बीकानेर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bikaner
Junagarh-Fort-Bikaner.jpg
vivaran bikaner shahar, uttar-madhy rajasthan rajy, pashchimottar bharat men sthit hai.
rajy rajasthan
zila bikaner
sthapana sanh 1448 ee. rathaur jati ke ek rajapoot saradar bika dvara sthapit
bhaugolik sthiti uttar- 28° 01′00' - poorv- 73° 18′43'
marg sthiti bikaner jayapur se 316 kimi, jodhapur se 240 kimi aur jaisalamer se 330 kimi ki doori par sthit hai.
prasiddhi bikaner bhavy mahalon ki sundarata, pravasi pakshiyon aur oonton ke lie prasiddh hai.
kaise pahunchen rel, bas adi se pahuncha ja sakata hai.
havaee adda nal havaee adda
relave steshan bikaner jnkshan relave steshan
bas adda bas adda bikanera
yatayat aauto riksha, siti bas
kya dekhen lal patthar ke bhavy prasad, haveliyan, kolayat, gajaner ke ramanik sthal, rajy abhilekhagar, myoojiyam
kahan thaharen hotal, dharmashala, atithi grah
kya khariden ooni shal, kalin, mishri, hathidant aur lakh ki hastanirmit vastuain
es.ti.di. kod 0151
e.ti.em lagabhag sabhi
Map-icon.gif googal manachitr
any janakari bikaner sthit rajasthan rajy abhilekhagar desh ke sabase achh‍chhe aur vishh‍v ke charchit abhilekhagaron men se ek hai.
adyatan‎

bikaner shahar, uttar-madhy rajasthan rajy, pashchimottar bharat men sthit hai. bikaner dilli se 386 kimi pashchim men padata hai. bikaner rajasthan ka ek nagar tatha purani riyasat tha. bikaner shahar bhootapoorv bikaner riyasat ki rajadhani tha. lagabhag sanh 1465 ee. men rathaur jati ke ek rajapoot saradar bika ne any rajapoot jatiyon ka bhoobhag jitana prarnbh kiya. sanh 1488 ee. men unhonne bikaner (bika ka avas kshetr) shahar ka nirman prarnbh kiya. sanh 1504 ee. men bika ki mrityu ke bad unake uttaradhikariyon ne unake rajy kshetr ka kramik vistar kiya.

itihas

yah rajy mugal badashahon, jinhonne sanh 1526 ee. se 1857 ee. tak dilli par shasan kiya, aur usake prati nishthavan bana raha. ray sinh, jinhonne sanh 1571 ee. men bikaner ki saradari paee, badashah akabar ke sabase pratishthit senapatiyon men se ek ban ge aur bikaner ke pahale raja niyukt hue. 18vin shatabdi men mugalon ke patan ke sath hi bikaner aur jodhapur ki riyasaton men bar-bar ladaiyan hoti rahin. sanh 1818 ee. men ek sndhi huee, jisane british varchasv ki sthapana ki aur riyasat men british sena punarvyavastha le aee. sanh 1833 ee. men ise rajapootana ejensi men shamil kie jane se pahale tak sthaniy thakuron ya zamindaron ke vidrohi tevar jari rahe.

rajy ki sainy seva men bikaneri oont savar sena shamil hai, jisane baksar vidroh (1900) ke dauran chin aur pratham vishv yuddh ke dauran madhy-poorv men khyati arjit ki thi. bikaner ko, jisaka kshetraphal tab 60,000 varg kimi se adhik ho gaya tha, sanh 1949 ee. men rajasthan ka ang banakar tin zilon men bant diya gaya. maharaj bikaner narendr-mndal (chembar aauf prinsej) ke arambh se hi ek mahattvapoorn sadasy rahe. svadhinata ke uparant bikaner riyasat bharat men vilin ho gayi. purana bikaner thode uthe hue maidan par sthit hai aur panch dvaron ke sath-sath sat kilomitar lnbi pnktibaddh divar se ghira hua hai.

yatayat aur parivahan

yah jodhapur, jayapur, dilli, nagaur aur gnganagar se relamarg aur sadak marg dvara juda hua hai. zile ki sima jahan chooroo, nagaur, gnganagar, hanumanagadh, jodhapur v jaisalamer ki sima ko chhooti hai, vahin antararashtriy sima pakistan se milati hai. zile ke do prakritik bhagon ko utari v pashchimi registan v dakshini v poorv arddh maroosthal men vibhajit kiya sakata hai.

krishi aur khanij

yahan koee nadi n hone ke karan mukhyat: gahare nalakoopon se hi sinchaee ki jati hai. bajara, jvar aur dalahan yahan ki pramukh fasalen hain.

bhandasar jain mndir, bikaner

udyog aur vyapar

prachin kafilon ke marg par bikaner ki anukool sthiti ke karan, jo pashchimi madhy eshiya se ate the, prachin kal men yah mukhy vyapar ka kendr ban gaya tha. bikaner ab oon, chamada, imarati patthar, namak aur khadyann ka vyaparik kendr hai. bikaneri ooni shal, kalin aur mishri prasiddh hai, sath hi yahan hathidant aur lakh ki hastanirmit vastuain milati hain. bikaner men vidyut aur abhiyantriki karyashalaain, relave karyashalaain aur kanch, mitti ke bartan, namada, rasayan, joote aur sigaret banane ki audyogik ikaiyan hain. bikaner laharadar baloo ke tilon vale bnjar kshetr men sthit hai, jahan oonton, ghodon ki naslen taiyar karana pramukh vyavasay hai.

