लोथल  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

lothal basti aur nagar ka prasiddh jal snsadhan tntr, parikalpit chitr
  • yah gujarat ke ahamadabad zile men 'bhogava nadi' ke kinare 'saragavala' namak gram ke samip sthit hai.
  • khudaee 1954-55 ee. men 'rnganath rav' ke netritv men ki gee.
  • is sthal se samakalin sabhyata ke panch star pae ge hain.
  • yahan par do bhinn-bhinn tile nahin mile hain, balki poori basti ek hi divar se ghiri thi. yah chhah khandon men vibhakt tha.

nagar durg

lothal ka oopari nagar tha nagar durg vishay chaturbhujakar tha jo poorv se pashchim 117 mi. aur uttar se dakshin ki or 136 mi. tak phaila hua tha.

bazar aur audyogik kshetr

lothal nagar ke uttar men ek bazar aur dakshin men ek audyogik kshetr tha. manake banane valon, tanbe tatha sone ka kam karane vale shilpiyon ki udyogashalaen bhi prakash men aee hain. yahan se ek ghar ke sone ke dane, selakhadi ki char muharen, sinp evn tanbe ki bani choodiyon aur bahut dhng se rnga hua ek mitti ka jar mila hai. lothal se shnkh ke kary karane vale dastakaron aur tamrakarmiyon ke karakhane bhi mile hain.
lothal nagar men jal punarshodhit kar kam men laya jata tha ek boond jal vyarth nahin jata tha
nagar durg ke pashchim ki or vibhinn akar ke 11 kamaren bane the, jinaka prayog manake ya dana banane vale phaiktri ke roop men kiya jata tha. lothal nagar kshetr ke bahari uttari-pashchimi kinare par samadhi kshetr ka, jahan se bis samadhiyan mili hain. yahan ki sarvadhik prasidv upalabdhi hadappakalin bandaragah ke atirikt vishisht mridabhand, upakaran, muharen, bant tatha map evn pashan upakaran hai. yahan tin yugmit samadhi ke bhi udaharan mile hain. stri-purush shavadhan ke sakshy bhi lothal se hi mile hai. lothal ki adhikansh qabron men knkal ke sir uttar ki or aur pair dakshin ki or tha. keval apavad svaroop ek knkal ka disha poorv-pashchim ki or mila hai.

bandaragah athava godi bada(Dock Yard)

  • bandaragah lothal ki mahattvapoorn upalabdhiyon men se hai. is bandaragah par misr tatha mesopotamiya se jahaz ate jate the. isaka ausat akar 214x36 mitar evn gaharaee 3.3 mitar hai.
  • isake uttar men 12 mitar chauda ek pravesh dvar nirmit tha. jisase hokar jahaz ate-jate the aur dakshin divar men atirikt jal ke lie nikas dvar tha.
lothal ke puratattv sthal
  • lothal men gadhi aur nagar donon ek hi raksha prachir se ghire hain.
  • any avasheshon men dhan (chaval), faras ki muharon evn ghodon ki laghu mrinmoortiyon ke avashesh prapt hue hain.
  • isake atirikt any avasheshon men lothal se prapt ek mridabhand par ek vishesh chitr ukera gaya hai jis par ek kaua tatha ek lomadi utkirn hai. isase isaka samy pnchatntr ki katha chalak lomadi se kiya gaya hai.
  • yahan se uttar avastha ki ek agnivedi mili hai. nav ke akar ki do muharen tatha lakadi ka annagar mila hai. ann pisane ki chakki, hathi dant tatha pis ka paimana mila hai. yahan se ek chhota sa disha mapak yntr bhi mila hai. tanbe ka pakshi, bail, kharagosh v kutte ki akritiyan mili hai, jisamen tanbe ka kutta ullekhaniy hai.
  • yahan batan ke akar ki ek mudra mili hai. lothal se 'mosopotamiya' mool ki tin belanakar muhare mili hai. ata pisane ke do pat mile hai jo poore sindhu ka ek matr udaharan hai.
  • utkhananon se lothal ki jo nagar-yojana aur any bhautik vastue prakash men aee hai unase lothal ek laghu hadappa ya mohanajodado nagar pratit hota hai. sambhavatah samudr ke tat par sthit sindhu-sabhyata ka yah sthal pashchim eshiya ke sath vyapar ke drishtikon se sarvattam sthal tha.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

vithika


tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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