मारवाड़  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

maravad uttar mugal kal men rajasthan ka ek vistrit rajy tha. maravad snskrit ke maroovat shabd se bana hai jisaka arth hai maut ka bhoobhag. maravad ko marusthal, marubhoomi, marupradesh adi namon se bhi jana jata hai. bhaugolik drishtikon se maravad rajy ke uttar men bikaner, poorv men jayapur, kishanagadh aur ajamer, dakshin-poorv men ajamer v udayapur, dakshin men sirohi v palanapur evn uttar-pashchim men jaisalamer se ghira hua hai. 13vin shatabdi men rathaur maravad prantar men aye tatha apani virata ke karan unhonne yahan apane rajy ki sthapana ki.

maravad rajy ke adhin pramukh mahakamon ka vivaran

pradhanamntri ke adhin mahakamen

mahakama khas

yah rajy ka mukhy mahakama hai. ee. sanh 1922 aur 1928 men ise navin dhag par lane ke lie isake prabandhan men aur bhi sudhar kiya gaya. ee. sanh 1930 ke sitambar men rajakiy kaunsil ke pratyek sadasyon ke lie ek-ek sachiv (sekretari) niyukt kiya gaya. isase sadasyon ka kam bahut kuchh halaka ho gaya aur unhen vishesh mahattv ke mamalon ki taraph dhyan dene ka samay mil gaya. nyay ke kary ko aur bhi unnat banane ke lie ee. sanh 1935 men qanooni salahakar ka pad niyat kiya gaya aur is sambandh ke kagajat usaki salah ke sath kaunsil men pesh hone ka niyam banaya gaya. ee. sanh 1937 men mahakama khas ke prabandh men phir snshodhan kiya gaya. is samay politikal dipartament aur kaunsil ke kary-snchalan ke lie ek-ek esistent sekratari ka bhi pravadhan rakha gaya.[1]

pulis ka mahakama

isamen 1 insapektar janaral aur 1 dipti insapektar janaral ke alava 9 distrikt suparintendent, 1 dipti suparintendent, 22 insapektar, 6 pablik prosikyootar, 112 sab-insapektar, 6 sab kort insapektar, 476 hed kaaunstebal, 2076 kaaunstebal, 80 chaukidar aur 67 nambaradar the.

jodhapur relave

jodhapur-surasagar, parabatasar, samadadi-ranivada, aur maravad jnkshan-phulad shakhaon ke aur bhi khul jane se jodhapur relave ka vistar 767 mil ke qarib pahunch gaya. inake 48 steshan bitish - bharat ke sindh aur baloochistan prant men padate the. is relave ki kuchaman rod se khokharoparavali, looni jnkshan se phuladavali aur jodhapur se soorasagaravali shakhaon par aur raee-ka-bag tatha mandor ke steshanon par 'kantrol-sistam' se kam hua karata tha. jodhapur-relave ke karakhane men bijali se chalane vali ne dhngaki mashinen lagaee gee aur is relave ke any vibhagon men bhi yatha sadhy unnati ki gee. pahale jodhapur aur bikaner ki relave sath hi kam karati thi. parantu ee0 sn0 1924 ki 1 navambar (vikram snvat 1981 ki kartik sudi 5) se in donon ka prabandhan kar diya gaya aur bikaner - relave bikaner-darabar ko saunp di gee.

mukhy jel

is mahakame ke prabandhan men achchhi unnati huee. kaidiyon ko die jane vale bhojan aur suvidhaon men bhi sudhar hua. ee. sanh 1924 men khas-khas utsavon par chhode jane vale kaidiyon ke niyam banae ge aur ee. sanh 1932 men maravad-jel ke qanoon angikrit hue. is samay tak jel phaiktari men kaidiyon dvara banaee jane vali upayogi vastuon - jaise reshami v sooti kapadon, dariyon, nivaron, rassiyon, tauliyon, loiyon, bet k kursiyon adi ki rajy men tatha doosari riyasaton men mang badhane lagi.

stet hotal

jodhapur men havaee adda ban jane se arthik rup se sampann logon ka avagaman badh gaya. inaki suvidha ke lie ee. sanh 1931 men 'yooropiyan gest haus' ki evaj men adhunik suvidhaon se poorn 'stet hotal' ki sthapana ki gee.

dastari ka mahakama

isamen rajy sambandhi khas-khas ghatanaon ka vivaran likha jata tha.

