यहूदी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

prachin mesopotamiya (vartaman eerak tatha siriya) men sami mool ki vibhinn bhashaen bolane vale akkadi, kainani, amori, asuri adi kee khanabadosh kabile raha karate the. inhin men se ek kabile ka nam hibroo tha. ve yahova ko apana eeshvar aur abraham ko adi-pitamah manate the. unaki manyata thi ki yahova ne abraham aur unake vnshajon ke rahane ke lie istrail pradesh niyat kiya hai. prarambh men goshan ke mistriyon ke sath hibruon ke sambndh achchhe the, parantu bad men donon men tanav utpann ho gaya. at: mistri pharaon ke atyacharon se pareshan hokar hibroo log moosa ke netritv men istrail ki or chal pade. is yatra ko yahoodi itihas men 'nishkraman' kaha jata hai. istrail ke marg men sinaee parvat par moosa ko eeshvar ka sndesh mila ki yahova hi ekamatr eeshvar hai, at: usaki agya ka palan karen, usake prati shraddha rakhen aur 10 dharmasootron ka palan karen. moosa ne yah sndesh hibroo kabile ke logon ko sunaya. tatpashchath any sabhi devi-devataon ko hatakar sirf yahova ki aradhana ki jane lagi. is prakar yahova ki aradhana karane vale 'yahoodi' aur unaka dharm 'yahoodat' kahalaya.

dharmagrnth

yahoodiyon ke bich anek dharmagrnth prachalit hain, jisamen kuchh pramukh hain-

  1. tora, jo baibil ke pratham panch grnthon ka samoohik nam hai aur yahoodi log ise sidhe eeshvar dvara moosa ko pradan ki gee thi,
  2. talamud, jo yahoodiyon ke maukhik achar v dainik vyahar snbndhi niyamon, tikaon tatha vyakhyaon ka snkalan hai,
  3. ilaka, jo talamud ka vidhi sngrah hai,
  4. agada, jisamen dharmakary, dharmakathaen, kisse adi sngrahit hain,
  5. tanaka, jo baibil ka hibroo nam hai, adi.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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