मूँगफली  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

moongaphali
Peanut

moongaphali ek pramukh tilahan fasal hai. moongaphali vanaspatik protin ka ek sasta srot hai. moongaphali men sabhi paushtik tatv pae jate hain. prakriti ne bharapoor matra men moongaphali ko vibhinn poshak tatvon se sajaya-snvara hai. moongaphali men protin, chikanaee aur sharkara paee jati hai. ek ande ke mooly ke barabar moongaphaliyon men jitana protin v ooshma hoti hai, utani doodh v ande se snyukt roop men bhi prapt nahin hoti. moongaphali vanaspatik protin ka ek sasta srot hai. moongaphali pachan shakti badhane men bhi uchit hai.

bhaugolik dashaen

yah halki mitti men, jisamen khad di gayi ho, paryapt matra men jivansh mile hon, achchhi paida hoti hai. yadyapi moongaphali ushn-katibandhiy paudha hai, kintu yadi garmiyan achchhi rahen to isaki kheti arddh-ushn-katibandhiy bhagon men bhi ki ja sakati hai. sadharanatah isake lie 75 se 150 semi. tak varsha paryapt hoti hai. isase kam varsha hone par sinchaee ka sahara liya jata hai. yah adhik varsha vale bhagon men bhi paida ki ja sakati hai.

tapaman

moongaphali ka paudha itana mulayam hota hai ki shital pradeshon men ise ugana asambhav hai. sadharanataya ise 15° sentigret se 25° sentigret tak tapaman ki avashyakata hoti hai. pala fasal ke lie hanikarak hota hai. pakate samay shushk mausam ka hona avashyak hai.

bone ka samay

moongaphali prayah khariph ki fasal hain, jo mee se lekar agast tak boyi tatha navambar se janavari tak khodi jati hai. kul utpadan ki 80 pratishat moongaphali khariph ki fasal men hi utpadit hoti hai. dakshin bharat men yah rabi ki fasal kal men paida ki jati hai. yah sadharanatah shushk bhoomi ki fasal hai. isake pakane men 6 mahine tak lagate hain. yadyapi ab aisi kism hi paida ki jane lagi hai, jo 90 se 100 dinon men hi pak jati hai. ise jvar, bajara, rendi, arahar athava kapas ke sath milakar bhi boya jata hai.

bharat ka sthan

rng birngi moongaphali, gujarat

bharat men moongaphali ko garibon ka kajoo ke nam se bhi jana jata hai. bharat men siki huee moongaphali khana kafi prachalit hai. ise ham amataur par 'taim pas' ke nam se bhi janate hain. moongaphali ke utpadan men bharat ka sthan vishv men sarvapratham hain. vishv ke utpadan ka lagabhag 29 pratishat bharat se hi prapt hota hai. yah bharat ka sabase mahattvapoorn tilahan hai. akele isase desh ka lagabhag 50 pratishat khady tel prapt kiya jata hai. bharat men isaka utpadan maharashtr, karnatak, gujarat, madhy pradesh, rajasthan aur tamilanadu rajyon men kali mitti aur dakshin ke pathar ki lal mitti vale kshetron men hoti hai. gnga ki kachhari baloo mitti men bhi yah boyi jati hai. baluee mitti men kathor chikani mitti ki apeksha adhik phaliyan lagati hain.

utpadak kshetr

moongaphali ke kul utpadan kshetr ka lagabhag 90 pratishat kshetr gujarat, andhr pradesh, karnatak, tamilanadu aur maharashtr rajyon men hain. shesh 10 pratishat utpadan kshetr rajasthan, madhy pradesh, uttar pradesh aur udisa rajyon men hain. desh men moongaphali ka 17 se 20 pratishat kshetr sinchit hai.

  1. maharashtr - moongaphali ka maharashtr men utpadan barasi, sholapur, jalaganv, satara, dhooliya, kolhapur aur khanadesh zilon men kiya jata hai. yahan 'bambee gold kism' ki moongaphali hoti hai.
  2. karnatak - karnatak men moongaphali ke pramukh utpadak zile dharavad, gulabargi, bellari, belagavi, kolar, tumakur, rayachoor aur maisoor hain.
  3. gujarat - gujarat men 'karadh' aur saurashtr men 'lal naital' aur 'bambee bold moongaphali' paida ki jati hai. mukhy utpadak zile joonagadh, rajakot, jamanagar, amareli, sabarakota, banasakota, pnchamahal aur soorat hain.
moongaphali ka paudha

any pradesh

  1. madhy pradesh men mndasaur, pashchimi nimad aur dhar zile.
  2. pnjab men ludhiyana, patiyala, sngaroor tatha jalandhar zile.
  3. rajasthan men chittaudagadh, savaee madhopur, bhilavada, jayapur, bikaner tatha bharatapur zile.
  4. uttar pradesh men haradoee, sitapur, eta, mainapuri, badayoon aur muradabad zile hain.

rajyon ki paidavar

moongaphali ke utpadan ki drishti se desh men gujarat ka pratham sthan hai, jahan kul utpadan ki 35.95 pratishat moongaphali paida hoti hai. isake bad andhr pradesh (28.32 pratishat) ka doosara sthan aur tamilanadu (11.84 pratishat) ka tisara sthan hai. shesh utpadak rajyon men andhr pradesh, karnatak, rajasthan, uttar pradesh, madhy pradesh, pnjab tatha hariyana hain. pahale moongaphali evn usake tel ka niryat, visheshatah pashchimi yoorop ko kiya jata tha, kintu ab desh men hi khady-telon ke abhav hone se inaka niryat nahin kiya jata hai. moongaphali ki kheti ka niryat avashy kiya jata hai. kul utpadan ka 10 pratishat bhoonakar khane men, 80 pratishat tel banan men tatha shesh 10 pratishat any karyon evn bij men upayog hota hai.

moongaphali ke gun

moongaphali sharir men garmi paida karati hai, isalie sardi ke mausam men zyada labhadayak hai. yah khansi men upayogi hai v mede aur phephade ko bal deti hai. ise bhojan ke sath bharat ki shak-sabzi, khir, khichadi adi men dalakar nity khana chahie. moongaphali men tel ka ansh hone se yah vayu ki bimariyon ko bhi nasht karati hai.


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