कालिदास लोकाचार और लोकतत्त्व  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kalidas vishay soochi
kalidas lokachar aur lokatattv
Poet-Kalidasa.jpg
poora nam mahakavi kalidas
janm 150 varsh eesa poorv se 450 eesavi ke madhy
janm bhoomi uttar pradesh
pati/patni vidyottama
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr snskrit kavi
mukhy rachanaen natak- abhigyan shakuntalamh, vikramorvashiyamh aur malavikagnimitramh; mahakavy- raghuvnshamh aur kumarasnbhavamh, khandakavy- meghadootamh aur ritusnhar
bhasha snskrit
puraskar-upadhi mahakavi
snbndhit lekh kalidas ke kavy men prakriti chitran, kalidas ke charitr-chitran, kalidas ki alnkar-yojana, kalidas ka chhand vidhan, kalidas ki ras snyojana, kalidas ka saundary aur prem
any janakari kalidas shaklo-soorat se sundar the aur vikramadity ke darabar ke navaratnon men ek the. lekin kaha jata hai ki prarnbhik jivan men kalidas anapadh aur moorkh the.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi
kalidas laukik jivan aur aihalaukik astha ke kavi hain. apane samay men prachalit lokacharon, riti-rivajon aur lokavishvason ka unhonne pramanik ullekh kiya hai. meghadoot jaise laghu kalevar kavy men bhi unhonne kee sthalon par lokajivan aur lokacharon ki chhaviyan ukeri hain. yaksh ne apane ghar ka abhigyan batate hue kaha hai - dvaropante likhitavapushau shankhapadamau ch drishtava usake ghar ke dvar ke nikat shnkh aur padm banaye hue the. poorn sarasvati ne isaki vyakhya men kaha hai ki shnkh se lanchhit devata shnkhanidhi tatha padm se lanchhit padmamanithi hain, jinaki akritiyan us kal men dvar ke nikat ankit ki jati thin.[1]

vishnudharmottar puran men

'bharatamallik' ne dvar par shnkh aur padm banane ke lokachar ko pauranik vidhan se jodate hue vishnudharmottar puran se chitrasootr se shnkh aur padm ka lakshan uddhat karate hue inaka svaroop vishad roop men pratipadit kiya hai. ve yah bhi batate hain ki shnkh aur padm ki akritiyon ke sath-sath grihasvami ke nam ki soochana dene vale vishesh snket bhi sath men ankit kiye jate the.[2]

meghadoot men

  • is prakar yaksh ka yah kathan bada susngat lagata hai ki mere grihadvar par shnkh aur padm ko dekhakar tum pahachan loge ki vah mera hi ghar hai.

yakshini ke varnan men vinyasyati bhuvi gananaya dehalidattapushpai: is kathan men bhi us samay ke lokachar ka bada marmik roop samane ata hai.

  • yakshini shap ki avadhi ke dinon ki ganana karati rahati hogi - yah yaksh anuman karata hai, par ganana phoolon se hi kyon, aur vah bhi dehali par rakhe phoolon se kyon? saroddharini, meghalata, mahimasnghagani krit tika tatha sumativijay ki tika men grihadvaradaru ki pratidin pooja karane ka lokachar 'is pady ki vyakhya men soochit kiya gaya hai.[3]
  • bharatamallik kahate hain ki priy is dvar se gaye hain aur isi dvar se lautenge-is bhavana ke sath virahiniyan dehali ko poojati hain.[4]
  • yaksh ke kathan - vamashchasya: kararuhapadairmuchyamanon madiyai: ki vyakhya men bhi bharatamallik yah lokachar batate hain- pravasagamanakale priyen priyaya oorvo: stanaparshve ch smaranarth tistrashchatastro va nakharekha diynte.[5]
  • aloke te nipatapi pura sa balivyakula va - yakshini ki devabali men aise vyagrata ke chitran men dakshinavartanath proshitabhartrika ka priy ke agaman ki varta sunane vale kauve ko balipind dene ka udyam niroopit karane vali lokajivan se judi ek prakrit gatha bhi ve praman men yahan uddhat karate hain.[6]

kumarasambhav men

  • isi prakar kumarasambhav men shiv - parvati ke vivah ke varnan men mahakavi ne us samay ki vaivahik prathaon ka sookshm ankan kiya hai. siddharth pushp aur doorva ke ankur ke sath kaushey vastr se navavadhoo parvati ko alnkrit kiya gaya tha aur use hath men ek 'ban' diya gaya tha. navavadhoo ke hath men ban dene ki pratha us samay ki vaivahik prathaon men vishisht hi kahi ja sakati hai.[7] *navavadhoo ke sthan, kautukavedi tak use le jaya jana, gorochanapatr se usaka shrringar, kapol par yavapraroh, charanon men mahavar tatha netron men kala anjan, ardr harital tatha man:shila se vivahadikshatilak ki rachana tatha oorna se bane kautukasootr ka bandha jana - ye sare vaivahik achar kalidas ki lekhani se is prasng men sajiv ho uthe hain.[8] pr
  • dakshinatray, lajamoksh, dhruvadarshan adi parinay vidhi men ane vale acharon ka bhi chitran kavi ne kiya hai.[9]

raghuvnsh mahakavy men

raghuvnsh men 'dilip' aur 'sudakshina' ki vasishthashram ke prati yatra men yoopachihn vale gram tatha haiyangavin[10] lekar upasthit hue ghoshavriddh[11] lokajivan ki chhavi sakar karate hain. isake age vasishth ke ashram ka varnan to ashram ke sampoorn paryavaran ka yatharth anubhav karane vala hai.[12] isi mahakavy ke satrahaven sarg men atithi ke rajyabhishek ke samay doorva, yavankur, plaksh ki khal adi se usaki nirajanavidhi tatha abhishek ke anantar vishesh nepathyavidhi ke chitran men bhi us samay ke lokachar pratibimbit hain.[13]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. vidyullatatika, sn, krishnamariyar, prishth 118
  2. vidyullatatika, sn. krishnamachariy, prishth.118
  3. meghadoot: sn.nandagikar, prishth 95
  4. subodhatika, prishth 66
  5. subodhatika, prishth72
  6. meghadoot: sn. en. pi. unni,prishth 150-51
  7. kumarasambhav 7.7,8
  8. kumarasambhav, 7.10-25
  9. kumarasambhav, 7.79-85
  10. taja ghi
  11. raghuvnsh, 1.44,45
  12. raghuvnsh, 1.49-53
  13. raghuvnsh,17.12-26

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh


varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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