सर्वनाम  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

sngya ke sthan par prayukt hone vale shabd ko sarvanam kahate hain. sngya ki punarukti n karane ke lie sarvanam ka prayog kiya jata hai. jaise - main, too, tum, ap, vah, ve adi.

sarvanam ke bhed

sarvanam ke chhah prakar ke bhed hain-

  1. purushavachak sarvanam.
  2. nishchayavachak sarvanam.
  3. anishchayavachak sarvanam.
  4. snbndhavachak sarvanam.
  5. prashnavachak sarvanam.
  6. nijavachak sarvanam.

purushavachak sarvanam

jis sarvanam ka prayog vakta ya lekhak dvara svayn apane lie athava kisi any ke lie kiya jata hai, vah 'purushavachak sarvanam' kahalata hai. purushavachak sarvanam tin prakar ke hote hain-

  1. uttam purushavachak sarvanam- jis sarvanam ka prayog bolane vala svayn ke lie karata hai, use uttam purushavachak sarvanam kaha jata hain. jaise - main, ham, mujhe, hamara adi.
  2. madhyam purushavachak sarvanam- jis sarvanam ka prayog bolane vala shrota ke lie kare, use madhyam purushavachak sarvanam kahate hain. jaise - too, tum, tujhe, tumhara adi.
  3. any purushavachak sarvanam- jis sarvanam ka prayog bolane vala shrota ke atirikt kisi any purush ke lie kare, use any purushavachak sarvanam kahate hain. jaise- vah, ve, usane, yah, ye, isane, adi.

nishchayavachak sarvanam

jo (shabd)sarvanam kisi vyakti, vastu adi ki or nishchayapoorvak snket karen ve nishchayavachak sarvanam kahalate hain. jaise- ‘yah’, ‘vah’, ‘ve’ sarvanam shabd kisi vishesh vyakti ka nishchayapoorvak bodh kara rahe hain, atah ye nishchayavachak sarvanam hai.

udaharan
  • yah pustak soni ki hai.
  • ye pustaken rani ki hain.
  • vah sadak par kaun a raha hai.
  • ve sadak par kaun a rahe hain.

anishchayavachak sarvanam

jin sarvanam shabdon ke dvara kisi nishchit vyakti athava vastu ka bodh n ho ve anishchayavachak sarvanam kahalate hain. jaise- ‘koee’ aur ‘kuchh’ adi sarvanam shabd. inase kisi vishesh vyakti athava vastu ka nishchay nahin ho raha hai. atah aise shabd anishchayavachak sarvanam kahalate hain.

udaharan
  • dvar par koee khada hai.
  • kuchh patr dekh lie ge hain aur kuchh dekhane hain.

snbndhavachak sarvanam

paraspar sabndh batalane ke lie jin sarvanamon ka prayog hota hai unhen snbndhavachak sarvanam kahate hain. jaise- ‘jo’, ‘vah’, ‘jisaki’, ‘usaki’, ‘jaisa’, ‘vaisa’ adi.

udaharan
  • jo soyega, so khoyega; jo jagega, so pavega.
  • jaisi karani, taisi par utarani.

prashnavachak sarvanam

jo sarvanam sngya shabdon ke sthan par bhi ate hai aur vaky ko prashnavachak bhi banate hain, ve prashnavachak sarvanam kahalate hain. jaise- kya, kaun adi.

udaharan
  • tumhare ghar kaun aya hai?
  • dilli se kya mngana hai?

nijavachak sarvanam

jahan svayn ke lie ‘ap’, ‘apana’ athava ‘apane’, ‘ap’ shabd ka prayog ho vahan nijavachak sarvanam hota hai. inamen ‘apana’ aur ‘ap’ shabd uttam, purush madhyam purush aur any purush ke (svayn ka) apane ap ka gyan kara rahe shabd hen jinhen nijavachak sarvanam kahate hain.
vishesh

jahan ‘ap’ shabd ka prayog shrota ke lie ho vahan yah adar-soochak madhyam purush hota hai aur jahan ‘ap’ shabd ka prayog apane lie ho vahan nijavachak hota hai.

udaharan
  • ram apane dada ko samajhata hai.
  • shyama ap hi dilli chali gee.
  • radha apani saheli ke ghar gee hai.
  • sita ne apana makan bech diya hai.

sarvanam shabdon ke vishesh prayog

  • ap, ve, ye, ham, tum shabd bahuvachan ke roop men hain, kintu adar prakat karane ke lie inaka prayog ek vyakti ke lie bhi kiya jata hai.
  • ‘ap’ shabd svayn ke arth men bhi prayukt ho jata hai. jaise- main yah kary ap hi kar loonga.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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