गोलकुंडा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

golakunda
golakunda qila
vivaran golakunda ek qila v bhagnashesh nagar hai jo andhr pradesh rajy ki rajadhani haidarabad men sthit hai.
rajy andhr pradesh
zila haidarabad
sthapana 1600 ee.
bhaugolik sthiti uttar- 17.38°, poorv- 78.40°
marg sthiti golakunda qila haidarabad se 11 kilomitar pashchim men sthit hai.
prasiddhi kutubashahi samrajy ki prarambhik rajadhani golakunda hiron ke vishv prasiddh bazar ke roop men prasiddh thi.
kaise pahunchen havaee jahaj, rel, bas, taiksi
havaee adda rajiv gandhi antarrashtriy havaee adda
relave steshan sinkadarabad relave steshan, namapalli relave steshan, kachiguda relave steshan
bas adda mahatma gandhi (imliban) bas adda
yatayat taiksi, aauto-riksha, saikil riksha, bas adi.
kahan thaharen hotal, atithi grah, dharmashala
kya khayen haidarabadi birayani, mirchi ka salan, bharava baingan, halim, kabab
es.ti.di. kod 040
e.ti.em lagabhag sabhi
Map-icon.gif googal manachitr
snbndhit lekh charaminar, husain sagar jhil, neharoo jaivik udyan
any janakari golakunda ka qila 400 phut oonchi kanashm (grenait) ki pahadi par sthit hai. isake tin parakote hain aur isaka parimap sat mil ke lagabhag hai. is par 87 burj bane hain.
adyatan‎

golakunda ek qila v bhagnashesh nagar hai. yah andhr pradesh ka ek aitihasik nagar hai. haidarabad se panch mil pashchim ki or bahamani vnsh ke sultanon ki rajadhani golakunda ke vistrit khndahar sthit hain. golakunda ka prachin durg varngal ke hindoo rajaon ne banavaya tha. ye devagiri ke yadav tatha varngal ke kakatiy nareshon ke adhikar men raha tha. in rajyavnshon ke shasan ke chihn tatha kee khndit abhilekh durg ki divaron tatha dvaron par ankit milate hain. 1364 ee. men varngal naresh ne is qile ko bahamani sultan mahamood shah ke havale kar diya tha.

itihas

itihasakar farishta likhata hai ki bahamani vnsh ki avanati ke pashchath 1511 ee. men golakunda ke pratham sultan ne apana svatntr rajy sthapit kar liya tha. kintu qile ke andar sthit jama masjid ke ek farasi abhilekh se gyat hota hai ki, 1518 ee. men bhi golakunda ka snsthapak kuli kutubashah, mahamood shah bahamani ka samant aur ek turki adhikari tha.
golakunda qila, haidarabad
usane 1543 tak golakunda par shasan kiya. yah aitihasik shahar bahamani samrajy ke 'tilng' ya vartaman telngana prant ki rajadhani tha. golakunda ke akhiri sultan ka darabari aur sipahasalar abdurrajjak lari tha. kutubashah ke bad usaka putr 'jamashed' sinhasan par baitha. jamashed ke bad golakunda ka shasak 'ibrahim' bana, jisane vijayanagar se sngharsh kiya. 1580 ee. men ibrahim ki mrityu ke pashchath usaka putr 'muhammad kuli' (1580-1612 ee.) usaka uttaradhikari hua. vah haidarabad nagar ka snsthapak aur dakkani urdoo men likhit pratham kavy sngrah ya ‘divan’ ka lekhak tha. golakunda ka hi prasiddh amir 'mirajumala' mugalon se mil gaya tha.

kutubashahi samrajy ki prarambhik rajadhani golakunda hiron ke vishv prasiddh bazar ke roop men prasiddh thi, jabaki musalipattan kutubashahi samrajy ka vishv prasiddh bandaragah tha. is kal ke prarambhik bhavanon men sultan kutubashah dvara golakunda men nirmit 'jami masjid' ullekhaniy hai. haidarabad ke snsthapak 'muhammad kuli' dvara haidarabad men nirmit charaminar ki ganana bhavy imaraton men hoti hai. sultan muhammad kuli ko adi urdoo kavy ka janmadata mana jata hai. sultan 'abdulla' mahanh kavi evn kaviyo ka snrakshak tha. usake dvara snrakshit mahanatamh kavi 'malik-us-shora' tha, jisane tin masanaviyo ki rachana ki. ayogy shasak ke karan, antatah 1637 ee. men aurngajeb ne golakunda ko mugal samrajy men mila liya. bahamani samrajy se svatntr hone vale rajy kramash barar, bijapur, ahamadanagar, golakunda tatha bidar hain.

paryatan

golakunda qila

golakunda ka qila 400 phut oonchi kanashm (grenait) ki pahadi par sthit hai. isake tin parakote hain aur isaka parimap sat mil ke lagabhag hai. is par 87 burj bane hain. durg ke andar qutubashahi begamon ke bhavan ullekhaniy hai. inamen taramati, pemamati, hayat bakhshi begam aur bhagamati (jo haidarabad ya bhaganagar ke snsthapak kuli qutub shah ki preyasi thi) ke mahalon se anek madhur akhyayiki ka snbndh bataya jata hai. qile ke andar naumahalla namak any imaraten hain. jinhen haidarabad ke nijamon ne banavaya tha. inaki manohari batikaen tatha sundar jalashay inake saundary ko dvigunit kar dete hain. qile se tin phalang par ibrahim bag men sat qutubashahi sultanon ke maqbare hain. jinake nam hain-

  • kuli qutub
  • subhan qutub
  • jamashedakuli
  • ibrahim
  • muhammad kuli qutub
  • muhammad qutub
  • abdulla qutubashah
golakunda qila, haidarabad

premavati v hayat bakhshi begamon ke maqbare bhi isi udyan ke andar hain. in maqbaron ke adhar vargakar hain tatha in par gunbadon ki chhaten hain. charon or vithikaen bani hain jinake maharab nukile hain. ye vithikaen kee sthanon par dumnjili bhi hain. maqbaron ke hindoo vastukala ke vishisht chihn kamal pushp tatha patr aur kaliyan, shrinkhalaen, prakshipt chhajje, svastikakar stnbhashirsh adi bane hue hain. golakunda durg ke mukhy pravesh dvar men yadi zor se karatal dhvani ki jae to usaki goonj durg ke sarvochch bhavan ya kaksh men pahunchati hai. ek prakar se yah dhvani ahvan ghnti ke saman thi. durg se dedh mil par taramati ki chhatari hai. yah ek pahadi par sthit hai. dekhane men yah vargakar hai aur isaki do mnzile hain. kinvadnti hai ki taramati, jo qutubashahi sultanon ki preyasi tatha prasiddh nartaki thi, qile tatha chhatari ke bich bndhi huee ek rassi par chandani men nrity karati thi. sadak ke doosari or premavati ki chhatari hai. yah bhi qutubashahi nareshon ki premapatri thi. himayat sagar sarovar ke pas hi pratham nizam ke pitamah chinakilichakhan ka maqbara hai.

akraman

28 janavari, 1627 ee. ko aurngazeb ne golakunda ke qile par akraman kiya aur tabhi mugal sena ke ek nayak ke roop men kilich khan ne bhi is akraman men bhag liya tha. yuddh men isaka ek hath top ke gole se ud gaya tha jo maqbare se adha mil door qismatapur men gada hua hai. isi ghav se isaka kuchh din bad nidhan ho gaya. kaha jata hai ki marate vaqt bhi kilich khan jara bhi vichalit nahin hua tha aur aurngazeb ke pradhanamntri jamadatul mulk asad ne, jo usase milane aya tha, use chupachap kafi pite dekha tha. shivaji ne bijapur aur golakunda ke sultanon ko bahut sntrast kiya tha tatha unake anek qilon ko jit liya tha. unaka atnk bijapur aur golakunda par bahut samay tak chhaya raha jisaka varnan hindi ke prasiddh kavi bhooshan ne kiya hai- bijapur golakunda agara dilli kot baje baje roz daravaze udharat hain.

prasiddhi

golakunda pahale hiron ke lie vikhyat tha. jinamen se kohinoor hira sabase mashahoor hai.

panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

vithika

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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