इन्दौर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

indaur
Daly-College-Indore.jpg
vivaran indaur shahar, madhy pradesh rajy, madhy bharat men sthit hai. ise madhy pradesh ki vyavasayik rajadhani ke roop men bhi jana jata hai.
rajy madhyapradesh
zila indaur zila
bhaugolik sthiti uttar- 22.42°, poorv- 75.54°
prasiddhi indaur madhy-bharat ka gehoon, moongaphali aur soyabin ka pramukh utpadak hai.
kaise pahunchen bas, rel, havaee jahaz adi se pahuncha ja sakata hai.
havaee adda devi ahilyabaee holkar antarrashtriy vimanakshetr
relave steshan indaur relave steshan
bas adda indaur bas adda
yatayat bas, taiksi, aauto riksha
kya dekhen indaur paryatan
kahan thaharen hotal, atithi grah
kya khayen namakin, poha, jalebi, chat, kachaudi, samause
es.ti.di. kod 0731
e.ti.em lagabhag sabhi
Map-icon.gif googal manachitr, devi ahilyabaee holkar antarrashtriy vimanakshetr
bahari kadiyan adhikarik vebasait
adyatan‎

indaur shahar, pashchimi madhy pradesh rajy, madhy bharat men sthit hai. yah kshipra nadi ki sahayak sarasvati evn khan dharaon par sthit hai. sh‍var kokila lata mngeshakar ka shahar indaur hal ke dino men shiksha ke kendr ke roop men ubhara hai. ise madhy pradesh ki vyavasayik rajadhani ke roop men bhi jana jata hai. indaur malava ka sabase bada shahar hai. aitihasik tathyon ke anusar yah bahut purana nagar nahin hai. 1715 ke asapas yah kshetr onkareshvar se ujjain ke madhy yatra ka ek khushanuma padav hua tha. aj yah mahanagar men tabdil hota ek shahar hai, jo mumbee ka svaroop leta ja raha hai. isake nagar niyojan ki yojana sanh 1918 men sar petrikagedes ne banaee, lekin isaki vikas yatra 1818 men nagar-palika, 1878 men relave, 1906 men bijali aur 1907 men telifon ke sath shuroo ho gayi.[1]

itihas

1715 men sthaniy zamindaron ne indaur ko narmada nadi ghati marg par vyapar kendr ke roop men basaya tha. pahale indaur ka nam indur tha lekin 1741 ee. men bane indreshvar mndir ke karan yahan ka nam indaur pada. yah maratha holkar ki poorv indaur riyasat ki rajadhani ban gaya.

  • madhy pradesh men sthit prasiddh shahar indaur ko atharahavin sadi ke madhy men malhararav holkar dvara sthapit kiya gaya tha.
  • holkar ne doosare peshava bajirav pratham ki or se anek ladaiyan jiti thin. 1733 men bajirav peshava ne indaur ko malhararav holkar ko puraskar ke roop men diya tha.
  • usane malava ke dakshin-pashchim bhag ko qabze men karake indaur ko apani rajadhani banaya.
  • usaki mrityu ke pashchath do ayogy shasak gaddi par baithe, kintu tisari shasika ahilya baee (1765-1795 ee.) ne shasan kary badi saphalata ke sath nishpadit kiya.
  • janavari 1818 men indaur british shasan ke adhin ho gaya. yah british madhy bharat snstha ka mukhyalay evn madhy bharat ki grishmakalin rajadhani (1948-56) tha.
  • indaur men holkar nareshon ke prasad ullekhaniy hain.

