कदम्ब  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Disamb2.jpg kadamb ek bahuvikalpi shabd hai any arthon ke lie dekhen:- kadamb (bahuvikalpi)
kadamb
kadamb ka ped
jagat padap (Plantae)
gan jenashiyanels (Gentianales)
kul roobiyesi (Rubiaceae)
jati niyolamarkiya (Neolamarckia")
prajati kaidemba (cadamba)
dvipad nam niyolamarkiya kadamba (Neolamarckia cadamba")
phool gend ki tarah gol lagabhag 55 semi vyas ke hote hain jisamen anek ubhayalingi punkesar komal shar ki bhanti bahar ki or nikale hote hain.
tana kadamb ka tana 100 se 160 sentimitar vyas ka, chikana, saphedi lie hue halke bhoore rng ka hota hai.
any janakari banabhatt ke prasiddh kavy "kadambari" ki nayika "kadambari" ka nam bhi kadamb vriksh ke adhar par hai. isi tarah bharavi, magh aur bhavabhooti ne bhi apane kavy men kadamb ka vishisht varnan kiya hai.

kadamb ek prasiddh phooladar vriksh hai. kadamb ka ped kafi bada hota hai. kadamb ke ped gramin kshetron men zyada hote hain. isake patte bade aur mote hote hain jinase gond bhi nikalata hai. kadamb ke ped ke patte mahue ke patton jaise aur phal niboo ki tarah gol hote hai aur phool phalon ke oopar hi hote hain. phool chhote aur khushabudar hote hain. varsha ritu men jab yah phoolata hai, tab poora vriksh apane halke pile rng ke chhote-chhote phoolon se bhar jata hai. us samay isake phoolon ki madak sugndh se braj ke samast van aur upavan mahakane lagate hain. kadamb ke vriksh men elkelayad kadambaee n. 3, alphadihaidro kadambin, glaikosids elkelayad, aiso- dihaidro kadambin, bitasitostiral, klinovik esid, pentasayaklik, trayatarpenik esid, kadambajenik esid, seponin, utpatt tel, kvinarik esid adi rasayanik tatvon ki bharamar hoti hai, jinaki vajah se kadamb dev vriksh ki shreni men ata hai.

jati evn rng

braj men isaki kee jatiyan payi jati hain, jisamen shvet-pit lal aur dron jati ke kadnb ullekhaniy hain. sadharanataya yahan shvet-pip rng ke phooladar kadnb hi paye jate hain. kintu kumudavan ki kadnbakhndi men lal rng ke phool vale kadnb bhi paye jate hain. shyam dhak adi kukh sthanon men aisi jati ke kadnb hain, jinamen prakritik rup se donon ki tarah mude hue patte nikalate hain. inhen 'dron kadnb' kaha jata hai. govardhan kshetr men jo navi vrikshon ka ropad kiya gaya hai, unamen ek naye prakar ka kadnb bhi bahut badi snkhya men hai. braj ke sadharan kadnb se isake patte bhinn prakar ke hain tatha isake phool bade hote hain, kintu inamen sugndh nahin hoti hai. braj men kadnb ka vriksh sada se bada prasiddh aur lokapriy raha hai. radha-krishn ki anek lilaen isi vriksh ke sugandhit vatavaran men huee thin. madhy kal men braj ke lila sthalon ke anek upavanon men anek upavanon is vahut badi snkhya men lagaya gaya tha. ve upavan 'kadnbakhndi' kahalate hain. kadamb ki kee sari jatiyan hain jaise-

  1. rajakadamb
  2. dhoolikadamb
  3. kadambika

samany parichay

kadnb bharatiy upamahadvip men ugane vala shobhakar vriksh hai. sugndhit phoolon se yukt barahon mahine hare, tezi se badhane vale is vishal vriksh ki chhaya shital hoti hai. isaka vanaspatik nam enthosiphelas kadamb ya enthosiphelas indikas hai, jo roobiesi parivar ka sadasy hai. uttar pradesh, bihar, madhy pradesh, maharashtr, bngal, udisa men yah bahutayat men paya jata hai. isake ped ki adhikatam oonchaee 45 mitar tak ho sakati hai. pattiyon ki lnbaee 13 se 23 se.mi. hoti hain. apane svabhavik roop men ye chikani, chamakadar, moti aur ubhari nason vali hoti hain, jinase gond nikalata hai.

