जैसलमेर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

jaisalamer vishay soochi
jaisalamer   itihas    shasak    chitrakala    kashidakari    sthapaty kala    bhasha    sahity    dharm    paryatan
jaisalamer
jaisalamer ka ek drishy
vivaran jaisalamer shahar, pashchimi rajasthan rajy, pashchimottar bharat men sthit hai. jaisalamer pile bhoore pattharon se nirmit bhavanon ke lie vikhyat hai.
rajy rajasthan
zila jaisalamer zila
nirman kal 1156 ee.
sthapana rajapooton ke saradar raval jaisal dvara sthapit
bhaugolik sthiti uttar- 26° 92' - poorv- 70° 9'
marg sthiti yah sadak marg jayapur se 558 kimi, ahamadabad se 626 kimi, dilli se 864 kimi, agara se 802 kimi, munbee se 1177 kimi par sthit hai.
prasiddhi jaisalamer naqqashidar haveliyan, registani tile, prachin jain mndiron, melon aur utsavon ke liye prasiddh hain.
kab jaen aktoobar se march
havaee adda jaisalamer havaee adda
relave steshan jaisalamer relave steshan
bas adda bas adda jaisalamer
yatayat aauto riksha aur oont savari
kya dekhen jaisalamer ka qila, marubhoomi rashtriy udyan, kalatmak haveliyan, sonar qila, gadasisar jalashay evn tila ki pol, badal vilas, amarasagar adi
kya khariden kharidadari ke lie manik chauk vishesh taur par prasiddh hai. sila hua knbal aur shaaul, shishe ka kam kiya hua kapada, chandi ke abhooshan aur chitrit kapada, kashidakari ki gee vastuen adi ki kharidadari kar sakate hain.
es.ti.di. kod 02992
Map-icon.gif havaee adda (googal)
any janakari jaisalamer ke pramukh aitihasik smarakon men sarvapramukh yahan ka qila hai. yah 1155 ee. men nirmit hua tha. yah sthapaty ka sundar namoona hai. isamen barah sau ghar bhi hain.

jaisalamer shahar, pashchimi rajasthan rajy, pashchimottar bharat men sthit hai. anupam vastushilp, madhur lok sngit, vipul sanskritik evn aitihasik virasat ko apane men snjoye hue jaisalamer svarn nagari ke roop men vikhyat hai. pile bhoore pattharon se nirmit bhavanon ke lie vikhyat jaisalamer ki sthapana 1156 ee. men rajapooton (rajapootana aitihasik kshetr ke yoddha shasak) ke saradar raval jaisal ne ki thi. raval jaisal ke vnshajon ne yahan bharat ke ganatntr men parivartan hone tak bina vnsh kram ko bhng kie hue 770 varsh satat shasan kiya, jo apane ap men ek mahattvapoorn ghatana hai. saltanat kal ke lagabhag 300 varsh ke itihas men gujarata hua yah rajy mugal samrajy men bhi lagabhag 300 varshon tak apane astitv ko banae rakhane men saksham raha. bharat men angrezi rajy ki sthapana se lekar samapti tak bhi is rajy ne apane vnsh gaurav evn mahattv ko yathavat rakha. bharat ki svatntrata ke pashchath yah bharatiy ganatntr men vilin ho gaya.[1]