indrapur ya indaur

indaur holkar-nareshon ki bhootapoorv riyasat tatha usaki rajadhani hai. is nagar ko ahilyabaee ne 18vin sadi men basaya tha. isaka nam yahan sthit indreshvar ke prachin mndir ke karan indrapur ya indaur hua tha. indaur ke holakar nareshon ne visheshatah jasavntarav holkar ne angrejon ke bharat men apane samrajy ki jaden jamane ke samay unaka kaphi virodh kiya tha kintu inhonne parshvavarti rajapoot nareshon ke rajy men kaphi lootamar machaee thi. jisake karan unaki sahanubhooti inhen na mil saki. indaur men holakar nareshon ke prachin prasad ullekhaniy hain.[2]

audyogik shahar

indaur pashchimi madhy pradesh ka mukhy sngrahan evn vitaran kendr hone ke alava vanijyik evn audyogik kendr bhi hai. yahan lagabhag 6000 se adhik chhote-bade udyog hain. isake asapas ke kshetron men 800 se adhik udyog hain. indaur vyavasayik kshetr men madhy pradesh ka pramukh vitaran kendr aur vyapar mndi hai. yahan kisan apane utpadan ko bechane aur audyogik varg se milane ate hain. yahan ke asapas ki zamin krishi-utpadan ke liye uttam hai. indaur madhy-bharat ka gehoon, moongaphali aur soyabin ka pramukh utpadak hai. indaur apane namakinon tatha masaledar bhojan ke lie bhi jana jata hai.

yahan ke pramukh udyog men kapada, tail siment, rasayan, tnboo, farnichar evn khel ke saman ka udyog anaj mil tatha dhatukarm shamil hain. yahan aauto evn saikil aur abhiyantriki karyashalaen bhi hain. purane udyogon men charmashodhak shalaen, tel ki milen, mitti ke bartan, lakh ki choodiyon ke sath-sath hathakaragha bunaee chhapaee evn rngaee tatha nivad nirman shamil hain. lattha evn nainakala yahan utpadit sooti kapade ki qismen hain.

shikshan snsthan

indaur men devi ahilya vishvavidyalay, sanh 1964 ee. men indaur vishvavidyalay ke roop men sthapit hai. any shaikshanik snsthanon men holkar vigyan, es. ji. es. instityoot aauf teknolaauji aind sains, antarrashtriy vyavasayik adhyayan snsthan (ai. ai. pi. es.), mahatma gandhi memoriyam medikal kaaulej, indiyan instityoot aauf mainejament, choitharam haauspital aind risarch sentar, gramin mahilaon ke lie bahaee vokeshan instityoot tatha ataaumikasentar faaur edavansd teknolaauji shamil hain. indaur men desh ke sabase purane kala vidyalayon men se ek vishnu devalikar kala vidyalay hai. prasiddh chitrakar en. es. bendre evn em. eph. husain isi vidyalay ki den hain. indaur ustad amir khan dvara sthapit sngit ke indaur gharane ke lie bhi prasiddh hai. indaur ki saksharata dar kafi oonchi hai. indaur men kee ayurvedik v elopaithik aspatal evn prashikshan snsthan hain. indaur kastooraba gram ashram ka mukhyalay bhi hai. shahar men eshiya ka pahala evn vishv ka tisara lezar kiran paramanu oorja kendr sthapit kiya ja raha hai. indaur men madhy pradesh lok seva ayog ka mukhyalay bhi hai.

rahan sahan

indaur ke logon ka rahan sahan bahut uttam hai. yahan har mausam samany hota hai. sardi, garmi aur barasat sabhi mausam samany rahate hain. yahan n to adhik thnd padati hai, n adhik barasat hoti hai aur n zyada garmi padati hai. isaliye yahan ka mausam rahane ke lie anukool hai.

khanapan

indaur khane khilane ke liye prasiddh hain, yahan sarapha, chhappan adi sthan hai jahan log svadisht vynjan ki talash men jate hain. sarapha men joshi vale ka dahi vada, gajar ka halava, bhutte adi vikhyat hai. indaur ki namakin kafi prasiddh hai, yahan ki namakin madhyapradesh aur maharashtr ke kee shaharon aur ganvon men jati hai. namakin men sev, mikchar adi prasiddh hain.

parivahan

vayu marg

indaur men ek havaee adda hai. yah havaee adda desh ke pramukh shaharon se vayu marg dvara juda hua hai.

rel marg

yahan relave sh‍teshan bhi hai. yah relave sh‍teshan desh ke anh‍y shaharon se juda hua hai. yahan munbee aur dilli se sidhi tren seva hai.

sadak marg

indaur sadak marg dvara ujjain (55 kilomitar) tatha bhopal (186 kilomitar) se juda hua hai. yahan ka sadak parivahan tntr bahut vikasit hai. any suvidhaon ke alava indaur ke pas abhi 50 tata star basen hain, jinamen upagrahon se snchalit ji.pi.es. ke alava kampyootarikrit tikat mashinen bhi hain. bas sthanakon par ilektaaunik soochana pat lage hain jin par yah dekha ja sakata hai ki kaun si bas kahan hai, aur kitani der men amuk sthan tak pahunchegi. ye basen samay par ati hain. vibhinn margon ke hisab se alag-alag rngon ki base upalabdh hain. bason ke karmachariyon ko janata ke sath kaisa vyavahar karana chahiye, is bare men bhi ek prabndhan snstha karmachariyon ko prashikshan de rahi hai.

paryatan

madhh‍y pradesh ka sabase bada shahar indaur ek pramukh paryatan sh‍thal hai. yah ek aitihasik shahar hai. madhh‍yakal men yah holh‍kar rajavnsh ki rajadhani hua karata tha. yahan abhi bhi is vnsh se snbndhit bhavanon ko dekha ja sakata hai. taun haaul, kendriy sngrahalay tatha anh‍napoorna mndir yahan ke pramukh darshaniy sh‍thal hain. is shahar men anek mahal hain jisamen rajavada ka khas sh‍than hai. yahan do vishvavidyalay hain. indaur shahar ke snsthapak zamindar parivar hai jo aj bhi bana ravala jooni indaur men nivas karata hai.

paryatak sthalon men holkaron dvara nirmit lal bag mahal, kanch mandir jisamen kanch ka adbhutakala kaushal hai, khan nadi ke tat par krishnapura chhatari, satamnzila bhavy holkar rajavada mahal jisaka keval agrabhag bacha hai, bada ganapati jisamen ganesh ki 7.62 mitar oonchi moorti hai. mahatma gandhi sabhakaksh (1904 men sthapit evn mool roop se king edavard haaulake roop men vikhyat) apane bhavy ghntaghar ke sath sngrahalay, jisamen paramar moortikala ka shanadar sngrah hai. shahar ka sabase purana neharu udyan, jisamen ab ek taranatal, pustakalay evn bachchon ke lie manornjan kendr hai. bahubali ki 6.4 mitar oonchi moorti vala gomatagiri tatha ek khoobasoorat jharana patalapani shamil hai.

rochak tathy
  • 1971 men vesteendij kriket tim ke khilaf jit ki khushi men qarib 30 fit oonche kriket bait ke smarak ki sthapana ki gee thi. jis par us vijayi tim ke sabhi kriketaron ke nam aur hastakshar ankit hain.
  • vishv ki sab se badi (40 phit oonchi) ganesh ji ki moorti yahin hai. inaka chola badalane men 15 din lagate hain, jise sal men 4 bar hi badala jata hai.
  • abhineta salaman khan, jaauni vaaukar, vijendr ghatage (gayak), amir khan, kishor kumar is shahar se sambandhit hai.
  • indaur shahar mahanh gayika lata mngeshakar aur kriket khiladi rahul dravid ka janm sthan hai.

janasnkhya

2001 ki janaganana ke anusar indaur shahar ki janasnkhya 15,97,441 hai v indaur zile ki kul janasnkhya 25,85321 hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. tivari, daau. svati. indaur ka pani (hindi) indiya vatar portal (hindi). abhigaman tithi: 9 janavari, 2011.
  2. pustak- aitihasik sthanavali |lekhak: vijayendr kumar mathur |snkalan: bharatakosh pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 74

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