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maharana pratap
Maharana Pratap

rajapoot, (snskrit shabd rajapootr, arthat (raja ka putr) paitrik gautron ke lagabhag 1.2 karod sngathit bhoo-svami, jo mukhyat: madhy aur uttar bharat, visheshakar bhootapoorv rajapootana (rajapooton ki bhoomi) men base hain. rajapoot svayn ko kshatriy varg ka vnshaj ya sadasy manate hain, lekin bharat men ve vibhinn rajavadon, jaise gahalaut, kachhavaha se lekar sadharan kisanon tak atyant vividh samajik vargikaran se sambandhit hai. zyadatar itihasakar is bat se sahamat hain ki dharmanirapeksh satta ki prapti ke bad vijit rajapoot dal ko svayn ko rajapoot manane ka haq mil jata tha. sambhavat: madhy eshiya ke akramanakari aur sthaniy qabilaee logon ke paitrik gotron ka rajapooton men isi tarah se antamishran hua hai. pashchimottar men kee muslim rajapoot bhi hain. ek samay men rajapooton ne samanyat: parda pratha apana li thi. unake svabhav men apane poorvajon ke prati asim garv aur niji pratishtha ke prati gahara samman shamil hai. ve anulom vivah (kanya ka vivah usake samajik darje se oonche darje men) karana pasand karate hain.

itihas

rajapooton ka udabhav kal uttar aur pashchimottar bharat men panchavin shatabdi ke madhy se 'shvet hoonon (hefthalaiton)' aur sambaddh janajatiyon ke prabhav ke karan bharatiy samaj ke vighatan se juda pratit hota hai. gupt samrajy ke vighatan (chhathi shatabdi ke uttarardh men) ke bad akramanakari sambhavat: tatkalin samaj men ghulamil ge, jisaka parinam pashchimottar bharatiy samaj ka vartaman svaroop hai. satavin shatabdi men samrat harshavardhan ki mrityu se lekar 12vin shatabdi ke ant men musalamanon ki bharat vijay tak ke lagabhag 500 varshon ke kal men bharatavarsh ke itihas men rajapooton ne sabase mahattvapoorn bhoomika nibhayi hai. yah shabd rajapootr ka apabhrnsh hai. janajatiy pramukhon aur abhijaton ko hinduon ke doosare varn men, kshatriy ke roop men svikar kiya gaya, jabaki unake anuyayi, jaise jat aur ahir janajatiyon ke adhar par krishak varg men shamil ho ge. kuchh akramanakariyon ke pujari brahman (sarvottam jati) ban ge. kuchh deshi janajatiyon, jaise rajasthan ke rathaur aur madhy bharat ke chandel aur bundelon ne rajapooton ka darja prapt kar liya.

rajapoot

rajapooton ki shakhaen

pashchatyakalin granthon men rajapooton ki 36 shakhaon ka ullekh milata hai. rajapoot sooryavnshi aur chandravnshi tatha ajamer ke nikat agni-kund se utpatti ka dava karane valon ki shreni men shamil hain. rajapooton ki mans (gaumans chhodakar) khane ki adat aur any gun unake videshi aur adivasi mool ki or snket karate hain. rajapooton men parihar, chauhan (chahaman), solnki (chaluky), paramar, tomar, kalachuri, gahadaval (gahadaval, gaharavar ya rathaur), rashtrakoot aur guhilot (sisodiya) sarvadhik ullekhaniy hain. virata, udarata, svatntray prem, deshabhakti jaise sadagunon ke sath unamen mithya kulabhiman tatha ekatabaddh hokar kary karane ki kshamata ke abhav ke durgun bhi the. musalamanon ke akraman ke samay rajapoot hindoo dharm, snskriti aur paramparaon ke rakshak banakar samane ate rahe.

janashrutiyan

rajapooton ki utpatti ke sambandh men kinchit vivad hai aur yah is karan aur bhi jatil ho gaya hai ki prarambh men rajany varg aur yuddhopajivi logon ko kshatriy kaha jata tha aur rajapoot (rajapootr) shabd ka prayog satavin shatabdi ke uparant hi prachalit hua. janashrutiyon ke anusar rajapoot un sooryavnshi evn chandravnshi (somavnshi) kshatriyon ke vnshaj hain, jinaki yashogatha ramayan aur mahabharat men varnit hai. kintu abhilekhon se gyat hota hai ki guhilot ya sisodiya shakha, jisamen mevad ke svanamadhany rana hue aur jo apane ko ramachandr ji ka vnshaj manati hain, vastut: ek brahman dvara pravartit huee thi. isi prakar gurjar-pratihar shakha bhi, jo apane ko ramachandr ji ke laghu bhrata lakshman ka vnshaj manati hai, kuchh abhilekhon ke anusar gurjaron se arambh huee thi, jinhen videshi mana jata hai aur hoonon ke sath athava unake kuchh hi bad bharat men akar gujarat men bas gaye the. abhilekhik pramanon se shakon aur bharatiy rajyavnshon men vaivahik sambandh siddh hote hain.

vibhinn nasl

shakon ke uparant jitani bhi videshi jatiyan panchavin aur chhathi shatabdiyon men bharat aeen, unakon hinduon ne nasht n karake shakon aur kushanon ki bhanti apane men atmasath kar liya. tatkalin hindoo samaj men unaki sthiti unake peshe ke anusar nirdharit huee aur unamen se shastropajivi tatha shasak varg kshatriy mana jakar rajapoot kahalane laga. isi prakar bharat ki mool nivasi jatiyon men 'gond, bhar, kol' adi ke kuchh parivaron ne apane bahubal se chhote-chhote rajy sthapit kar lie. inaki shakti aur satta men vriddhi hone se tatha kshatriyochitt shasanakarmi hone ke phalasvaroop inaki bhi ganana kshatriyon men hone lagi aur ve bhi rajapoot kahalaye. chndelon ke gond raj parivaron se, gahadavalon ke bharon se aur rathauron ke gahadavalon se ghanishth vaivahik sambandh the. saty yah hai ki hindoo samaj men shatabdiyon tak jati ka nirdharan janm aur peshe donon se hota raha hai. is siddhant ke anusar kshatriyon athava rajapooton ka varg vastut: desh ka shastropajivi tatha shasak varg tha, jo hindoo dharm aur karmakand men astha rakhata tha. isi karan rajapooton ke antargat vibhinn naslon ke log milate hain.

mugalon ki adhinata

Blockquote-open.gif janashrutiyon ke anusar rajapoot un sooryavnshi evn chandravnshi (somavnshi) kshatriyon ke vnshaj hain, jinaki yashogatha ramayan aur mahabharat men varnit hai. kintu abhilekhon se gyat hota hai ki guhilot ya sisodiya shakha, jisamen mevad ke svanamadhany rana hue aur jo apane ko ramachandr ji ka vnshaj manati hain, vastut: ek brahman dvara pravartit huee thi. Blockquote-close.gif

nauvin aur dasavin shatabdi men rajapoot rajanitik shakti ke roop men ubhare. 800 ee. se rajapoot vnshon ka uttar bharat men prabhutv tha aur bahut se chhote-chhote rajapoot rajy hindoo bharat par muslim adhipaty ke rasten men pramukh badha the. poorvi pnjab aur gnga ghati men muslim vijay ke bad bhi rajapooton ne rajasthan ke durgon aur madhy bharat ke vany pradeshon men apani svatntrata qayam rakhi. dilli ke sultan alauddin khilaji (shasanakal,1296-1316) ne poorvi rajasthan men chittaudagadh aur ranathambhaur ke do mahanh rajapoot durgon ko jit liya, lekin vah apane niyntran men nahin rakh sake. mevad ke rajapoot rajy ne rana sanga ke netritv men apani prabhutta banae rakhane ka prayas kiya, lekin unhen mugal badashah babar ne khanava (1527) men parajit kar diya. babar ke pote akabar ne chittaudagadh aur ranathambhaur ke qile jit lie (1568-69) aur mevad ko chhodakar sabhi rajasthani rajakumaron ke sath ek samajhauta kiya. mugal samrajy ki prabhuta svikar kar, ye rajakumar darabar tatha badashah ki vishesh parishad men niyukt kar lie ge aur unhen prantiy shasakon ke pad v sena ki kamanen saunpi geen. halanki badashah aurngazeb (shasanakal, 1658-1707) ki asahishnuta se is vyavastha ko nuqasan pahuncha, lekin isake bavajood 18vin sadi men mugal samrajy ka patan hone tak yah qayam rahi.

shakti ka nasht hona

rajapooton ne musalaman akramaniyon se shatabdiyon tak viratapoorvak yuddh kiya. yadyapi unamen paraspar ekata ke abhav ke karan bharat par antat: musalamanon ka rajy sthapit ho gaya, tathapi unake tivr virodh ke phalasvaroop is kary men musalamanon ko bahut samay laga. dirghakal tak musalamanon ka virodh aur unase yuddh karate rahane ke karan rajapoot shithil ho ge aur unaki deshabhakti, virata tatha atm-balidan ki bhavanaen kunthit ho geen. yahi karan hai ki bharat men angrezi rajy ki sthapana ke viruddh kisi bhi mahattvapoorn rajapoot rajy athava shasak ne koee yuddh nahin kiya. isake viparit 1817 aur 1820 ee. ke bich sabhi rajapoot rajaon ne svechchha se angrezon ki sarvopari satta svikar karake apani tatha apane rajy ki suraksha ka bhar un par chhod diya. svatntrata (1947) ke bad rajasthan ke rajapoot rajyon ka bharatiy sngh ke rajasthan rajy men vilay kar diya gaya.


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