visheshata tatha mahattv

yah sara nagar hi pile sundar patthar ka bana hua hai jo nagar ki visheshata hai. yahan ke mndir v prachin bhavan aur prasad bhi isi pile patthar ke bane hue hain aur un par jali ka barik kam kiya hua hai. bharat men jaisalamer paryatan ka sabase akarshak sthal mana jata hai. bharat ke manachitr men jaisalamer aise sthal par sthit hai jahan itihas men isaka vishisht mahattv hai. is rajy ka bharat ke uttar-pashchimi sima par vistrit kshetraphal hone ke karan yahan ke shasakon ne arabon tatha turki ke prarnbhik hamalon ko n keval sahan kiya varanh dridhata ke sath in bahari akramanon se unhen pichhe dhakelakar rajasthan, gujarat tatha madhy bharat ko sadiyon tak surakshit rakha.
jaisalamer ka qila
mevad aur jaisalamer rajasthan ke do rajapoot rajy hai, jo any rajyon se prachin mane jate hain, jahan ek hi vnsh ka lambe samay tak shasan raha hai. halanki jaisalamer rajy ki khyati mevad ke itihas ki tulana men bahut kam huee hai, isaka mukhy karan yah hai ki mugal kal men jahan mevad ke maharanaon ki svadhinata bani rahi vahin any shasak ki bhanti jaisalamer ke maharavalon dvara mugalon se melajol kar liya jo ant tak chalata raha. jaisalamer arthik kshetr men bhi yah rajy ek sadharan ay vala pichhada kshetr raha hai, jisake karan yahan ke shasak kabhi shaktishali sainy bal sngathit nahin kar sake. isake vistrit bhoo-bhag ko daba kar isake padosi rajyon ne ne rajyon ka sngathan kar liya jinamen bikaner, khairapur, mirapur, bahavalapur evn shikarapur adi rajy hain. jaisalamer ke itihas ke sath prachin yaduvnsh tatha mathura ke raja yadu vnsh ke vnshajon ka sindh, pnjab, rajasthan ke bhoo-bhag men palayan aur kee rajyon ki sthapana adi ke anekanek aitihasik v sanskritik prasng jude hue hain. samanyat: logon ki kalpana men yah sthan dhool v andhiyon se ghira registan matr hai. parntu itihas evn kal ke thapede khate hue bhi yahan prachin snskriti, kala, parnpara v itihas apane mool roop men vidyaman raha tatha yahan ke ret ke kan-kan men pichhale ath sau varshon ke itihas ki gathaen bhari huee hain. jaisalamer rajy ne mool bharatiy snskriti, lok shaili, samajik manyataen, nirmanakala, sngitakala, sahity, sthapaty adi ke moolaroopantaran ko banae rakha hai.[1]

bhaugolik snrachana

yah vishal thar marusthal ka ek bada bhag hai. bharatiy ganatntr ke vilinakaran ke samay isaka bhaugolik kshetraphal 16,062 varg mil ke vistrit bhoo-bhag par phaila hua tha. registan ki visham paristhitiyon men sthit hone ke karan yahan ki janasnkhya binsavin sadi ke prarnbh men matr 76,255 thi. jaisalamer rajy bharat ke pashchim bhag men sthit thar ke registan ke dakshin pashchimi kshetr men phaila hua tha. manachitr men jaisalamer rajy ki sthiti uttar- 26° 92' - poorv- 70° 9' poorv deshantar hai. parntu itihas ke ghatanakram ke anusar usaki simaen sadaiv ghatati badhati rahati thi. jisake anusar rajy ka kshetraphal bhi kabhi kam ya zyada hota rahata tha.

jaisalamer ke bazar men kathaputaliyan

bhoo-akriti

isaki pashchim-uttari aur uttari-pashchim sima pakistan ke sath lagati hai tatha uttar-poorv men bikaner, dakshin men badamer tatha poorv men isaki sima jodhapur se milati hai. vishal thar marusthal ka bhag hone ke karan yah kshetr retila, sookha tatha pani ki kami vala hai. poore zile men vibhinn akar-prakar ke baloo ke oonche-oonche tibbon ka vishal sagar sa dikhaee deta hai. yahan door-door tak sthaee v asthaee ret ke oonche-oonche tile hain, jo ki hava, andhiyon ke sath-sath apana sthan bhi badalate rahate hain. inhin retile tilon ke madhy kahin-kahin par patharile pathar v pahadiyan bhi sthit hain. apani inhin visheshataon ke karan jaisalamer 'marusthal ki rajadhani' kahalata hai. is snpoorn ilaqe ka dhal sindh nadi v kachchh ke ran arthath pashchim-dakshin ki or hai.[1] isake asapas ka kshetr, jo pahale ek riyasat tha, lagabhag poori tarah retila bnjar ilaqa hai aur thar registan ka ek hissa hai. yahan ki ekamatr nadi kakani kafi bade ilaqe men phail kar bhij jhil ka nirman karati hai. jvar aur bajara yahan ki mukhy fasalen hain. bakari, oont, bhed aur gayon ka prajanan bade paimane par kiya jata hai. choona - patthar, mulatani mitti aur jipsam ka khanan hota hai.

jalavayu

jaisalamer rajy ka snpoorn bhag retila v patharila hone ke karan yahan ka tapaman mee-joon men adhikatam 48° sentigred tatha disambar-janavari men nyoonatam 4° sentigred rahata hai. yahan snpoorn pradesh men jal ka koee sthaee srot nahin hai. varsha hone par kee sthanon par varsha ka mitha jal ekatr ho jata hai. yahan adhikansh kuon ka jal khara hai tatha varsha ka ekatr kiya hua jal hi ekamatr pani ka sadhan hai.

itihas

12vin shatabdi men jaisalamer apani charam sima par tha. arnbhik 14vin shatabdi men dilli ke sultan alauddin khilaji dvara rajadhani ko nestanabood kie jane ke bad isaka patan ho gaya. bad men yah mugal satta ke adhin ho gaya aur 1818 men isane angrezon ke sath rajanitik snbndh qayam kie. 1949 men yah rajasthan rajy men shamil ho gaya. jaisalamer rajapootane ki prachin riyasat tatha usaka mukhy nagar hai. kinvadnti ke anusar jaisalarav ne jaisalamer ki ninv 1155 ee. (vikram snvat) men dali thi. kaha jata hai ki jaisalarav ke poorv purushon ne hi gazani basaee thi aur unhonne hi raja shalivahan ke samay men syalakot basaya tha. kisi samay jaisalamer bada nagar tha jo ab isake anek rikt bhavanon ko dekhane se soochit hota hai. prachin kal men yahan pila sngamaramar tatha any kee prakar ke patthar tatha mittiyan paee jati thin jinaka achchha vyapar tha. jaisalamer ka itihas atynt prachin raha hai. yah shahar prachin sindhu ghati sabhyata ka kshetr raha hai. vartaman jaisalamer zile ka bhoo-bhag prachin kal men 'madadhara' athava 'vallabhamandal' ke nam se prasiddh tha.[2] aisa mana jata hain ki mahabharat yuddh ke pashchath kalantar men yadavon ka mathura se kafi snkhya men bahirgaman hua. jaisalamer ke bhootapoorv shasakon ke poorvaj jo apane ko bhagavan krishn ke vnshaj manate hain, snbhavata chhathi shatabdi men jaisalamer ke bhoobhag par a base the. zile men yadavon ke vnshaj bhati rajapooton ki pratham rajadhani tanot, doosari laudrava tatha tisari jaisalamer men rahi.

pauranik itihas

valmiki dvara rachit ramayan ke kishkindha kand men pashchim disha ke janapadon ke varnan men marusthali namak janapad ki charcha ki gee hai. daau. e. bi. lal ke anusar yah vahi maru bhoomi hai. mahabharat ke ashvameghik parv men varnan hai ki hastinapur se jab bhagavan shrikrishn dvaraka ja rahe the to unhen raste men baloo, dhool v kanton vala marusthal (marubhoomi) ka registan pada tha. is bhoo-bhag ko mahabharat ke van parv men sindhu-sauvir kahakar sambodhit kiya gaya hai. pandu putr nakul ne apane pashchim digvijay men marubhoomi, sarasvati ki ghati, sindh adi prant ko vijit kar liya tha. yah mahabharat ke sabha parv ke adhyay 32 men varnit hai. marubhoomi adhunik makhad ka hi vistrit kshetr hai.

badabag, jaisalamer

pragaitihasik kal

is pradesh men upalabdh velojoik, mesojoik, evn sonajaik kalin avashesh bhoo-vaigyanik drishti se is pradesh ki pragaitihasik kalin sthiti ko pramanit karate hain. prachin kal men is snpoorn kshetr ko jyootalik chattanon ke avashesh yahan samudr hone ka praman dete hain. yahan se vistrit matra men jivashmon ki hone vali prapti men bhi yahan samudr hone ka praman milata hai. yahan manav ne rahana tab se prarnbh kiya tha, jab yah pradesh sagariy jal se mukt ho gaya. jaisalamer kshetr ki mukhy bhoomi men abhi tak koee utkhanan kary nahin hua hai, parntu isake pashchim men mohanajodado v hadappa, uttar-poorv men kalibnga v poorvi kshetr men sarasvati ke utkhanan ne yah spasht kar diya hai ki is kshetr men adi manav ka astitv avashy raha hoga.

shasak

gadasisar sarovar, jaisalamer

jaisalamer rajy ki sthapana bharatiy itihas ke madhyakal ke prarnbh men 1178 ee. ke lagabhag yaduvnshi bhati ke vnshaj raval-jaisal ke dvara ki gayi. bhati moolat: is pradesh ke nivasi nahin the. yah apani jati ki utpatti mathura v dvarika ke yaduvnshi itihas purush krishn se manate the. krishn ke uparant dvarika ke jalamagn hone ke karan kuchh bache hue yadu log jabulistan, gazani, kabul v lahaur ke as-pas ke kshetron men phail ge the. vahan in logon ne bahubal se achchhi khyati arjit ki thi, parntu madhy eshiya se ane vale turk akramanakariyon ke samane ye zyada nahin tik sake aur lahaur hote hue pnjab ki or agrasar hote hue bhataner namak sthan par apana rajy sthapit kiya. us samay is bhoo-bhag par sthaniy jatiyon ka prabhav tha. at: ye bhataner se pun: agrasar hokar sindh multan ki or badhe. antogatva mumanavah, maroth, tapot, deravar adi sthanon par apane mukam karate hue thar marusthal sthit paramaron ke kshetr men lodrava namak shahar ke shasak ko parajit yahan apani rajadhani sthapit ki thi. is bhoo-bhag men sthit sthaniy jatiyon jinamen paramar, barah, lnga, bhoota, tatha solnki adi pramukh the. inase satat sngharsh ke uparant bhati log is bhoo-bhag ko apane adhin kar sake the. vastut: bhatiyon ke itihas ka yah snpoorn kal satta ke lie sngharsh ka kal nahin tha varanh astitv ko banae rakhane ke lie sngharsh tha, jisamen ye log saphal ho ge.[3]

chitrakala

chitrakala ki drishti se jaisalamer ka vishisht sthan hai. bharat ke pashchim thar marusthal kshetr men vistrit is nagar men door tak maru ke tilon ka vistar hai, vahin kala snsar ka khazana bhi kam mahattvapoorn nahin hai. prachin kal se hi vyaparik svarnim marg ke kendr men hone ke karan jaisalamer aishvary, dharm evn sanskritik avadan ke lie prasiddh raha hai. jaisalamer men sthit sonar qila, chintamani parshvanath jain mndir (1402-1416 ee.), sambhavanath jain mndir (1436-1440 ee.), shantinath-kunthunath jain mndir (1480 ee.), chandraprabhu jain mndir tatha anek vaishnav mndir dharm ke sath-sath kala ke utkrisht udaharan hain. 18vin-19vin shatabdi men bani jaisalamer ki prasiddh haveliyan to sthapaty kala ki bejod misal hai. in haveliyon men bane bhitti chitr kafi sundar hain. salim sinh mehata ki haveli, patavon ki haveli, nathamal ki haveli tatha qile ke prasad aur badal mahal adi ne jaisalamer ki kalatmakata ko aj snsar bhar men prasiddh kar diya hai. jaisalamer men chitrakala ke nirman, sachitr grnthon ki nakal evn prachin hastalikhit grnthon ke snrakshan ke lie jitana yogadan raha hai, utana kisi any sthan ka nahi. jab akramanakari bharatiy sthapaty kala evn pandulipiyon ko nasht kar rahe the, us samay bharat ke sudoor marusthali pashchimanchal men jaisalamer ka trikutakar durg unaki raksha ke lie mahattvapoorn sthan samajha gaya. isalie snbhat, paran, gujarat, aladhyapur evn rajasthan ke any bhagon se prachin sahity, kala ki samagri ko qile ke jain mndiron ke talagharon men surakshit rakha gaya. [4]

kashidakari

nachana haveli, jaisalamer

jaisalamer zile men door-daraj ganvon men gramin mahilaon dvara kapade par kashidakari ka kary badi bariki se kiya jata hai. barik suee se ek-ek tanka nikalakar vibhinn rngon ke dhagon evn zari se kiya jane vala yah kashidakari kary pushtaini hai. yah kashidakari jivikoparjan ke lie hi nahin, varanh svayn ke pahanave ko arkashak banane tatha saundary men vriddhi ke lie bhi avashyak hai, pidhi-dar-pidhi mahilaen yah kary karati aee hain. yah kary graminanchalon ki mahilaon ki vishesh abhiruchi ka pratik hai jisake lie ve parivarik karyon se adhikatam samay nikalati hain.[5] jaisalamer ki kashidakari mahilaon dvara apane sanskritik dharohar ko banae rakhate hue jivan-yapan ka madhyam bhi hai. yah kary samanyatah vastr bechane ke uddeshy se nahin kiya jata hoga, parantu ab paryatan ke vikas evn vistar ke karan isaki mang kafi badh gee hai. aise kashidakari vastron ki mang videshon men khasakar badhi hai. isase rajasthani snskriti videshon men ghar karati ja rahi hai.

sthapaty kala

jaisalamer ke sanskritik itihas men yahan ke sthapaty kala ka alag hi mahattv hai. kisi bhi sthan vishesh par pae jane vale sthapaty se vahan rahane valon ke chintan, vichar, vishvas evn bauddhik kalpanashilata ka abhas hota hai. jaisalamer men sthapaty kala ka kram rajy ki sthapana ke sath durg nirman se arnbh hua, jo nirntar chalata raha. yahan ke sthapaty ko rajakiy tatha vyaktigat donon ka satat prashray milata raha. is kshetr ke sthapaty ki abhivyakti yahan ke qilon, gadhiyon, rajabhavanon, mndiron, haveliyon, jalashayon, chhatariyon v jan-sadharan ke prayog men laye jane vale makanon adi se hoti hai. jaisalamer nagar men har 20-30 kilomitar ke phasale par chhote-chhote durg drishtigochar hote hain, ye durg vigat 1000 varshon ke itihas ke mook gavah hain.
sonar qila, jaisalamer
durg nirman men sundarata ke sthan par mazabooti tatha suraksha ko dhyan men rakha jata tha. parntu yahan ke durg mazabooti ke sath-sath sundarata ko bhi dhyan mn rakhakar banaye gaye. durgon men ek hi mukhy dvar rakhane ke parnpara rahi hai. durg mukhyatah pattharon dvara nirmit hain, parntu kishanagadh, shahagadh adi durg isake apavad hain. ye durg pakki eenton ke bane hain. pratyek durg men char ya isase adhik burj banae jate the. ye durg ko mazabooti, sundarata v samarik mahattv pradan karate the. [6]

bhasha

yahan par boli mukhyatah rajasthan ke maravad kshetr men boli jane vali maravadi bhasha ka hi ek bhag hai. parantu jaisalamer kshetr men boli jane vali bhasha thali ya thar ke registan ki bhasha hai. isaka svaroop rajy ke vibhinn sthanon par bhinn-bhinn hai. udaharan svaroop lakha, mahajalar ke ilaqe men malani ghat v manh bhashaon ka mishran bola jata hai. paragana sam, sahagadh v ghotadoo ki bhasha men that, manh v sindhi bhasha ka mishran bol-chal ki bhasha hai. visanagadh, khoodi, nachana adi paraganon men jo bahavalapur, sindh se snlagn hai, manh, bikaneri v sindhi bhasha ka mishran hai. isi prakar lathi, pokaran, phalaudi ke kshetr men ghat v manh bhasha ka mishran hai. rajasthan rajadhani men boli jon vali in sabhi boliyon ka mishran hai, jo ghat, manh, sindhi, malani, pnjabi, gujarati bhasha ka sundar mishran hai.[7]

