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kunbhalagadh durg, udayapur

kumbhalagadh durg rajasamand zila, udayapur ki kelavada tahasil men sthit hai. yah udayapur ke uth‍tar-pashh‍chim men lagabhag 80 ki.mi. door aravali parvat shrinkhala ke bich sh‍thit hai. samarik mahattv ke karan ise rajasthan ke dvitiy mahattvapoorn qile ka sh‍than diya jata hai. isake nirman ka shrey maharana kumbha ko jata hai, jinh‍honne 1443 se 1458 ke bich prasiddh vash‍tukar mndan ke paryavekshan men isaka nirman karavaya. aisa vishh‍vas kiya jata hai ki is qile ka nirman prachin mahal ke sh‍thal par hi karavaya gaya tha, jo eesa poorv doosari shatabh‍di ke jain rajakumar 'samprati' se snbaddh tha.

nirman

kumbhalagadh rajasthan hi nahin, apitu bharat ke sabhi durgon men vishisht sthan rakhata hai. udayapur se 70 ki.mi door samudr tal se 1087 mitar ooncha aur 30 ki.mi. vyas men phaila yah durg mevad ke maharana kumbha ki soojhaboojh v pratibha ka anupam smarak hai. is durg ka nirman samrat ashok ke dusare putr samprati ke banaye durg ke avasheshon par 1443 se shuroo hokar 15 varshon bad 1458 men poora hua tha. durg ka nirman kary poorn hone par maharana kumbha ne sikke bhi dhalavaye, jin par durg aur usaka nam ankit tha. vastushastr ke niyamanusar bane is durg men pravesh dvar, prachir, jalashay, bahar jane ke lie snkatakalin dvar, mahal, mandir, avasiy imarate, ygy vedi, stambh aur chhatriyan adi bane hue hai.[1]

snrachana

kumbhalagadh durg ki divar

kumbhalagadh qile ka 'areth pol' namak daravaza kelavade ke kasbe se pashchim men kuchh doori par 700 phut oonchi nal chadhane par bana hai. hamesha yahan rajy ki or se pahara hua karata tha. is sthan se qarib ek mil (lagabhag 1.6 ki.mi.) ki doori par 'halla pol' hai, jahan se thoda aur age chalane par 'hanuman pol' par jaya ja sakata hai. hanuman pol ke pas hi maharana kumbha dvara sthapit bhagavan shriram ke bhakt hanuman ki moorti hai. isake bad 'vijay pol' namak daravaza ata hai, jahan ki kuchh bhoomi samatal tatha kuchh nichi hai. yahin se prarambh hokar pahadi ki ek choti bahut oonchaee tak chali gee hai. usi par qile ka sabase ooncha bhag bana hua hai. is sthan ko 'kaharagadh' kahate hain. vijay pol se age badhane par bhairavapol, niboo pol, chaugan pol, pagada pol tatha ganesh pol ate hai.

mandir nirman shaili

hinduon tatha jainon ke kee mandir vijay pol ke pas ki samatal bhoomi par bane hue hain. nilaknth mahadev ka bana mandir yahan par apane oonche-oonche sundar stambhon vale baramade ke lie jana jata hai. is tarah ke baramade vale mandir prayah nahin milate. mandir ki is shaili ko karnal taaud jaise itihasakar grik (yoonani) shaili batalate hain. lekin kee vidvanh isase sahamat nahin hain.

kunbhalagadh durg, udayapur

ygy sthal

vedi yahan ka doosara ullekhaniy sthan hai, maharana kumbha. jo shilpashastr ke gyata the, unhonne ygy adi ke uddeshy se shastrokt riti se banavaya tha. rajapootana men prachin kal ke ygy-sthanon ka yahi ek smarak shesh rah gaya hai. ek do mnjilen bhavan ke roop men isaki imarat hai, jisake oopar ek gumbad bani huee hai. is gumbad ke niche vale hisse se jo charon taraf se khula hua hai, dhuna nikalane ka pravadhan hai. isi vedi par kumbhalagadh ki pratishtha ka ygy bhi hua tha. qile ke sabase oonche bhag par bhavy mahal bane hue hain.

kund tatha prashastiyan

niche vali bhoomi men 'bhalivan' (bavadi) aur 'mamadev ka kund' hai. maharana kumbha isi kund par baithe apane jyeshth putr udayasinh (ooda) ke hathon mare gaye the. 'kumbhasvami' namak ek bhagavan vishnu ka mandir maharana ne isi kund ke nikat 'mamavat' namak sthan par banavaya tha, jo abhi bhi tooti-phooti avastha men hai. mandir ke bahari bhag men vishnu ke avataron, deviyon, prithvi, prithviraj adi ki kee moortiyan sthapit ki gee thin. panch shilaon par rana ne prashastiyan bhi khudavaee thin, jisamen unhonne mevad ke rajaon ki vnshavali, unamen se kuchh ka snkshipt parichay tatha apane bhinn-bhinn vijayon ka vistrit-varnan karavaya tha. rana rayamal ke prasiddh putr viravar prithviraj ka dahasthan mamavat ke nikat hi bana hua hai.

ganesh pol ke samane vali samatal bhoomi par gumbadakar mahal tatha devi ka sthan hai. maharana udayasinh ki rani jhali ka mahal yahan se kuchh sidhiyan aur chadhane par tha, jise 'jhali ka maliya' kaha jata tha. ganesh pol ke samane bana hua mahal atyant hi bhavy hai. oonchaee par hone ke karan garmi ke dinon men bhi yahan thndak bani rahati hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
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vithika

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. kumbhalagadh durg (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) gyan darpan. abhigaman tithi: 28 janavari, 2011.

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