कालिदास का सौन्दर्य और प्रेम  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kalidas vishay soochi
kalidas ka saundary aur prem
Poet-Kalidasa.jpg
poora nam mahakavi kalidas
janm 150 varsh eesa poorv se 450 eesavi ke madhy
janm bhoomi uttar pradesh
pati/patni vidyottama
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr snskrit kavi
mukhy rachanaen natak- abhigyan shakuntalamh, vikramorvashiyamh aur malavikagnimitramh; mahakavy- raghuvnshamh aur kumarasnbhavamh, khandakavy- meghadootamh aur ritusnhar
bhasha snskrit
puraskar-upadhi mahakavi
snbndhit lekh kalidas ke kavy men prakriti chitran, kalidas ke charitr-chitran, kalidas ki alnkar-yojana, kalidas ka chhand vidhan, kalidas ki ras snyojana, kalidas lokachar aur lokatattv
any janakari kalidas shaklo-soorat se sundar the aur vikramadity ke darabar ke navaratnon men ek the. lekin kaha jata hai ki prarnbhik jivan men kalidas anapadh aur moorkh the.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi
kalidas ka saundary-chitran abhisht hota hai. prakriti-saundary evn manaviy saundary ka varnan kavy ka abhinn ang hai. mahakavi kalidas saundary ke upasak hain. kalidas naisargik saundary ke premi hain. kritrim aur dikhavati shrringar unhen nahin ruchata. ve prakriti ke dvara diye gaye sahaj upadanon se apani parikalpana ki nayikaon men anindy saundary ka avishkar karate hain. kumarasambhav men parvati ne vasnt ke phoolon se apane ap ko alnkrit kiya hai. usake ashok ne padmarag mani ko dhata bata di hai, karnikar ne svarn ki dyuti ko khinch liya hai tatha sindhuvar ke pushp hi muktamala ban gaye hain-

ashokanirbhartsitapadmaragamakrishtahemadyutikarnikaramh. muktakalapikritasinduvarn vasntapushpabharann vahnti॥[1]

  • meghadoot men alaka nagari men mani-maniky, sone-chandi aur dhan-samriddhi ki koee kami nahin. phir bhi vahan ki sundariyan phoolon se hi apana ang-pratyng sajati hain. hath men lilakamal, kesh men balakund ka anuvegh, to kapolon par loghr ke parag se shubhr varn ka adhan, joode men naye kuravak ke pushp, kanon men sundar shirish aur simnt[2] men kadamb - is tarah sare deh men phool saj uthate hain-

haste lilakamalake balakundanuviddhn
nita loghraprasavarajasa pandutamanane shri:.
choodapashe navakuravakn charu karne shirishn
simnte ch tvadupagamajn yatr nipn vadhoonamh॥[3]

  • vastut: kavi ne apane saundaryabodh ke dvara manushy ko prakriti ke nikat ane tatha sahaj jivan apanane ka sndesh diya hai. is saundary ki sarvochch pratimoorti to svayn shiv hi hain, jahan shiv hain, vahin saundary hai. yadi shiv hain to snsar ki sari vibhatsata bhi alaukik ramyata men parinit ho jati hai. vivah ke samay shiv ke shrringar ka varnan karate hue kavi kahate hain-

s ev vesh: parineturishtn bhavantar tasy vibho: prapede.
babhoov bhasmaiv sitangarag: kapalamevamalashekharashri:.
upantabhageshu ch rochananko gajajinasyaiv dukoolabhav:..
shankhantaradyotivilochann yadntarnivishtamalapingataramh.
sannidhyapakshe haritalamayyastadev jatn tilakakriyaya:॥
yathapradesh bhujageshvaranan karishyatamabharanantaratvamh.
shariramatrn vikritin prapede tathaiv tasthu: phaniratnashobha:॥[4]
[5]

  • kumarasambhav men kavi parvati ki muskurahat ka varnan karata hua kahata hai ki yadi lal kopal par koee ujjval phool rakha jay athava svachchh moonge ke bich men moti jada jay tabhi ye pushp evn moti parvati ki muskurahat ki samanata kar sakate hain-

pushpn pravalopahitn yadi syath muktaphaln va sphutavidrumasthamh.
tatosnukuryadh vishadasy tasyastamraushthaparyastaruch: smitasy॥[6]

  • kalidas ke sabhi patr saundary se yukt hain. purush patron men purushochit saundary hai to stri patron men striyochit saundary. yahan tak ki unhonne pashu-pakshiyon ke saundary ka bhi viroopan kiya. unaki drishti men saundary ki sarthakata tab hai jab vah priy ko akrisht karane aur use jitane men samarth ho. parvati jab apane roop-saundary se mahadev ko jitane men asamarth ho jati hain aur kamadev ko mahadev ko krodhagni men jalate hue dekhati hain to unaka saundary-garv choor ho jata hai aur ve apane roop ki ninda karane lagati hain-

ninind roopn hridayen parvati priyeshu saubhagyaphala hi charuta॥[7]

  • kalidas ki manyata hai ki prem virah men badhata hai. meghadoot men ve spasht roop se kahate hain ki prem viyog men bhog ke abhav ke karan snchit ras vala hokar badhata hi hai, n kam hota hai aur n hi nasht hota hai-

snehanahu: kimapi virahe dhvnsinaste tvabhoga-
dishte vastunyupachitarasa: premarashibhavnti॥[8]

  • vastut: prem, viyog men aur adhik tivr ho jata hai. premiyon ki pariksha viyog men hoti hai. snyogavastha men bhog ke karan prem bhale hi shithil ho jae, viyog men prem tapasya ka roop dharan kar leta hai. yahi karan hai ki viyog ke pashchath snyog hone par yah dvigunit anandaprad hota hai. kalidas ke sabhi patr viyogavastha ke jivan ko tap tyag, sadachar, snyam aur samajik maryada men bndh kar vyatit karate hain.
  • kalidas ke kavyon men ritusnhar ko chhodakar sarvatr prem ka udatt roop chitrit hai. ritusnhar men keval roop saundary ka nirupan hai. meghadoot, kumarasambhav evn raghuvnsh men kavi ne prem ke adhyatmik roop ka chitran kiya hai. adhyatmik prem hi sthayi hota hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. kumarasambhav, 3.53
  2. mang
  3. meghadoot, uttaramegh - 2
  4. kumarasambhav, 7.31-34
  5. shiv ka vesh vahi raha, par unaki vibhuta se vah any bhav ko prapt ho gaya. unake deh par lipati chitabhasm hi angarag ho gayi, kapal hi shekhar ban gaya, gajajin dukool aur tritiy netr hi tilak ban gaya. sharir par lipate sarpon ka vinivesh hi badalana tha ki ve abhooshan ki bhanti saj gaye.
  6. kumarasambhav, 1.44
  7. kumarasambhav, 5.1
  8. meghadoot, 2.52

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh


varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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