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varsha

vayu men mila jalavashp shital padarthon ke snpark men ane se snghanan ke karan osank tak pahunchata hai. jab vayu ka tap osank se niche gir jata hai, tab jalavashp pani ki boondon athava olon ke roop men dharatal par girane lagata hai. isi ko varsha kahate hain. kisi bhi sthan par kisi nishchit samay men barase hue jalakanon tatha himakanon se prapt jal ki matra ko vahan ki varsha ka map kahate hain. garami ke karan utpann jalavashp oopar akash men jakar phailata hai evn thnda hota hai. at: jaise-jaise vayu oopar uthati hai, usamen jalavashp dharan karane ki kshamata kam hoti jati hai. yahan tak ki adhik oopar uthane se vayu ka tap us ank tak pahunch jata hai, jahan vayu jalavashp dharan kar sakati hai. isase bhi kam tap ho jane par, jalavashp jalakanon men parivartit ho jata hai. isi se badalon ka nirman hota hai. phir badal jal ke karan dharatal par baras padate hain. jalakan banane ke uparant bhi yadi vayu ka tap kam hote hote himank se bhi kam ho jata hai, to jalakan himakanon ka roop dharan kar lete hain jisase himavarsha hoti hai. varsha ke lie do baten avashyak hain:

  1. hava men paryapt matra men jalavashp ka hona
  2. vashp se bhari havaon ka shital padarthon ke snpark men ane se thnda hona aur osank tak pahunchana

varsha tin prakar

snvahaniy varsha

is prakar ki varsha adhikatar bhoomadhyarekhiy pradeshon men pray: prati din hoti hai. bhoomadhyarekha par adhik garami padane se samudron se prachur matra men jalavashp banakar vayu men mila karata hai; garami aur vashp ke karan ardr vayu halki hokar oopar uthati hai aur isaka sthan grahan karane ke lie any havaen ati rahati hain. oopar uthi vayu oopar jakar thndi hoti hai tatha phailati hai. vashp ki matra adhik hone se osank tak pahunchane ke lie tap ko kam girana padata hai. at: vashp shighr jal ka roop le leta hai aur prati din pray: do baje ke bad ghanaghor varsha hoti hai. is varsha ko snvahaniy varsha kahate hain.

parvatakrit varsha

varsha

vashp se bhari havaon ke marg men parvaton ka avarodh ane par in havaon ko oopar uthana padata hai jisase parvaton ke oopar jame him ke prabhav se tatha hava ke phailakar thnda hone ke karan hava ka vashp boondon ke roop men akar dharatal par baras padata hai. ye havaen parvat ke doosari or maidan men utarate hi garam ho jati hain aur asapas ke vatavaran ko bhi garam kar deti hai. vishv ke adhikatar bhagon men isi prakar ki varsha hoti hai. manasooni pradeshon (bharat) men bhi isi prakar ki varsha hoti hai. is varsha ko parvatakrit varsha kahate hain.

chakravat varsha

is prakar ki varsha garam aur shital vayurashiyon ke apas men milane se hoti hai, kyonki halki garam vayu oopar uthati hai tatha bhari shital vayu niche baithati hai. at: oopar uthane vali vayu thndi hokar varsha karane lagati hai. is prakar varsha pray: shitoshn katibndh men hua karati hai.

desh men varsha ka vitaran
varsha vivaran kshetr
adhik varsha yahan varshik varsha ki matra 200 semi. se adhik hoti hai. asam, arunachal pradesh, meghalay, sikkim, konkan, malabar tat, dakshin kanara, manipur evn meghalay.
sadharan varsha is kshetr men varshik varsha ki matra 100 se 200 semi. tak hoti hai. pashchimi ghat ka poorvottar dhal, pashchim bngal ka dakshini–pashchimi kshetr, udisa, bihar, dakshini-poorvi uttar pradesh ityadi.
nyoon varsha yahan 50 se 100 semi. varshik varsha hoti hai. madhy pradesh, dakshin ka pathari bhag, gujarat, karnatak, poorvi rajasthan, dakshini pnjab, hariyana tatha dakshini uttar pradesh.
aparyapt varsha yahan varsha 50 semi. se bhi kam hoti hai. kachchh, pashchimi rajasthan, laddakh adi.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

“khand 10”, hindi vishvakosh, 1968 (hindi), bharatadiskavari pustakalay: nagari pracharini sabha varanasi, 392.

bahari kadiyan

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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