हिंदी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

(हिन्दी भाषा se punarnirdeshit)
hindi vishay soochi


hindi
hindi varnamala
vivaran 'hindi' bharatiy ganaraj ki rajakiy aur madhy bharatiy- ary bhasha hai.
lipi devanagari
adhikarik bhasha bharat
niyamak kendriy hindi nideshalay
bhasha–parivar bharopiy bhasha parivar
vyutpatti hindi shabd ki vyutpatti snskrit shabd sindhu se mani jati hai.
snbndhit lekh hindi ki upabhashaen evn boliyan, athavin anusoochi, hindi divas, vishv hindi divas, hindi patrakarita divas
any janakari sanh 2001 ki janaganana ke anusar, lagabhag 25.79 karod bharatiy hindi ka upayog matribhasha ke roop men karate hain, jabaki lagabhag 42.20 karod log isaki 50 se adhik boliyon men se ek istemal karate hain.

hindi bharatiy ganaraj ki rajakiy aur madhy bharatiy- ary bhasha hai. sanh 2001 ki janaganana ke anusar, lagabhag 25.79 karod bharatiy hindi ka upayog matribhasha ke roop men karate hain, jabaki lagabhag 42.20 karod log isaki 50 se adhik boliyon men se ek istemal karate hain. sanh 1998 ke poorv, matribhashiyon ki snkhya ki drishti se vishv men sarvadhik boli jane vali bhashaon ke jo ankade milate the, unamen hindi ko tisara sthan diya jata tha. sanh 1997 men bharat ki janaganana ka bharatiy bhashaon ke vishleshan ka granth prakashit hone tatha snsar ki bhashaon ki riport taiyar karane ke lie yoonesko dvara sanh 1998 men bheji gee yoonesko prashnavali ke adhar par unhen bharat sarakar ke kendriy hindi snsthan ke tatkalin nideshak profesar mahavir saran jain dvara bheji gee vistrit riport ke bad ab vishv star par yah svikrit hai ki matribhashiyon ki snkhya ki drishti se snsar ki bhashaon men chini bhasha ke bad hindi ka doosara sthan hai. chini bhasha ke bolane valon ki snkhya hindi bhasha se adhik hai kintu chini bhasha ka prayog kshetr hindi ki apeksha simit hai. angarezi bhasha ka prayog kshetr hindi ki apeksha adhik hai kintu matribhashiyon ki snkhya angarezi bhashiyon se adhik hai. isaki kuchh boliyan, maithili aur rajasthani alag bhasha hone ka dava karati hain. hindi ki pramukh boliyon men avadhi, bhojapuri, brajabhasha, chhattisagadhi, gadhavali, hariyanavi, kumanooni, magadhi aur maravadi bhasha shamil hain.[1]

adhunik hindi

  • hindi ke adhunik kal tak ate–ate brajabhasha janabhasha se kafi door hat chuki thi aur avadhi ne to bahut pahale se hi sahity se munh mod liya tha. 19vin sadi ke madhy tak angrezi satta ka mahattam vistar bharat men ho chuka tha. is rajanitik parivartan ka prabhav madhy desh ki bhasha hindi par bhi pada. navin rajanitik paristhitiyon ne khadi boli ko protsahan pradan kiya. jab brajabhasha aur avadhi ka sahityik roop janabhasha se door ho gaya tab unaka sthan khadi boli dhire–dhire lene lagi. angrezi sarakar ne bhi isaka prayog arambh kar diya.
  • hindi ke adhunik kal men prarambh men ek or urdoo ka prachar hone aur doosari or kavy ki bhasha brajabhasha hone ke karan khadi boli ko apane astitv ke lie sngharsh karana pada. 19vin sadi tak kavita ki bhasha brajabhasha aur gady ki bhasha khadi boli rahi. 20vin sadi ke ate–ate khadi boli gady–pady donon ki hi sahityik bhasha ban gee.
  • is yug men khadi boli ko pratishthit karane men vibhinn dharmik samajik evn rajanitik andolanon ne badi sahayata ki. phalatah khadi boli sahity ki sarvapramukh bhasha ban gayi.

hindi ke vibhinn arth

bhasha shastriy arth

nagari lipi men likhit snskrit bahul khadi boli.

snvaidhanik/qanooni arth

snvidhan ke anusar hindi bharat sngh ki rajabhasha ya adhikrit bhasha tatha anek rajyon ki rajabhasha hai.

samany arth

samast hindi bhashi kshetr ki parinishthit bhasha arthath shasan, shiksha, sahity, vyapar adi ki bhasha.

vyapak arth

adhunik yug men hindi ko keval khadi boli men hi simit nahin kiya ja sakata. hindi ki sabhi upabhashaen aur boliyan hindi ke vyapak arth men a jati hain. raja ramamohan ray, keshavachndr sen, navin chndr ray, eeshvar chndr vidyasagar, taruni charan mishr, rajendr lal mitr, raj narayan basu, bhoodev mukharji, bnkim chndr chaitarji ('hindi bhasha ki sahayata se bharatavarsh ke vibhinn pradeshon ke madhy men jo aikyabndhan snsthapan karane men samarth honge vahi sachche bharatabndhu pukare jane yogy hain.)', subhashachndr bos ('agar aj hindi bhasha man li gee hai to vah isalie nahin ki vah kisi prant vishesh ki bhasha hai, balki isalie ki vah apani saralata, vyapakata tatha kshamata ke karan sare desh ki bhasha ho sakati hai.').