arth sachiv ke adhin mahakame

khazane ka mahakama

ee. sanh 1923 (vikram snvat 1980) men mistar je0 dablyoo0 yng ne akar is mahakame ka adhunik dhng par prabandh kiya tha. isi se ajakal rajakiy mahakamon ke ay-vyay ke salana bajat chaloo varsh ke 11 mahine ke asali aur 1 mahine ke andajan ay-vyay ke adhar par taiyar kie jate the. aur navin varsh ke arambh hote hi pratyek mahakame ko, usake lie angikrit hue bajat (takhamine) ki soochana bhej di jati thi. bajat ka adha kharch jodhapur-relave aur bijali-ghar par lagaya jane se rajy ki amadani men bhi achchhi vriddhi huee. rajy ka sara hisab 'pri aaudit' ke tarike par hota tha aur rajy ke kuchh khas jimmedar karar die hue mahakamon ko chhodakar baki sabaka hisab rajakiy hisab ke daftar (aaudit aaufis) men aur mahakama khas ke 'phainens aur bajat' ke vibhag men hua karata tha.

  • maravad riyasat men jodhapur ke mukhy khazane ke (jisaka sara kam ee. sanh 1927 se yahan ki 'impiriyal baink' ki shakha karati hai) alava rajy ke bhinn-bhinn paraganon men 22 khazane aur bhi the, jahan par sarakari rakam jama hoti thi aur rajy karmachariyon ka vetan adi aur bharat-sarakar ke phauji vibhag se penshan pane vale maravad nivasiyon ki penshan di jati thi.
  • pratyek mahakame men hone vali amadani aur kharch ki janch ke lie 'lokal aaudit staph' niyat kiya gaya tha. yah salana pratyek mahakame aur khazane men hone vali amadani aur kharch ki janch kar 'aauditar' ke pas apani riport pesh karata tha. aur avashyakata hone par thik taur se hisab rakhane ke lie uchit salah bhi diya karata tha.
  • 'aaudit aauphis mainyual' aur 'jodhapur gavarnament sarvis regooleshan' adi ke prakashit ho jane se rajy - karmachariyon ko badi suvidha ho gee.
  • rajy ke aphasaron aur ahalakaron ke lie jis 'provident phnd' aur chhote darje ke karmachariyon ke lie jis 'grechyooti' (Gratuity) ka prabandh kiya gaya usaka hisab bhi yahi mahakame men rakhata tha. isake alava rajy-karmachariyon ko makan adi banavane ke lie kam sood par rupaye dene ka prabandh bhi yahin se hota tha. bad men is mahakame ke udyog se rajy-karmachariyon ke lie ek sahayog-samiti bhi ban gee aur shighr hi unake lie gak bima vibhag bhi sthapan kiya gaya.
  • is arth vibhag dvara rajy ke varshik ay-vyay ka chittha is khoobi se taiyar kiya jata raha tatha rajy ka sara kam sucharu rup se chalata raha. is mahakame ka khas daftar 'impiriyal baink' ke pas bane ne 'silavar jubili blaauk' men hua karata tha.
sahayog samiti

ee. sanh 1926 (vikram snvat 1983) men pahale-pahal maravad men 'ko-aauparetiv kredit sosaiti' ki sthapana ki gee. isake bad ee. sanh 1937 (vikram snvat 1994) men raj-karmachariyon ke vidha ke lie 'ummed ko-aauparetiv kredit sosaiti' qayam huee. isi prakar pnchayat-kanoon par bhi vichar kiya gaya. ab tak karz ke bhishan parinam se bachane ke lie keval jagiradar hi divale ke qanoon ki sharan le sakate the. parantu bad men doosaron ke lie bhi aisa hi qanoon bana diya gaya.[1]

grih sachiv ke adhin mahakame

sayar mahakama

jodhapur riyasat ki sayar ki amadani is samay badhakar 27,00,000 tak pahunch gee hai aur ee. sanh 1938 men is vishay par kuchh qanoon-kayade banae ge isamen sayar ki amadani men vriddhi hone ke sath-sath vyapar ko bhi badhava mila.

chikitsa vibhag

ee. sanh 1932 ki 9 sitnbar (vikram snvat 1989 ki bhadon sudi 10) ko 15,18,000 rupayon ki lagat se vidham aspatal ka udghatan kiya gaya. dhire-dhire isaka vikas hua. isamen ek achchhi 'laiboretari' aur ek 'eksare' vibhag bhi jud gaya. ee. sanh 1936 (vikram snvat) se yahan par svasthy-vibhag ki bhi sthapana ho gee aur ab chechak ke tike adi ka prabandh yahi mahakama karata raha.

  • sriyon ki shiksha ke lie 11,19,000 rupaye ki lagat se ek janana (ummed phimel) aspatal bhi banaya gaya. isaka udghatan ee. sanh 1938 ko kiya gaya tha. pahale maravad ke shaphakhanon ki nigarani raijidensi-sarjan kiya karata tha. parantu ee. sanh 1925 (vikram snvat 1982) se darabar ne apana nijaka 'prinsipal medikal aaufisar' niyat kar diya hai.
  • chhootavali bimariyon ke rogiyon ke lie chainasukh ke bere par ek achchha aspatal (Isolation Hospital) banaya gaya. isi prakar kodhiyon ke ilaj ke lie, nive ki kushth-rogiyon ki basti (Leper Asylum) men, ek shaphakhana khola gaya. bahut samay se pagalon ka ilaj jel ke aspatal men hi hua karata tha. parantu bad men unake lie bhi ek alag khas shaphakhana (Mental Hospital) banaya gaya.
  • ee. sanh 1936-37 men maravad men kushth rog ki janch (Leprosy survey) ki gee.
jngalat ka mahakama

is mahakame ne bhi achchhi unnati ki aur is vibhag ke madhyam se jodhapur ke charon taraph ki purani aur nee sadakon ke donon kinaron par vriksh lagane ka prayatn kiya gaya.

rajakiy chhapakhana

'jodhapur gavarnament-pres' bhi barabar unnati karata raha aur jodhapur rajy aur jodhapur-relave ki chhapaee adi ka sara kam yahin hone se isaki ay dinanudin badhati gee.

javahar-khana aur takasal

sarakari javaharat pahale kile par ke fatahamahal men rakhe hue the. parantu vahan par jagah kam hone se inhen vahin pas hi ke daulatakhane ke mahal men sajakar rakha gaya. jodhapur ki takasal men sone ke alava any dhatu ke sikke banane ka kam bahut dinon se bnd tha. parantu ee. sanh 1935 (vikram snvat 1993) men maravad men ek hi prakar ke tol aur nap ke prachar ke lie qanoon banaya gaya jise jodhapur nagar men prachalit kar diya gaya.

pnjikaran

ee. sanh 1934 (vikram snvat 1991) men naya maravad pnjikaran qanoon pas hua aur ee. sanh 1936 ki janavari (vikram snvat 1992 ke paush) se un jagiradaron ko, jinhen adalati ikhatiyarat mile hue hain, jodhapur sarakar ke sadharan stampon ko lagat kimat par kharid kar, apani jagir ki riyaya ki avashyakataon ke lie, poori kimat par bechane ka adhikar diya gaya.

pashuvardhan vibhag

ee. sanh 1935 (vikram snvat 1992) se, jodhapur-darabar ne maravad ke doodh denevo aur kheti ke upayog men ane vale pashuon ki nasl sudharane aur unamen hone vale rogon ko nivaran karane ke lie is mahakame ki sthapana ki thi.

maravad soljars bord

yah bord rajapootana provinshiyal bord se snbaddh tha. ee0 sanh 1919 men vartaman aur bhootapoorv sainikon ki or unake kutumbiyon ki sahayata ke lie isaki sthapana ki gee thi.

vaaultar rajapoot-hitakarini sabha

is sabha ki sthapana, ee0 sanh 1888 men, us samay ke rajapootana ke e0ji0ji0 karnal vaaultar ki adhyakshata men ajamer men ki gee thi aur isaka uddeshy rajapooton aur charanon ke yahan ki shadi aur gami men hone vale khachaç men kami karana tha. jodhapur ki vaaultar sabha bhi usi uparyukt sabha ki ek shakha thi aur yah rajapooton tatha charanon ki shadi-gami ke kharcha aur ladake-ladakiyon ki vivahochit ayu adi ka niyam karati thi. is sthaniy sabha ki kameti men 6 saradar hote the. yah kameti is sabha ke niyamon ka ullnghan karanevalon par jurmana kar sakati thi aur isake hukm ki apil sidhi mahakama khas men hoti thi. jurmane ki rakam gari jagiradaron ke upayogi karyon men hi kharch ki jati thi.[1]

janatopayogi kary sachiv ke adhin mahakame

pablik varks ka mahakama

is mahakame dvara skool, aspatal, stet hotal adi bhavan taiyar kiye jate the. is mahakame ne anejane ke suvidha ke lie maravad men anek sadaken banaee. nagar ke am raston ke alava galiyon men bhi harasal patthar ki pakki sadakon ka vistar kiya jata raha.

  • sumer-samnd, pichiyak, saradarasamnd adi ke bandhon se hone vali sinchaee men bhi is mahakamen ka khas yogadan raha.
  • nagar men pani ki kami door karane ke lie pahale patal-phod kuon ke lie udyog kiya ga tha. parantu usamen vishesh saphalata n hone se 'sumer-samnd vatar saplaee chainal' nam ki nahar taiyar ki gee, isase jodhapur-nagar men pani ka abhav door ho gaya aur chandapol jaise pahad par base nagar ke purane aur oonche hisse men bhi nalon dvara pani pahuncha diya gaya. yah pani poori taur se philtar karake diya jata tha.
  • isi prakar ganvon ke jalashayon ka jirnoddhar karake ganv valon ke lie pani ka prabandh karane men bhi har sal ek badi rakam kharch ki jati thi. nagar ki saphaee ke lie bhoogarbhasth naliyon ka prabandh tha.
  • jodhapur ke havaee adde ka prabandhan bhi isi mahakame ke adhikar men tha. havaee jahajon ki suvidha ke lie gavarnament ki taraph se ek betar ke tar ka steshan bhi bana tha.
  • is mahakamen ki nagar-vistar men vishesh bhoomika rahi. bagat ka mahakama bhi achchhi taraqqi kar raha hai. balasamnd aur mndor ke bagichon ko adhunik dhng par tabdil kiya gaya hair isake bad janata ke upayog ke lie pablik-park ya vilingdan gardan banaya gaya. sath hi logon ke manornjan ke lie isi men chidiyaghar, ajayabaghar aur pablik laibreri bhi sthapit ki gee.
bijalighar

yah mahakama ee. sanh 1917 men khola gaya tha. aur us samay isamen do-do sau kilovaaut ki do mashanen aur 4 bvayalar lagae ge the. ee. sanh 1926 men 400 kilovaaut ki ek mashin badhaee gee aur ee. sanh 1928 men ek hajar kilovaaut ki ek nee mashin aur ek vvayalar aur joda gaya. isake bad ee. sanh 1932 men pahale ke char bvayalaron men sudhar kiya gaya.

  • ee. sanh 1918 men keval do mukhy raston par hi bijali ki roshani lagaee gee thi. parantu samay ke sath shahar ke khas-khas raston aur ird-gird ke sadakon adi ke alava bahut si galiyon tak men bijali ki roshani laga di gee.
  • ee. sanh 1938 men sumer samnd se jodhapur nagar men pani lane ka jo prabandh kiya gaya usake lie marg men 8 pnping steshan banae ge aur inake chalane ke lie 11 kilovaaut ki qarib 10 mil lnbi bijali ki lain banaee gee.
  • ee. sanh 1917 men bijali ke keval 6 sab-steshan the. parantu bad men 8 steshanon ke alava 31 sab-steshanon men kam hone laga.
  • pahale pahal ee. sanh 1917 men yahan par teliphon ka 100 lain ka bord lagaya gaya tha. bad men isaki snkhya dinanudin badhati gee.
  • sumerasamnd se nagar men pani lane ke lie jo nahar banaee gee usake pnping steshanon ki suvidha ke lie teliphon ki 10 1/2 mil lnbi nee lain taiyar ki gee.
  • pahale shahar ka maila bhainson dvara khinchi jane vali gadiyon men le jaya jata tha. parantu bad men mele ki gadiyan injin dvara lohe ki patari par khinchi jati thi.
  • shahar ke vatar vakrs (nalon dvara pani dene) ka kam bhi pahale isi mahakame ke adhikar men tha. parantu ee. sanh 1931 se yah pablik vakrs mahakame ko saunp diya gaya.
puratatv vibhag aur sumer pablik laibreri

ee. sanh 1909 (vikram snvat 1966) men b laaurd kichanar jodhapur ae, jab unhen dikhalane ke lie maravad men banane vali vastuon ka ek sthan par sngrah kiya gaya. usaka nam indastriyal myoojiyam rakha gaya. isake bad ee. sanh 1914 (vikram snvat 1971) men pahale pahal is myoojiyam (ajayabaghar) ka prabandh adhunik dhng se kiya gaya aur isamen prachin aur aitihasik vastuon ko bhi sthan diya gaya.