kadamb ka phool

char panch varsh ka hone par kadamb men phool ane shuroo ho jate hain. kadnb ke phool lal gulabi pile aur narngi rng ki vibhinn chhayaon vale ho sakate hain. any phoolon se bhinn inake akar gend ki tarah gol lagabhag 55 se.mi. vyas ke hote hain jisamen anek ubhayalingi punkesar komal shar ki bhanti bahar ki or nikale hote hain. ye guchchhon men khilate hain isilie isake phal bhi chhote goodedar guchchhon men hote hain, jinamen se har ek men char snput hote hain. isamen khadi aur adi pnktiyon men lagabhag ath hazar bij hote hain. pakane par ye phat jate hain aur inake bij hava ya pani se door door tak bikhar jate hain. kadnb ke phal aur phool pashuon ke lie bhojan ke kam ate hain. isaki pattiyan bhi gay ke lie paushtik bhojan samajhi jati hain. isaka sungndhit narngi phool har prakar ke parag ekatrit karane vale kiton ko akarshit karata hai jisamen anek bhaunre madhumakkhiyan tatha any kit shamil hain.
kadamb ka phool

kadamb ka tana

kadamb ka tana 100 se 160 sentimitar vyas ka, chikana, saphedi lie hue halke bhoore rng ka hota hai. bade hone par yah khuradura aur dharidar ho jata hai. aur adhik purana hone par dhariyan toot kar chakatton jaisi ban jati hain. kadnb ki lakadi safed se halki pili hoti hai. isaka ghanatv 290 se 560 kyoobik prati mitar aur nami lagabhag 15 pratishat hoti hai. lakadi ke reshe sidhe hote hain yah chhoone men chikani hoti hai aur isamen koee gndh nahin hoti. lakadi ka svabhav narm hota hai isalie auzar aur mashinon se yah asani se kat jati hai. yah asani se sookh jati hai aur isako khule tainkon ya preshar vaikyuam dvara asani se snrakshit kiya ja sakata hai. isaka bhndaran bhi lnbe samay tak kiya ja sakata hai. is lakadi ka prayog plaivud ke makan, lugadi aur kagaz, bakse, kret, nav aur pharnichar banane ke kam ati hai. kadamb ke ped se bahut hi umda kism ka chamakadar kagaz banata hai. isaki lakadi ko ral ya rezin se mazaboot banaya jata hai. kadamb ki jadon se ek pila rng bhi prapt kiya jata hai.

prakriti, paryavaran aur svasthy ka snrakshak

jngalon ko phir se hara bhara karane, mitti ko upajaoo banane aur sadakon ki shobha badhane men kadnb mahatvapoorn bhoomika nibhata hai. yah tezi se badhata hai aur chhah se ath varshon men apane poore akar men a jata hai. isalie jaldi hi bahut-si jagah ko hara bhara kar deta hai. vishalakay hone ke karan yah dher-si pattiyan jhadata hai jo zamin ke sath milakar use upajaoo banati hain. sajavati phoolon ke lie isaka vyavasayik upayog hota hai sath hi isake phoolon ka prayog ek vishesh prakar ke itr ko banane men bhi kiya jata hai. jayapur ke suresh sharma ne kadnb ke ped se ek aisi dava vikasit ki hai jo taip-2 dayabitij ka upachar kar sakati hai. bharat sarakar ke kntrolar janaral aauph petents dvara is dava ka petent bhi de diya gaya hai aur vishv vyapar sngathan ne ise antarrashtriy vargikaran nnbar pradan kiya hai. daau. sharma ke anusar kadnb ke pedon men haidrosinakonain aur kaidemabain namak do prakar ke kvinolain alakelaauids hote hain. inamen se haidrosinakonain sharir men banane vali insulin ke utpadan ko niyntrit karata hai aur kaidemabain insulin grahiyon ko phir se insulin grahan karane ke prati snvedanashil bana deta hai. gauratalab hai ki taip-2 dayabitij men ya to sharir paryapt insulin paida nahin karata hai ya phir koshikaen insulin grahan karane ke prati snvedanashilata kho deti hain yani insulin grahan karana chhod deti hain. philahal is dava ka vyavasayik nirman prarnbh nahin hua hai. is prakar kadnb ka vriksh prakriti aur paryavaran ko to snrakshan deta hi hai, aushadhi aur saundary ka bhi mahattvapoorn srot hai.[1]

krishn ka kadamb

kadamb ka vriksh

krishn ki lilaon se juda hone ke karan kadamb ka ullekh brajabhasha ke anek kaviyon ne kiya hai. isaka itr bhi banata hai jo barasat ke mausam men adhik upayog men ata hai. mathura men ab yah vriksh bahut hi kam paya jata hai.

manush haun to vahi rasakhani basaun braj gokul ganv ke gvaran .
jau pasu haun tau kaha bas mero charaun nit nand ki dhenu mnjharan ॥
pahan haun tau vahi giri ko jo dharayau kar chhatr purandar-dharan .
jau khag haun tau basero karaun mili kalindi-kool kadnb ki daran ॥

