नीबू  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Icon-edit.gif is lekh ka punarikshan evn sampadan hona avashyak hai. ap isamen sahayata kar sakate hain. "sujhav"
kata hua niboo

vitamin si se bharapoor niboo sphoortidayak aur rog nivarak phal hai. isaka rng pila ya hara tatha svad khatta hota hai. niboo chhota ped athava saghan jhadidar paudha hai. isaki shakhaen kantedar, pattiyan chhoti, dnthal patala tatha pattidar hota hai. phool ki kali chhoti aur mamooli rngin ya bilkul saphed hoti hai. praroopik niboo gol ya andakar hota hai. chhilaka patala hota hai, jo goode se bhali bhanti chipaka rahata hai. pakane par yah pile rng ka ya harapan lie hue hota hai. gooda pandur hara, amliy tatha sugndhit hota hai. kosh rasayukt, sundar evn chamakadar hote hain.

prapti

niboo adhikanshat: ushnadeshiy bhagon men paya jata hai. isaka adisthan snbhavat: bharat hi hai. yah himalay ki ushn ghatiyon men jngali roop men ugata hua paya jata hai tatha maidanon men samudratat se 4,000 phut ki oonchaee tak paida hota hai.

kism

niboo ki kee kismen hoti hain, jo pray: praknd ke kam men ati hain, udaharanarth phlorida raf, karana ya khatta niboo, jnbiri adi. kagazi niboo, kagazi kalan, galagal tatha laim silahat hi adhikatar ghareloo upayog men ate hain. inamen kagazi niboo sabase adhik lokapriy hai. sanh 1953 ki ganana ke anusar bharat men niboo prajati ke phalon ke antargat anumanit kshetr 1,28,068 ekad tha, jisamen 79 pratishat tatha 16.2 pratishat kshetr kramash: sntare tatha niboo ke antargat the. isake utpadan ke sthan madras, bnbee, bngal, pnjab, madhy pradesh, maharashtr, haidarabad, dilli, patiyala, uttar pradesh, maisoor tatha badauda hain.

niboo ke ped

jalavayu

niboo ke paudhe ke lie pala atynt hanikarak hai. yah dakshin bharat men achchhi tarah paida ho sakata hai, kyonki vahan ka jalavayu ushn hota hai aur pala tatha shitavayu ka nitant abhav rahata hai. paudhe vibhinn prakar ki bhoomi men bhali prakar ugate hain, parntu upajaoo tatha saman banavat ki domat mitti, jo ath phut ki gaharaee tak ek si ho, adarsh samajhi jati hai. sthayi roop se pani ekatrit rahana, athava sadaiv oonche star tak pani vidyaman rahana, ya jahan pani ka star ghatata-badhata rahe, aise sthan paudhon ki vriddhi ke lie anupayukt hain.

ropan

niboo ke paudhe sadharanataya bij tatha gooti se utpann kie jate hain. niyamanusar paudhon ko 20-20 phut ke antar par lagana chahie. isake lie 2' x 2' x 2' ke gaddhe upayukt hain. inamen barasat ke thik pahale gobar ki sadi huee khad, ya knpost khad, ek man prati gaddhe ke hisab se dalani chahie. paudhe lagate samay gaddhe ke madhy se thodi mitti hatakar usamen paudha laga dena chahie aur us sthan se nikali huee mitti jad ke charon or lagakar daba deni chahie. julaee ki varsha ke bad jab mitti achchhi tarah baith jae tabhi paudha lagana chahie. paudhe lagate samay yah bhi dhyan rakhana chahie ki zamin men inaki gaharaee utani hi rahe jitani rop men thi. paudhe lagane ke bad tunrat hi pani de dena chahie. jalavrishti par nirbhar rahane vale kshetron ke atirikt any kshetron men kee bar sinchaee ki avashyakata padati hai. sinchaee ka pariman jalavrishti ke vitaran evn matra par nirbhar hai.

kachche niboo

sinchaee men upayukt savadhaniyan

  • har sinchaee men pani itani hi matra men dena chahie jisase bhoomi men pani ki ardrata 4-6 pratishat tak vidyaman rahe. sinchaee karane ki sabase upayukt vidhi 'ring' riti hai.
  • niboo prajati ke sabhi prakar ke phalon ke lie khad ki koee nishchit matra abhistavit nahin ki ja sakati hai. par sadharan roop se niboo ke lie 40 ser gobar ki khad, ek ser suparaphaausphet tatha adha ser paauteshiyam salphet paryapt hota hai. gaun tatvon ki bhi isako avashyakata padati hai, jinamen mukhy jasta, boron, tanba tatha mainganiz hain.
  • jahan par sinchaee ke sadhan hain, vahan par antarashasy lagana labhaprad hoga. dakshin bharat tatha asam men anannas tatha papita niboo ke pedon ke bich men lagate hain. inake atirikt tarakariyan jaise gajar, tamatar, mooli, mirch tatha baingan adi bhi saralatapoorvak utpann kie ja sakate hain.
  • niboo prajati ke paudhon ko siddhant: kam kat-chhant ki avashyakata padati hai. jo kuchh kat chhant ki bhi jati hai, vah pedon ki vanchhaniy akar dene ke lie aur achchhi dasha men rakhane ke lie ki jati hai.
niboo v shiknji

niboo ke phoolane ka samay

uttari bharat men sadharanat: phal sal men do bar ate hain, parntu inake phoolane ka pramukh samay vasnt ritu (pharavari-march) hai. isake utpadan ki koee vishvasaniy snkhya prapt nahin hai, kintu niboo ki vibhinn kismon ka utpadan prati ped 150 se 1000 phalon ke lagabhag hota hai.

upayogita

niboo ki upayogita jivan men bahut adhik hai. isaka prayog adhikata se bhojy padarthon men kiya jata hai. isase vibhinn prakar ke padarth jaise tel, pektin, sitrik aml, ras, skvash tatha sar adi taiyar kie jate hain.

niboo ke rog v hani

niboo ko anek prakar ke rog tatha kide bhi hani pahunchate hain. inamen se shalk, niboo kainkar, saitras red mait, grin mold, mili bag ityadi pramukh hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh


tika tippani aur sndarbh

lal, avadhobihari “khand 6”, hindi vishvakosh, 1966 (hindi), bharatadiskavari pustakalay: nagari pracharini sabha varanasi, 392-393.


bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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