विदिशा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Disamb2.jpg vidisha ek bahuvikalpi shabd hai any arthon ke lie dekhen:- vidisha (bahuvikalpi)


vidisha
varah avatar bhitti moohrtikala, udayagiri
vivaran aitihasik v puratatvik drishtikon se yah kshetr madhyabharat ka sabase mahattvapoorn kshetr mana ja sakata hai.
rajy madhy pradesh
zila vidisha
nirman kal mahabharat kal
bhaugolik sthiti uttar- 23°32, poorv- 77°49
marg sthiti vidisha sanchi se lagabhag 9 kimi ki doori par sthit hai.
kaise pahunchen havaee jahaz, rel, bas adi se pahuncha ja sakata hai.
havaee adda bhopal havaee adda
relave steshan vidisha relave steshan
yatayat taiksi
kya dekhen luhangi, charanatirth, vidisha ka qila, vijay mndir, udayagiri gufaen
es.ti.di. kod 7592
Map-icon.gif googal manachitr
any janakari vidisha ko vidisha nadi ke roop men bhi jana jata hai.
adyatan‎

vidisha bharat ke madhy pradesh prant men sthit ek pramukh shahar hai. yah malava ke upajaoo pathari kshetr ke uttar- poorv hisse men avasthit hai tatha pashchim men mukhy pathar se juda hua hai. aitihasik v puratatvik drishtikon se yah kshetr madhyabharat ka sabase mahattvapoorn kshetr mana ja sakata hai. nagar se do mil uttar men jahan is samay besanagar namak ek chhota-sa ganv hai, prachin vidisha basi huee hai. yah nagar pahale do nadiyon ke sngam par basa hua tha, jo kalantar men dakshin ki or badhata ja raha hai. in prachin nadiyon men ek chhoti-si nadi ka nam vais hai. ise vidisha nadi ke roop men bhi jana jata hai.

bhaugolik sthiti

isaki bhaugolik sthiti badi hi mahattvapoorn thi. pataliputr se kaushambi hote huye jo vyaparik marg ujjayini (adhunik ujjain) ki or jata tha vah vidisha se hokar gujarata tha. yah vetravati nadi ke tat par basa tha, jisaki pahachan adhunik betava nadi ke sath ki jati hai. betava ki sahayak nadi dhasan nadi ke nam men avashisht hai. kuchh vidvan isaka namakaran dasharn nadi (dhasan) ke karan manate hain, jo das chhoti- badi nadiyon ke samavay- roop men bahati thi.

itihas

vidisha prachin bharat ki prasiddh nagari thi, jisaka abhigyan vartaman bhilasa ya vesanagar se kiya gaya hai. yah nagari vetravati nadi[1] ke tat par basi huee thi. vidisha ka shayad sarvapratham ullekh valmiki ramayan[2] men hai, jisase soochit hota hai ki shatrughn ke putr shatrughati ko vidisha aur subahu ko madhura ya mathura ka raja banaya gaya tha[3]-

‘subahurmaghura lebhe, shatrughati ch vaidishamh’.

kalidas ne bhi is tathy ka ullekh 'raghuvnsh'[4] men kiya hai-

'shatrughatini shatrughnah, subahau ch bahushrute madhura vidishe soonvon nirdadhe poorvotsukah’.

ashok ke samay men vidisha dakshin path ki mukhy nagari thi. apane pita ke shasan kal men ashok dakshina path ka shasak tha aur vidisha men hi rahata tha. yahin ke ek dhanavanh shreshthi ki kanya devi se usane vivah kiya tha. bauddh sahity se soochit hota hai ki ashok ke putr aur putri- mahendr aur snghamitra, devi hi ki sntan the.[5] ‘phir dhire-dhire mahendr[6] ne vidisha nagar men pahunch kar apani mata devi ke darshan kie aur unhen vidisha giri vihar men utara’.[7] ashok ne magadh samrat banane ke pashchath vidisha ke upanagar sanchi men apana prasiddh stoop banavaya tha. isake toran shung kal men bane the. pushyamitr shung jis samay magadh ka samrat tha (dvitiy shati ee. poo.), tab vidisha men usaka putr agnimitr shasak ke roop men rahata tha. kalidas ne 'malavikagnimitr' natak men vidisha ko agnimitr ki rajadhani mana hai-

‘svasti. ygysharanatsenapatiah pushyamitron vaidishasthn putramayushmantamagnimitrn snehatparishvajyedamanudarshayati’.[8]

vidisha us samay samriddhashalini nagari thi tatha yahan vyaparik sarth nirntar ate-jate rahate the-

‘imantathagat bhratrikan maya sardhamapavahm bhavath snbndhapekshaya pathikasarth vidishagaminamanu pravisht’.[9]

vidisha ka dasharn ki rajadhani ke roop men ullekh tatha usake nikat bahane vali nadi vetravati ka sundar varnan kalidas ne 'meghadoot'[10] men is prakar kiya hai-