inhen bhi dekhen: yah kadamb ka ped -subhadra kumari chauhan

braj men kadamb ka vishesh mahattv

braj men kadamb ke ped ki bahut mahima hai. jab braj ki kunj galiyan men athakheliyan karane vala kanha kabhi kadamb ki saghan chhanv men ankhen bnd karake bansuri ki tan chhedata to prakriti bhi sammohit ho uthati thi. kadamb ke vriksh se kaliya nag par chhalang lagane, gopiyon ke vastr churane ki ghatana ho ya sudama ke sath chane khane ka vakaya. dvapar ke jamane men krishn ka sathi raha kadamb  ka vriksh aj upeksha ka shikar ho chala hai. kabhi modara ke ashapuri mata mndir prangan men kadamb ke darjanon vriksh hua karate the, lekin ab in vrikshon ki sudh lene vala koee nahin hai. aitihasik mahatv ke in vrikshon ke prati kshetr ke logon ki agadh astha hai. bade-boodhon ke mutabik ek jamana tha jab yahan ramaniyan shravani tij par un par jhoole dalakar oonchi pinge badhati thin. amavasya, poornima, ekadashi aur chauth samet kee tithiyon par yahan ki mahilaen ab bhi in vrikshon ka poojan karake vastr adi chadhati hain. ek pauranik katha ke mutabik svarg se amrit pikar laut rahe vishnu ke vahan garud ki chonch se kuchh boonde kadamb ke vriksh par gir gee thi. is karan yah amrit tuly mana jata hai. shravan mas men ane vale isake phoolon ka bhi vishesh mahatv hai.

kamadev ka priy vriksh

29 nakshatron men se shatabhisha nakshatr ka vriksh kadamb kamadev ka priy mana jata hai. isake alava bhagavan vishnu, devi parvati aur kali ka bhi yah priy vriksh hai. bhinamal ke kavi magh ne apane kavy men isaka varnan kiya. unake alava banabhatt ke prasiddh kavy "kadambari" ki nayika "kadambari" ka nam bhi kadamb vriksh ke adhar par hai. isi tarah bharavi, magh aur bhavabhooti ne bhi apane kavy men kadamb ka vishisht varnan kiya hai. vahin prasiddh vaigyanik aryabhat ne apane shodh men kadamb vriksh ka ullekh kiya hai.[2]

aushadhiy upayog

kadamb ka phool
  • gramin anchalon men isaka upayog khataee ke lie hota hai. isake bijon se nikala tel khane aur dipak jalane ke kam ata hai.
  • bachchon men hajama thik karane ke lie kadnb ke phalon ka ras bahut hi fayademnd hota hai.
  • isaki pattiyon ke ras ko alsar tatha ghav thik karane ke kam men bhi liya jata hai.
  • ayurved men kadnb ki sookhi lakadi se jvar door karane ki dava tatha munh ke rogon men pattiyon ke ras se kulla karane ka ullekh milata hai.
  • yadi pashuon ko koee rog ho jae to isake phoolon aur pattiyon ko pashuon ko bade men rakhe, rog nahin phailega.
  • kadnb ki pattiyan sanp katane ke ilaj men kam ati hain.
  • isaki jad mootr rogon men labhakari hai.
  • isaki chhal ko ghis kar bahar se lagane par kanajaktivaitis thik ho jata hai.
  • isake phalon ka ras man ke doodh ko badhata hai.
  • chot ya ghav ya soojan par isake patton ko halka garm kar bandhane se aram milata hai.[3]

ghareloo upayog

  • kadamb ke phool patte, chhal, phal sabhi labhadayak hain.
  • bukhar n ja raha ho to kadamb ki chhal ka kadha din men do- tin bar pi lijiye.
  • agar patton ke kadhe se kulla karenge to munh ke chhale aur dant ki bimariyon men aram milega.
  • badahajami ho gayi ho to kadamb ki kachchi konpalen 4-5 chaba lijiye.
  • badan par lal chakatte pad gaye hon to kadamb ki 5 konpale subah-sham chabaen.
  • kadamb ke phal apake prajanan angon ko majaboot karate hain.
  • khoon men koee kami a jae to kadamb ke phal aur patton ka 4 gram choorn lagatar ek mahina kha lijiye.
  • phode- phunsi aur gale ke dard men kadamb ke phool aur patton ka kadha banakar pijiye.
  • mahilaon ko apane vaksh -sthal pusht rakhane hain to kadamb ke phoolon ki chatani banakar lep kijie.
  • dast ho rahe hon to kadamb ki chhal ka kadha pi lijie ya chhal ka ras 2-2 chammach, lekin bachchon ko dete samay is ras men jire ka choorn ek chutaki aur mishri bhi mila lijiye.
  • ankh men khujali ho rahi hai ya ankh a gayi hai to isaki chhal ka ras lep kar lijiye.
  • sanp ke katane par isake phal phool patte jo bhi mil jaen pahale to pis kar lep kijie phir kadha banakar pilaie.
  • dil ki takaliphon ya nadi doobane ki halat men isaka ras 2 chammach pila dijiye.[4]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. upayogi dhng kadnb ke (hindi) abhivyakti. abhigaman tithi: 25 julaee, 2014.
  2. ye kadamb ka ped (hindi) chetana ke svar ujale ki or. abhigaman tithi: 25 julaee, 2014.
  3. kadamb ke vriksh ka aushadhiy prayog (hindi) Natural Care:ayurvedik upachar. abhigaman tithi: 25 julaee, 2014.
  4. ye krishn ka kadamb (hindi) mera samast (blaaug). abhigaman tithi: 25 julaee, 2014.

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