  • isake bad ee. sanh 1916 (vikram snvat 191972) men bharat sarakar ne isaka nam svikrit ajayabagharon ki soochi men darj kar liya. phir ee. sanh 1917 (vikram snvat 1973) men isaka nam badal svargavasi maharaja saradar sinhaji ke nam par saradar myoojiyam diya gaya. ee. sanh 1915 (vikram snvat 1972) men isake sath hi ek pablik laibreri ki sthapana ki gee. bad men isaka nam badalakar maharaja sumerasinhaji ke nam par sumer pablik laibrari rakh diya gaya. pahale ye donon mahakame soorasagar ke bagiche men the. parantu shahar se door hone ke karan ee. sanh 1926 (vikram snvat 1983) men inhen shahar se najadik laya gaya. jodhapur darabar ne yahan puratatv vibhag ki sthapana ki aur ajayabaghar, itihas karyalay, pustak prash aur chandoo-pnchang ke mahakame usamen mila die.
  • ee. sanh 1936 ki 17 march (vikram snvat 1992 ki chaitr vadi 9) ko tatkalin vayasaray laaurd vilingdan ne ajayabaghar aur laibreri ke ne bhavan ka udghatan kiya. yah bhavan vilingdan gardan men banaya gaya.
khanon aur kala-kaushal ka mahakama

is mahakame ki taraph se maravad men dharu kala-kaushal ko unnat karane ke lie kam sood par karz dene ka prabndh kiya gaya hai aur samay-samay par pradarshaniyon ke dvara bhi usako uttejan diya jata hai. pahale yah mahakama jngalat ke mahakame ke sath tha. parantu prabandh ki suvidha ke lie ee. sanh 1929 men yah usase alag kar diya gaya. isake bad ee. sanh 1930 se jagir ke ganvon men prapt hone vale khanij padarthon par bhi darabar ka hak man liya gaya. yahan ki khanon se pramukh rup se sngamaramar, sadharan patthar, choone aur kali ka patthar, khadiya, met (multani), vulphrem aur paintonait adi nikale jate the.[1]

ay sachiv ke adhin mahakame

havala

pahale pahal rajy ki sarahad aur khalase ke ganvon ka laga nishchit karane ke lie ee. sanh 1885 se 1895 tak maravad ki paimaish ki gee thi. ee. sanh 1921 se 1926 tak jis samay maravad ke khalase (rajy) ke ganvon ka dubara setalament (paimaish) kiya gaya, us samay unake sare hi rakabe ko mustakil hisason menbant diya gaya aur bapidaron aur gaur bapidaron ke adhikar tatha unake lagan ka nirnay kar diya gaya. is prabandh se lagan ki ay badh gee. isake sath hi bagair lagan ki, shasan adi men di huee, bhoomi ki bhi janch ki gee. isake bad lagan-vasooli ka kam paraganon ke hakimon ko saupa gaya, parantu unake kagajat ka kam havale ke mahakame ke pas hi raha. isake ilava havale ke kam ki suvidha ke lie khalase ke kul ganv 16 sarkalon men bant die ge aur unaki dekhabhal ke lie ek-ek daroga niyukt kiya gaya. sath hi havaladaron ki snkhya badha di gayi. aur havale ke tamam aphasaron ke kam ke aur rikard ke lie alag-alag phaaurm nishchit kar die ge.

  • ee. sanh 1923 ki shahi silavar jubili ke utsav par darabar ne qarib 3 lakh rupaye tribyoot ke aur 2,23,548 rupaye havale ke, lagan v takavi adi ke, maph kar die.
  • ee. sanh 1936 men darabar ki taraph se jagiron aur khalase ke ganvon par lagane vali tike adi ki anek lagane bhi maph kar di gee.
  • ee. sanh 1930 se hi desh men naj ki kimat gir rahi thi. isase ee. sanh 1934 men uparyukt nee setalament ke dvara nishchit kie bhoomi ke lagan men tin varsh ke lie phi rupaye tin ane ki chhoot di gee, aur ee. sanh 1937 (vikram snvat 1994) men ek varsh ke lie yah chhoot aur bhi jari rakhi gee.
tribyoot ka mahakama

is mahakame ne bhi achchhi unnati ki aur jagiradaron ki jagir ki ay par lie jane vale rekh aur chakari namak karon ka hisab saf rakhane ke lie unhen bainkon ki si pasabuk di gee thin. jagiron se sambandh rakhane vali vasooli adi ka sara kam isi mahakame ke dvara hota tha, kyonki rekh, chakari, hajoori daftar, hakoomaton ki lag-bag aur jabti ka kam bhi isi ke adhi kar diya gaya.

abakari mahakama

maravad ke any sare hi pranton men pahale se hi abakari ka qanoon jari tha, parantu mallani paragane ke jasol, sidhari, guda aur nagar men isaka prachar ee. sanh 1920-21 (vikram snvat 1977) se kiya gaya. ee. sanh 1922 (vikram snvat 19979) men is vishay (abakari) ka naya qanoon bana. isake bad ee. sanh 1923 (vikram snvat 1980) men namak aur abakari ka mahakama shamil kar diya gaya aur ee. sanh 1924 (vikram snvat 1981) men sharab taiyar karane ke lie ek adhunik dhng ka karakhana (Distillery) banaya gaya.

  • jodhapur - darabar ko milane vala namak pahale nilam ke jariye becha jata tha. parantu ee. sanh 1930 (vikram snvat 1987) se vah theke ke jariye becha jane laga jisase rajy ko phayada hua. theka lene vale ko pratyek sthan par vahan ke lie niyat kie bhav par hi namak bechane ka adhikar hone se janata ko is prabandh se kisi prakar ki asuvidha nahin huee.
kort aauf vardas aur haisiyat

ee. sanh 1918 men kort aauf vardh au haisiyat kort donon ek sath kar di gee kort aauf vadrs nabalig jagiradaron ki jagiron ka prabandh karane vala mahakama tha. haisiyat kort men karjadar jagiradaron ki jagiron ka prabandh kiya jata tha. isake bad ee. sanh 1922 men kort aauf vadrs ekt banaya gaya aur isi ke anusar uparyukt mahakame ke prabandh men unnati ki gee.

  • pahale kort aauf vadrs ke suparintendent aur usake sahakari ka vetar nabaligon ki jagiron ki amadani se diya jata tha. parantu ee. sanh 1925-26 se vah rajy se diya jane laga aur isase ukt mahakame ke karmachariyon ko bhi provident phand ka labh milane laga.
  • ee. sanh 1926-27 men nabaligon ki shadi ke phand ka prabandh kiya gaya aur is mahakame ki aur valtar-krit sabha ki ay se garib jagiradaron ke najadiki rishtedaron ki shadiyon men sahayata v karz dene ka tarika jari kiya gaya.
  • ee. sanh 1931-32 men kort aauf vadrs aur haisiyat ki nigarani ke ganvon ki halkebndi ki jakar prabandh men aur bhi unnati ki gee.
  • pahale aksar chhote-chhote jagiradar karjadaron se bachane ke lie haisiyat ke mahakame ki sharan le lete the aur ukt mahakama unaki jagir se keval niyat varshik rupaya vasool karake karjadaron men bant diya karata tha. parantu ee. sanh 1923 men karjadar jagiradaron ki jagiron ka qanoon banaya gaya aur isake anusar is mahakame ke nirikshan men anevala jagiradar avashyakatanusar 30 varshon tak ke lie apani jagir ke prabandh se vnchit kar diya jane laga.
sahayog samiti

isaki sthapana maravad men sahayog samitiyon ka prachar kar gramin varg ko arthik sahayata pahunchane aur unhen mahajanon ke rin se mukt karane k uddeshy se ki gee hai.[1]

nyay sachiv ke adhin mahakamen

nyay vibhag

kort

maravad rajy ki chiph kort men ek chiph jaj aur do pyooni jaj hote the. is adalat ko sivay jagiradaron ke jagir ya god ke mamalon ke aur sab prakar ke divani mamalon par vichar karane ka adhikar tha. isake phaisalon ki apil maharaja saha ke samane usi avastha men ho sakati hai jab ve usake lie anumati pradan kar de. phaujadari mamalon men is kort ko kaid tak ki saja dene ka adhikar hai, parantu phansi ki saja men maharaja sahab ki anumati prapt karana avashyak hota hai.

ijalas khas

pahale apilen aur arjiyan maharaja sahab ke praivet sekretari ke pas pesh ki jati thi, parantu ee. sanh 1933 se ijalas-e-khas nam ka ek alag mahakama sthapit kiya gaya, jo pradhan mntri ke adhin tha. ee. sanh 1936 se isake kary ki suvidh ke lie ek ligal edavaij ka pravadhan kar diya gaya.

distrikt aur seshan kort

ee. sanh 1924 men divani aur phaujadari adalaton aur kort saradaran ke sthan par british-bharat ke tarike par 3 distrikt aur seshan kotaç ki sthapana ki gee. ee. sanh 1936 men inaki snkhya 4 kar di gee aur isake bad janata ke suvidha ke lie inamen se ek kort nagaur bhej diya gaya. in adalaton ke nyayadhishon ko sab tarah ke divani mamalon ke nirnay karane ka adhikar tha. phaujadari mamale men ye umar-kaid tak ki saja de sakate hai. parantu us par chiph kort ki mnjoori avashyak hoti thi.

rivenyoo korts

ee. sanh 1924 men lagan aur lagon adi ke mamalon ke phaisalon ke lie rivenyoo-kort sthapan kie ge. yadyapi vaise to unaka kary bhi hakim aur judishal suparintendent hi karate the, tathapi un mukadamon ki apil bajay chiph kort ke mahakama khas men rivenyoo-ministar ke pas hi hoti thi.

