ऋग्वेद  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

rigved ka avaran prishth

rigved sanatan dharm athava hindoo dharm ka srot hai . isamen 1028 sookt hain, jinamen devataon ki stuti ki gayi hai. is grnth men devataon ka ygy men ahvan karane ke liye mantr hain. yahi sarvapratham ved hai. rigved ko duniya ke sabhi itihasakar hind-yooropiy bhasha-parivar ki sabase pahali rachana manate hain. ye duniya ke sarvapratham granthon men se ek hai. rikh snhita men 10 mndal, balakhily sahit 1028 sookt hain. ved mntron ke samooh ko 'sookt' kaha jata hai, jisamen ekadaivatv tatha ekarth ka hi pratipadan rahata hai. rigved ke sookt vividh devataon ki stuti karane vale bhav bhare git hain. inamen bhaktibhav ki pradhanata hai. yadyapi rigved men any prakar ke sookt bhi hain, parantu devataon ki stuti karane vale sroton ki pradhanata hai.

pramukh tathy

rigved ke vishay men kuchh pramukh baten nimnalikhit hai-

  • yah sabase prachinatam ved mana jata hai.
  • rigved ke kee sookton men vibhinn vaidik devataon ki stuti karane vale mntr hain, yadyapi rigved men any prakar ke sookt bhi hain, parantu devataon ki stuti karane vale stroton ki pradhanata hai.
  • rigved men kul das mandal hain aur unamen 1028 sookt hain aur kul 10,580 richaen hain.
  • isake das mandalon men kuchh mandal chhote hain aur kuchh mandal bade hain.
  • pratham aur antim mandal, donon hi saman roop se bade hain. unamen sookton ki snkhya bhi 191 hai.
  • doosare mandal se sataven mandal tak ka ansh rigved ka shreshth bhag hai, usaka hriday hai.
  • athaven mandal aur pratham mandal ke prarambhik pachas sookton men samanata hai.

riksh shabd rigved men ek bar tatha paravarti vaidik sahity men kadachit hi prayukt hua hai. rigved men yatudhanon ko ygyon men badha dalane vala tatha pavitratmaon ko kasht pahunchane vala kaha gaya hai. navan mandal som se sambandhit hone se poorn roop se svatantr hai. yah navan mandal ath mandalon men sammilit som sambandhi sookton ka sngrah hai, isamen navin sookton ki rachana nahin hai. dasaven mandal men pratham mandal ki sookt snkhyaon ko hi banaye rakha gaya hai. par is mandal ka vishay, katha, bhasha adi sabhi parivartikaran ki rachanaen hain. rigved ke mantron ya richaon ki rachana kisi ek rishi ne ek nishchit avadhi men nahin ki, apitu vibhinn kal men vibhinn rishiyon dvara ye rachi aur snkalit ki gayin. rigved ke mantr stuti mantr hone se rigved ka dharmik aur adhyatmik mahattv adhik hai. charon vedon men sarvadhik prachin ved rigved se aryon ki rajanitik pranali evn itihas ke vishay men janakari prapt hoti hai. rigved arthath aisa gyan, jo richaon men baddh ho.

vibhag

rigved men do prakar ke vibhag milate hain-

  1. ashtak kram - isamen samast grnth ath ashtakon tatha pratyek ashtak ath adhyayon men vibhajit hai. pratyek adhyay vargo men vibhakt hai. samast vargo ki snkhya 2006 hai.
  2. mandalakram - is kram men samast granth 10 mandalon men vibhajit hai. mandal anuvak, anuvak sookt tatha sookt mntr ya richaon men vibhajit hai. dashon mandalon men 85 anuvak, 1028 sookt hain. inake atirikt 11 balakhily sookt hain. rigved ke samasy sookton ke richaon (mntron) ki snkhya 10600 hai.

sookton ke purush rachayitaon men gritsamad, vishvamitr, vamadev, atri, bharadvaj aur vasishth tatha stri rachayitaon men lopamudra, ghosha, apala, vishvara, sikata, shachipaulomi aur kakshavritti pramukh hai. inamen lopamudra pramukh thi. vah kshatriy varn ki thi kintu unaki shadi agasty rishi se huee thi. rigved ke doosare evn sataven mandal ki richayen sarvadhik prachin hain, jabaki pahala evn dasavan mandal ant men joda gaya hai. rigved ke athaven mandal men mili hastalikhit pratiyon ke parishisht ko ‘khil‘ kaha gaya hai.

rigved ke mandal evn usake rachayita
rigved ke mandal rachayita

1- pratham mandal

anek rishi

2- dvitiy mandal

gritsamay

3- tritiy mandal

vishvasamitr

4- chaturth mandal

vamadev

5- pncham mandal

atri

6- shashthamh mandal

bharadvaj

7- saptam mandal

vasishth

8- ashtham mandal

kanv v angira

9- navamh mandal (pavaman mandal)

anek rishi

10- dasham mandal

anek rishi

prachin rachana

rigved bharat ki hi nahin sampoorn vishv ki prachinatam rachana hai. isaki tithi 1500 se 1000 ee.poo. mani jati hai. sambhavatah isaki rachana sapt-saindhav pradesh men huee thi. rigved aur eerani granth 'jend avesta' men samanata paee jati hai. rigved ke adhikansh bhag men devataon ki stutiparak richaen hain, yadyapi unamen thos aitihasik samagri bahut kam milati hai, phir bhi isake kuchh mantr thos aitihasik samagri upalabdh karate hain. jaise ek sthan ‘dasharagy yuddh‘ jo bharat kabile ke raja sudas evn puroo kabile ke madhy hua tha, ka varnan kiya gaya hai. bharat jan ke neta sudas ke mukhy purohit vasishth the, jab ki inake virodhi das janon (ary aur anary) ke sngh ke purohit vishvamitr the. das janon ke sngh men- panch jano ke atirikt- alin, pakth, bhalanasu, shiv tath vigyashin ke raja sammilit the. bharat jan ka rajavnsh tritsujan maloom padata hai, jisake pratinidhi devadas evn sudas the. bharat jan ke neta sudas ne ravi (parushni) nadi ke tat par us rajaon ke sngh ko parajit kar rigvaidik bharat ke chakravarti shasak ke pad par adhishthit hue. rigved men, yadu, druhyu, turvash, puroo aur anu panch janon ka varnan milata hai.

shakhaen

rigved ke mntron ka uchcharan ygyon ke avasar par 'hotri rishiyon' dvara kiya jata tha. rigved ki anek snhitaon men 'snprati snhita' hi upalabdh hai. snhita ka arth snkalan hota hai. rigved ki panch shakhayen hain-

  1. shakal,
  2. vashkal,
  3. ashvalayan,
  4. shankhayan
  5. mandookayan

rigved ke kul mntron ki snkhya lagabhag 10600 hai. bad men jod gaye dasham mndal, jise ‘purushasookt‘ ke nam se jana jata hai, men sarvapratham shoodron ka ullekh milata hai. isake atirikt nasadiy sookt (srishti vishayak janakari, nirgun brahm ki janakari), vivah sookt (rishi dirghamah dvara rachit), nadi sookt (varnit sabase antim nadi gomal), devi sookt adi ka varnan isi mandal men hai. isi sookt men darshan ki advait dhara ke prasphutan ka bhi abhas hota hai. som ka ullekh naven mandal men hai. 'main kavi hoon, mere pita vaidy hain, mata anni pisanen vali hai. yah kathan isi mandal men hai. lokapriy 'gayatri mntr' (savitri) ka ullekh bhi rigved ke 7ven mandal men kiya gaya hai. is mandal ke rachayita vasishth the. yah mandal varun devata ko samarpit hai.

trit devata ki katha

  • trit prachin devataon men se the.
  • trit som banaya tha tatha indradi anek devataon ki stutiyan samay-samay par ki thin.
  • trit ne bal ke durg ko nasht kiya tha. yuddh ke samay maruton ne trit ki shakti ki raksha ki thi.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

snbndhit lekh

shrutiyan

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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