कण्व  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

prachin bharat men 'kanv' nam ke anek vyakti hue hain, jinamen sabase adhik prasiddh maharshi kanv the, jinhonne apsara menaka ke garbh se utpann vishvamitr ki kanya shakuntala ko pala tha. devi shakuntala ke dharmapita ke roop men maharshi kanv ki atyant prasiddhi hai.

  • mahakavi kalidas ne apane 'abhigyan shakuntalamh' men maharshi ke tapovan, unake ashram-pradesh tatha unaka, jo dharmacharaparayan ujjval evn udatt charit prastut kiya hai, vah anyatr upalabdh nahin hota. unake mukh se ek bharatiy katha ke liye vivah ke samay jo shiksha nikali hai, vah uttam grihini ka adarsh ban gayi. maharshi kanv shakuntala ki vidaee ke samay kahate hain-
"shushrushasv gurunh kuru priyasakhivrittin sapatnij ne patyurviprakritaapi roshanataya ma sm pratipn gam:. bhooyishthn bhav dakshina parijane bhagyeshvanutsekini yantyevn grihinipadn yuvatayo vama: kulasyadhay:॥"[1]
  • 103 sookt vale rigved ke athaven mandal ke adhikansh mantr maharshi kanv tatha unake vnshajon tatha gotrajon dvara drisht hain. kuchh sookton ke any bhi drasht rishi hain, kintu 'pradhanyen vyapadesha bhavanti' ke anusar maharshi kanv ashtam mandal ke drashta rishi kahe gaye hain.
  • rigved ke sath hi shukl yajurved ki 'madhyandin' tatha 'kanv', in do shakhaon men se dvitiy 'kanvasnhita' ke vakta bhi maharshi kanv hi hain. unhin ke nam se is snhita ka nam 'kanvasnhita' ho gaya.
  • rigved[2] men inhen atithi-priy kaha gaya hai. inake oopar ashvidvay ki kripa ki bat anek jagah ayi hai aur yah bhi bataya gaya hai ki kanv-putr tatha inake vnshadhar prasiddh yagyik the [3]tatha indr ke bhakt the.
  • rigved ke 8ven mandal ke chauthe sookt men kanv-gotraj devatithi rishi hain; jinhonne saubhagyashali kurung namak raja se 60 hazar gayen dan men prapt ki thin.
dhibhi: satani kanvasy vajin: priyamedhairabhidyubhi:. shashtin sahastranu nirmajam je niryoothani gavamrishi:॥[4]
  • is prakar rigved ka ashtam mandal kanvavnshiy rishiyon ki devastuti men upanibaddh hai. maharshi kanv ne ek smriti ki bhi rachana ki hai, jo 'kanvasmriti' ke nam se vikhyat hai.
  • ashtam mandal men 11 sookt aise hain, jo 'balakhily sookt' ke nam se vikhyat hain. devastutiyon ke sath hi is mandal men rishi dvara drishtamantron men laukik gyan-vigyan tatha anisht-nivaran sambandhi upayogi mantr bhi prapt hote hain. udaharan ke liye 'yath indr mapamahe.'[5] is mantr ka du:svapr-nivaran tatha kapolashakti ke liye path kiya jata hai. sookt ki mahima ke anek mantr isamen aye hain.[6] gau ki sundar stuti hai, jo atyant prasiddh hai. rishi go-prarthana men usaki mahima ke vishay men kahate hain- "gau rudron ki mata, vasuon ki putri, aditi putron ki bahin aur ghritaroop amrit ka khazana hai, pratyek vicharashil purush ko mainne yahi samajhakar kaha hai ki niraparadh evn avadhy gau ka vadh n karo.
mata rudranan duhita vasoonan svasadityanamamritasy nabhi:. pr nu vochn chikitushe janay ma gamanagamaditin vadhisht॥[7]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. abhigyanashakuntalamh 4.18; ved men ye baten to varnit nahin hain, par inake uttam gyan, tapasya, mantrgyan, adhyatmashakti adi ka abhas prapt hota hai.
  2. rigved (1.36.10-11
  3. rikh. 8.1.8)
  4. rikh. 8.4.20; jo raja 60-60 hazar gayen ek sath dan kar sakata hai, usake pas kitani gayen hongi?
  5. balakhily sookt (8.61.13
  6. balakhily sookt (8.97.5
  7. rikh. 8.101.15

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