चकमा (जाति)  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

dakshin-poorvi bangladesh ke chataganv kshetr men nivas karane vali sabase badi janajatiy hai. 20vin sadi ke uttarardh men inaki snkhya 3,50,000 thi.

nivas sthan

chakama kasalang aur madhy karnaphooli ghati men nivas karate hai aur prajatiy roop se dakshin barma ke mngol arakaniyon se snbndhit hain; ye mag, tipara aur tenchugy jaisi chhoti janajatiyon se bahut adhik samanata lie hue jivan vyatit karate hai. anshat: bngali snskriti ko grahan karane se unaki maulik snskriti dhire-dhire dhundhali padati ja rahi hai.

bhasha

chakamaon ne apani maulik barmi bhasha ko tyag diya hai aur ab ve ek bangla boli bolate hain. rajy vyavastha ke abhav men chakamaon ne vnsh vyavastha dvara apani suraksha ki hai, jo chataganv kshetr ki any janajatiyon men nahin paya jata.

vyavasay

chakama mishrit jhoom aur sthayi krishi karate hain aur chaval ke sath-sath bajara, makka aur sarason ugate hain. parnparik taur par krishi ke lie ye log kudal ka prayog karate the, kintu hal men inhonne hal ka prayog shuroo kiya hai. mahilaen apane parivar ki ay men madad karane aur pahanane ke lie ek vishesh prakar ka kapada bunati hain.

dharm

jivavad, hindoo dharm aur bauddh dharm ka palan karane vale chakama ab lagabhag poorn roop se bauddh ho ge hain. bauddh parnpara, jaise var ke ganv men vadhoo ke agaman par sooar ki bali dena, ab sooar ka mans khane jaise rivajon ke sath ghulamil gee hai. yah ek aisi pratha hai, jise bngali ghrina se dekhate hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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