‘teshan dikshu prathitavidishalakshanan rajadhanimh gatva sadyah phalamatimahat kamukatvasy labdhva, tiroparantastanik subhagn pasyasi svaduyuktamh, sabhroobhng mukhamiv payo vetravatyashchalomiah’.

is varnan se is bat ka praman milata hai ki kalidas ke samay tak (snbhavatah 5vin shati ee. ka poorv bhag) vidisha ‘prathit’ athava prasiddh nagari thi. mahakavi banabhatt (7vin shati ee. tak) ne 'kadnbari' ke prarnbh men hi apani katha ke patr raja shoodrak ki rajadhani vidisha men vetravati ke tat par bataee hai-

‘vetravatya sarita parigatavidishabhidhana nagari rajadhanyasith’.

vishnupuran[11] men bhi vidisha ka namollekh hai-

'vidishakhyn purn gatva tadavasth dadarshatamh’.

gupt yug ke pashchath kaphi samay tak vidisha ka itihas timirachchhan raha. 11vin shati men alaberooni ne vidisha ya bhilasa ka nam mahabalistan bataya hai. madhy yug men vidisha ke bahut dinon tak malava ke sultanon ke shasanadhin rahane ke praman milate hain. mugal kal men vidisha (bhilasa) malava ke soobe ki chhoti si nagari matr thi. dharmadh aurngazeb ne is prachin nagari ka nam badalakar alamagir rakha tha, jo kabhi prachalit n hua. 18vin shati men vidisha men marathon ka rajy sthapit ho gaya aur tab se adhunik kal tak yah bhootapoorv gvaliyar riyasat ki ek chhoti kintu mahatvapoorn nagari bani rahi. vidisha ke anek prachin smarakon men vijayamndal ya bijamndal namak masajid bhi hai, jo 11vin shati ke lagabhag bane charchika ya vijayadevi ke mndir ko todakar usi ke masale se banavaee gee thi. isaka praman masajid ke ek stnbh par utkirn snskrit lekh se milata hai. besanagar (pali besanagar) vidisha ki prachin mukhy nagari ka hi ek bhag tha aur bhilasa is nagari ke madhyayugin snskaran ka nam hai.

mahabharat, ramayan men vidisha

is nagar ka sabase pahala ullekh mahabharat men ata hai. is pur ke vishay men ramayan men ek parnpara ka varnan milata hai jisake anusar ramachandr ne ise shatrughn ko saunp diya tha. shatrughn ke do putr utpann huye jinamen chhota subahu namak tha. unhonne ise vidisha ka shasak niyukt kiya tha. thode hi samay men yah nagar apani anukool paristhitiyon ke karan panap utha. bharatiy akhyan, kathaon evn itihas men isaka sthan nirale tarah ka hai. is nagar ki naisargik chhata ne kaviyon aur lekhakon ko prerana pradan ki. vahan par kuchh videshi bhi aye aur isaki visheshataon se prabhavit huye. katipay bauddh granthon ke varnan se lagata hai ki is nagar ka sambandh snbhavat: kisi samay ashok ke jivan ke sath bhi rah chuka tha. inake anusar is nagar men dev namak ek dhanimani seth rahata tha jisaki deva namak sundar putri thi. apane pita ke jivanakal men ashok ujjayini ka rajyapal niyukt kiya gaya tha. pataliputr se is nagar ko jate samay vah vidisha men rook gaya than deva ke roop evn gunon se vah prabhavit ho utha aur usase usane vivah kar liya. is rani se mahendr namak agyakari putr aur snghamitra namak agyakarini putri utpann huee. donon hi usake param bhakt the aur use apane jivan men bade hi sahayak siddh huye the. snghamitra ko bauddh granthon men vidisha ki mahadevi kaha gaya hai.

kalidas ke meghadoot men

is nagar ka varnan kalidas ne apane suprasiddh granth meghadoot men kiya hai. anek anusar yahan par dasharn desh ki rajadhani thi. pravasi yaksh apane sndeshavahak megh se kahata hai- are mitr! sun. jab too dasharn desh pahunchega, to tujhe aisi phulavariyan milengi, jo phoole huye kevadon ke karan ujali dikhayi dengi. ganv ke mandir kauon adi pakshiyon ke ghonsalon se bhare milenge. vahan ke jngal paki huee kali jamunon se lade milenge aur hns bhi vahan kuchh dinon ke liye a base hogen.

bijamndal, vidisha

he mitr! jab too is dasharn desh ki rajadhani vidisha men pahunchega, to tujhe vahan vilas ki sab samagri mil jayegi. jab too vahan suhavani aur manabhavani nachati huee laharon vali vetravati (betava) ke tat par garjan karake usaka mitha jal piyega, tab tujhe aisa lagega ki mano too kisi katili bhauhon vali kamini ke othon ka ras pi raha hai.

vahan too pahunch kar thakavat mitane ke liye 'nich' nam ki pahadi par utar jana. vahan par phoole huy kadamb ke vrikshon ko dekhakar aisa jan padega ki manon tujhase bhent karane ke karan usake rom-rom pharaphara uthe hon. us pahadi ki gufaon se un sugandhit padarthon ki gandh nikal rahi hogi, jinhen vahan ke rasik veshyaon ke sath rati karate samay kam men late hain. isase tujhe yah bhi pata chal jayega ki vahan ke nagarik kitani svatntrata se javani ka anand lete hain. kalidas ke is varnan se lagata hai ki ve is nagar men rah chuke the aur is karan vahan ke pradhan sthanon tatha puravasiyon ke samajik jivan se parichit the.

malavikagnimitramh men

  • shungon ke samay men is nagar ka rajanitik mahattv badh gaya. samrajy ke pashchimi hisson ki dekh-rekh ke liye vahan ek doosari rajadhani bhi sthapit ki gee. vahan shung-rajakumar agnimitr samrat ke pratinidhi (vaisaray) ke roop men rahane laga. yah vahi agnimitr hai, jo kalidas ke 'malavikagnimitramh' namak natak ka nayak hai. is granth men use vaidish arthath vidisha ka nivasi kaha gaya hai. usaka putr vasumitr yavanon se ladane ke liye sindhu nadi ke tat par bheja gaya tha. devi dharini, jo agnimitr ki pradhan mahishi thin us samay vidisha men hi thin. 'malavikagnimitramh' men apane putr ki suraksha ke liye unhen atyant vyakul dikhaya gaya hai.
heliodoras stnbh, vidisha
  • shungon ke bad vidisha men nag raja rajy karane lage. is nag-shakha ka ullekh puranon men hua hai. isi vnsh men ganapatinag hua tha, jisake nam ka ullekh samudragupt ki prayag-prashasti men hua hai. vah bada parakrami lagata hai. usake rajy men mathura ka bhi nagar sammilit tha. vahan se usake sikke mile hain. kuchh logon ka anuman hai ki jab samudragupt uttari bharat men digvijay kar raha tha us samay vahan ke nav rajaon ne usake viruddh ek gutabandi ki, jisaka nayak ganapatinag tha. aisa gut sachamuch bana ya nahin, is vishay men ham bahut nishchit to nahin ho sakate. par itana spasht hai ki us samay ke rajamndal men ganapatinag ka nam bade hi adar ke sath liya jata tha.
  • bharahut ke lekhon se lagata hai ki vidisha ke nivasi bade hi dani the. vahan ke ek abhilekh ke anusar vahan ka revatimitr namak ek nagarik bharahut aya hua tha. usaki bharya chnda devi ne vahan par ek stambh ka nirman kiya tha. bharahut ke any lekhon men vidisha ke katipay un nagarikon ke nam milate hain, jinhonne ya to kisi smarak ka nirman kiya tha ya vahan ke mathon ke bhikshusngh ko kisi tarah ka dan diya tha. inamen bhootarakshit, aryama namak mahila tatha venimitr ki bharya vashiki adi pramukh the.
  • kala ke kshetr men is nagar ka mahattv kuchh kam nahin than periplas namak videshi mahanavik ke anusar vahan hathi-dant ki vastuen uttar koti ki banati thin. bauddh granthon ke anusar vahan ki bani huee tez dhar ki talavaron ki badi mang thi. is sthan sen shung-kal ka bana hua ek garud-stambh mila hai, jisase gyat hota hai ki vahan par vaishnav dharm ka vishesh prachar tha. is stambh par ek lekh milata hai jisake anusar takshashila se heliodoras namak yoonani vidisha aya tha. vah vaishnav matavalambi tha aur is stambh ka nirman usi ne karaya tha.
  • sanskritik drishti se yah lekh bada hi mahattvapoorn hai. yah is bat ka parichayak hai ki videshiyon ne bhi bharatiy dharm aur snskriti ko apana liya tha. vidisha men isi tarah aur bhi bhagon se log aye honge. is dharmakendr men apane adhyatmik labh ke liye logon ne smarakon ka nirman kiya hoga. vidisha ko skand puran men tirthasthan kaha gaya hai.
  • heliodoras dvara nirmit vidisha ka uparyukt garud-stambh kala ka ek achchha namoona hai. vah moolat: ashok ke hi stambhon ke adarsh par bana tha. par sath hi usamen kuchh maulik visheshatayen bhi hain. isaka sabase nichala bhag ath konon ka hai. isi tarah madhy bhag solah kone ka aur oopari bhag battis kone ka hai. yah visheshata hamen ashok ke stambhon men nahin dikhaee deti. isase lagata hai ki vidisha ke kalakar nipun the aur unaki pratibha maulik koti ki thi.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. betaba
  2. balmiki ramayan, uttar 108,10
  3. aitihasik sthanavali |lekhak: vijayendr kumar mathur |prakashak: rajasthan hindi grnth akadami, jayapur |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 855 |
  4. raghuvnsh 15,36
  5. mahavnsh, 13,7
  6. ashok ka putr sthavir mahendr
  7. yahan vidishagiri se sanchi ki pahadi nirdisht jan padati hai.
  8. ank 5
  9. vahin, ank 5
  10. poorv megh 26
  11. vishnupuran 3,64

snbndhit lekh

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