पंचमाक्षर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

pnchamakshar arthath varnamala men kisi varg ka panchavan vynjan. jaise- 'n', 'n', 'n' adi. adhunik hindi men pnchamaksharon ka prayog bahut kam ho gaya hai aur isake sthan par ab bindi (n) ka prachalan badh gaya hai.

prayog

kee shabdon men shirorekha ke oopar ek bindu (anusvar) ka prayog kiya jata hai, jaise-

gnga gadh.ga
jhnda jhanda
chnchal chan़hchal
mnd mand
snbal sambal
  • gnga (g dh.ga), jhnda (jhanda), chnchal (chan़hchal), mnd (mand), snbal (sambal) adi varnon men anusvar (ॱ ) ke bad ane vale varn ka sambandh jis varg ke sath hai, anusvar usi varg ke panchaven varn ke sthan-par prayukt ho raha hai. yahi pncham varn ke prayog ka niyam hai.[1]
varg varn
‘k’ varg kh khh gh ghh nh
‘ch’ varg chh chhh jh jhh n़h
‘t‘ varg th thh dh dhh nh
‘t’ varg th thh dh dhh nh
‘p’ varg ph phh bh bhh mh

bindi ka prayog

ajakal pnchamaksharon ke badale men bindi ka prayog badhata ja raha hai. isaka prayog nimnanusar hota hai-

  • 'k' varg ke pahale char aksharon (k, kh, g, gh) ke sath jab isaka pnchamakshar 'n' snyukt hota hai, tab nh (adha n) ke badale men bindi ka prayog hota hai.[2]
udaharan
ank = ank, shankh = shnkh, ganga = gnga, sangh = sngh.
  • 'ch' varg ke pahale char aksharon (ch, chh, j, jh) ke sath jab isaka pnchamakshar 'n' snyukt hota hai, tab nh (adha n) ke badale men bindi ka prayog hota hai.
udaharan
chanchal = chnchal, anjan = anjan
  • 't' varg ke pahale char aksharon (t, th, d, dh) ke sath jab isaka pnchamakshar 'n' snyukt hota hai, tab nh (adha n) ke badale men bindi ka prayog hota hai.
udaharan
ghanti = ghnti, kanth = knth, thand = thnd
  • 't' varg ke pahale char aksharon (t, th, d, dh) ke sath jab isaka pnchamakshar 'n' snyukt hota hai, tab nh (adha n) ke badale men bindi ka prayog hota hai.
udaharan
dant = dnt, granth = grnth, hindi = hindi, gandh = gndh.
  • 'p' varg ke pahale char aksharon (p, ph, b, bh) ke sath jab isaka pnchamakshar 'm' snyukt hota hai, tab mh (adha m) ke badale men bindi ka prayog hota hai.
udaharan
champa = chnpa, gumph = gunph, amba = anba, arambh = arnbh.

uparyukt niyam snskritanishth shabdon par lagoo hote hain. any shabdon par bindi ka istemal dhadalle se kiya ja sakata hai. jahan pnchamakshar apane varg ke char aksharon ke atirikt kisi aur akshar ke sath snyukt ho raha ho, vahan bindi ke prayog ki anumati nahin hai. jaise- vanmay, any, unmukh ityadi. pncham varn jab dubara aye, tab bhi bindi ka prayog nahin hota, jaise- ann, sammelan, sammati ityadi.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. pnchamakshar prayog (hindi) hindisibiesee.kaaum. abhigaman tithi: 16 agast, 2015.
  2. hindi hamari (hindi) kabhi kabhar. abhigaman tithi: 16 agast, 2015.

snbndhit lekh

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a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah