कोंकण  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Icon-edit.gif is lekh ka punarikshan evn sampadan hona avashyak hai. ap isamen sahayata kar sakate hain. "sujhav"
konkan ka ek drishy

konkan bharat ke pashchimi bhag men sahy parvat aur arab sagar ke bich us bhoobhag ki vah patali patti hai jisamen thana, kolaba, ratnagiri, bnbee aur usake upanagar, gomantak (gova) tatha usake dakshin ka kuchh ansh sammilit hai. yah bhag konkan kahalata hai. konkan ka kshetr phal 3,907 vargamil hai.

itihas

prachin kal men bhadoch se dakshin ka bhoobhag aparant kahalata tha aur usi ko konkan bhi kahate the. satavin shati ee. ke grnth prapnchahriday men konkan ka koopak, keral, mooshak, alook, pashukonkan aur parakonkan ke roop men ullekh hua hai. sahyadri khnd men sat konkan kahe ge hai- keral, tulng, saurashtr, konkan, karahat, karnat aur barbar. isase aisa jan padata hai ki lat se lekar keral tak ki samast patti konkan mani jati thi. chini yatri yuvanachvang ke varnan se aisa pratit hota he ki konkan se vanavasi, belagav, dharavad, aur ghatapalikad ka pradesh abhipret tha. madhyakal men konkan ke tin bhag kahe jate the- tapi se lekar basee tak barbar, vahan se banakot tak virat aur usake age devagadh tak kirat kaha jata tha. prachin sahity men ise aparant ka uttari bhag mana gaya hai. mahabharat[1] men aparant bhoomi ka sagar dvara parashuram ke lie utsarjit kiye jane ka ullekh hai. konkan ka ullekh dashakumaracharit ke athaven uchchhavas men hai.[2]

namakaran

is pradesh ke namakaran ke snbndh men logon men anek prakar ke pravad prachalit hain. ek mat ke anusar parashuram ki mata kunkana ke nam par is pradesh ko konkan kahate hain. is kshetr men jamadagni, parashuram aur renuka ki moorti konkan dev ke nam se poojit hain. kuchh log isake mool men cher desh ke kang athava kongu ko dekhate hai; kuchh isaka vikas tamil bhasha se manate hai. vastusthiti jo bhi ho, yah nam eesa poorv chauthi shati se hi prachalit chala a raha hai. mahabharat, harivnsh, vishnu puran, varamihirakrit brihatsnhita, kalhan krit rajarngini evn chaluky nareshon ke abhilekhon men konkan ka ullekh hai. periplas, plini taaulemi, stebo, alaberooni adi videshon lekhakon ne bhi isaki charcha ki hai. un dinon yoonan, misr, chin adi desh ke log bhi is desh aur isake nam se parichit the. bebilon, rom adi ke sath isaka vyaparik snbndh tha. bhadoch, chal, banavasi, navasari, shoorparak, chndrapur aur kalyan vyapar ke kendr the.

konkan par adhikar

konkan tat

eesa poorv ki tisari-doosari shati men yah pradesh maury samrajy ke antargat tha. pashchath is pradesh par satavahanon ka adhikar hua. chauthi-panchavi shati ee. men yah kalachuri nareshon ke adhikar men aya. chhathin shati ee. men yahan sthaniy chalukyanaresh pulakeshin ne apana adhikar sthapit kiya. usake ad lagabhag sadhe char sau varsh tak yah bhoobhag silahar nareshon ke adhikar men raha. 1260 ee. men devagiri naresh mahadev ne ise apane rajy men sammilit kiya. 1347 ee. men yadav naresh nagaradev ko parajit kar gujarat sulatan ne is par apana adhikar jamaya. jab 16vin shati ka purtagaliyon ne bharat men pravesh kiya to unhonne yahan ke nivasiyon ka dharmonmoolan kar eesaee mat phailaya. chhatrapati shivaji ke samay jnjira ko chhodakar samoocha konkan unake adhikar men raha, pashchath 1739 ee. tak purtagaliyon ka is par ek chhatr adhikar raha. us varsh chimanaji appa ne basee ke qile ko jit kar purtagaliyon ki satta nasht kar di aur konkan par peshava ki satta sthapit huee, pashchath vah angrezon ke adhikar men chala gaya.

konkan pradesh men anek bauddh evn hindoo layan hain. thana zile men kanheri, kandibt, jogeshvari mndapeshvar, magathan, dharapuri (eliphainta) kondane adi sthanon ke layan kafi prasiddh hain.

bhaugolik drishti

bhaugolik drishti se is bhoobhag men 75 se 100 inch tak varsha prati varsh hoti hai. samudr tatiy kshetron men nariyal ke vriksh hote hain aur pashchimi ghat ke dhal vanon se achchhadit hai. is pradesh men koee badi aur mahattvapoorn nadi nahin hain. phir bhi yah kshetr kafi upajaoo hai. dhan, dal, chara, kafi paida hoti hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. mahabharat shanti parv 49, 66-67
  2. mathur, vijayendr kumar aitihasik sthanavali, dvitiy snskaran- 1990 (hindi), bharat diskavari pustakalay: vaigyanik tatha takaniki shabdavali ayog, prishth snkhya- 228.

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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