अन्हिलवाड़  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

anhilavad
anhilavad
vivaran anhilavad prachin gujarat ki mahimamayi rajadhani thi, jisaki sthapana chavada vnsh ke vanaraj ya bndaj dvara 746 ee. men hueen thi. isako gujarat ke patan ke nam se bhi jana jata hai.
rajy gujarat
sthapana vanaraj ya bndaj dvara 746 ee. men.
snbndhit lekh patan
any janakari anhilavad men chavada vnsh ka shasanakal 942 ee. tak raha. is varsh chaluky athava solnki vnsh ke naresh moolaraj ne gujarat ke is bhag par adhikar kar liya. chaluky-shasanakal men gujarat unnati ke shikhar par pahunch gaya.

anhilavad athava anhalavada prachin gujarat ki mahimamayi rajadhani thi jisaki sthapana chavada vnsh ke vanaraj ya bndaj dvara 746 ee. men hueen thi. use is kary men jainachary shilagun se vishesh sahayata mili thi. isako gujarat ka patan nagar bhi kaha jata hai.

itihas

chavada vnsh ke vanaraj ke pita jayakrishn ka rajy, kachchh ki ran ke nikatasth pnchasar namak sthan par tha. vanaraj ne ne nagar ko sarasvati nadi ke tat par sthit prachin gram lakharam ki jagah basaya tha. yah soochana hamen jain pattavaliyon se milati hai. dharmasagar krit pravachan pariksha men 1304 ee. tak anhalavada ke rajaon ka varnan hai. ek kinvadnti ke anusar jab 770 ee. ke lagabhag arab akramanakariyon ne kathiyavad ke prasiddh nagar vallabhipur ko nasht kar diya to vahan ke rajapooton ne anhalavada basaya tha.

anhalavada men chavada vnsh ka shasanakal 942 ee. tak raha. is varsh chaluky athava solnki vnsh ke naresh moolaraj ne gujarat ke is bhag par adhikar kar liya. chaluky-shasanakal men gujarat unnati ke shikhar par pahunch gaya. moolaraj ne siddhapur men rudramahalay namak devalay nirmit kiya tha. is vnsh men siddharaj jayasinh (1094-1143 ee.) sabase prasiddh raja tha. yah gujarat ki prachin lok-kathaon men malava ke bhoj ki tarah hi prasiddh hai. jainachary hemachndr, siddharaj ke hi rajyashray men rahate the. hemachndr aur unake samakalin someshvar ke granthon men 12vin shati ke patan ke mahanh aishvary ka vivaran milata hai.

siddharaj ke samay men is nagar men anek satralay aur math sthapit kie ge the. inamen vidvanon aur nirdhanon ko ni:shulk bhojan tatha nivasasthan diya jata tha. is kal men patan, gujarat ki rajaniti, dharm tatha snskriti ka ekamatr mahanh kendr tha. jain dharm ki bhi yahan 12vin shati men bahut unnati huee. siddharaj vidya tatha kalaon ka premi tha aur vidvanon ka ashrayadata tha.

siddharaj ke pashchath musalaman akramanakariyon ne is nagar ki sari shri samapt kar di. gujarat men kinvadnti hai ki mahamood gajanavi ne is nagar ko loota hi tha kintu muhammad tugalaq ne ise poori tarah ujad kar hal chalava die the. muhammad tugalaq se pahale alauddin khilaji ne 1304 ee. men patan naresh karn baghela ko parast kiya tha aur is prakar yahan ke prachin hindoo rajy ki itishri kar di thi. 15vin shati men gujarat ka sulatan ahamadashah patan se apani rajadhani utha kar ne basae hue nagar ahamadabad men le gaya aur isake sath hi patan ke gaurav ka soory ast ho gaya.

patan

patan ya patan ab bhi ek chhota-sa qasba hai jo mahasana se 25 mil door hai. sthaniy janashruti hai ki mahabharat men ullikhit hidinb van patan ke nikat hi sthit tha aur bhim ne hidinb rakshas ko marakar usaki bahin hidinba se yahin vivah kiya tha. patan ke khandahar sahastraling jhil ke kinare sthit hain. isaki khudaee men anek bahumooly smarak mile hain- inamen mukhy hain bhimadev pratham ki rani udayamati ki bav ya bavadi, rani mahal aur parshvanath ka mndir. ye sabhi smarak vastukala ke sundar udaharan hain.

samajik janajivan

anhilavad ka nagar vyapariyon ke lie tirth sthan ke saman tha. yah nagar athavin sadi se chaudahavin sadi tak ek prasiddh vyaparik kendr raha. poorv madhyakal men anhilavad ya anhilapatan ne shiksha ke kendr ke roop men pahachan bana li thi. hindoo dharm- darshan ke atirikt jain dharm aur darshan ki bhi shiksha di jati thi. snskrit, prakrit, apabhrnsh adi bhashaon ka utkarsh aur prayas yahan hua tha.


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  • aitihasik sthanavali | prishth snkhya= 24-25| vijayendr kumar mathur | vaigyanik tatha takaniki shabdavali ayog | manav snsadhan vikas mntralay, bharat sarakar

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