Makhanchor.jpg bharatakosh ki or se ap sabhi ko krishn janmashtami ki hardik shubhakamanaen Makhanchor.jpg

अष्टाध्यायी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

ashtadhyayi panini rachit snskrit vyakaran ka prasiddh granth hai. isamen ath adhyay hain. isaka bharatiy bhashaon par bahut bada prabhav hai. sath hi isamen yathesht itihas vishayak samagri bhi upalabdh hai.

  • vaidik bhasha ko gyey , vishvast, bodhagamy evn sundar banane ki parampara men panini agrani hain.
  • snskrit bhasha ka to yah granth adhar hi hai. unake samay tak snskrit bhasha men kee parivarttan hue the, kintu ashtadhyayi ke pranayan se snskrit bhasha men sthirata a gayi tatha yah pray: aparivarttanashil ban gayi.
  • ashtadhyayi men kul sootron ki snkhya 3996 hai. isamen sandhi, subant, kridant, unadi, akhyat, nipat,upasnkhyan, svaravidhi, shiksha aur taddhit adi vishayon ka vichar hai.
  • ashtadhyayi ke paribhashik shabdon men aise anek shabd hain jo panini ke apane banaye hain aur bahut se aise shabd hain jo poorvakal se prachalit the.
  • panini ne apane rache shabdon ki vyakhya ki hai aur pahale ke anek paribhashik shabdon ki bhi nayi vyakhya karake unake arth aur prayog ka vikas kiya hai. arambh men unhonne chaturdash sootr diye hain. inhin sootron ke adhar par pratyahar banaye gaye hain, jinaka prayog adi se ant tak panini ne apane sootron men kiya hai. pratyaharon se sootron ki rachana men ati laghav a gaya hai.
  • ganasamooh bhi inaka apana hi hai. sootron se hi yah bhi pata chalata hai ki panini ke samay men poorv-anchal aur uttar-anchalavasi do shreni vaiyakaranon ki thin jo panini ki mandali se atirikt rahi hongi.
  • panini krit ashtadhyayi vaise to vyakaran ka grnth mane jate hain kintu in gnthon men kahin-kahin rajaon-maharajaon evn janatntron ke ghatanachakr ka vivaran bhi milata hain.
  • gotr janapad aur vaidik charanon ke nam se striyon ke namakaran ki pratha ka 'ashtadhyayi' men paryapt ullekh hua hai. isase striyon ki samajik pratishtha aur gauravatmak sthiti ka snket milata hai. ek janapad men utpann rajakumariyan ya striyan vivah ke bad jab doosare janapad men jati thin, tab patigrih men vah apane janapadiy namon se pukari jati thin. rajasthan ke rajagharane men prayah abhi tak yah pratha vidyaman hai, jaise- hadauti ya dhoondhari rani. mahabharat kal men pray: prasiddh striyon ke nam madri, kunti, gandhari adi isi prakar ke hain.
  • panini ne nimnalikhit namon ka sootr men ullekh kiya hai- avnti janapad ke kshatriy ki kanya avnti, kunti janapad ya kontavar desh ki rajakumari kunti, kuru rashtr ki rajakumari kuru, bharg janapad ki rajakumari bhargi[1] adi. panchali, vaidehi, angi, vangi, magadhi, yah nam prachy desh ke janapadon ki striyon ke the.[2]panini ne yaudhey namak ganarajy ki stri ke lie “yaudheyi” shabd ka ullekh kiya hai.[3]

varn aur jati

'ashtadhyayi' men varn, jati aur bndhu yah tin shabd ae hain. varn prachin shabd tha. usake sthan par jati shabd chalane laga tha, jo is arth men apekshakrit navin tha. katyayan ke 'shrautasootr' men jati ka arth keval parivar hai. ek varn men utpann hue vyakti paraspar savarn hote the.[4] jati ka ek-ek vyakti 'bndhu' kahalata tha. jatyntachchh bndhuni[5] sootr ka abhipray yah hai ki jativadi shabd se chh pratyay lagakar us jati ke ek vyakti ka bodh kiya jata hai, jaise- brahmanajatiy:, kshatriyajatiy:, vaishyajatiy:.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 4/1/176-178
  2. 4/1/178
  3. paninikalin bharat |lekhak: vasudevasharan agraval |prakashak: chaukhamba vidyabhavan, varanasi-1 |snkalan: bharatakosh pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 101 |
  4. 6/3/85, samman varn
  5. 5/4/9

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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