धृतराष्ट्र  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

dhritarashtr ko mahabharat ki ghatanaon ka ankhon dekha hal batate huye snjay

satyavati ke chitrangad aur vichitraviry namak do putr huye. jab chitrangad aur vichitraviry chhote hi the tabhi shantanu ka svargavas ho gaya tha isaliye unaka palan poshan bhishm ne kiya. bhishm ne chitrangad ke bade hone par use rajagaddi par bitha diya kintu kuchh samay bad hi vah gandharvon se yuddh karate huye mara gaya.

bhishm ne usake bhaee vichitraviry ko rajy saunpane ke bad bhishm ko vichitraviry ke vivah ki chinta huee. usi samay kashiraj ki tin kanyaon, amba, ambika aur ambalika ka svaynvar hone vala tha. bhishm ne vahan jakar akele hi sabhi rajaon ko hara diya aur tinon kanyaon ka haran karake hastinapur le aye. badi kanya amba ne bhishm ko bataya ki vah raja shalv ko prem karati hai. yah sun kar bhishm ne use raja shalv ke pas bhijavaya aur ambika aur ambalika ka vivah vichitraviry ke sath karava diya. raja shalv ne amba ko svikar nahin kiya atah vah hastinapur vapis laut ayi aur bhishm se boli, 'he ary! ap mujhe laye hain atah ap mujhase vivah karen.' kintu bhishm ne apani pratigya ke karan usaka anurodh asvikar kar diya. amba naraz ho kar parashuram ke pas gee aur apani vyatha suna kar madad mangi. parashuram ne kaha, 'he devi! main apaka vivah bhishm ke sath karavaunga.' parashuram ne bhishm ko bulavaya kintu bhishm unake pas nahin gaye. parashuram krodhit hokar bhishm ke pas pahunche aur donon men yuddh chhid gaya. donon kushal yoddha the, atah har-jit ka phaisala na ho paya . ant men devataon ne hastakshep kar is yuddh ko band karavaya. amba van men tapasya karane chali gee. vichitraviry ki koee santan nahin huee aur ve kshay rog se pidit ho kar mrityu ko prapt ho gaye. kul ka nash hone ke bhay se mata satyavati ne bhishm se kaha, 'putr! is vnsh ko nasht hone se bachane ke liye meri agya hai ki tum in donon raniyon se putr utpann karo.' mata ka adesh sun kar bhishm ne kaha, 'mata! main apani pratigya bhng nahin kar sakata.' mata satyavati ko atyant duahkh hua. achanak unhen apane putr vedavyas ki yad ayi. yad karate hi vedavyas vahan upasthit ho gaye. satyavati ne unhen dekh kar kaha, 'putr! tumhare sabhi bhaee niahsantan hi svargavasi ho gaye. atah vnsh ka nash hone se bachane ke liye main tumhen agya deti hoon ki tum unaki patniyon se santan utpann karo.' vedavyas unaki agya man kar bole, 'mata! ap un donon raniyon se kah den ki ve ek varsh tak niyam vrat ka palan karate rahen tabhi unako garbh dharan hoga.'

dhritarashtr ka janm

ek varsh vyatit ho jane par vedavyas sabase pahale badi rani ambika ke pas gaye. ambika ne unake tez se dar kar apane netr band kar liye. vedavyas laut kar mata se bole, 'mata ambika ka bada hi tejasvi putr hoga kintu netr band karane ke dosh ke karan vah andha hoga. satyavati ko yah sun kar atyant duahkh hua. unhonne vedavyas ko chhoti rani ambalika ke pas bheja. ambalika vedavyas ko dekh kar bhay se pili pad gee. usake kaksh se lautane par vedavyas ne satyavati se kaha,'mata! ambalika ke garbh se pandu rog se grasit putr hoga." isase mata satyavati ko aur bhi duahkh hua. unhonne badi rani ambalika ko punah vedavyas ke pas jane ka adesh diya. is bar badi rani ne svayn n ja kar apani dasi ko vedavyas ke pas bhej diya. dasi ne anandapoorvak vedavyas se bhog karaya. is bar vedavyas ne mata satyavati ke pas a kar kaha, 'mate! is dasi ke garbh se ved-vedant men parngat atyant nitivan putr utpann hoga.' itana kah kar vedavyas tapasya karane chale gaye. samay ane par amba ke garbh se janmandh dhritarashtr, ambalika ke garbh se pandu rog se grasit pandu tatha dasi ke garbh se dharmatma vidur ka janm hua. dhritarashtr, pandu aur vidur ke lalan palan ka bhar bhishm ke oopar tha. tinon putr bade hone par vidya padhane bheje gaye. dhritarashtr bal vidya men, pandu dhanurvidya men tatha vidur dharm aur niti men nipun huye. yuva hone par dhritarashtr andhe hone ke karan rajy ke uttaradhikari n ban sake. vidur dasiputr the isaliye pandu ko hi hastinapur ka raja ghoshit kiya gaya. bhishm ne dhritarashtr ka vivah gandhar ki rajakumari gandhari se kar diya. gandhari ko jab gyat hua ki usaka pati andha hai to usane svayn apani ankhon par patti bandh li.

mahabharat ki ghatanaon ka varnan karate hue snjay

mahabharat se

dhritarashtr pandu ka bada bhaee tha. usake sau putr kaurav nam se vikhyat hue . mahabharat jaise vrihat yuddh men yadyapi kauravon ki or se anyay hua tha tathapi dhritarashtr ki sahanubhooti apane putron ki or hi rahi. vayovriddh hone par bhi nyayasngat bat usake munh se nahin nikali. usane snjay ke dvara pandavon ke pas yah sndesh bhijavaya tha ki kauravon ke pas aparimit sainy bal hai at: ve log kauravon se yuddh n karen. yudhishthir ne snjay se poochha ki usane pandavon ke kis karm se yah anubhav kiya hai ki ve log yuddh ke lie udyat hain? shrikrishn ne kaha-'yadi pandavon ke adhikar ki hani nahin ho to donon men sndhi karana shreyaskar hai anyatha kshatriy ka dharm svarajy-prapti ke lie yuddh men pranon ka svaha kar dena hai.' jaisa sndesh usane pandavon ke pas bheja tha, vaisa kuchh kauravon ko samajhane ka prayas usane nahin kiya. vidur (dhritarashtr ke chhote bhaee) ne bhi dhritarashtr ko bahut samajhaya ki pandavon ka sarvasvaharan karane ke uparant ve sab unase shanti ki apeksha kaise kar sakate hain? anyay se pandav to ladenge hi. bhavi anshaka se grast hokar dhritarashtr apane putron ko yuddh se nahin rok paya. hua bhi aisa hi. snbhavit mahabharat yuddh men sabhi kauravon ka nash ho gaya. pandavon ke adhikansh sainik tatha panchal nasht ho gaye. duryodhan ki mrityu ke uparant dhritarashtr apane pran tyagane ko udyat ho utha. vyas tatha vidur ne apane purane kathanon ka smaran dilakar aur is durghatana ko anivary batalakar dhritarashtr ko shant kiya tatha adesh diya ki vah pandavon se maitribhav rakhane ka prayas kare. dhritarashtr ne aisa hi karane ka ashvasan diya kintu vah pandavon par bahut kruddh raha. tadanntar vah striyon tatha prajajanon sahit mrit viron ke antyeshtikarm adi ke lie ranabhoomi ki or chal pada. marg men kripachary, ashvatthama tatha kritavarma se bhent huee. un tinon viron ne panchalon se lie pratishodh ke vishay men savistar vrittant dhritarashtr ko sunaya aur yah batakar ki ve pandavon se chhipakar bhag rahe hain- ashvatthama vyas muni ke ashram ki or, kripachary hastinapur tatha kritavarma apane desh ki or badhe. hastinapur men roodan karati huee mahilaon ke madhy roti huee draupadi, pandav, satyaki tatha krishn bhi the. dhritarashtr unase bhi mile. bhim ki lauh-pratima ko unhonne gale lagakar choor-choor kar diya. krishn ne unake krodh ko shant kiya, phatakara bhi, tab ve pandavon ko hriday se laga paye.

dhritarashtr- vanagaman

pandavon ne vijayi hone ke uparant dhritarashtr tatha gandhari ki poorn tanmayata se seva ki. pandavon men se bhimasen aise the jo sabaki chori se dhritarashtr ko apriy lagane vale kam karate rahate the, kabhi-kabhi sevakon se bhi dhrishtatapoorn mntranaen karavate the. dhritarashtr dhire-dhire do din ya char din men ek bar bhojan karane lage. pndrah varsh bad unhen itana vairagy hua ki ve van jane ke lie chhatapatane lage. ve aur gandhari yudhishthir tatha vyas muni se agya lekar van men chale gaye.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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