कौरव

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kaurav mahabharat mean hastinapur naresh dhritarashtr aur gandhari ke putr the. ye sankhya mean sau the tatha kuru ke vanshaj the. sabhi kauravoan mean duryodhan sabase b da tha, jo bahut hi hathi svabhav ka tha. mahabharat yug mean kauravoan ka poore bharat mean prabhav tha. lekin in par parivar drohi, sh dayantrakari aur chhali-kapati hone ka dosh laga, jo kuruoan ke rajamahal ki ek visheshata rahi. apane hathi aur krodhi svabhav ke karan hi duryodhan ne kauravoan ki gyarah 'akshauhini sena' ko marava dala.

katha

kauravoan ke janm se sambandhit nimn katha dharmagranthoan mean milati hai, jisake anusar-

jis samay yudhishthar ke janm ka samachar dhritarashtr ki patni gandhari ko mila to usake hriday mean bhi putravati hone ki lalasa jag uthi. gandhari ne vedavyas se putravati hone ka varadan prapt kar liya. garbh dharan kar lene ke pashchath bhi do varsh vyatit ho gaye, kiantu gandhari ke koee bhi santan utpann nahian huee. is par krodh se bhari huee gandhari ne kshobhavash apane pet par jor se mukke ka prahar kiya, jisase usaka garbh gir gaya. yogabal se maharshi vedavyas ne is ghatana ko tatkal hi jan liya. ve gandhari ke pas akar bole- "gandhari! toone bahut galat kiya. mera diya hua var kabhi mithya nahian jata. ab tum shighr hi sau kund taiyar karavao aur unamean ghrit (ghi) bharava do." gandhari ne unaki ajnanusar sau kund banava diye.

kauravoan ka janm

vedavyas ne gandhari ke garbh se nikale maans pind par abhimantrit jal chhi daka, jisase us pind ke aangoothe ke poruye ke barabar sau tuk de ho gaye. vedavyas ne un tuk doan ko gandhari ke banavaye hue sau kundoan mean rakhava diya aur un kundoan ko do varsh pashchath kholane ka adesh dekar apane ashram chale gaye. do varsh bad sabase pahale kund se duryodhan ki utpatti huee. duryodhan ke janm ke din hi kunti ke putr bhim ka bhi janm hua. duryodhan janm lete hi gadhe ki tarah reankane laga. jyotishiyoan se isaka lakshan poochhe jane par un logoan ne dhritarashtr ko bataya ki- "rajan! apaka yah putr kul ka nash karane vala hoga. ise tyag dena hi uchit hai." kintu putr moh ke karan dhritarashtr usaka tyag nahian kar sake. phir un kundoan se dhritarashtr ke shesh 99 putr evan du:shala namak ek kanya ka janm hua. gandhari garbh ke samay dhritarashtr ki seva mean asamarth ho gayi thi, atev unaki seva ke liye ek dasi rakhi gee. dhritarashtr ke sahavas se us dasi ka bhi 'yuyutsu' namak ek putr hua. yuva hone par sabhi rajakumaroan ka vivah yatha yogy kanyaoan se kar diya gaya. du:shala ka vivah sindhu naresh jayadrath ke sath hua.

granthoan mean ullekh

atharvaved mean kuruvansh dampatti aur parikshit ke sandarbh ae haian.[1] vaise to hastinapur ka samast rajaparivar, jisamean pandu ke putr bhi sammilit the, kaurav kahalata tha, parantu yah sanjna dhritarashtr ke putroan ke lie hi prayukt hone lagi. kuruoan ka ullekh vedoan mean bhi hua hai. panchajanoan mean inaki bhi ganana hoti thi. 'uttar kuru' aur 'dakshin kuru' nam ki inaki do shakhaean thian. bhale hi yah mahakavy ki katha ho, kauravoan ko aisa shrap laga ki ve hazaroan sal tak kisi ki bhi sahanubhooti ke patr nahian rahe aur kshatriy jati ke hote hue bhi asur koti mean ganana ke yogy ban ge.

kauravoan ke nam

sau kauravoan ke nam is prakar haian-

sau kauravoan ke nam[2]
kram sankhya nam kram sankhya nam kram sankhya nam kram sankhya nam kram sankhya nam
1. duryodhan 2. duahshasan 3. duahsah 4. duahshal 5. jalasangh
6. sam 7. sah 8. viand 9. anuviand 10. durdharsh
11. subahu 12. dushapradharshan 13. durmarshan 14. durmukh 15. dushkarn
16. vikarn 17. shal 18. satvan 19. sulochan 20. chitr
21. upachitr 22. chitraksh 23. charuchitr 24. sharasan 25. durmad
26. durvigah 27. vivitsu 28. vikatanand 29. oornanabh 30. sunabh
31. nand 32. upanand 33. chitraban 34. chitravarma 35. suvarma
36. durvimochan 37. ayobahu 38. mahabahu 39. chitraang 40. chitrakundal
41. bhimaveg 42. bhimabal 43. balaki 44. balavardhan 45. ugrayudh
46. sushen 47. kundadhar 48. mahodar 49. chitrayudh 50. nishangi
51. pashi 52. vrindarak 53. dridhavarma 54. dridhakshatr 55. somakirti
56. anoodar 57. dadhasangh 58. jarasangh 59. satyasangh 60. sadsuvak
61. ugrashrava 62. ugrasen 63. senani 64. dushparajay 65. aparajit
66. kundashayi 67. vishalaksh 68. duradhar 69. dridhahast 70. suhast
71. vataveg 72. suvarch 73. adityaketu 74. bahvashi 75. nagadatt
76. ugrashayi 77. kavachi 78. krathan 79. kundi 80. bhimavikr
81. dhanurdhar 82. virabahu 83. alolup 84. abhay 85. dridhakarma
86. dridharathashray 87. anadhrishy 88. kundabhedi 89. viravi 90. chitrakundal
91. pradham 92. amapramathi 93. dirgharoma 94. suviryavan 95. dirghabahu
96. sujat 97. kanakadhvaj 98. kundashi 99. viraj 100 yuyutsu
  • yadyapi alag-alag granthoan mean kauravoan ke kuchh namoan mean parivartan bhi milate haian. uparokt sau kauravoan ki ek bahin bhi thi, jisaka nam 'du:shala' tha aur jisaka vivah jayadrath ke sath sampann hua tha.


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tika tippani aur sandarbh

  1. atharvaved, adhyay 20-127-8
  2. paanch pandav aur sau kauravoan ke nam (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 19 julaee, 2013.

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