shikshan snsthan

bikaner ke mahavidyalay (medikal skool aur shikshan prashikshan snsthan sahit) rajasthan vishvavidyalay se snbaddh hain. yahan ka 'sngit bharati' namak shikshan snsthan mukhy roop se ullekhaniy hai. jisake dvara prativarsh hazaron vidyarthiyon ko sngit ki shiksha di jati hai.

chitrakala

maravad shaili se sambandhit bikaner shaili ka sarvadhik vikas anoop sinh ke shasan kal men hua. ramalal, ali raja, hasan raja, rookanuddin adi is shaili ke ullekhaniy kalakar the. is shaili par pnjabi shaili ka bhi prabhav drishtigochar hota hai kyonki bikaner kshetr uttar men pnjab ke samip hi sthit hai. yahan ke shasako ki niyukti dakshin men hone ke karan is shaili par dakkhini shaili ka bhi prabhav pada hai. is shaili ki sabase pramukh visheshata hai muslim kalakaron dvara hindoo dharm se sambandhit evn pauranik vishayon par chitrankan karana.

tyoharon ka annd

oonton ka prasiddh mela, bikaner

oont mela (janavari)

oonton ka utsav, oonton ki daud, oonton ki kalabazi, nrity v doodh dene ki pratispardha ka ek darshaniy tyohar hai, jo is samaroh ka ek hissa hota hai.

kolayat mela (navnbar)

kartik ke mahine men poornamasi ke din pushkar mele ke sath padane vale is mele men bhakt kolayat jhil men dubaki lagate hain.

ganagaur tyohar (aprail)

ganagaur ka yah tyohar chaitr shukl tritiya ko manaya jata hai. holi ke doosare din (chaitr krishn pratipada) se jo navavivahitaen pratidin ganagaur poojati hain, ve chaitr shukl dvitiya ke din kisi nadi, talab ya sarovar par jakar apani pooji huee ganagauron ko pani pilati hain aur doosare din saynkal ke samay unaka visarjan kar deti hain. yah vrat vivahita ladakiyon ke lie pati ka anurag utpann karane vala aur kumariyon ko uttam pati dene vala hai. isase suhaginon ka suhag akhnd rahata hai.

eeshar aur gaur, ganagaur, bikaner

holi (march)

holi se kee din poorv shuroo hone vala rngon ka yah tyohar vishesh roop se darshaniy hai. bikaner men holi ka tyohar nau din tak manaya jata hai. phalgun mah men khelani saptami se shuroo hua yah tyohar dhulndi ke din tak anavarat jari rahata hai. bikaner ke shakadvipiy brahmanon ke dvara khelani saptami ke din marunayak chauk men 'thamb poojan' ke sath hi holi ke tyohar ki shuruat ho jati hai. choonki shakadvipiy samaj ke log bikaner ke mndiron ke pujari hain at: shahar ke prachin naganechi mndir men dhoomadham se pooja ki jati hai aur man ko gulal abir se holi khilaee jati hai. is phagotsav ke bad purush shnkh bajate hue v phag ke git gate hue shahar men pravesh karate hain tatha holi ke prarambh ki soochana dete hain. agale hi din ashtami ko shahar ke kikani vyason ke chauk men, lalani vyason ke chaunk men, sunaron ki guvad men v any jagahon par bhi thamb poojan kar diya jata hai aur isi ke sath hi holakashtak prarambh ho jate hain. holakashtak ka poora samay masti, ullas, alhadata ke sath bitaya jata hai. in dinon men vivah adi shubh kary varjit mane ge hain.

holi v dolachi pani ka khel

bikaner ki holi ka sabase akarshan ka kendr hota hai pushkarana brahman samaj ke harsh v vyas jati ke bich khela jane vala dochali pani ka khel. 'dolach' chamade ka bana ek aisa patr hai jisamen pani bhara jata hai. is dolachi men bhare pani ko poori taqat ke sath samane vale ki pith par mara jata hai. bikaner ke harshon ke chauk men rahane vale is ayojan ko dekhane ke lie bhari bhid umadati hai. prem ke nir se bhari yah dolachi jab pyar se pith par padati hai to isaki garjan darshakon ko bhi ahladit kar deti hai. qrarib char sau sal se chal rahe is ayojan ke pichhe apana ek samridhd v gauravashali itihas hai jo jatiy sngharsh se juhda hua hai. harsh v vyas jati ke log aj bhi badi shiddat v eemanadari se is itihas ko saheje hue hain. aisa hi ek ayojan bikaner ke barahaguvad chauk men ojha v chhngani jati ke bich holika dahan vale din hota hai.

bikaner abhilekhagar

lakshmi nivas mahal, bikaner

bikaner sthit rajasthan rajy abhilekhagar desh ke sabase achh‍chhe aur vishh‍v ke charchit abhilekhagaron men se ek hai. is abhilekhagar ki sh‍thapana sanh 1955 ee. men huee aur yah apani apar v amoolh‍y abhilekh nidhi ke lie pratishthit hai. yahan snrakshit durlabh dash‍tavehzon ki suvh‍yavasthit vh‍yavash‍tha kabiletarif hai. apane samriddh itihas sroton aur unake behatar prabndhan, rakharakhav ke chalate hi shayad ise desh ka sabase achh‍chha abhilekhagar mana jata hai. is abhilekhagar ki tin visheshataain hain-

  • ek to yahan upalabh‍dh samagri is lihaz se nisndeh roop se yah desh ke sabase samriddh abhilekhagaron men se ek hai.
  • doosara upalabh‍dh samagri ko snrakshit surakshit rakhane ke taur tariqe aur
  • tisara isaka prabndhan.

in sabaka ek sath milana apane ap men badi bat hai.

janasnkhya

2001 ki janaganana ke anusar bikaner shahar ki janasnkhya 5,29,007 hai. bikaner zile ki kul janasnkhya 16,73,562 hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

vithika

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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