जाति  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

jati kisi bhi vyakti ke samaj, jisamen usaka janm hua ho, ko kaha jata hai. hindoo samaj men ise 'jat' bhi likha jata hai. yah shabd snskrit ke 'jat' shabd se vyutpann hua hai, jisaka arth hai- "janm liya" athava "astitv men aya". yah astitv ke us svaroop ki or snket karata hai, jo janm se nirdharit hota hai.[1]

samooh bodhak

bharatiy chintan men 'jati' (varg, prakar) vastuon ke kisi bhi samooh ka bodh karati hai, jinamen vnshagat vishishtataen ek saman hon. samajashastriy drishti se, 'jati' shabd ka upayog amataur par hinduon men ek vishisht varg ke soochak ke roop men kiya jata hai. yadyapi parnparagat hindoo achar snhita (dharmashastr) ke nirmata svayn jati ko varn (samajik varg) hi manate pratit hote hain aur any sndarbhon men jati ko char varnon- 'brahman', 'kshatriy', 'vaishy' aur 'shoodr' men parasparik snbndhon ka parinam manate hain.

vibhed

jati aur varn men ek spasht vibhed kiya jana chahie. jati ek simit, kshetriy, antarvivah snbndhon ko manane vale parivaron ka samooh hai, vahin varn samajik varg ka ek vyapak akhil bharatiy maaudal hai. adhikarik hindoo drishtikon jati ko dvitiyak sthan deta hai aur use varn ka hi svaroop manata hai.[1]

bharat ke vibhinn bhagon bhagon men kuchh jati samoohon ne varn vyavastha men sammanit sthan pane ka prayatn karane ke lie kisi vishesh varn ke sadasy hone ka dava kiya hai. ek vishisht namoone ke taur par aur sarvadhik saphal isi prakar ka dava rajapooton ne kiya hai ki vah kshatriy ya abhijaty varg ke hain tatha oopar se doosare varn kram ke hain. apane dave ko mazaboot banane ke lie unhonne apani nee vnsh parnpara khoj li hai, jaise- 'agnikul'[2], jo prachin sooryavnsh aur chndravnsh ke samakaksh hon. achhooton ne bhi achar-vyavahar ki uchch jatiy shaili apana kar svayn ko nimnatam varn 'shoodr' men shamil hokar apana darja badhane ki koshish ki hai, taki unhen apani durdasha se nijat mile.

jati snkalpana par prahar

jati ki snkalpana par hi sudharavadi hinduon ne prahar kie hain. ve ise poornat: mita dene ki mang to nahin karate, lekin aksar is vyavastha ko shuddh karane ki vakalat karate hain. ve chahate hain ki jatiyon ko mool varn vyavastha men, jo karm par adharit poorak vyavastha thi, pun: samavisht kiya jae.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 bharat gyanakosh, khand-2 |lekhak: indu ramachndani |prakashak: ensaiklopidiya britainika praivet limited, nee dilli aur paaupyular prakashan, mumbee |snkalan: bharatakosh pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 240 |
  2. agni ka vnsh

snbndhit lekh

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