अक्टूबर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

(अक्तूबर se punarnirdeshit)
aktoobar
aktoobar
vivaran gregori kailndar ke anusar varsh ka dasavan mahina hai.
hindi mah ashvin - kartik
hijari mah zilahijj - muharram
kul din 31
vrat evn tyohar vijay dashami (ashvin shukl dashami)
jaynti evn mele maravad utsav (rajasthan men), rajagir mahotsav (bihar men)
mahattvapoorn divas gandhi jayanti (02), vayu sena divas (08), vishv dak divas (09), azad hind fauj sthapana divas (21)
pichhala sitnbar
agala navnbar
any janakari aktoobar varsh ke un sat mahinon men se ek hai jinake dinon ki snkhya 31 hoti hai.
aktoobar (angrezi: October) gregori kailndar ke anusar varsh ka dasavan mahina hai. yah varsh ke un sat mahinon men se ek hai jinake dinon ki snkhya 31 hoti hai. gregori kailndar, duniya men lagabhag har jagah upayog kiya jane vala kaladarshak (kailndar) ya tithipatrak hai. yah jooliyan kaladarshak ka roopatnran hai. gregori kaladarshak ki mool ikaee din hota hai. 365 dinon ka ek varsh hota hai, kintu har chautha varsh 366 din ka hota hai jise adhivarsh (lip ka sal) kahate hain. soory par adharit pnchang har 146,097 dinon bad doharaya jata hai. ise 400 varshon me banta gaya hai, aur yah 20871 saptah (7 dinon) ke barabar hota hai. in 400 varshon men 303 varsh am varsh hote hain, jinamen 365 din hote hain. aur 97 lip varsh hote hain, jinamen 366 din hote hain. is prakar har varsh men 365 din, 5 ghnte, 49 minat aur 12 seknd hote hai. ise pop gregori ne lagoo kiya tha.

aktoobar ke parv evn tyohar

vijay dashami ka tyohar adhikanshat aktoobar mah men padata hai. smaraniy tathy yah hai ki hinduon ke parv evn tyoharon ka snbndh gregori kailndar se n hokar vikram snvat se hota hai.

vijay dashami (dashahara)

poore bharat men ravan par ram ki vijay ke upalakshy men manaya jane vala yah parv atnk par nyay ki vijay ka pratik hai. dashahare ki sndhya se pahale nau dinon tak, jise navaratri kahate hain, ramalila ka ayojan kiya jata hai. dasave din ravan ke sath bete meghanad aur usake bhaee kunbhakarn ki vrihadakar pratimaen jalaee jati hain. mela lagata hai, mithaiyan khayi jati hain aur shobha yatraen nikali jati hain. sampoorn bharat men prachalit is parv ko manae jane ki alag alag pradeshon men alag alag prathaen hain. pashchim bngal men dashahare ko durga pooja ke nam se manate hain. durga devi ki pooja ke mndap badi khoobasoorati se sajae jate hain. log ikaththe ho kar is tyohar ka maza uthate hain. rat men pooja aur prasad ke bad sanskritik karyakramon ka ayojan kiya jata hai aur der rat tak yah karyakram char dinon tak chalate rahate hai. dakshin bharat men gharon ko mitti ke khilaune aur bhagavan ki pratimaon se sajaya jata hai. mitr aur snbndhi ek doosare ke ghar jate aur shubhakamanaon ka adan pradan hota hai.
gujarat men navaratri ke avasar par dandiya ras aur garaba nrity ki dhoom hoti hai. himachal pradesh ki kulloo ghati men dashahare ka alag rng dekhane ko milata hai. ek saptah tak kulloo ke pahadi nagar men mele ka ayojan hota hai. adhishasi devata raghunath ji ke samman men ganv ke sare chhote mndiron se devataon ko dhoomadham se jaloos nikal kar 'maidan' laya jata hai. mahalon ke nagar maisoor men das din tak dashahara atynt rajasi dhng se manaya jata hai. maisoor pailes par jagamagate hue asnkhy dipon ka saundary dekhate hi banata hai. mashal jaloos aur sngit ke sanskritik karyakram is utsah ke vatavaran men char chand laga dete hain.

maravad utsav

rajasthan ke maravad pradesh men mand lokagiton ko gae jane ki parnpara hai. ye lok giton ka ek parishkrit shastriy ang hai jisamen rajasthani shasakon ki prem kathaon ka varnan milata hain. sharad poornima ki ratri men in giton ke sath nrity karate hue lokanartak prachin kathaon ko apani kala se jivnt kar dete hain.

gandhi jaynti

2 aktoobar ko rashtrapita mahatma gandhi ka janmadin manaya jata hai. ek mahine pahale se bharat bhar men phaile gandhi gramodyog ke pratishthanon men, hath ke bane sooti reshami v ooni vastron tatha hast nirmit vastuon ke moolyon men bhari chhoot di jati hai jisaka log sal bhar intazar karate hain. bharat ke pradhanamntri aur rashtrapati apane baki rajanitik sadasyon ke sath rajaghat jakar gandhiji ko shraddhanjali arpit karate hain. is din sare desh men karyalay aur skool bnd hote hain.

rajagir mahotsav

bihar ke rajagir mahotsav sngit ke rngarng ayojan vala yah parv magadh rajaon ki prachin rajadhani rajagir men manaya jata hai. yah nagar gautam buddh ki ki sadhana aur prachar ke lie bhi prasiddh hai.[1]

aktoobar mah ke mahattvapoorn divas


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. aktoobar mah ke parv (hindi) abhivyakti. abhigaman tithi: 10 joon, 2013.

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