aaurnari ri korts

ee. sanh 1924 men jodhapur nagar men aaunarari kotaç ki sthapana ki gee aur unhen phaujadari mamalon men tisare darje ke majistret ke aur divani mamalon men 100 rupaye tak ke mukadamon ke phaisale ke adhikar die ge. isake bad ee. sanh 1938 men aaunarari maijistreton ki benchen mukarrar ki geen. isase ab ek maijistrait ke sthan par tin maijistreton ka samuday abhiyogon ka nirnay karane lage.

smaaul kaauj kort

ee. sanh 1936 men chhote-chhote nakad rupayon ke mamalon ka shighr phaisala karane ke lie nagar men ek smaaul kaauj kort ki sthapana ki gee aur use 500 rupaye tak ke mukadamon ka phaisala karane ka adhikar diya gaya.

judishal suparintendent aur hakim

ee. sanh 1924 men jo 4 judishal suparintendent the, unhen divani mamalon men 2,000 rupaye tak, hakimon ko 500 rupaye tak aur nayab-hakimon ko 200 rupaye tak ke dave sunane ka aghikar tha aur ye log phaujadari mamalon ke lie kramashah phasrt klas, sekind klas aur thard klas maijistret samajhe jate the.

  • ee. sanh 1932 men judishal suparintendenton ko 4,000 aur hakimon ko 1,000 rupayon tak ke dave sunane ke ikhtiyar die ge. isi prakar phaujadari mamalon men ye log kramashah distrikt maijistret aur phasrt klas maijistret kar diye gaye.
  • ee. sanh 1936 men judishal suparintendenton ko kriminal prosi kod ki 30 vin dhara ke adhikar bhi de diye gaye.
  • smaaul kaauj kort ke jaj, nagar-kotaval, rajistrar-chiph kort aur saikretari-myoonisipal kameti ka darja bhi judishal suparintaindainton ke saman hi kar diya gaya hai.
adalaton ke adhikar

ee. sanh 1932 se jagiron ke aur jagiradaron ke god ke mukadamon ka nirnay intijami singe se hota tha. isi prakar ee. sanh 1933 se rajakiy kary ke snpadan ke karan hone vale raj-karmachariyon par ke divani aur phaujadari davon ko svikrit karane ke poorv rajy ki agya le lena avashyak kar diya gaya.

kanoon

ee. sanh 1927 men pahale - pahal qanoon taiyar karane ke lie ek kameti banaee gee thi. isake bad ee. sanh 1936 men ligal rimaibarainsar ka daftar qayam kiya gaya aur 1938 men qanoon taiyar karane vali kameti men rajakarmachariyon ke alava bar esosiyeshan ke aur jagiradaron aur vyapariyon ke pratinidhi bhi sammilit kie ge.

bar

ee. sanh 1933 se vakilon ke lie bane qanoon men sudhar kiya gaya. bar ke niyam british - bharat se milate hue hi the aur usake membar keval laau grejuet hi ho sakate the.

laau riports

ee. sanh 1929 se maravad-laau ripotrs ka prakashan prarambh kiya gaya tha. yah pahale salana nikalati thi. parantu ee. sanh 1937 se yah masik nikali jane lagi.

shiksha vibhag
  • ee. sanh 1923 (vikram snvat 1980) men rajakiy kaunsil ne prathamik shiksha ki vriddhi ka prastav angikar kar usaki taraph aur bhi adhik dhyan dena shuru kiya.
  • ee. sanh 1925 (vikram snvat 1982) men maravad midal skool pariksha qayam ki gee, aur ee. sanh 1935-36 (vikram snvat 1992) men ise vishesh upayogi banane ke lie isamen baithanevale vidyarthiyon ke lie badhee ka kam, daraji ka kam, draing (naqqashi) ka kam, chamade ka kam, jildasaji ka kam, kheti ka kam, svasthy-raksha ka kam aur svayn sevaki ka kam jaise upayogi vishayon men se kisi ek ka janana avashyak kar diya gaya.
  • in skoolon men vidyarthiyon ki svasthy-raksha par bhi poora dhyan rakha jata tha aur isi se unak apane-apane skool men hone vale nity ke khelon adi men bhag lena avashyak kar diya gaya. vidyathiryon men svayn-sevak banane ka bhi prachar kiya jata hai aur unaki snstha ke pradhan ka pad svayn jodhapur-naresh ne kripakar angikar kiya hai.[1]