hindi ke lie mahapurush kathan
hindi kisi ke mitane se mit nahin sakati.
chandrabali pandey

hai bhavy bharat hi hamari matribhoomi hari bhari.
hindi hamari rashtrabhasha aur lipi hai nagari ॥
maithilisharan gupt

jis bhasha men tulasidas jaise kavi ne kavita ki ho vah avashy hi pavitr hai aur usake samane koee bhasha nahin thahar sakati.
mahatma gandhi
hindi bharatavarsh ke hriday-desh sthit karodon nar-nariyon ke hriday aur mastishk ko khurak dene vali bhasha hai.
hazariprasad dvivedi
hindi ko gnga nahin balki samudr banana hoga.
vinoba bhave
hindi ke virodh ka koee bhi andolan rashtr ki pragati men badhak hai.
subhash chandr basu
hindi ko snskrit se vichchhinn karake dekhane vale usaki adhikansh mahima se aparichit hain.
hazariprasad dvivedi

samachar

hindi sudharane ke lie angrezi shabdon ki chhoot

13 aktoobar, 2011 guruvar

azadi ke 64 sal bad bhi sarakar hindi ko rajabhasha se rashtrabhasha nahin bana paee hai, magar ab usane sarakari daftaron men istemal hone vali hindi ko badalane ke prayas avashy tej kar die hain. daftaron men istemal hone vale hindi ke kathin shabdon ki jagah urdoo, farasi, samany hindi aur angrezi ke shabdon ka upayog karane ke nirdesh die hain. grih mntralay ke rajabhasha vibhag ki sachiv vina upadhyay ne is silasile men sabhi mntralayon aur vibhagon ko disha-nirdesh jari kie hain. nirdeshon ke mutabik, kamakaj ke dauran sahityik hindi ka upayog nahin kiya jana chahie. kisi bhi shabd ka hindi men upayog bataur anuvad n ho. isase am logon ko samasya hoti hai. ek had ke bad yahi samasya kisi bhi vyakti ko manasik taur par bhasha ke khilaf khada karati hai. grih mntralay ke rajabhasha vibhag ki sachiv vina upadhyay ne sabhi mntralayon aur vibhagon ko jari kie disha-nirdesh mntralay ke is adesh ke bad pulis, kort, byooro, relave steshan, batan, kot, paint, signal, lift, phis, qanoon, adalat, muqadama, daftar, efaeear jaise angrezi, farasi aur turki bhasha ke shabdon ka chalan jari rahega.

samachar ko vibhinn sroton par padhen

duniya ke 80 karod log janate hain hindi

20 sitambar, 2012 guruvar

bharat ki rajabhasha hindi duniya men doosari sabase adhik boli jane vali bhasha hai. bahubhashi bharat ke hindi bhashi rajyon ki abadi 46 karod se adhik hai. 2011 ki janaganana ke mutabik bharat ki 1.2 arab abadi men se 41.03 phisadi ki matribhasha hindi hai. hindi ko doosari bhasha ke taur par istemal karane vale any bharatiyon ko mila liya jae to desh ke lagabhag 75 pratishat log hindi bol sakate hain. bharat ke in 75 pratishat hindi bhashiyon sahit poori duniya men takariban 80 karod log aise hain jo ise bol ya samajh sakate hain. bharat ke alava ise nepal, maaurishas, phiji, soorinam, yooganda, dakshin aphrika, kairibiyan deshon, trinidad evn tobego aur kanada adi men bolane valon ki achchhi khasi snkhya hai. isake alava inglaind, amerika, madhy eshiya men bhi ise bolane aur samajhane vale achchhe khase log hain.

samachar ko vibhinn sroton par padhen

aaustreliya ke skoolon men padhaee jaegi hindi

aaustreliyaee pradhanamntri jooliya gilard
29 aktoobar, 2012 somavar

aaustreliya ke skoolon men hindi aur any pramukh eshiyaee bhashaen padhaee jaengi. bharat aur any eshiyaee deshon se snbndh majaboot banane ke lie yah rananiti tay ki gee hai. aaustreliya ki pradhanamntri jooliya gilard ne nee niti ka pahala khaka rakhate hue kaha, "jis samay aaustreliya badal raha tha usi samay eshiya men bhi badalav ho raha tha, is sadi men chahe jo mile, yah nishchit hi eshiya ko netritv men phir se laega. eshiya ke utthan ko koee nahin rok sakata. yah tej ho raha hai." pradhanamntri jooliya gilard ne eshiyan senchuri vhait pepar jari karate hue isaki ghoshana ki. gilard ne kaha ki shuruat skoolon, prashikshan kendron se karana hogi. harek skool eshiya ke kisi skool ke sath judega aur ek pramukh eshiyaee bhasha hindi, mndarin, japani ya indoneshiyan sikhane ki pahal karega. unhonne kaha ki bachchon ko behatar shiksha dilane ki koshish karana hogi. ab pahale jaisa nahin chalega. gilard ne kaha ki is sadi men eshiya ke badi takat banane ki snbhavana hai. vishv men yah kshetr netritv ki bhoomika men hoga.

samachar ko vibhinn sroton par padhen


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. ABSTRACT OF SPEAKERS' STRENGTH OF LANGUAGES AND MOTHER TONGUES - 2001 (angrezi) (ech.ti.em.el) census of india. abhigaman tithi: 15 sitambar, 2012.

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah