha tatha isaki rajadhani korakee aur madura (dakshin madhura) men thi.[7]

inhen bhi dekhen: pandy rajavnsh, pandy samrajy evn korakaee


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. mahabharat,sabha parv 31,16
  2. mahabharat,sabha parv 31,16
  3. lagabhag 150ee.
  4. raghuvnsh 6,60-61-62-63-64-65
  5. raghuvnsh 6,60-61-62-63-64-65
  6. raghuvnsh, 6,65
  7. rayachaudhari, politikal histri aauph enshet indiya,pri.270

mathur, vijayendr kumar aitihasik sthanavali, dvitiy snskaran-1990 (hindi), bharat diskavari pustakalay: rajasthan hindi grnth akadami, jayapur, prishth snkhya-539-540.

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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