इन्द्रप्रस्थ  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

prachin nagar

  • indraprasth nagar dvaraka ke samakalin hai. pandavon ki gatha ke sath-sath is nagar ki gatha bhi amar rahegi. nagar jngalon ko kat kar banaye gaye the. indraprasth bhi isi koti ke nagaron men ata tha. apane vaibhav evn samriddhi ki drishti se yah mathura aur dvaraka ki hi takkar ka tha. pahale is sthan par ek van tha, jise mahabharat men khandavaprasth kaha gaya hai. pandavon ne ise kat kar indraprasth ki sthapana ki thi. nagar-jivan ke kshetr men yah vikas ka kal tha. nadi, parvat, aur sagar ke kinare anukool jagah ko chunakar is samay naye nagar basaye ja rahe the.
  • mahabharat men varnit katha ke anusar prarnbh men dhritarashtr se adha rajy prapt karane ke pashvat pandavon ne indraprasth men apani rajadhani banaee thi. duryodhan ki rajadhani lagabhag 45 mil door hastinapur men hi rahi .
  • indraprasth nagar kauravon ki prachin rajadhani khandavaprasth ke sthan par basaya gaya tha.'[3] dhritarashtr ne pandavon ko adha rajy dete samay unhen kauravon ke prachin nagar v rashtr khandavaprasth ko vivardhit karake charon varnon ke sahayog se nee rajadhani banane ka adesh diya . tab pandavon ne shrikrishn sahit khandavaprasth pahunch kar indr ki sahayata se indraprasth namak nagar vishvakarma dvara nirmit karavaya.[4] is nagar ke charon or samudr ki bhanti jal se poorn khaiyan bani huee thin jo us nagar ki shobha badhati thin. shvet badalon tatha chndrama ke saman ujjaval parakota nagar ke charon or khincha hua tha . isaki oonchaee akash ko chhooti maloom hoti thi [5] is nagar ko sundar aur ramanik banane ke sath hi sath isaki suraksha ka bhi poora prabandh kiya gaya tha.[6] jinamen astr-shastron ka abhyas kiya jata tha. aisi anek atariyon se yukt aur yoddhaon se surakshit vah nagar shobha se snyukt tha . tikhe ankush aur shatadhvaniyon aur anyany shastron se vah nagar sushobhit tha. sab prakar ki shilpakalaon ko janane vale log bhi vahan akar bas gaye the . nagar ke charon or ramaniy udyan the. manohar chitrashalaon tatha kritrim parvaton se tatha jal se bhari poori nadiyon aur ramaniy jhilon se vah nagar sushobhit tha. is nagar ka sabase rochak varnan mahabharat men milata hai. isake anusar yah kee sundar parikhaon (khaiyon) dvara pariveshthit tha, jo apani vishalata ke karan lahalahate sagar ki yad dilati thin. is nagar ke chaturdik uchch prasad bhi tha, jisamen sundar burj aur daravaze yathasthan khole gaye the. nagar ki suraksha ki drishti se prasad ki choti par vidhvnsakari astr shastr pahale se hi ikattha kar liye gaye the. vahan ke sarovaron ka jal khile huye kamalon ke dvara sugandhit ho raha tha. sthan-sthan par ramanik upavan bhi the, jo phal-pushp ke saurabh se ahladit kar dete the. nagar ke bhitar vibhinn bhagon men chittakarshak chitrashalayen bani thin. khaee ke jal men hns, karandav tatha chakravak adi pakshi tairate rahate the aur unase pur ki chhata anvekshaniy thi.
  • yudhishthir ne rajasooy ygy indraprasth men hi kiya tha. mahabharat-yuddh ke pashchath indraprasth aur hastinapur donon hi nagaron par yudhishthir ka shasan sthapit ho gaya.
  • hastinapur ke gnga ki badh se bah jane ke bad 900 ee. poo. ke lagabhag jab pandavon ke vnshaj kaushanbi chale gaye to indraprasth ka mahattv bhi pray: samapt ho gaya.
  • vidhur pandit jatak men indraprasth ko keval 7 kosh ke andar ghira hua bataya gaya hai jabaki banaras ka vistar 12 kosh tak tha .
  • dhoomakari jatak ke anusar indraprasth ya kurupradesh men yudhishthir-gotr ke rajaon ka rajy tha.
  • mahabharat, udyog men indraprasth ko shakapuri bhi kaha gaya hai.
  • vishnu puran men bhi indraprasth ka ullekh hai. [7]
  • ajakal nee dilli men jahan pandavon ka purana qila sthit hai usi sthan ke paravarti pradesh men indraprasth nagar ki sthiti mani jati hai. purane qile ke bhitar kee sthanon ka snbndh pandavon se bataya jata hai. dilli ka sarv prachin bhag yahi hai.
  • dilli ke nikat indrapat namak gram abhi tak indraprasth ki smriti ke avashesh roop men sthit hai.

nagarik

nagarik vidya-vinay se sampann, sabhy aur dharmaparayan the. unamen se kuchh aise the, jo kee bhashaon ko bol lete the, kuchh kee tarah ke shilpon par adhikar rakhate the. dhan prapti ki ichchha se vahan par vibhinn dishaon ke vanik ate the. vibhinn pur-bhagon men dhaval tatha uttung bhavan sushobhit the. apani vilakshan shobha dvara yah nagar amaravati ki chhata ka smaran dila raha tha. mahabharat men ane vala yah indraprasth-varnan is nagar ka sarvottam niroopan hai jisase usake purane that-bat aur aishvary ka gyan hota hai.



tika tippani aur sndarbh

  • aitihasik sthanavali | prishth snkhya= 75-76| vijayendr kumar mathur | vaigyanik tatha takaniki shabdavali ayog | manav snsadhan vikas mntralay, bharat sarakar


  1. indr ki nagari
  2. jo hastinapur ke uttar pashchim men avasthit tha
  3. tasmath tvn khandav-prasthn purn rashtrn ch vardhay, brahmana: kshatriya vaishya: shoodrashch krit nishchaya:. tvadbhaktaya jantagshchanye bhajantvev purn shubhamh’ mahabharat adi parv 206 .
  4. ‘vishvakarmanh mahapragy adyaprabhriti tath puramh, indraprasthamati khyatn divyn ramyn bhavishyati’ adi parv 206 .
  5. ‘sagar pratirupabhi: parikhabhiralnkritamh prakaren ch sampannn divamavrity tishthata, pandurabhr prakashen himarashminibhen ch shushubhetath purashreshthnagaibhorgav- tiyatha’ adi parv 206,30-3.
  6. ‘talpaishchabhyasikairyuktn shushumeyodharakshitamh tikshnankush shatadhnibhiryantr jalaishch shobhitamh;’ ‘sarvashilpavidastatr vasayabhyagamnstada, udyanani ch ramyani nagarasy samantap: ;’ ‘manoharaishchitr grihaistatha jagatiparvatai: vapibhivirvidhabhishch poornabhi: paramabhbhasa, ramyashch vividhastatr pushkarinyo banavrita:’ adi parv 206, 34-40-46-48
  7. ‘itthn vadanyayau vishnurindraprasthn purottamh’ vishnu puran 5, 38,34.

snbndhit lekh

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