अफ़्रीदी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

afridi sima prant ka ek pashtoon ladakoo kabila hai, jo khaibar kshetr men nivas karata hai. ye log bharatiy prashasan ke lie barabar siradard bane rahe hain. aurngazeb aur angrezon ne bhi badi mushkil se in logon par niyntran sthapit kiya tha.

  • is kabile ke log svayn ko pashto men 'aparidi' bulate hai.
  • afridi log afaganistan aur pakistan men poorvi safed koh parvatiy kshetr, pashchimi peshavar vadi aur poorvi nngarahar prant men basate hain.
  • pakistan ke sngh-shasit qabaeeli kshetron ke khaibar vibhag, peshavar sarahadi kshetr aur kohat sarahadi kshetr men bhi afaridi vistrit hain. ve isi ilake ke prasiddh khaibar darre ke donon taraf rahate hain.
  • bahut-se afridi bharat ke uttar pradesh, bihar aur jammoo-kashmir rajyon men bhi rahate hain.
  • afridi logon ne 1667 ee. men mugal badashah aurngazeb ke viruddh vidroh kar diya tha.[1]
  • aurngazeb ko ek lambe sngharsh ke bad hi inaka daman karane men saphalata prapt huee thi.
  • 1893 ee. ke bad jab afaganistan aur bharat ki sima 'durnd rekha' tay ki gee, to afridi kshetr bharat ki british sarakar ke adhin a gaya.
  • british shasakon ko is kshetr par niyntran karane ke lie anek fauji abhiyan chalane pade.
  • angrezon ko afridi saradaron ko apani or milane ke lie unhen arthik sahayata tak bhi deni padi thi.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. bharatiy itihas kosh |lekhak: sachchidanand bhattachary |prakashak: uttar pradesh hindi snsthan |prishth snkhya: 11 |

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah