देवगिरि  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

daulatabad qila, maharashtr

devagiri aurngabad zila, maharashtr rajy, dakshin-pashchim bharat men sthit prakhyat nagar hai. yah prachin samay men yadavon ki rajadhani thi. devagiri adhunik daulatabad ka prachin nam hai. isaki sthapana yadav vnsh ke raja bhillam dvara ki gee thi. bad ke samay muslim akramanakariyon ka devagiri par hamala hua. pahale is par khilaji sultan alauddin khilaji ne phir muhammad bin tugalaq ne adhikar kiya. muhammad tugalak ne devagiri ko jitakar apani rajadhani banaya aur isaka nam badalakar 'daulatabad' rakh diya tha. mugal badashah akabar ke samay men devagiri ko mugalon ne jit liya aur ise mugal samrajy men shamil kar liya gaya. mugalon yah adhikar badashah aurngazeb ke rajy kal tak bana raha.

itihas

jain pndit hemadri ke kathananusar devagiri ki sthapana yadav naresh bhilamm (pratham) ne ki thi. yadav naresh pahale chaluky rajy ke adhin the. bhilamm ne 1187 ee. men svatntr rajy sthapit karake devagiri men apani rajadhani banaee. usake pautr sinhan ya singhan ne pray: snpoorn pashchimi chaluky rajy apane adhikar men kar liya. devagiri ke qile par alauddin khilaji ne pahali bar 1294 ee. men chadhaee ki thi. pahale to yadav naresh ne usaka karad hona svikar kar liya, kintu pichhe se unhonne dilli ke sultan ko khiraj dena band kar diya, jisake phalasvaroop 1307, 1310 aur 1318 ee. men malik kafoor ne phir devagiri par akraman kiya.

nam parivartan

yahan ka antim raja harapal sinh yuddh men parajit hua aur kroor sultan ki agya se usaki khal khinchava li gee. 1338 ee. men muhammad tugalak ne devagiri ko apani rajadhani banane ka nishchay kiya, kyonki muhammad tugalak ke vishal samrajy ki dekharekh dilli ki apeksha devagiri se adhik achchhi tarah ki ja sakati thi. sultan ne dilli ki praja ko devagiri jane ke lie balath vivash kiya. 17 varsh pashchath devagiri ke logon ko asim kasht bhogate dekhakar is utavale sultan ne phir unhen dilli vapas a jane ka adesh diya. saikadon mil ki yatra ke pashchath dilli ke nivasi kisi prakar phir apane ghar pahunche. muhammad tugalak ne devagiri ka nam badalakar daulatabad rakha aur varngal ke rajaon ke viruddh yuddh karane ke lie is sthan ko apana adhar banaya tha. kintu uttar bharat men gadabad prarambh ho jane ke karan vah adhik samay tak rajadhani devagiri men nahin rakh saka.

nizam asafashah ka adhikar

muhammad tugalak ke rajy kal men prasiddh aphriki yatri ibnabatoota daulatabad aya tha. usane is nagar ki samriddhi ka varnan karate hue use dilli ke samakaksh hi bataya hai. rajadhani ke dilli vapas a jane ke kuchh hi samay pashchath gulabarga ke soobedar jafar khan ne daulatabad par qabza kar liya aur yah nagar is prakar bahamani sultanon ke hathon men a gaya. yah sthiti 1526 tak rahi. ab is nagar par nizamashahi sultanon ka adhikar ho gaya. tatpashchath mugal samrat akabar ka ahamadanagar par qabza ho jane par daulatabad bhi mugal samrajy men sammilit ho gaya. kintu pun: ise shighr hi ahamadanagar ke sultanon ne vapas le liya. 1633 ee. men shahajahan ke senapati ne daulatabad par qabza kar liya aur tab se aurngazeb ke rajy kal ke ant tak yah aitihasik nagar mugalon ke hath men hi raha. aurngazeb ki mrityu ke kuchh samay pashchath muhammadashah ke shasan kal men haidarabad ke pratham nizam asafashah ne daulatabad ko apani nee riyasat men shamil kar liya.

durg ka sthapaty

daulatabad qila, maharashtr

devagiri ka yadav kalin durg ek trikon pahadi par sthit hai. qile ki oonchaee, adhar se 150 phut hai. pahadi samudr tal se 2250 phut oonchi hai. qile ki bahari divar ka ghera 2¾ mil hai aur is divar tatha qile ke adhar ke bich qilabediyon ki tin pnktiyan hain. prachin devagiri nagari isi parakote ke bhitar basi huee thi. kintu usake sthan par ab keval ek ganv najar ata hai. qile ke kul ath phatak hain. divaron par kahin-kahin aj bhi purani topon ke avashesh pade hue hain. is durg men ek andhera bhoomigat marg bhi hai, jise 'andheri' kahate hain. is marg men kahin-kahin par gahare gadhade bhi hain, jo shatru ko dhokhe se gahari khaee men girane ke lie banaye gaye the. marg ke pravesh dvar par lohe ki badi angithiyan bani hain, jinamen akramanakariyon ko bahar hi rokane ke lie ag sulaga kar dhuan kiya jata tha. qile ki pahadi men kuchh apoorn gufaen bhi hain, jo elora ki gufaon ke samakalin hain.

smarak

devagiri ke pramukh smarak hain-

  1. chand minar
  2. chini mahal
  3. zama masjid

chand minar

chand minar 210 phut oonchi aur adhar ke pas 70 phut chaudi hai. yah minar dakshin bharat men muslim vastukala ki sundaratam kutiyon men se ek hai. isako alauddin bahamani ne qile ki vijay ke upalakshy men banavaya tha. minar ka adhar 15 phut ooncha hai. isamen 24 koshth hain. snpoorn minar par pahale sundar eerani patthar jade hue the. isake dakshin ki or ek chhoti masjid hai, jo jaisa ki ek farasi abhilekh se soochit hota hai, 849 hijari (=1445 ee.) men bani thi.

chini mahal

chini mahal qile ke ashtam phatak se 40 phut daeen or hai. yah bhavan pahale bahut sundar tha. isi men aurngazeb ne golakunda ke antim shasak abuhasan tanashah ko qaid kiya tha. yadav kalin imaraton ke avashesh ab nahin ke barabar hain. keval kalika deval, jisake madhy bhag ko malik kafoor ne masjid men parivartit kar diya tha, maujood hai.

zama masjid

chini mahal ke pas hi jama masjid hai, jisamen prachin bharatiy shaili ke stambh aur sapat daravaze hain. ise 1313 ee. men mubarak khilaji ne banavaya tha. kinvadnti hai ki bahamani vnsh ke snsthapak hasan gngoo ka rajyabhishek isi masjid men 1347 ee. men hua tha. akabar ke samakalin itihas lekhak farishta ne isaka varnan kiya hai.

any pramukh sthan

devagiri ke any ullekhaniy sthan hain- kaaritnka, hathi hauj, janardan svami ki samadhi tatha shahajahan aur nizamashahi sultanon ke banavaye hue kuchh mahalon ke bhagnavashesh. jain stotr tirthamala chaityavndan men devagiri ko 'suragiri' kaha gaya hai.

inhen bhi dekhen: daulatabad


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

aitihasik sthanavali |lekhak: vijayendr kumar mathur |prakashak: vaigyanik tatha takaniki shabdavali ayog, manav snsadhan vikas mntralay, bharat sarakar |prishth snkhya: 444 |


snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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