sahity

oont, jaisalamer

maru snskriti ka pratik jaisalamer kala v sahity ka kendr raha hai. usane hamari prachin sanskritik dharohar ko surakshit rakhane men ek prahari ki tarah kary kiya hai. jain shrati ki vikram snvath 1500 khatar gachchhachary jin bhadrasoori ke nirdeshanusar v jaisalamer ke maharaval chachagadev ke samay gujarat sthal paran se jain grnthon ka bahut bana bhandara jaisalamer durg men sthanantarit kiya gaya tha. any jan shruti ke anusar yah sngrah chndravali namak nagar ka muslim akraman men poornat- dhvast hone par surakshit sthan ki talash men yahan laya gaya tha. is vishal sngrah ko anek jain muni, dharmacharyon, shravakon evn vidushi sadhviyon dvara samay-samay par apani utkrisht rachanaon dvara badhaya diya gaya. yahan rache ge adhikansh grnthon par us samay ke shasakon ke nam, vnsh, samay adi ka varnan kiya gaya hai. yahan rakhe hue grnthon ki kul snkhya 2683 hai, jisamen 426 patr likhe hain. yahan tanpatr par upalabdh prachinatam grnth vikram snvath 1117 ka hai tatha hath se bane kagaz par hastalikhit grnth vikram snvath 1270 ka hai. in grnthon ki bhasha prakrit, magadhi, snskrit, apabhrnsh tatha braj hai. yahan par jain grnthon ke alava kuchh jainattar sahity ki bhi rachana huee, jinamen kavy, vyakaran, natak, shrringar, sankhy, mimansa, nyay, vishashasr, ayurved, yog ityadi kee vishayon par utkrisht rachanaon ka mukhy sthan hai.[8]

sngit

lok sngit ki drishti se jaisalamer nagar ka vishisht sthan raha hai. yahan ke janamanas ne is shushk bhoo-dhara par man ko bahalane hetu atynt hi saras v bhavaprad giton ki rachana ki. in giton men lok gathaon, kathaon, paheli, subhashit kavy ke sath-sath varsha, savan tatha any mausam, pashu-pakshi v samajik snbndhon ki bhavanaon se otaprot hain. lokagit ke janakaron v visheshgyon ke maton ke anusar jaisalamer ke lokagit bahut prachin, parnparagat aur vishuddh hai, jo bndhe-bndhaye roop men adyaparyant gae jate hain.[9]

pokaran, jaisalamer

dharm

bharatavarsh ki bhoomi sadaiv se dharm pradhan rahi hai, yahan par dharm ke bina jivan ki kalpana bhi nahin ki ja sakati hai. jaisalamer rajy ka vistar bhoo-bhag bhi is bhavana se mukt nahin raha. is kshetr ke sarvapratham rav tanoo dvara tanot namak sthan basane tatha vahan devi ka mndir banane ka ullekh prapt hota hai. yah devi ka mndir aj bhi vidyaman hai, halanki is mndir men koee smarak v lekh prapt nahin hota hai kintu pratyek jan ke itihas ke madhyam se yah mndir rav tanoo ke pita rav kehar ke samay ka mana jata hai aur is kshetr men isaki bahut hi manyata hai. bharat pak yuddh 1965 ke bad to bharatiy sena v sima suraksha bal ki bhi yah aradhy devi ho gee v unake dvara navin mndir banakar mndir ka snchalan bhi sima suraksha bal ke adhin hai. devi ko shakti roop men is kshetr men prachin samay se poojate aye hain. raval devaraj (853 se 974 ee.) ke rajy uchyut hone par nathapnth ke ek yogi ki sahayata se punah raj satta pane v deravar namak sthan par apani rajadhani sthapit karane ke karan bhati vnsh tatha rajy men nathavnsh ko rajyashray prapt hua tatha jaisalamer men nathavnsh ki gaddi ki sthapana huee, jo ki rajavnsh ke sath-sath rajy ke svatrnt bharat men vilinikaran ke samay tak maujood raha.[10]

vyapar aur udyog

sabji bechati bujurg mahila, jaisalamer

yah shahar oon, chamada, namak, mulatani mitti, oont aur bhed ka vyapar karane vale karavan ka pramukh kendr hai. madhyakal men to yah shahar ek pramukh vyaparik vanijyik kendr ke roop men vikhyat raha hai. yahan se hokar saudagaron ka karavan sudoo afaganistan se bhi age tak jata aur vahan se ata tha. vah kal to is nagari ke utthan ka 'svarnakal' tha aur is nagari ke sath poore kshetr men atit ka prabhav jhalakata dikhaee de raha hai.

