अभिज्ञान शाकुन्तलम्  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

abhigyan shakuntalamh
'abhigyan shakuntalamh' ka avaran prishth
kavi mahakavi kalidas
mool shirshak abhigyan shakuntalamh
mukhy patr dushyant aur shakuntala
prakashak dayamnd paauket buks
prakashan tithi 1 janavari 2005
ISBN 81-7182-759-4
desh bharat
bhasha snskrit
vidha natak
mukhaprishth rachana ajild
vishesh isake sat ankon men raja dushyant aur shakuntala ki pranay-katha ka varnan hai.

abhigyan shakuntalamh n keval snskrit sahity ka, apitu vishvasahity ka sarvotkrisht natak hai. yah kalidas ki antim rachana hai. isake sat ankon men raja dushyant aur shakuntala ki pranay-katha ka varnan hai. isaka kathanak mahabharat ke adi parv ke shakuntalopakhyan se liya gaya hai. kanv ke madhyam se ek pita ka putri ko diya gaya upadesh aj 2,000 varshon ke bad bhi utana hi mahattvapoorn hai jitana us samay men tha. bharatiy alochakon ne ’kavyeshu natakn ramyn tatr ramya shakuntala’ kahakar is natak ki prashnsa ki hai. bharatiy alochakon ke saman hi videshi alochakon ne bhi is natak ki mukt knth se prashnsa ki hai. jab sanh 1791 men jarjafostar ne isaka jarmani men anuvad kiya, to use dekhakar jarman vidvanh gete itane gadgad hue ki unhonne usaki prashnsa men ek kavita likh dali thi.

kathavastu

kalidas ne abhigyan shakuntal ki kathavastu maulik nahin chuni. yah katha mahabharat ke adiparv se li gee hai. padmapuran men bhi shakuntala ki katha milati hai aur vah mahabharat ki apeksha shakuntala ki katha ke adhik nikat hai. is karan vintaranitj ne yah mana hai ki shakuntala ki katha padmapuran se li gee hai. parantu vidvanon ka kathan hai ki padmapuran ka yah bhag shakuntala ki rachana ke bad likha aur bad men prakshipt pratit hota hai. mahabharat ki katha men durvasa ke shap ka ullekh nahin hai. mahabharat ka dushyant se yadi thik ulata nahin, to bhi bahut adhik bhinn hai. mahabharat ki shakuntala bhi kalidas ki bhanti salajj nahin hai. vah dushyant ko vishvamitr aur menaka ke sambandh ke phalasvaroop hue apane janm ki katha apane munh se hi sunati hai. mahabharat men dushyant shakuntala ke roop par mugdh hokar shakuntala se gandharv vivah ki prarthana karata hai; jis par shakuntala kahati hai ki main vivah is shart par kar sakati hoon ki rajasinhasan mere putr ko hi mile. dushyant us samay to svikar kar leta hai aur bad men apani rajadhani men lautakar jan-boojhakar lajjavash shakuntala ko grahan nahin karata. kalidas ne is prakar aparishkrit roop men prapt huee katha ko apani kalpana se adbhut roop men nikhar diya hai. durvasa ke shap ki kalpana karake unhonne dushyant ke charitr ko ooncha uthaya hai. kalidas ki shakuntala bhi abhijaty, saundary aur karuna ki moorti hai. isake atirikt kalidas ne sari katha ka nirvah, bhavon ka chitran ityadi jis dhng se kiya hai, vah maulik aur apoorv hai.[1]

kavy-saundary

abhigyan shakuntal men natakiyata ke sath-sath kavy ka ansh bhi yathesht matra men hai. isamen shrringar mukhy ras hai; aur usake snyog tatha viyog donon hi pakshon ka paripak sundar roop men hua hai. isake atirikt hasy, vir tatha karun ras ki bhi jahan-tahan achchhi abhivyakti huee hai. sthan-sthan par sundar aur manoharini utaprekshaen n keval pathak ko chamatkrit kar deti hain, kintu abhisht bhav ki tivrata ko badhane men hi sahayak hoti hain. sare natak men kalidas ne apani upamaon aur utprekshaon ka upayog kahin bhi keval alnkar-pradarshan ke lie nahin kiya. pratyek sthan par unaki upama ya utpreksha arth ki abhivyakti ko rasapoorn banane men sahayak huee hai. kalidas apani upamaon ke lie snskrit-sahity men prasiddh hain. shakuntal men bhi unaki upayukt upama chunane ki shakti bhali-bhanti prakat huee. shakuntala ke vishay men ek jagah raja dushyant kahate hain ki ‘vah aisa phool hai, jise kisi ne soongha nahin hai; aisa navapallav hai, jis par kisi ke nakhon ki kharonch nahin lagi; aisa ratn hai, jisamen chhed nahin kiya gaya aur aisa madhu hai, jisaka svad kisi ne chakha nahin hai.’ in upamaon ke dvara shakuntala ke saundary ki ek anokhi jhalak hamari ankhon ke samane a jati hai. isi prakar panchaven ank men dushyant shakuntala ka parityag karate hue kahate hain ki ‘he tapasvini, kya tum vaise hi apane kul ko kalnkit karana aur mujhe patit karana chahati ho, jaise tat ko todakar bahane vali nadi tat ke vriksh ko to girati hi hai aur apane jal ko bhi malin kar leti hai.’ yahan shakuntala ki chat ko todakar bahane vali nadi se di gee upama raja ke manobhav ko vyakt karane men vishesh roop se sahayak hoti hai.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
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tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 abhigyan shakuntalamh (hindi) bharatiy sahity sngrah. abhigaman tithi: 25 joon, 2013.

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