प्रत्यय  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

pratyay= prati (sath men par bad men)+ ay (chalanevala) shabd ka arth hai,pichhe chalana. jo shabdansh shabdon ke ant men visheshata ya parivartan la dete hain, ve pratyay kahalate hain. jaise- dayalu= daya shabd ke ant men alu judane se arth men visheshata a gee hai. atah yahan 'aloo' shabdansh pratyay hai. pratyayon ka apana arth kuchh bhi nahin hota aur n hi inaka prayog svatntr roop se kiya jata hai. pratyay ke do bhed hain-

krith pratyay

ve pratyay jo dhatu men jode jate hain, krit pratyay kahalate hain. krith pratyay se bane shabd kridnt (krith+ant) shabd kahalate hain. jaise- lekhh + ak = lekhak. yahan ak krith pratyay hai, tatha lekhak kridnt shabd hai.

kram pratyay mool shabd\dhatu udaharan
1 ak lekhh, pathh, kri, gai lekhak, pathak, karak, gayak
2 an palh, sahh, ne, charh palan, sahan, nayan, charan
3 ana ghath, tulh, vndh, vidh ghatana, tulana, vandana, vedana
4 aniy manh, ramh, drishh, poojh, shru mananiy, ramaniy, darshaniy, poojaniy, shravaniy
5 a sookh, bhool, jag, pooj, ishh, bhikshh sookha, bhoola, jaga, pooja, ichchha, bhiksha
6 aee lad, sil, padh, chadh ladaee, silaee, padhaee, chadhaee
7 an ud, mil, daud udan, milan, daudan
8 i har, gir, dasharath, mala hari, giri, dasharathi, mali
9 iya chhal, jad, badh, ghat chhaliya, jadiya, badhiya, ghatiya
10 it path, vyatha, phal, pushp pathit, vyathit, phalit, pushpit
11 itr charh, po, khanh charitr, pavitr, khanitr
12 iyal ad, mar, sad adiyal, mariyal, sadiyal
13 ee hns, bol, tyajh, ret hnsi, boli, tyagi, reti
14 uk ichchhh, bhikshh ichchhuk, bhikshuk
15 tavy kri, vachh kartavy, vaktavy
16 ta a, ja, bah, mar, ga ata, jata, bahata, marata, gata
17 ti a, pri, shakh, bhaj ati, priti, shakti, bhakti
18 te ja, kha jate, khate
19 tr any, sarv, ash anyatr, sarvatr, astr
20 n krnd, vnd, mnd, khidh, bel, le krndan, vndan, mndan, khinn, belan, len
21 na padh, likh, bel, ga padhana, likhana, belana, gana
22 m da, dha dam, dham
23 , y gadh, padh, kri, pndit, pashchath, dnth, oshthh gady, pady, krity, pandity, pashchaty, dnty, oshthy
24 ya mrig, vidh mrigaya, vidya
25 roo ge geroo
26 vala dena, ana, padhana denevala, anevala, padhanevala
27 aiya\vaiya rakh, bach, dant\ga, kha rakhaiya, bachaiya, dataiya, gavaiya, khavaiya
28 har hona, rakhana, khevana honahar, rakhanahar, khevanahar

taddhit pratyay

ve pratyay jo dhatu ko chhodakar any shabdon- sngya, sarvanam v visheshan men judate hain, taddhit pratyay kahalate hain. taddhit pratyay se bane shabd taddhitant shabd kahalate hain. jaise- seth + ani = sethani. yahan ani taddhit pratyay hain tatha sethani taddhitant shabd hai.

kram pratyay shabd udaharan
1 ai pachhatana, jagana pachhatai, jagai
2 ain pandit, thakur panditain, thakurain
3 aee pandit, thakur, lad, chatur, chauda panditaee, thakuraee, ladaee, chaturaee, chaudaee
4 ani seth, naukar, math sethani, naukarani, mathani
5 ayat bahut, pnch, apana bahutayat, pnchayat, apanayat
6 ar/ara loha, sona, doodh, ganv lohar, sunar, doodhar, gnvar
7 ahat chikana, ghabara, chill, kadava chikanahat, ghabarahat, chillahat, kadavahat
8 il phen, koot, tandr, jata, pnk, svapn, dhoom phenil, kutil, tandril, jatil, pnkil, svapnil, dhoomil
9 ishth kanh, varh, guru, bal kanishth, varishth, garishth, balishth
10 ee sundar, bol, paksh, khet, dholak, tel, dehat sundari, boli, pakshi, kheti, dholaki, teli, dehati
11 een gram, kul gramin, kulin
12 eey bhavath, bharat, panini, rashtr bhavadiy, bharatiy, paniniy, rashtriy
13 e bachcha, lekha, ladaka bachche, lekhe, ladake
14 ey atithi, atri, kunti, purush, radha atithey, atrey, kauntey, paurushey, radhey
15 el phul, nak phulel, nakel
16 ait daka, lathi dakait, lathait
17 era/aira andh, sanp, bahut, mama, kansa, lut andhera, snpera, bahutera, mamera, kasera, lutera
18 ola khat, pat, sanp khatola, patola, snpola
19 auti bap, thakur, man bapauti, thakarauti, manauti
20 auta billa, kajar bilauta, kajarauta
21 k dham, cham, baith, bal, darsh, dhol dhamak, chamak, baithak, balak, darshak, dholak
22 kar vishesh, khas visheshakar, khasakar
23 ka khat, jhat khataka, jhataka
24 ja bhrata, do bhatija, dooja
25 da, di cham, bachha, pnkh, tang chamada, bachhada, pnkhadi, tngadi
26 t rng, sng, khap rngat, sngat, khapat
27 tan ady adyatan
28 tar guru, shreshth gurutar, shreshthatar
29 tah ansh, sv anshatah, svatah
30 ti kam, badh, chadh kamati, badhati, chadhati


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