काठियावाड़  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kathiyavad dakshin-pashchimi gujarat rajy men prayadvipiy kshetr, pashchim bharat men sthit hai. yah kachchh ke chhote ran (uttar), khnbhat ki khadi (poorv), arab sagar (dakshin-pashchim) aur kachchh ki khadi (pashchimottar) se ghira hua hai. poorvottar ki or se ek prachin balua patthar ki snrachana ka vistar prayadvip ke bhitar tak hai. bhavanagar yahan ka pramukh bndaragah aur shahar hai.

itihas

kathiyavad men manav basti ka itihas tisari sahasrabdi ee.poo. hai. lothal aur prabhash patan (patan somanath) men hadappa sabhyata ke puratatvik avashesh mile hain. tisari shatabdi ee.poo. men yah prayadvip maury vnsh ke prabhav men a gaya, lekin bad men is par shakon ka prabhutv raha. eesa ke bad ki arnbhik shatabdiyon men is par kshatrap vnshon ka shasan tha aur gupt samrajy ke patan ke bad kathiyavad par panchavi shatabdi men vallabhi shasakon ne qabza kar liya. ise musalamanon ka arnbhik akraman jhelana pada, jisaki parinati mahamood gazanavi ke abhiyanon aur 1024 -25 men somanath ke mndir ko nestanabood kie jane ke roop men huee. bad men yah kshetr mugal shasan ke antargat a gaya. 1820 ke bad kee chhoti riyasaton ne angrezon ki prabhuta svikar kar li.

bhoogol

kathiyavad ka kshetraphal 60, 000 varg kimi hai. lekin adhikansh balua patthar lava se dhaka hua hai. tatiy kshetr pashchim tatha poorv men chikani mitti aur choona-patthar evn dakshin men jalodh samagri aur miliyolait, arthath hava dvara nikshepit ret ka jamav, jise porabndar patthar kaha jata hai aur nirman samagri ke roop men istemal kiya jata hai, se ghira hua hai. khnbhat ki khadi ki or ka ilaqa mukhyatah jalodhiy hai.

prayadvip ka adhikansh bhag samudratal se 180 mitar se kam oonchaee par sthit hai, lekin giranar ki pahadiyan aur vilag gir shreni ki oonchaee kramashah 1,117 mitar v 647 mitar hai. is shushk garm kshetr ki prakritik vanaspati mukhyatah kntile jngal hain, lekin samudr ke pas sthit nimn bhoomi men maingrov jngal bhi pae jate hain.

udyog aur vyapar

is pray:dvip ke logon ka mukhy vyavasay kheti hai. yahan ugaee jane vali mukhy fasalon men gehoon, jvar-bajara, moongaphali aur kapas shamil hain.

visheshata

gir ke jngalon men gir rashtriy udyan sthit hai aur yahan antim jngali bharatiy sinhon aur any vanyajivon ka avas hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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