nagarik prabandh ka mahakama

yah mahakama pahale-pahal ee. sanh 1884 men qayam hua tha aur ee. sanh 1918 men nagar ki saphaee ke lie ek helth aauphisar niyukt kiya gaya. isake bad ee. sanh 1937 men pahale-pahal jatiyon ki taraph se die hue kuchh namon men se chunakar isake membar banane ka niyam banaya gaya. yah mahakama nagar men saphaee, pani raushani aur ne bananevale gharon ka samuchit prabandh karata tha. isake satath parishram se in vibhagon men achchhi unnati huee. ee. sanh 1928 se nagar men badhati huee galiyon ki snkirnata ko rokane ke lie jamin ke ne patte is mahakame ki ray lekar die jane ka niyam bana diya gaya hai. myoonisipailiti ke prabandh ko aur unnat karane ke lie darabar ki taraph se ek kameti bhi bithaee gee.

nagar - myoonisipailiti ke alava paraganon men bhi kuchh nagarapalikaen thi. unaka snkshipt vivaran is prakar hai:

phalodi, didavana, balotara, bahadamer, bhinamal aur ladanoo ki myoonisipailitiyan apana kharche svayn chalati thi. nagor, jalor aur pali ki myoonisipailitiyon ko rajy se madad di jati thi. bali, sojat aur medata ki myoonisipailitiyan abhi keval saphaee ka kam hi karati hain.[1]

sena mntri ke adhin ke mahakame

sena vibhag

jodhapur ka sena vibhag bhi barabar unnati karata raha. isane yahan ke saradar-risale aur sarar inaphaintri (paidal sena) ka british - bharat ki senaon ke saman susajjit aur sushikshit banane ki poori-poori cheshta ki gee. isi silasile men risale aur palatan ke sainikon ke vetan men vriddhi ki jane ke sath hi unaki painshan adi ke niyamon men bhi uchit parivartan kie ge hain, unake rahane ke sthan adi ne dhng ke banavae ge hain aur phauji pashu-chikitsalay ki bhi achchhi unnati ki gee hai.

  • rajakiy risale aur paidal- sena ke penshan prapt yogy sainikon ki ek durg rakshak tukadi taiyar ki gee jise jodhapur ke kile par pahare ka kam saup diya gaya.
  • pahale khas taur par niyukt kie british-sena ke aphasar hi daure ke samay rajakiy sainy-vibhag ki janch kiya karate the. parantu ee. sanh 1936 ke march (vikram snvat 1992 ke phagun) se jodhapur-darabar ne apana sainik mntri niyukt kar liya aur isase sainik kary men achchhi unnati huee.[1]

maravad chitrashaili

maravad ke rathaudau ka mool purush 'rav siha' tha jisane sanh 1246 ke lagabhag maravad ki dharati par apana pair jamaya. isi ke vnsh men ranamal ke putr jodha ne 1459 ee. men 'chidiyatook' pahadi par ek ne gadh ki ninv rakhi aur usaki talahati men apane nam se jodhapur nagar basaya. rav jodha ne jodhapur ko apani rajadhani banaya. yah nagar 26.18' uttari akshansh or 73.1' poorvi deshantar par sthit hai. 1610 ee. men raja gaj sinh ne yahan ka shasan snbhala. gajasinh (1610 -1630 ee.) ke pashchath jasavnt sinh pratham (1638 - 1678 ee.) shasak hue, jo mahanakala premi the. unake shasan kal men krishnalila vishayak chitron ka srijan hua. inake pashchath kramashah ajit sinh 1724 ee. tak, abhay sinh (1724 - 1748 ee.) tatha bakht sinh (1724 - 1752 ee.) ke samay kramashah jodhapur men anek sundar chitron ka nirman hua. bakht sinh ke putr vijay sinh (1753 - 1766 ee.) ke samay radha-krishn evn nayak-nayika bhed vishayak chitron ka srijan hua, yah parampara bhimasinh (1766 - 1803 ee.) ke samay tak anavarat chalati rahi. maharaja manasinh (1803 - 1843 ee.) ke samay ramayan, durga saptashati, shiv puran, nath charitr, dholamaru adi vishayon se snbndhit anek pothi chitron ka nirman hua. takht sinh (1843 -1873 ee.) tatha jasavnt sinh dvitiy (1873 - 1895 ee.) ke samay krishn charitr ka vishesh ankan hua.[2]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 kumar, prem. maravad - rajy ke adhin pramukh mahakamon (vibhagon) ka vivaran (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) IGNCA. abhigaman tithi: 5 janavari, 2013.
  2. maravad (jodhapur) chitrashaili (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) IGNCA. abhigaman tithi: 4 janavari, 2013.

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