krishi aur khanij

jvar aur bajara yahan ki mukhy fasalen hain. bakari, oont, bhed aur gayon ka prajanan bade paimane par kiya jata hai, choona patthar, mulatani mitti aur jipsam ka khanan hota hai.

yatayat aur parivahan

yah shahar jodhapur, badamer tatha phalodi se sadak marg dvara juda hua hai.

shikshan snsthan

yahan shri sangidas balakrishn gavarnament kaaulej namak ek mahavidyalay hai.

janasnkhya

jaisalamer shahar ki janasnkhya (2001 ki ganana ke anusar) 58, 286 hai. jaisalamer zile ki kul janasnkhya 5,07,999 hai.

paryatan

jaisalamer shahar ke nikat ek pahadi par bane hue is durg men rajamahal, kee prachin jain mndir aur gyan bhndar namak ek pustakalay hai, jisamen prachin snskrit tatha prakrit pandulipiyan rakhi huee hain. isake asapas ka kshetr, jo pahale ek riyasat tha, lagabhag poori tarah retila bnjar ilaqa hai aur thar marusthal ka ek hissa hai. yahan ki ekamatr kakani nadi kafi bade ilaqe men phail kar bhij jhil ka nirman karati hai. jaisalamer, zile ka pramukh nagar hain jo naqqashidar haveliyon, galiyon, prachin jain mndiron, melon aur utsavon ke liye prasiddh hai. nikat hi ganv men ret ke tilon ka paryatan ki drishti se vishesh mahattv hai. yahan ka sonar qila rajasthan ke shreshth dhanvan durgon men mana jata hain.

pramukh aitihasik smarak

jain mndir, jaisalamer qila, jaisalamer
  • jaisalamer ke pramukh aitihasik smarakon men sarvapramukh yahan ka qila hai. yah 1155 ee. men nirmit hua tha. yah sthapaty ka sundar namoona hai. isamen barah sau ghar hain.
  • 15vin sati men nirmit jain mndiron ke toranon, stnbhon, praveshadvaron adi par jo barik naqqashi v shilp pradarshit hain, unhen dekhakar danton tale anguli dabani padati hai. kaha jata hai ki java, bali adi prachin hindoo v bauddh upaniveshon ke smarakon men jo bharatiy vastu v moortikala pradarshit hai, usase jaisalamer ke jain mndiron ki kala ka anokha samy hai.
  • qile men lakshminath ji ka mndir apane bhavy saundary ke lie prakhyat hai.
  • nagar se char mil door amarasagar ke mndir men maqarana ke sngamaramar ki bani huee jaliyan hain.
  • jaisalamer ki purani rajadhani lodravapur thi.
  • yahan purane khndaharon ke bich keval ek prachin jainamndir hi kal-kavalit hone se bacha hai. yah keval ek sahastr varsh prachin hai.
  • jaisalamer ke shasak maharaval kahalate the.



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

vithika

sonar qila, jaisalamer

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 jaisalamer rajy : ek snkshipt parichay (hindi) (echatiem). . abhigaman tithi: 28 aktoobar, 2010.
  2. jaisalamer (hindi) yatra salah. abhigaman tithi: 18 joon, 2010.
  3. jaisalamer ke shasak tatha inaka snkshipt itihas (hindi) (echatiem). . abhigaman tithi: 28 aktoobar, 2010.
  4. jaisalamer ki chitrakala (hindi) (echatiem). . abhigaman tithi: 28 aktoobar, 2010.
  5. jaisalamer ki kashidakari (hindi) (echatiem). . abhigaman tithi: 28 aktoobar, 2010.
  6. jaisalamer ki sthapaty kala (hindi) (echatiem). . abhigaman tithi: 28 aktoobar, 2010.
  7. jaisalamer men bhasha (hindi) (echatiem). . abhigaman tithi: 2 navnbar, 2010.
  8. sahity (hindi) (echatiem). . abhigaman tithi: 2 navnbar, 2010.
  9. sngit (hindi) (echatiem). . abhigaman tithi: 2 navnbar, 2010.
  10. dharm (hindi) (echatiem). . abhigaman tithi: 2 navnbar, 2010.

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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