कालीबंगा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kalibnga
kalibnga ke avashesh
vivaran kalibnga ek aitihasik sthal hai, jahan par prakh hadappa evn hadappakalin snskriti ke avashesh mile hain.
rajy rajasthan
zila hanumanagadh
bhaugolik sthiti uttar- 29°28′, poorv- 74°08
marg sthiti kalibnga hanumanagadh jnkshan se lagabhag 32 kimi ki doori par sthit hai.
prasiddhi kalibnga prachin samay men choodiyon ke lie prasiddh tha.
kab jaen aktoobar se faravari
kaise pahunchen havaee jahaz, rel, bas adi
havaee adda bhatinda havaee adda aur bikaner havaee adda
relave steshan hanumanagadh jnkshan
es.ti.di. kod 1552
Map-icon.gif googal manachitr
bhasha hindi, rajasthani, angreji
any janakari kalibnga ki khudaee 1953 men 'bi.bi. lal' evn 'bi. ke. thapad' dvara karayi gayi.
adyatan‎

kalibnga rajasthan ke hanumanagadh zile men ghagghar nadi ke baen tat par sthit hai. khudaee 1953 men 'bi.bi. lal' evn 'bi. ke. thapad' dvara karayi gayi. yahan par prakh hadappa evn hadappakalin snskriti ke avashesh mile hain. yah prachin samay men choodiyon ke lie prasiddh tha. ye choodiyan path‍tharon ki bani hoti thi.

sindhu-poorv sabhyata

hadappa evn mohanajodado ki bhanti yahan par suraksha divar se ghire do tile pae ge hain. kuchh viddhanon ka manana hai ki yah saindhav sabhyata ki tisari rajadhani rahi hogi. poorvi tile ki sabhyata prakh-hadappakalin thi. kalibnga men sindhu-poorv sabhyata ki yah basti kachchi eenton ki kilebandi se ghiri thi. kilebandi ke uttari bhag men pravesh marg tha. jisase sarasvati nadi tak pahunch sakate the. mitti ke khilaunon, pahiyon tatha maveshiyon ki haddiyan ke anveshan se bailagadi ke astitv ka apratyaksh sakshy prapt hota hai.

sakshy

kalibnga ke durg tile ke dakshin bhag men mitti aur kachche eeton ke bane hue panch chabootare mile hain, jisake shikhar par havan kundon ke hone ke sakshy mile hain.

durg

any hadappa kalin nagaron ki bhanti kalibnga do bhagon nagar durg (ya gadhi) aur niche durg men vibhajit tha. nagar durg samanantar chaturbhujakar tha. yahan par bhavanon ke avashesh se spasht hota hai ki yahan bhavan kachchi eeton ke bane the.

kheti

kalibnga men 'prakh saindhav snskriti' ki sabase mahattvapoorn upalabdhi ek jute hue khet ka sakshy hai jisake kundon ke bich ka phasala poorv men pashchim ki or 30 se.mi. hai aur uttar se dakshin 1.10 mitar hai. kam doori ke khanchon men chana evn adhik doori ke khachon men sarason boee jati thi.

qabristan ka marg, kalibnga
laghu pashan upakaran

yahan par laghu pashan upakaran, maniky evn mitti ke manake, shnkh, kanch evn mitti ki choodiyan, khilauna gadi ke pahie, sand ki khandit mrinmoorti, silabatte adi puravashesh mile hain. yahan se prapt shailakhadi ki muharen (silen) aur mitti ki chhoti muhare (sile) mahattvapoorn abhilikhit vastuen thi. mitti ki muharon par sarakande ke chhap ya nishan se yah lagata hai ki inaka prayog paiking ke lie kiya jata raha hoga.

prapt muharen v eeten

ek sil par kisi aradhy dev ki akriti hai. yahan se prapt muharen 'mesopotamiyaee' muharon ke samakaksh thi. kalibnga ki prakh-saindhav bastiyon men prayukt hone vali kachchi eeten 30x20x10 se.mi. akar ki hoti thi. yahan se mile makanon ke avasheshon se pata chalata hai ki sabhi makan kachchi eeton se banaye gaye the, par nali aur kuon men pakki eeton ka prayog kiya gaya tha. yahan par kuchh eeten alnkrit payi gayi hain. kalibnga ka ek pharsh poore hadappa ka ek matr udaharan hai jahan alnkrit eeton ka prayog kiya gaya hai. is par pratichchhedi vrit ka alnkaran hain.

prapt qabristan
pashchimi gadh ke roop men tile, kalibnga

kalibnga ke dakshin-pashchim men qabristan sthit tha. yahan se shav visarjan ke 37 udaharan mile hain. yahan antyeshti snskar ki tin vidhiyan prachalit thi -

  1. poorv samadhikaran
  2. anshik samadhikaran
  3. dah snskar

yahan par bachche ki khopadi mile hai jisamen 6 chhed hain, ise 'jal kapali' ya 'mastishk shodh' ki bimari ka pata chalata hai. yahan se ek knkal mila hai jisake baen ghutane par kisi dharadar kulhadi se katane ka nishan hai.

bhookamp ke sakshy

yahan se bhookamp ke prachinatam sakshy ke praman milate hain. sambhavatah ghagghar nadi ke sookh jane se kalibnga ka vinash ho gaya.

pahala tila
prapt sakshy

is sindhu-poorv sabhyata main samanyata makan men ek angan hota tha aur usake kinare par kuchh kamare bane hote the angan men khana pakane ka sakshy bhi prapt hota hai, kyonki vahan bhoomi ke oopar aur niche donon prakar ke tandoor mile hain. hal ke prayog ka sakshy mila hai, kyonki is star par haraee ke nishan paye gaye hain. hal chalane ke dhng se snket milata hai ki ek or ke khanche poorv-pashchim ki disha men banaye jate the aur doosari or ke uttar-dakshin disha men. is yug men patthar aur tanbe donon prakar ke upakaran prachalit the parntu patthar ke upakaranon ka prayog adhik hota tha. yahan se dainik jivan prayukt hone vali vastuen prapt huee hain. aisa pratit hota hai ki kalibnga ke is charan ka jivan 3000 ee.poo. ke as-pas raha hoga.

doosara tila

doosare bade tile se jo vastuen mili hain, ve hadappa sabhyata ke samanurup hain. kalibnga ke is tile men kuchh agni kund bhi mile hain. kalibnga se mitti ke bartanon ke kuchh aise tukade mile hain, jinase yah nishchay hota hai ki sindhu sabhyata ki lipi dahini or se bayin or likhi jati thi. kalibnga men mohanajodado jaisi uchch-star ki jal nikas vyavastha ka abhas nahin hota hai. bhavanon ka nirman kachchi eenton se kiya jata tha, kintu naliyon, kuon tatha snanagaron men pakaee eenton prayukt ki gee hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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