नाग जाति  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

nag jati

jis tarah sooryavnshi, chndravnshi aur agnivnshi mane ge hain, usi tarah nagavnshiyon ki bhi prachin parnpara rahi hai. lekin bharat ke dharmik aur samajik itihas ko sarvasammat banakar kabhi bhi kramabaddh roop se nahin likha gaya, isilie virodhabhas hi adhik najar ata hai. mahabharat kal men poore bharat varsh men naga jatiyon ke samooh phaile hue the. vishesh taur par kailash parvat se sate hue ilakon se asam, manipur, nagalaind tak inaka prabhutv tha. ye log sarp poojak hone ke karan nagavnshi kahalae. kuchh vidvanh manate hain ki shak ya nag jati himalay ke us par ki thi. ab tak tibbati bhi apani bhasha ko ‘nagabhasha’ kahate hain.

itihas

ek siddhant anusar ye moolat: kashmir ke the. kashmir ka ‘anntanag’ ilaka inaka gadh mana jata tha. kangada, kulloo v kashmir sahit any pahadi ilakon men nag brahmanon ki ek jati aj bhi maujood hai. nag vnshavaliyon men ‘shesh nag’ ko nagon ka pratham raja mana jata hai. shesh nag ko hi ‘annt’ nam se bhi jana jata hai. isi tarah age chalakar shesh ke bad vasuki hue phir takshak aur pingala. vasuki ka kailash parvat ke pas hi rajy tha aur manyata hai ki takshak ne hi 'takshakashila' (takshashila) basakar apane nam se ‘takshak’ kul chalaya tha. ukt tinon ki gathaen puranon men paee jati hain. unake bad hi karkotak, airavat, dhritarashtr, anat, ahi, manibhadr, alapatr, kambal, anshatar, dhannjay, kaliya, saunphoo, dauddhiya, kali, takhatoo, dhoomal, phahal, kana ityadi nam se nagon ke vnsh hua karate the. bharat ke bhinn-bhinn ilakon men inaka rajy tha. atharvaved men kuchh nagon ke namon ka ullekh milata hai. ye nag hain- shvitr, svaj, pridak, kalmash, griv aur tiricharaji nagon men chit kobara (prishchi), kala phaniyar (karait), ghas ke rng ka (upatriny), pila (bram), asita rngarahit (alik), dasi, duhit, asati, tagat, amok aur tavastu adi.[1]

nagakul ki bhoomi

yah sabhi nag ko poojane vale nagakul the, isilie unhonne nagon ki prajatiyon par apane kul ka nam rakha. jaise takshak nag ke nam par ek vyakti jisane apana ‘takshak’ kul chalaya. ukt vyakti ka nam bhi takshak tha, jisane raja parikshit ki hatya kar di thi. bad men parikshit ke putr janamejay ne takshak se badala liya tha. ‘naga adivasi’ ka snbndh bhi nagon se hi mana gaya hai. chhattisagadh ke bastar men bhi nal aur nag vnsh tatha kavardha ke phani-nag vnshiyon ka ullekh milata hai. puranon men madhy pradesh ke vidisha par shasan karane vale nag vnshiy rajaon men shesh, bhogin, sadachndr, dhanadharma, bhootanndi, shishunndi ya yashanndi adi ka ullekh milata hai. puranon ke anusar ek samay aisa tha, jabaki naga samuday poore bharat (pak-bangladesh sahit) ke shasak the. us dauran unhonne bharat ke bahar bhi kee sthanon par apani vijay patakaen phaharaee thin. takshak, tanak aur tusht nagaon ke rajavnshon ki lambi parnpara rahi hai. in nag vnshiyon men brahman, kshatriy adi sabhi samuday aur prant ke log the.

nagavnshiyon ne bharat ke kee hisson par raj kiya tha. isi karan bharat ke kee shahar aur ganv ‘nag’ shabd par adharit hain. manyata hai ki maharashtr ka nagapur shahar sarvapratham nagavnshiyon ne hi basaya tha. vahan ki nadi ka nam nag nadi bhi nagavnshiyon ke karan hi pada. nagapur ke pas hi prachin nagaradhan namak ek mahatvapoorn pragaitihasik nagar hai. mahar jati ke adhar par hi mahar se maharashtr ho gaya. mahar jati bhi nagavnshiyon ki hi ek jati thi. isake alava hindibhashi rajyon men ‘nagadah’ namak kee shahar aur ganv mil jaenge. ukt sthan se bhi nagon ke snbndh men kee kinvadntiyan judi huee hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. janie, nagavnsh ka snkshipt parichay aur unaka vichitr rahasy (hindi) indiannova.in. abhigaman tithi: 14 disambar, 2016.

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