सौराष्ट्र  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

saurashtr, vartaman kathiyavad-pradesh, jo prayadvipiy kshetr hai. mahabharat ke samay dvarikapuri isi kshetr men sthit thi. surashtr ya saurashtr ko sahadev ne apani digvijay yatra ke prasng men vijit kiya tha. vishnu puran men aparant ke sath saurashtr ka ullekh hai.[1] vishnupuran[2] men saurashtr men shoodron ka rajy bataya gaya hai, 'saurashtr vishayanshch shoodradyabhokshyanti'.

itihas

itihas prasiddh somanath ka mandir saurashtr hi ki vibhooti tha. raivatakaparvat giranar parvatamala ka hi ek bhag tha. ashok, rudradaman tatha gupt samrat skandagupt ke samay ke mahattvapoorn abhilekh joonagadh ke nikat ek chattan par ankit hain, jisase prachin kal men is pradesh ke mahattv par prakash padata hai. rudradaman ke abhilekh men surashtr par shak kshatrapon ka prabhutv bataya gaya hai. jan padata hai ki alakshendr ke pnjab par akraman ke samay vahan nivas karane vali jati kath jisane yavan samrat ke dant khatte kar die the, kalantar men pnjab chhodakar dakshin ki or a gee aur saurashtr men bas gee, jisase is desh ka nam kathiyavad bhi ho gaya. itihas ke adhikansh kal men saurashtr par gujarat nareshon ka adhikar raha aur gujarat ke itihas ke sath hi isaka bhagy bndha raha.

purasthal

gujarat ke kathiyavad pray:dvip men bhadar nadi ke samip sthit rngapur ki khudaee 1953-1954 ee. men 'e. rnganath rav' dvara ki gee. yahan par poorv hadappa kalin snskriti ke avashesh mile hain. yahan mile kachchi eeton ke durg, naliyan, mridabhand, bant, patthar ke phalak adi mahattvapoorn hain. yahan dhan ki bhoosi ke dher mile hain. yahan uttarottar hadappa snskriti ke bhi sakshy paryapt matra men milate hain.

saurashtr ke nam

saurashtr ke kee bhagon ke nam hamen itihas men milate hain.

  • halar (uttar-pashchimi bhag),
  • sorath (pashchimi bhag),
  • gohilavad (dakshin-poorvi bhag) adi.

isi ilake men babbar sher ya sinh paya jata hai. saurashtr ke bare men ek prachin kahavat prasiddh hai–'saurashtr pncharatnani nadinariturngamaah chaturthah somanathashch pnchamamh haridarshanamh'; is shlok men saurashtr ki manohar nadiyon–jaise chandrabhaga, bhadravati, prachi-sarasvati, shashimati, vetravati, palashini aur suvarnasikata; ghogha adi pradeshon ki lok-kathaon men varnit sundar nariyon, sundar arabi jati ke tez ghodon aur somanath aur krishn ki punyanagari dvarika ke mandiron ko saurashtr ke ratn bataya gaya hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 'tatha parantaah saurashtraah shoorabhirastatharbudaah' vishnupuran 2, 3, 16
  2. vishnupuran 2, 24, 68

snbndhit lekh

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